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CBN to Auction N110.9bn Treasury Bills

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FG Borrows
  • CBN to Auction N110.9bn Treasury Bills

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) will this week conduct treasury bills auction of N110.9 billion on 91-day, 182-day and 364-day instruments.

But the impact on liquidity is expected to be muted by a scheduled maturity of the same amount.

Analysts at Afrinvest West Africa Limited, who revealed this in their weekly report, also anticipate that debits from successful bids at the foreign exchange (FX) wholesale intervention action as well as open market operations (OMO) auctions would impact on liquidity conditions and keep money market rates around current levels.

Performance in the treasury bills market was bearish last week as average rates trended upward on 3 of 5 trading days with minimal activities witnessed across all instruments.

The week opened with average rate up 11 basis points (bps) from Friday’s previous close of 18.4 per cent as investors sold-off on short term instruments. By mid-week, rates moderated marginally by 1bp to18.6% owing to improved interest on the shorter end of the curve before settling at 18.6% on Friday, up 20bps week-on-week (W-o-W).

But financial system liquidity trended higher all week. As such, there was a downtrend in money market rates on all trading days of the week save for Wednesday and Friday owing to a debit from the May bond auction conducted by the Debt Management Office (DMO).

Furthermore, the report showed that financial system liquidity opened the week at a positive balance of N165 billion, up from the previous Friday’s close of N91.1 billion, thus Open Buy Back and Overnight Rate settled at 16.7 per cent and 17.9 per cent respectively on Monday, down 1.5 per cent and 1.4 per cent.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in its drive to boost dollar liquidity and ensure a convergence in FX rates, conducted wholesale intervention auctions with an offer amount of US$100 million last week and also announced a special secondary market intervention sales for the clearance of some backlogs, specifically for matured FX obligations – raw materials and machineries, agriculture, airlines and petroleum products while stating that FX obligations for petroleum products must have matured on or before January 31, 2017.

In the FX market last week, activities in the different segments of the market remained stable. NAFEX rates as published by FMDQ stood at N378.87/US$1 by start of the week while slightly appreciating by mid-week. However, a reversal of trend saw rates inch back to N378.87/US$1, indicating a flattish W-o-W close.

Also, the CBN with its daily interventions continued to keep rates stable at the official market. Rates opened the week at N304.70/US$1 and appreciated to N304.60/US$1 by Friday. At the parallel market segment, rates opened the week at N390/US$1 and remained unchanged on four of five trading days save for Friday where rates appreciated to N386.00/US$1.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Banking Sector

FINANCIAL LITERACY: Unity Bank Kick-Starts One Minute Genius 2.0

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Unity bank

In its drive to boost financial literacy among students in primary and secondary schools across the nation, Nigerian lender, Unity Bank Plc has flagged off Season 2 of its pioneer educational gameplay, the One Minute Genius, OMG.

The OMG 2.0 gameplay, which kicked off on May 3, 2021, on the Unity Bank’s Website is an expanded version of the maiden edition to be played virtually.

Over 200 winners will emerge at the end of the 25-day contest. To win prizes in any of the categories, participating students can play the virtual game from Monday to Friday between 8 AM – 6 PM.

The One Minute Genius (OMG) is an initiative that underscores Unity Bank’s commitment to the development of the next generation, as it seeks to connect with their aspirations and reinforce the importance of education as a vehicle to empower the Nigerian child. Children and students between the ages of 6 –17 years can participate in the game.

According to the Divisional Head, Retail/SME & E-business, Unity Bank Plc, Mr. Olufunwa Akinmade, the idea is to enable the participants to improve their intelligence quotient and unleash the genius in them.

Mr. Olufunwa further explained that the game will be played as a blend of quizzes containing spelling Bee and Arithmetic questions. “The children that answer the questions correctly within the one-minute stipulated timeframe will be rewarded with cash prizes”, he quips.

Throwing more light on the initiative, Mr. Olufunwa said, “the Bank has decided to continue investing in the gameplay because it is pleased with the impact which the previous editions of the contest had created being a vehicle for reinvigorating the values of education through gamification and fun”.

