As leaders gather in Nairobi for Africa’s historic first climate summit, Kenyan President William Ruto is using the platform to outline his vision for how the world’s least developed continent should approach this year’s crucial United Nations climate summit.
While African nations justifiably lament their minimal contribution to greenhouse gas emissions and the disproportionate impact of global warming on their populations, Ruto is urging the continent to position itself as a potential source of green energy.
President Ruto has been increasingly positioning himself as Africa’s climate champion. Alongside hosting the inaugural summit, the 56-year-old leader has spent his first year in office highlighting Kenya’s green achievements—92% of its power comes from renewable sources—and encouraging other African leaders to abandon fossil fuels.
He has also called for reform of the global financial system to secure the necessary funding for climate resilience and low-carbon development. This year, he has launched a campaign advocating for Africa to receive a larger share of revenue from carbon markets.
“We bear the brunt of the crisis despite contributing the least to global warming, but we have chosen to lead by putting forward solutions that also support development across our continent,” President Ruto expressed on social media platform X, formerly known as Twitter, during the summit’s opening day.
“Africa possesses ample renewable energy potential and resources to green its own consumption while significantly contributing to the global economy’s decarbonization.”
Certainly, it won’t be as straightforward for other African nations to emulate Ruto’s path. Kenya is blessed with abundant geothermal resources and lacks significant fossil fuel reserves, unlike oil-dependent economies such as Nigeria and Angola, as well as emerging gas producers like Mozambique and Senegal.
Senegal’s President Macky Sall and former Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari have both emphasized Africa’s right to develop its hydrocarbon deposits.
Nonetheless, President Ruto’s calls have resonated across a continent with vast wind and solar potential to meet its energy needs many times over and an abundance of the green minerals required for the global energy transition.
An early draft of the summit’s declaration sets ambitious targets for increasing renewable energy production and advocating for a green pathway to the continent’s economic development, with the potential to supply Europe with green hydrogen and its derivatives in the future.
“This could mark a new beginning in the relationships between developed and developing economies,” noted Dileimy Orozco, a senior policy adviser at E3G, an independent climate think tank. “This could signal the intent of African leaders to shape rather than merely participate in the global financial system.”
While President Ruto encourages African nations to explore energy partnerships instead of relying solely on aid, the continent faces a substantial shortage of the climate finance it requires. This ongoing issue has fueled debates between wealthier and poorer nations at UN climate talks, and this dispute is likely to resurface at the COP28 climate talks in Dubai later this year.
A study from the Global Center on Adaptation estimates that Africa needs up to a tenfold increase in climate adaptation funding, reaching $100 billion annually, to fortify its infrastructure and safeguard agriculture against climate change.
Samuel Jinapor, Ghana’s Minister for Lands and Natural Resources, acknowledges the need for Africa to transition to greener energy and public transportation systems but points out the financial challenges. “All of these initiatives require funding,” he stressed.
Historically, developed economies have not fully honored their pledge to provide the developing world with $100 billion in annual climate finance by 2020, a promise made at a COP meeting in Copenhagen in 2009. Initially, wealthy countries responsible for the majority of historical emissions were expected to contribute.
However, Jinapor believes the pool of contributors should expand to include China, the world’s largest source of climate-warming gases.
“They should do more, and not just China,” Jinapor added. “BRICS, all of them, I believe, should play a role in mobilizing the needed financing to support and promote climate action, especially in the context of Africa.”
BRICS refers to the grouping of large emerging market economies, including Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
Nevertheless, world leaders, especially in Europe, are hoping that Africa will seize this moment to industrialize in a climate-friendly manner. Germany and the Netherlands have been investing in green hydrogen development on the continent, as Europe seeks to diversify its energy sources following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
Barbel Kofler, the State Secretary to Germany’s Economic Cooperation Minister, views Africa’s proactive approach to climate solutions as a positive sign.
“That is something new and hopefully will steer the COP in a positive direction,” she remarked.
G-20 Grants African Union Equal Membership Status to EU
The Group of 20 nations has reached a consensus to confer permanent membership status upon the African Union.
