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CBN Moves on Forex to Boost Economy

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  • CBN Moves on Forex to Boost Economy

Nigeria’s central bank has made moves to strengthen the naira currency to boost domestic manufacturing and lift the economy out of recession caused by the slump in global oil prices.

But analysts said the measures do not go far enough and foreign investment would only return to Africa’s most populous nation once the market determines the currency’s true value.

The naira has lost value against the US dollar, as Nigeria saw revenues from international oil sales dwindle because of the worldwide slump in crude prices.

Stalled investment has led to a shortage of foreign currency, making it harder for local businesses to source enough dollars to pay for imported raw materials and machinery.

It has also caused a yawning gulf between the official rate and that on the illegal, but tolerated, black market.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) currently sells dollars in the country’s multiple forex markets at 315 to 375 naira, allowing dealers to make a small profit on customer transactions.

This week it directed commercial banks to sell at 360 compared with the previous rate of 375, to forex users wanting to pay overseas school fees, medical bills and other “invisibles”.

“We believe that what has been driving the parallel market rate, apart from speculation, has been some of the invisibles,” bank spokesman Isaac Okorafor told AFP.

– ‘Not healthy’ –

Nigeria’s President Muhammadu Buhari has stated he does not want the market to determine the value of the naira and argued devaluation would “kill” the currency.

Since mid-February, the CBN has been pumping dollars into the market to strengthen the naira and bridge the gap between official and black market rates.

Official data show some $2.5 billion have been sold to end users, causing the local currency to rally to 380 on the open market as of Thursday, compared with a previous dollar high of around 520.

Monetary policy in recent months has been aimed at encouraging local production of what has previously been imported at huge cost.

In June 2015, the CBN prohibited 41 items, including tooth picks and luxury jets, from the official forex window.

Okorafor maintained the policy had “rejuvenated domestic production”, providing “an opportunity to change the economy’s structure, resuscitate local manufacturing” and create jobs.

The head of the Manufacturers’ Association of Nigeria, Frank Jacobs, said any move to strengthen the naira was “a positive development”, as not all members sourced forex officially.

“Some manufacturers, especially the small-scale firms and those affected by the ban of the 41 items, source their dollars from the bureaus de change and the black market,” he added.

“Lowering the rates will definitely help them and the economy.”

Financial analysts, industry operators and the International Monetary Fund, however, said the bank needed to go further and harmonise all of Nigeria’s forex market rates.

Bismarck Rewane, of the Financial Derivatives consultancy in Lagos, added: “A situation where the central bank is the sole supplier of forex is not healthy.

“It is creating an air of uncertainty for investors. The CBN is artificially funding the market to punish speculators and hoarders.”

Of particular concern was the use of foreign reserves to shore up the naira, he said.

“We are using up in six weeks what we ought to use for six months. This is not sustainable,” he said, urging the CBN “to move towards a market-driven” forex market.

That would give greater certainty for currently wary investors, he added.

– Precarious situation –

The director-general of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Muda Yusuf, said businesses had greeted the bank’s move this week with “relief”.

“Gradually investors confidence is returning to the economy,” he said. But he also expressed concern about whether the policy was sustainable.

“How far can the CBN go in making dollars readily available to industries and importers?”

OPEC member Nigeria relies on crude oil sales for 90 percent of its foreign exchange earnings and 70 percent of government revenue, making it particularly vulnerable to global shocks.

Crude prices have rallied internationally since the slump began in mid-2014, while militant attacks that hit production in Nigeria’s oil-rich south have tailed off, Yusuf noted.

But he said the situation was still precarious.

“The CBN should further liberalise the FX market to allow for other inflows of forex. If the current supply source dries up, we may be back to zero,” he added.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Friday, July 23, 2021

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Naira Notes - Investors King

The Naira improves slightly against its global counterparts at the parallel market on Friday as liquidity increase marginally across key forex markets. The Naira gained N2 against the United States Dollar from N506 it traded last week Friday to N504 today, Friday, July 23, 2021 at the parallel market. Against the Euro and British Pound, the local currency exchanged at N595 and N705, respectively.

Economic uncertainty amid unclear policy direction has put a lid on Naira against global currencies, especially with Nigeria’s fiscal buffer lacking despite crude oil trading at an almost 2-year high from COVID-19 record-low. The drop in foreign reserves impeded the Central Bank of Nigeria’s ability to consistently intervene at the forex to prop the Naira value as usual.

At the bureau de change section, the Naira exchanged at N500, N705 and N595 to the United States Dollar, British Pound and the Euro, respectively. See the table below for Naira rates.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 500/504 698/705 588/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 490/500 694/705 580/595
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
7/22/2021 US DOLLAR 409.14 409.64 410.14
7/22/2021 POUNDS STERLING 563.1812 563.8695 564.5577
7/22/2021 EURO 481.8851 482.474 483.0629
7/22/2021 SWISS FRANC 444.7657 445.3093 445.8528
7/22/2021 YEN 3.7114 3.7159 3.7204
7/22/2021 CFA 0.7151 0.7251 0.7351
7/22/2021 WAUA 580.1991 580.9082 581.6172
7/22/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 63.2522 63.3299 63.4077
7/22/2021 RIYAL 109.0778 109.2111 109.3444
7/22/2021 DANISH KRONA 64.7732 64.8524 64.9315

N.B: These tables are updated three times a day.

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Thursday, July 22, 2021

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NAIRA - Investors King

Naira gained slightly across key foreign exchange markets during the holiday and opened at N503 against the United States Dollar at the Parallel market. Against the British Pound, it exchanged at N703 and N590 to Euro.

Despite series of policies deployed at arresting the falling Naira and curb economic stagnation, the crude oil-backed Naira continued to struggle against its global counterparts.

At the Bureau de Change section, the Naira traded at N500 to a United States Dollar, N705 to a British Pound and N595 to a Euro. See other Naira exchange rates below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Monday, July 19, 2021

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500 and 1000 naira bills (Nigerian currency)

Naira declined further against the United States Dollar at the parallel market, popularly known as the black market ahead of the Sallah Holiday. The Naira dipped by N1 from N505 it traded against the United States Dollar on Thursday to N506 on Friday but moderated to N505 on Monday, July 19, 2021.

Against the British Pound and Euro common currency, the Nigerian Naira exchanged at N708 and N592, respectively.

Lack of liquidity across the foreign exchange markets continued to weigh on the Naira value and economic activities at large given the nature of the Nigerian economy, an import-dependent economy.

The Nigerian Naira traded at N500 against the United States Dollar at the bureau de change section of the forex market. While, it sold at N710 and N595 to a British Pound and Euro, respectively. See other exchange rates below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
19/07/2021 497/505 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
19/07/2021 495/500 695/710 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

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