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FG Foreign and Domestic Debt Stocks as at December 31, 2018



Debt Management Office
  • FG Foreign and Domestic Debt Stocks as of December 31, 2018

Nigeria’s total domestic debt as at December 31, 2018, stood at N12.77 trillion, according to the data released by the Debt Management Office (DMO).

Around 73.07 percent of the debt was raised via FGN bonds, while 21.42 percent was borrowed via treasury bills. The remaining 5.58 was borrowed through FGN savings, sukuk bond, green bond, and treasury bonds.

Nigeria’s Domestic Debt Stock by Instrument as of December 31, 2018

Instruments Amounts in Naira % of Total
FGN Bonds 9,334,737,982,592.00 73.07%
FGN Savings Bond 10,750,443,000.00 0.08%
FGN Sukuk 200,000,000,000.00 1.57%
Green Bond 10,690,000,000.00 0.08%
Nigerian Treasury Bills 2,735,967,538,000.00 21.42%
Nigerian Treasury Bonds 150,988,000,000.00 1.18%
Promissory Notes 331,271,738,405.00 2.59%
TOTAL 12,774,405,701,997.00 100.00%

The federal government has started slowing down on local borrowing due to the attractiveness of foreign loans. According to the Central Bank of Nigeria, foreign loans have attractive rates and are cheaper. Therefore, the Federal Government will be focusing more on foreign borrowing to reduce the cost of servicing domestic debt.

The cost of servicing local debt rose to 23.6 percent or N1.7 trillion in 2018. Below is a concise breakdown of Nigeria’s foreign loan.

Nigeria’s External Debt Stock as of December 31, 2018, in Millions of USD

Category Outstanding Debt % of Total
World Bank Group    
IDA 8,550.11  
IBRD 124.18  
African Development Bank Group    
ADB 1,264.61  
ADF 822.73  
BADEA 5.88  
EDF 61.25  
IDB 16.13  
IFAD 169.45  
SUB-TOTAL 11,014.34 43.58%
China (Exim Bank of China)                         2,485.08  
France (AFD) 344.63  
Japan (JICA) 75.16  
India (Exim Bank of India)                            14.79  
Germany (KFW)                                             172.02  
SUB-TOTAL 3,091.68                                                       12.23%
EUROBONDS      10,868.35  
DIASPORA BOND                                           300.00  
SUB-TOTAL 11,168.35 44.19%
GRAND TOTAL 25,274.36                                                      100%


CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.


Oil Firms Borrowed N130B From Banks in February – CBN




Operators in the downstream, natural gas and crude oil refining sectors of the Nigerian oil and gas industry borrowed N130b from Nigerian banks in February amid the significant rise in global crude oil prices.

The debt owed by the oil and gas companies rose to N4.05tn in February from N3.92bn in January, according to the latest data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria on Monday.

Operators in the upstream and services subsectors owed banks N1.26tn in February, down from N1.27tn a month earlier.

The combined debt of N5.31tn owed by oil and gas operators as of February 2021 represents 25.29 percent of the N21tn loans advanced to the private sector by the banks, according to the sectoral analysis by the CBN of deposit money banks’ credit.

Oil and gas firms received the biggest share of the credit from the deposit money banks to the private sector.

The slump in oil prices in 2020 as a result of the coronavirus pandemic hit many oil and gas companies hard, forcing them to slash their capital budgets and suspend some projects.

A global credit rating agency, Moody’s Investors Service, said last month that the outlook for Nigeria’s banking system remains negative, reflecting expectations of rising asset risk and weakening government support capacity over the next 12 to 18 months.

“Nigerian banks’ loan quality will weaken in 2021 as coronavirus support measures implemented by the government and central bank last year, including the loan repayment holiday, are unwound,” said Peter Mushangwe, an analyst at Moody’s.

The rating agency estimated that between 40 percent and 45 percent of banking loans were restructured in 2020, easing pressure on borrowers following the outbreak of the pandemic.

