Data compiled by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) reveals that the value of Russia’s imports to Nigeria over 12-month is N993.38bn – the 12-month in review is import value between Nigeria and Russia from Q3 2020 and the corresponding period in 2021.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine is one that came with global implications and unfortunately Nigeria is not insulated from this disruption given that Russia is one of the country’s largest export partners in recent years.
According to the report by NBS, Nigeria imports four specific items from Russia, the country presently at war with Ukraine. These four items are Durum wheat, herrings, blue whitings, and mackerel.
Nigeria-Russia Breakdown according to the NBS Report
Q3 2020: In Q3, Nigeria imported durum wheat worth N46.56bn, mackerel worth N13.76bn, and blue whitings worth N1.57bn. In that period, Russia was the second leading exporter of durum wheat to Nigeria, the first for mackerel, and the third for blue whitings. Russia became Nigeria’s seventh-largest trading partner in Q3 2020 with the accumulation of N154.21bn about 2.87 percent of Nigeria’s import trade value for the period in review.
Q4 2020: Russia still maintained its position with an import trade value accumulating to N162.62bn which was 2.74 percent of Nigeria’s total import trade value. However, aside from the usual imported items, Nigeria also imported N4.82bn vaccines for human medicine from Russia. In Q4, Nigeria imported durum wheat worth N62.9bn, mackerel worth N2.27bn, and herrings worth N6.59bn. The additional importation of vaccines made Russia Nigeria’s fifth import trade partner for vaccines for human medicine.
Q1 2021: Russia remained Nigeria’s top trade partner for herrings and fourth for wheat as the country imported N15.8bn herrings and N37.20bn durum wheat from Russia.
Q2 2021: Russia was missing from the report for top wheat providers in this quarter. However, Nigeria imported N27.23bn blue whitings and N4.18bn mackerel from Russia in this quarter. Import from Russia in this quarter was N284.36bn cumulatively, which was 4.09 per cent of the total import trade value.
Q3 2021: In this quarter, Russia dropped to the sixth import trading partner for Nigeria with an import trade value of N339.19bn cumulatively, which was 4.16 per cent of the total import trade value. In the quarter, durum wheat worth N86.75bn and mackerel worth N30.69bn were imported from Russia.
Projections with import disruption
As the crisis between both countries persists, Nigeria is at a risk from not only Russia but also Ukraine as Nigeria also has trade relationships with Ukraine. In 2020, Nigeria spent $156.08m on imports from Ukraine, data by the United Nations Comtrade Database on International trade reveals. The database also indicated that import from Russia was $1.24bn in 2020.
While the war continues and heats up with trade sanctions imposed on Russia by global trade communities, Nigeria may need to look beyond Russia for products like cereals, mineral fuel, oil distillation products, fish, iron and steel, fertilizers, amongst others.
Some economic experts have also expressed that Nigeria may experience more elevated inflation in the coming weeks as the war persists.
Inflation Rate Increases to 16.82% in April in Nigeria
Prices of goods and services in Africa’s largest economy Nigeria rose high in the month of April, according to the latest report from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
The Consumer Price Index, which measures inflation rate, grew at 16.82% rate in the month under review from 15.92% in March 2022. The inflation rate has been on a steady rise since Novermber 2021 when it drops to 15.40%.
On a month basis, inflation increased to 1.76 percent in April 2022, representing an increase of 0.02% from 1.74% recorded in March. The persistent increase in prices reflect the changes in Nigeria’s economic fundamentals. One of the key challenges impacting prices is foreign exchange scarcity.
Naira to Dollar exchange rate jumped to N600/US$1 at the parallel market popularly known as the black market despite the Central Bank of Nigeria discouraging patronage at that section of forex. However, inability to access forex at central bank designated deposit money banks forced most Nigerians to the unregulated black market.
Similarly, the drop in the nation’s external reserves due to the lower crude oil production from the year to date dragged on foreign revenue that eventually hurt central bank ability to service the economy with enough forex in an economy that imported over 90% of its consumption.
Again, rising insecurities in key food producing regions contributed to the jump in prices of food items as noted in the report. The composite food index grew at 18.37% rate in April 2022, slower than the 22.72% filed in April 2021.
According to NBS, the increase in the value of the index was due to rise in prices of Bread and cereals, Food
products n.e.c, Potatoes, yam, and other tubers, Wine, Fish, Meat, and Oils. On a monthly basis, food sub-index grew 0.01% to 2% in April from 1.99% in March.
However, the more accurate 12 month index reflect decline in food index from 19.21% filed in March 2022 to 18.88% in April 2022.
