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Abolish Dual Forex Rates, Economists, Manufacturers Tell CBN

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  • Abolish Dual Forex Rates, Economists, Manufacturers Tell CBN

Economists and manufacturers have joined the call for the abolition of the dual exchange rate policy operating in Nigeria, adding that it is a breeding ground for corruption.

They suggested floating of the naira so that everybody could buy the dollar at the same rate.

A leading manufacturer who declined to be named told our correspondent that the system of dual exchange rate was a very corrupt one that made millionaires out of a few Nigerians and impoverished many.

He said experience had taught him that the dual exchange rate regime was fraught with corruption.

“Since most people want to access forex at the official rate, there is usually a long queue that lasts for months, but you can avoid this hurdle by parting with a percentage of the money you want to access,” he said.

A key operator in the manufacturing sector, Chief Eric Umeofia , accused the CBN of exploiting the dual forex regime to allocate forex to cronies of the bank and importers of frozen fish while local manufacturers were forced to buy dollars at exorbitant black market rates.

He supported the claim with documents showing forex utilisation from one of the commercial banks.

Recently, the Attorney General of the Federation, Mr. Abubakar Malami, was reported to have observed some irregularities in the CBN’s forex allocations.

The apex bank had defended the discrepancies by explaining that they were typographical errors from the commercial banks who published the allocations.

A former CBN governor and the Emir of Kano, Alhaji Muhammadu Sanusi, had argued that no economy could thrive with dual/multiple forex rates.

A professor of Economics from the University of Uyo, Professor Leo Ukpong, also advised against the practice of maintaining a dual forex exchange rate.

He said, “Dual exchange rate regime creates room for illegal profit making by those who have access to buy at the lower (the CBN official rate) and turn around to sell at the high (parallel market) rate.

“This practice ends up increasing the cost of the FX to legitimate businesses that play by the rule; increases the cost of consumer goods to the larger population; causes the FX shortages due to hoarding; and distorts the true value of exchange rate.

“The CBN cannot design or implement any efficient or meaningful foreign exchange policy until we get rid of dual (or multiple) exchange rate regime.”

Also, a recent article by Bloomberg attributed the nation’s current woes to the dual forex regime, noting that it had refused to allow its currency to trade at its market value.

The article titled, “A tale of two currencies: Egypt sets itself apart from Nigeria,” drew a comparison between Nigeria and Egypt, two countries who were in the same situation in early November, crying out for dollars to revive their sinking economies and trying to curb rampant currency-trading on the black market.

According to the report, Egypt’s strategy was to ditch a currency peg, leaving its pound open to market forces.

It read in part, “Egypt is still short of dollars, but the situation is changing, and investors are gradually returning.

“Nigeria, in contrast, isn’t letting the naira trade at its market value, insisting that is the only way to protect the poor from a further surge in inflation, which is already at the highest level since 2005. Traders argue that it’s left the currency overvalued and say they’ll avoid Nigerian local markets until it weakens.”

It added that Egypt’s strategy had caused the Egyptian pound to gain 16 per cent against the dollar even as the naira fell 40 per cent in value against the greenback.

An economic strategist with the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, Mr. Ambrose Oruche, supported floating of the naira, saying, “Allow naira to find its level. It will allow for more supply because there will be free entry and exit. More people will come into the market to trade. In the short run, there will be inflation but it will eventually ease off.

All the efforts geared at protecting the naira can only have a short-term effect, it is not sustainable. The naira will still lose value in the long run while the cost of living for the ordinary man continues to go up.

The National Bureau of Statistics in its January report stated that the inflation rate had gone up to 18.72.

Currently, the prices of consumer goods, according to the Chairman, Ikeja Shop Owners’ Association, Mr. John Okonkwo, increase on a daily basis.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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Forex

CBN Cracks Down: Revokes Licenses of 4,173 Bureaux De Change Operators

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Bureau De Change Operator

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has revoked the operational licenses of 4,173 Bureaux De Change (BDC) operators across the country.

This action comes as the CBN exercises its authority under the Bank and Other Financial Institutions Act (BOFIA) 2020 and the Revised Operational Guidelines for Bureaux De Change 2015.

The affected BDCs failed to adhere to essential regulatory provisions, including the payment of necessary fees for license renewal, timely rendition of returns, and compliance with CBN directives on Anti-Money Laundering (AML), Countering the Financing of Terrorism (CFT), and Counter-Proliferation Financing (CPF) regulations.

Sidi Ali, the Acting Director of Corporate Communications at the CBN, explained that the revocation underscores the importance of strict adherence to regulatory guidelines in the financial sector.

The CBN also announced its intent to revise the regulatory and supervisory guidelines for Bureaux De Change operations, with compliance to be mandatory for all stakeholders.

The public has been advised to take note of the regulatory changes and act accordingly.

This crackdown underscores the CBN’s commitment to maintaining the integrity and stability of Nigeria’s financial system through stringent regulatory oversight.

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Naira

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate Today, March 1st, 2024

As of March 1st, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,530 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

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Naira Exchange Rates - Investors King

As of March 1st, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,530 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

For those engaging in currency transactions in the Lagos Parallel Market (Black Market), buyers purchase a dollar for N1,480 and sell it at N1,470 on Thursday, February 29th, 2024 based on information from Bureau De Change (BDC).

Meaning, the Naira exchange rate declined when compared to today’s rate below.

This black market rate signifies the value at which individuals can trade their dollars for Naira outside the official or regulated exchange channels.

Investors and participants closely monitor these parallel market rates for a more immediate reflection of currency dynamics.

How Much is Dollar to Naira Today in the Black Market?

Kindly be aware that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does not acknowledge the existence of the parallel market, commonly referred to as the black market.

The CBN has advised individuals seeking to participate in Forex transactions to utilize official banking channels.

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate

  • Buying Rate: N1,530
  • Selling Rate: N1,520

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Naira

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate Today, February 29th, 2024

As of February 29th, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,480 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

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NAIRA - Investors King

As of February 29th, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,480 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

For those engaging in currency transactions in the Lagos Parallel Market (Black Market), buyers purchase a dollar for N1,600 and sell it at N1,590 on Wednesday, February 28th, 2024 based on information from Bureau De Change (BDC).

Meaning, the Naira exchange rate improved when compared to today’s rate below.

This black market rate signifies the value at which individuals can trade their dollars for Naira outside the official or regulated exchange channels.

Investors and participants closely monitor these parallel market rates for a more immediate reflection of currency dynamics.

How Much is Dollar to Naira Today in the Black Market?

Kindly be aware that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does not acknowledge the existence of the parallel market, commonly referred to as the black market.

The CBN has advised individuals seeking to participate in Forex transactions to utilize official banking channels.

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate

  • Buying Rate: N1,480
  • Selling Rate: N1,470

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