Another global credit rating agency, Fitch Ratings, had noted in a December 8 report that Nigerian bank asset quality had historically fallen with oil prices, with the oil sector representing 28 percent of loans at the end of the first half of 2020.

It said the upstream and midstream segments (nearly seven percent of gross loans) had been particularly affected by low oil prices and production cuts.

“However, the sector has performed better than expected since the start of the crisis, limiting the rise in credit losses this year due to a combination of debt relief afforded to customers, a stabilisation in oil prices, the hedging of financial exposures and the widespread restructuring of loans to the sector following the 2015 crisis,” it said.

The rating agency predicted that Nigerian bank asset quality would weaken over the next 12 to 18 months.

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Fall in Economic Activities in Nigeria Created N485.51 Billion Fiscal Deficit in January -CBN



Dollar thrive in Nigeria

The drop in economic activities in Africa’s largest economy Nigeria led to a N485.51 billion fiscal deficit in January, according to the latest data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

In the monthly economic report released on Friday by the apex bank, the weak revenue performance in January 2021 was due to the decline in non-oil receipts following the lingering negative effects of COVID-19 pandemic on business activities and the resultant shortfall in tax revenues.

In part, the report read, “Federally collected revenue in January 2021 was N807.54bn.

“This was 4.6 per cent below the provisional budget benchmark and 12.8 per cent lower than the collection in the corresponding period of 2020.

“Oil and non-oil revenue constituted 45.4 per cent and 54.6 per cent of the total collection respectively. The modest rebound in crude oil prices in the preceding three months enhanced the contribution of oil revenue to total revenue, relative to the budget benchmark.

“Non-oil revenue sources underperformed, owing to the shortfalls in collections from VAT, corporate tax, and FGN independent revenue sources.

“Retained revenue of the Federal Government of Nigeria was lower-than-trend due to the lingering effects of the COVID-19 pandemic.”

“At N285.26bn, FGN’s retained revenue fell short of its programmed benchmark and collections in January 2020, by 41.3 per cent and 7.5 per cent respectively.

“In contrast, the provisional aggregate expenditure of the FGN rose from N717.6bn in December 2020 to N770.77bn in the reporting period, but remained 14.4 per cent below the monthly target of N900.88bn.

“Fiscal operations of the FGN in January 2021 resulted in a tentative overall deficit of N485.51bn.”

The report noted that Nigeria’s total public debt stood at N28.03 trillion as of the end-September 2020, with domestic and external debts accounting for 56.5 percent and 43.5 percent, respectively.

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NNPC Supplies 1.44 Billion Litres of Petrol in January 2021



Petrol Importation -

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) supplied a total of 1.44 billion litres of Premium Motor Spirit popularly known as petrol in January 2021.

The corporation disclosed in its latest Monthly Financial and Operations Report (MFOR) for the month of January.

NNPC said the 1.44 billion litres translate to 46.30 million litres per day.

Also, a total of 223.55Billion Cubic Feet (BCF) of natural gas was produced in the month of January 2021, translating to an average daily production of 7,220.22 Million Standard Cubic Feet per Day (mmscfd).

The 223.55BCF gas production figure also represents a 4.79% increase over output in December 2020.

Also, the daily average natural gas supply to gas power plants increased by 2.38 percent to 836mmscfd, equivalent to power generation of 3,415MW.

For the period of January 2020 to January 2021, a total of 2,973.01BCF of gas was produced representing an average daily production of 7,585.78 mmscfd during the period.

Period-to-date Production from Joint Ventures (JVs), Production Sharing Contracts (PSCs) and Nigerian Petroleum Development Company (NPDC) contributed about 65.20%, 19.97 percent and 14.83 percent respectively to the total national gas production.

Out of the total gas output in January 2021, a total of 149.24BCF of gas was commercialized consisting of 44.29BCF and 104.95BCF for the domestic and export markets respectively.

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