This significant move is aimed at empowering the African continent with a stronger voice in addressing pressing global issues, including climate change and emerging-market debt.
The announcement was made by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who served as the host of the G-20 summit held in New Delhi over a two-day period.
During this historic event, President Azali Assoumani of Comoros, who currently holds the presidency of the African Union, was warmly embraced by Prime Minister Modi and offered a seat at the summit table.
This strategic decision, which has been previously reported by Bloomberg News, grants the 55-member African Union the same prestigious status enjoyed by the European Union within the Group of 20.
European Council President Charles Michel expressed his delight regarding this development in a post on X, formerly known as Twitter.
He expressed eagerness for close cooperation between the African Union and the European Union within the framework of the G-20, solidifying the commitment to address global challenges collectively.
Devastating Earthquake Strikes Morocco, Leaving Over 800 Dead and Widespread Destruction
In a tragic turn of events, a rare and powerful earthquake rattled Morocco late Friday night, resulting in a devastating loss of life and extensive damage to buildings spanning from remote villages in the Atlas Mountains to the historically rich city of Marrakech.
The death toll, initially reported at over 800, is expected to rise as rescue teams grapple with the challenge of reaching the most severely affected, remote areas.
As the quake jolted people from their slumber, fear and disbelief gripped the streets, prompting individuals to flee their homes and take refuge in the open. State television broadcasts depicted the streets of Marrakech teeming with people late into the night, as they hesitated to return to buildings that may still pose a threat of instability.
Witnesses recounted harrowing experiences of the earthquake’s impact. One man, visiting a nearby apartment, described how dishes and wall hangings rained down, while people were thrown off balance and chairs were overturned. A woman shared her story of fleeing her house amid the intense vibrations, while a man cradling a child revealed he had been abruptly awakened in bed by the violent shaking.
Rescue workers, distinguishable by their reflective yellow vests, tirelessly searched through the rubble of damaged buildings, illuminated only by the darkness of the night. Heart-wrenching images captured the extent of devastation, with homes bearing gaping holes and cars nearly buried beneath the remnants of collapsed structures, as reported by local media.
Among the casualties, Marrakech’s iconic Koutoubia Mosque, dating back to the 12th century, suffered damage, though the full extent remains uncertain. Its 69-meter (226-foot) minaret, known as the “roof of Marrakech,” is a symbol of the city.
Videos shared by Moroccans also documented harm to sections of the famous red walls encircling the ancient city, a UNESCO World Heritage site.
The Interior Ministry of Morocco reported at least 820 fatalities, with the majority occurring in Marrakech and five provinces near the quake’s epicenter. Also, 672 individuals sustained injuries, with 205 of them categorized as seriously hurt.
Abderrahim Ait Daoud, the head of a town near the epicenter, conveyed the devastating impact on nearby communities, with several homes either partially or completely collapsed. Access to electricity and roads was severely disrupted in some areas.
Given the vast distances between mountain villages in Al Haouz Province, the full extent of the damage is anticipated to be revealed only over time.
Al Haouz, renowned for its picturesque villages nestled in the High Atlas Mountains and Amazigh villages integrated into the mountainsides, was hit hard by the earthquake.
The Moroccan military and emergency services swiftly mobilized aid efforts in the affected areas. However, rescue operations were impeded by congested roads leading to the mountainous region around the epicenter, obstructed by rocks and debris from landslides.
Trucks laden with essential supplies, including blankets, camp cots, and lighting equipment, struggled to access the hardest-hit areas, as reported by the official news agency MAP.
On the treacherous journey from Marrakech to Al Haouz, ambulances with sirens wailing and vehicles of concerned citizens navigated around piles of red rocks that had tumbled from the mountainside, obstructing the road. Red Cross personnel worked diligently to remove a massive boulder blocking the two-lane highway.
As the day broke over Marrakech, ambulances and motorcycles resumed their urgent missions along the edges of the old city, where life slowly returned to normal. Tourists and passersby cautiously navigated roadblocks while capturing photographs of the cracked sections of the clay ochre wall, spilling fragments and dust onto the sidewalk and street.
