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Concerns Over Interest Rates, Capacity, as DBN Kicks Off With N398.45b



  • Concerns Over Interest Rates, Capacity, as DBN Kicks Off With N398.45b

With about 70,000 micro, small and medium enterprises seeking various forms of financial intervention to take their businesses to the next level, there are concerns about the ability of the Development Bank of Nigeria (DBN) to meet such demands with its $1.3 billion (N398.45 billion:N306.5/$1) start-up capital.

After over two years of delay, the Development Bank of Nigeria (DBN) is set to take off following the approval of its operating license by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and would have to battle with a growing market of small businesses, many of which are unstructured and seek access to finance at single-digit interest rates.

With a major mandate to spur growth through financing of projects, particularly the medium, small and medium scale industries, the $1.3 billion (N398.45billion) Development Bank of Nigeria is jointly funded by the World Bank (WB), KfW (German Development Bank), the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the Agence Française de Development (French Development Agency). The bank is also finalising agreements with the European Investment Bank (EIB) for more investment.

The newly-licensed bank however dismissed concerns saying that it will finance 20,000 micro, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the first year of its operation.
Its Managing Director, Tony Okpanachi, said part of the strategies of the bank was to de-risk the sector by making sure that loans were provided at a longer period of 10 years with a moratorium that would enable the loans to be repaid within 12 years.

He said the loans would be given at a competitive rate, adding that this would be used to promote the development of the sector.

Okpanachi said: “DBN is a new dawn for MSMEs because we will provide small businesses with funds and this will create the needed impact on the economy.

“We will create a sustainable finding model and also ensure financial inclusion through access to funding.

“We are also looking at more female participation and about 20,000 SMEs will be funded in the first year of our operation.”

Okpanachi said the bank would not be dealing directly with individuals, but rather through their conventional bankers like microfinance and commercial banks.

On the DBN operations, the Ministry of Finance explained that the DBN will provide loans to all sectors of the economy including, manufacturing, services and other industries not currently served by existing development banks thereby filling an important gap in the provision of finance to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs).

In his reaction, President of the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Dr. Frank Jacobs believes the bank’s capital base is strong to meet the demands of SMEs adding that it would be a support to the efforts of the Bank of Industry (BoI) in addressing the financing needs of the real sector of the economy.

Chief Executive Officer of Financial Derivatives Limited, Bismarck Rewane, said the $1.3 billion take off fund is huge, considering the exchange rate and represents more than 12 commercial banks’ minimum capital base.

He dismissed concerns over duplication of roles, saying that the new bank is focused on small businesses, not industries, as well as provision of funds for that purpose to commercial banks, which will in turn meet the needs of the small businesses.

“It is a commendable move. If this segment does not exist today, Nigeria would have stopped existing and we must ensure their sustainability to go forward,” he said.

“The more the merrier. The initial proposal was to scrap BoI and BoA but it didn’t happen. A mix of financial needs and this will further have impact on the real sector. Development banks usually have concessionary rates and their rates are generally lower and better than that of commercial banks”, Director-General of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), Muda Yusuf added.

On the number of financial institutions that will work with DBN as participating financial institutions, the ministry noted that banks and financial institutions that meet up with a full set of eligibility requirements will be qualified to receive funds from the bank, adding that the operations of the DBN will not in any way, result in the elimination of the Bank of Industry (BoI), Bank of Agriculture (BOA) or any other existing development bank.

Operators in the real sector had raised objection on the repealing of BoI Act in order to set up the DBN.

Addressing concerns, the Ministry of Finance said: “The operations of the DBN is distinct from other development banks as it is focused on supporting small businesses defined by size and not by sectors.

“The DBN will provide loans to all sectors of the economy including, manufacturing, services and other industries not currently served by existing development banks thereby filling and important financing gap.

“The influx of additional capital from the DBN will lower borrowing rates and the longer tenure of the loans, will provide the required flexibility in the management of cash flows, giving businesses the opportunity to make capital improvements and acquire equipment or supplies.

“As the economy diversifies, the growth of the MSME sector will have a positive impact on the economy through employment generation, wealth creation and economic growth”.

Already, the Bank has completed the recruitment of the executive management team ahead of its date of commencement of operations.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Crude Oil

Brent Crude Oil Approaches $70 Per Barrel on Friday



Crude oil

Nigerian Oil Approaches $70 Per Barrel Following OPEC+ Production Cuts Extension

Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, rose to $69 on Friday at 3:55 pm Nigerian time.