Still speaking, Mr, Olufunwa stated: “Unity Bank remains committed to playing a critical role in advancing learning for a better society by developing the minds of our children. And this virtual, participatory learning and reward contest has proved quite effective in achieving the goals of motivating the students towards subject mastery using a branch of reinforcement model”

He added: “On the heels of COVID-19 pandemic, which has impacted negatively on the education sector in Nigeria by disrupted learning, an activity such as the OMG provides a veritable opportunity to boost learning, even as all stakeholders continue to make deliberate efforts to cater to the needs of our future generation.

“We hope that parents and guardians will encourage their wards with every support needed to enable the students to explore the opportunity that this provides.”

Recall that the 2o20 edition of the OMG attracted massive interests from across Nigeria, producing no fewer than 120 winners who coasted home with millions of naira in cash rewards.

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Finance

FG Borrowed $5.9B To Fight COVID-19 and Implement Budget – Minister of Finance

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Zainab Ahmed

The federal government borrowed about $5.9 billion in 2020, to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic and implement its budget. The Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Mrs. Zainab Ahmed, revealed this yesterday.

A statement issued by her Special Adviser, Media and Communications, Mr. Yunusa Abdullahi, yesterday, indicated that the minister told the Collaborative Africa Budget Reform Initiative (CABRI) General Assembly during a webinar, that the federal government had to move quickly to save the economy.

Speaking on Nigeria’s fiscal response – short term interventions and impact on public finances, as an immediate fiscal response, Mrs. Ahmed said: “We did the following: Procured a $3.4 billion loan from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and about $2.5 billion in local currency from the domestic capital market to support the 2020 budget implementation), among others.”

She noted that the government then packaged a N500 billion for COVID-19 Crisis Intervention Fund in the 2020 revised budget, as part of a N2.3 trillion Economic Sustainability Plan.

Mrs. Ahmed said that the government had begun the process of moving the economy away from its primary dependence on oil for revenues and foreign exchange, and making steady gains in addressing infrastructure and human capital challenges before the pandemic hit the global economy.

With COVID-19, Nigeria’s Bonny Light crude oil price fell from a peak of US$72.2 per barrel on January 7, 2020 to below US$20 by April 2020.

She said, “In effect, the US$57 crude oil price benchmark approved in the 2020 budget became unrealistic triggering the need to adjust the following variables: reduction of crude oil benchmark price from US$57 per barrel to US$28 per barrel; reduction of daily crude oil production benchmark from 2.18 million barrels per day (mbpd) to 1.9 mbpd; adjustment of the official exchange rate to N360/US$1 from N305/$.”

Mrs. Ahmed revealed that part of the federal government Supplementary Budget on COVID-19 would be spent on the procurement of 29. 588 million doses of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

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Banking Sector

Union Bank CEO, Godson Chukwuemeka Okonkwo Acquires 2.4 Million Shares in the Bank Ahead of Acquisition

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Union bank - Investors King

The Chief Executive Officer, Union Bank Plc, Godson Chukwuemeka Okonkwo, has purchased 2,431,917 ordinary shares of the bank, according to the latest disclosure filing from the lender.

The CEO acquired the 2,431,917 shares of Union Bank at N4.90 per share on Thursday 6th May 2021 from the floor of the Nigerian Exchange Ltd.

Okonkwo’s N11.916 million investment was after Investors King reported a possible acquisition of the bank by Zenith Bank or Access Bank following sources cited by Bloomberg.

Bloomberg said, “Atlas Mara Limited, the London Stock Exchange-listed pan-African banking group started by Mr. Bob Diamond has received a number of approaches for its 49.97 per cent holding in Lagos-based Union Bank of Nigeria.”

It also stated that Atlas Mara received interests from Nigerian and Middle Eastern lenders for its remaining assets on the continent, according to Bloomberg sources.

The sources claimed the banks in talks with Atlas Mara asked not to be identified as talks are private. But they mentioned Nigeria’s Zenith Bank Plc, Access Bank Plc and Morocco’s Attijariwafa Bank as some of the banks that have so far expressed interests in acquiring Union Bank.

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