In a show of solidarity, world leaders extended offers of assistance and condolences, with support pouring in from countries across Europe, the Middle East, and beyond. Turkey’s president, who had experienced a massive earthquake in his own country earlier in the year, was among those offering aid. France and Germany, both home to significant Moroccan-origin populations, also pledged their support. Leaders from Ukraine and Russia expressed their solidarity with the people of Morocco.
However, as of now, the Moroccan government has not formally requested international assistance, a necessary step for external rescue teams to be deployed.
According to the U.S. Geological Survey, the earthquake initially registered a magnitude of 6.8 at 11:11 p.m. (2211 GMT), with tremors lasting several seconds. The agency reported a magnitude-4.9 aftershock approximately 19 minutes later.
The epicenter of the earthquake was located near the town of Ighil in Al Haouz Province, approximately 70 kilometers (43.5 miles) south of Marrakech. The USGS reported a depth of 18 kilometers (11 miles) below the Earth’s surface, while Morocco’s seismic agency measured it at 11 kilometers (7 miles) deep. Shallow earthquakes like this tend to be more destructive.
Initial reports indicate that the Marrakech-Safi region, home to over 4.5 million people according to state figures, suffered severe damages and significant loss of life.
Earthquakes are relatively rare occurrences in North Africa, and Lahcen Mhanni, Head of the Seismic Monitoring and Warning Department at the National Institute of Geophysics, noted that this earthquake was the strongest ever recorded in the mountainous region.
Morocco has experienced past seismic events, such as the 1960 earthquake near Agadir, which measured 5.8 in magnitude and resulted in a devastating loss of life. This catastrophe prompted revisions to construction regulations in Morocco, although many buildings, particularly rural residences, may still not be adequately earthquake-resistant.
In 2004, another significant earthquake measuring 6.4 in magnitude struck near the Mediterranean coastal city of Al Hoceima, claiming over 600 lives.
The impact of Friday’s earthquake was felt as far away as Portugal and Algeria, according to reports from the Portuguese Institute for Sea and Atmosphere and Algeria’s Civil Defense agency, responsible for emergency response.
The hearts of people around the world go out to the victims of this tragic earthquake, and the global community stands ready to assist Morocco in its time of need.
President Bola Ahmed Tinubu Secures Victory at Presidential Election Petitions Tribunal
President Bola Ahmed Tinubu emerged victorious on Wednesday as the Presidential Election Petitions Tribunal (PEPT) dismissed all challenges raised by Peter Obi and the Labour Party against the outcome of the February 25th presidential election.
Led by Justice Simon Tsammani, the tribunal upheld the victory of the All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate.
The central contention put forth by the Election Petition Labour was the assertion that INEC (Independent National Electoral Commission) must electronically transfer presidential election results.
However, the tribunal ruled that the petitioners, Peter Obi and the Labour Party, failed to substantiate their claim.
According to the tribunal, when contesting that the winner of an election did not secure the majority of lawful votes cast, petitioners are required to provide evidence of two sets of results: the alleged lawful results and the ones they are challenging.
Furthermore, the tribunal dismissed the fraud case brought against President Tinubu by the Labour Party, asserting that it could not be proven. It was also noted that President Tinubu had been cleared of drug-related crimes in the United States.
In a significant clarification, the tribunal emphasized that Abuja is not granted special status, and securing 25% of votes in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) is not a prerequisite to becoming President.
Also, the tribunal highlighted that the Independent National Electoral Commission retains the autonomy to select its method of transmitting election results.
The tribunal’s decision rested on its evaluation of the evidence tendered by Peter Obi, which failed to establish his claim that glitches recorded by INEC, leading to the inability to upload presidential results, were deliberately manipulated to influence the outcome.
It was concluded that INEC substantially adhered to the provisions of the Electoral Act of 2022 in conducting the 2023 presidential election.
President Tinubu’s victory at the PEPT marks a significant milestone in the post-election legal process, providing clarity and validation to his presidential mandate.
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