ICT Changing The Face of Nigeria’s Economy
While many thought the oil sector would save the Nigerian economy, the drift is gradually shifting away from the oil sector into the non-oil sector – the Information and Communications Technology (ICT).
A recent data revealed by the National Bureau of Statistics, sighted by Investors King, shows that the ICT has contributed 16 per cent to the growth of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
On a year-on-year basis, compared to the previous year in the same quarter, ICT contributed 14.9 per cent to the GDP – a growth of 1.3 per cent.
According to the data released by NBS, “In nominal terms, in the first quarter of 2022 the sector growth was recorded at 20.54 per cent (year-on-year), 12.68 per cent points increase from the rate of 7.86 per cent recorded in the same quarter of 2021, and 14.84 per cent points higher than the rate recorded in the preceding quarter. The Quarter-on- Quarter growth rate recorded in the first quarter of 2022 was -1.87 per cent.
“The Information and Communications sector contributed 10.55 per cent to the total Nominal GDP in the 2022 first quarter, higher than the rate of 9.91 per cent recorded in the same quarter of 2021 and higher than the 9.88 cent it contributed in the preceding quarter”.
The report added that the sector, in the first quarter of 2022, recorded a growth rate of 12.07 per cent in real terms, year-on-year.
From the rate recorded in the corresponding period of 2021, there was an increase of 5.60 per cent points. Quarter-on-Quarter, the sector exhibited a growth of -9.09 per cent in real terms.
“Therefore, of total real GDP, the sector contributed 16.20 per cent in 2022 first quarter, higher than in the same quarter of the previous year in which it represented 14.91 per cent and higher than the preceding quarter in which it represented 15.21 per cent,” the data revealed.
The Information and Communications sector in Nigeria comprises of Telecommunications and Information Services, Publishing, Motion Picture, Sound Recording and Music Production and Broadcasting.
Nigeria’s Economy Moderates in Q1 2022 as Oil Sector Contracts by 23.89%
Nigeria’s GDP moderated to 3.11% year-on-year in real terms in the first quarter (Q1) of 2022
Despite the surge in global oil prices due to the ongoing war in Ukraine, the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the largest exporter of the commodity in Africa, Nigeria moderated to 3.11% year-on-year in real terms in the first quarter (Q1) of 2022, the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) stated in its latest report.
Nigeria’s GDP was 2.60% higher than the 0.51% recorded in Q1 2021 when COVID-19 disrupted business activity and dragged on economic productivity. However, this was 0.88% lower than the 3.98% filed in the fourth quarter of 2021.
On quarterly basis, the nation’s real GDP grew at -14.66% in the quarter under review when compared to the fourth quarter of 2021.
Aggregate GDP increased by 13.25% year-on-year from N40,014,482.74 million in nominal terms in the first quarter of 2021 to N45,317,823.33 million in Q1 2022. According to the NBS, “the nominal GDP growth rate in Q1 2022 was higher relative to the 12.25% growth recorded in the first quarter of 2021 and higher compared to the 13.11% growth recorded in the preceding quarter.”
Nigeria’s Oil Sector
In the first quarter, Nigeria’s crude oil production dropped to 1.49 million barrels per day (mbpd), down from 1.72mbp achieved in the same quarter of 2021. This was also lower than the 1.50mbpd recorded in the fourth quarter of 2021. Suggesting that despite the increase in global oil prices in the quarter, Nigeria’s inability to up crude oil production impeded investment in the sector and subsequently dragged on revenue generation.
As expected, the real growth of the oil sector contracted by 26.04% year-on-year in Q1 2022, representing a decline of 23.83% when compared to the same quarter of 2021. Also, growth decreased by 17.99% when compared to -8.06% filed for Q4 2021.
On a quarterly basis, the oil sector grew by 9.11% in the quarter under review. The sector contributed 6.63% to Nigeria’s total real GDP in Q1 2022, own from 9.25% contributed in the corresponding quarter of 2021 and slightly higher than the 5.19% achieved in Q4 2021.
Nigeria’s Non-Oil Sector
As usual, the non-oil sector grew by 6.08% in real terms in the first quarter. This was better than the 5.28% recorded in the first quarter of 2021 and 1.34% higher than the fourth quarter of 2021.
The report attributed the growth in the non-oil sector to the increase in activities in the following sectors; Information and Communication (Telecommunication); Trade; Financial and Insurance (Financial Institutions); Agriculture (Crop Production); and Manufacturing (Food, Beverage & Tobacco).
Nigeria’s non-oil sector contributed the most to total economic growth. The sector contributed 93.37% to the nation’s GDP in the quarter under review.
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