Oil price jumped after OPEC and allies, known as OPEC plus, agreed to role-over crude oil production cuts to further reduce global oil supplies and artificially sustain oil price in a move experts said could stoke inflationary pressure.

Brent crude oil rose from $63.86 per barrel on Wednesday to $69 per barrel on Friday as energy investors became more optimistic about the oil outlook.

While certain experts are worried that U.S crude oil production will eventually hurt OPEC strategy once the economy fully opens, few experts are saying production in the world’s largest economy won’t hit pre-pandemic highs.

According to Vicki Hollub, the CEO of Occidental, U.S oil production may not return to pre-pandemic levels given a shift in corporates’ value.

“I do believe that most companies have committed to value growth, rather than production growth,” she said during a CNBC Evolve conversation with Brian Sullivan. “And so I do believe that that’s going to be part of the reason that oil production in the United States does not get back to 13 million barrels a day.”

Hollub believes corporate organisations will focus on optimizing present operations and facilities, rather than seeking growth at all costs. She, however, noted that oil prices rebounded faster than expected, largely due to China, India and United States’ growing consumption.

The recovery looks more V-shaped than we had originally thought it would be,” she said. Occidental previous projection had oil production recovering to pre-pandemic levels by the middle of 2022. The CEO Now believes demand will return by the end of this year or the first few months of 2022.

I do believe we’re headed for a much healthier supply and demand environment” she said.

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Crude Oil

Oil Jumps to $67.70 as OPEC+ Extends Production Cuts




Oil Jumps to $67.70 as OPEC+ Extends Production Cuts

Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, rose to $67.70 per barrel on Thursday following the decision of OPEC and allies, known as OPEC+, to extend production cuts.

OPEC and allies are presently debating whether to restore as much as 1.5 million barrels per day of crude oil in April, according to people with the knowledge of the meeting.

Experts have said OPEC+ continuous production cuts could increase global inflationary pressure with the rising price of could oil. However, Saudi Energy Minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman said “I don’t think it will overheat.”

Last year “we suffered alone, we as OPEC+” and now “it’s about being vigilant and being careful,” he said.

Saudi minister added that the additional 1 million barrel-a-day voluntary production cut the kingdom introduced in February was now open-ended. Meaning, OPEC+ will be withholding 7 million barrels a day or 7 percent of global demand from the market– even as fuel consumption recovers in many nations.

Experts have started predicting $75 a barrel by April.

“We expect oil prices to rise toward $70 to $75 a barrel during April,” said Ann-Louise Hittle, vice president of macro oils at consultant Wood Mackenzie Ltd. “The risk is these higher prices will dampen the tentative global recovery. But the Saudi energy minister is adamant OPEC+ must watch for concrete signs of a demand rise before he moves on production.”

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Gold Hits Eight-Month Low as Global Optimism Grows Amid Rising Demand for Bitcoin



Gold Struggles Ahead of Economic Recovery as Bitcoin, New Gold, Surges

Global haven asset, gold, declined to the lowest in more than eight months on Tuesday as signs of global economic recovery became glaring with rising bond yields.

The price of the precious metal declined to $1,718 per ounce during London trading on Thursday, down from $2,072 it traded in August as more investors continue to cut down on their holdings of the metal.

The previous metal usually performs poorly with rising yields on other assets like bonds, especially given the fact that gold does not provide streams of interest payments. Investors have been jumping on US bonds ahead of President Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion coronavirus stimulus package, expected to stoke stronger US price growth.

We see the rising bond yields as a sign of economic optimism, which has also prompted gold investors to sell some of their positions,” said Carsten Menke of Julius Baer.

Another analyst from Commerzbank, Carsten Fritsch, said that “gold’s reputation appears to have been tarnished considerably by the heavy losses of recent weeks, as evidenced by the ongoing outflows from gold ETFs”.

Experts at Investors King believed the growing demand for Bitcoin, now called the new gold, and other cryptocurrencies in recent months by institutional investors is hurting gold attractiveness.

In a recent report, analysts at Citigroup have started projecting mainstream acceptance for the unregulated dominant cryptocurrency, Bitcoin.

The price of Bitcoin has rallied by 60 percent to $52,000 this year alone. While Ethereum has risen by over 660 percent in 2021.


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