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Abolish Dual Forex Rates, Economists, Manufacturers Tell CBN

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  • Abolish Dual Forex Rates, Economists, Manufacturers Tell CBN

Economists and manufacturers have joined the call for the abolition of the dual exchange rate policy operating in Nigeria, adding that it is a breeding ground for corruption.

They suggested floating of the naira so that everybody could buy the dollar at the same rate.

A leading manufacturer who declined to be named told our correspondent that the system of dual exchange rate was a very corrupt one that made millionaires out of a few Nigerians and impoverished many.

He said experience had taught him that the dual exchange rate regime was fraught with corruption.

“Since most people want to access forex at the official rate, there is usually a long queue that lasts for months, but you can avoid this hurdle by parting with a percentage of the money you want to access,” he said.

A key operator in the manufacturing sector, Chief Eric Umeofia , accused the CBN of exploiting the dual forex regime to allocate forex to cronies of the bank and importers of frozen fish while local manufacturers were forced to buy dollars at exorbitant black market rates.

He supported the claim with documents showing forex utilisation from one of the commercial banks.

Recently, the Attorney General of the Federation, Mr. Abubakar Malami, was reported to have observed some irregularities in the CBN’s forex allocations.

The apex bank had defended the discrepancies by explaining that they were typographical errors from the commercial banks who published the allocations.

A former CBN governor and the Emir of Kano, Alhaji Muhammadu Sanusi, had argued that no economy could thrive with dual/multiple forex rates.

A professor of Economics from the University of Uyo, Professor Leo Ukpong, also advised against the practice of maintaining a dual forex exchange rate.

He said, “Dual exchange rate regime creates room for illegal profit making by those who have access to buy at the lower (the CBN official rate) and turn around to sell at the high (parallel market) rate.

“This practice ends up increasing the cost of the FX to legitimate businesses that play by the rule; increases the cost of consumer goods to the larger population; causes the FX shortages due to hoarding; and distorts the true value of exchange rate.

“The CBN cannot design or implement any efficient or meaningful foreign exchange policy until we get rid of dual (or multiple) exchange rate regime.”

Also, a recent article by Bloomberg attributed the nation’s current woes to the dual forex regime, noting that it had refused to allow its currency to trade at its market value.

The article titled, “A tale of two currencies: Egypt sets itself apart from Nigeria,” drew a comparison between Nigeria and Egypt, two countries who were in the same situation in early November, crying out for dollars to revive their sinking economies and trying to curb rampant currency-trading on the black market.

According to the report, Egypt’s strategy was to ditch a currency peg, leaving its pound open to market forces.

It read in part, “Egypt is still short of dollars, but the situation is changing, and investors are gradually returning.

“Nigeria, in contrast, isn’t letting the naira trade at its market value, insisting that is the only way to protect the poor from a further surge in inflation, which is already at the highest level since 2005. Traders argue that it’s left the currency overvalued and say they’ll avoid Nigerian local markets until it weakens.”

It added that Egypt’s strategy had caused the Egyptian pound to gain 16 per cent against the dollar even as the naira fell 40 per cent in value against the greenback.

An economic strategist with the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria, Mr. Ambrose Oruche, supported floating of the naira, saying, “Allow naira to find its level. It will allow for more supply because there will be free entry and exit. More people will come into the market to trade. In the short run, there will be inflation but it will eventually ease off.

All the efforts geared at protecting the naira can only have a short-term effect, it is not sustainable. The naira will still lose value in the long run while the cost of living for the ordinary man continues to go up.

The National Bureau of Statistics in its January report stated that the inflation rate had gone up to 18.72.

Currently, the prices of consumer goods, according to the Chairman, Ikeja Shop Owners’ Association, Mr. John Okonkwo, increase on a daily basis.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Naira

Naira Daily Foreign Exchange Rates for Friday, April 9, 2021

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Naira Dollar Exchange Rate

Naira exchanged at N485 to a United States Dollar on Friday, April 9 2021 at the parallel market. Against the British Pound, it traded at N670 and N574 to a Euro. 

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
09/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/574 62/69 393/400 292/320
08/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/573 62/69 393/400 292/320
07/04/2021 478/485 662/670 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
06/04/2021 478/486 664/674 563/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
05/04/2021 478/486 664/674 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
02/04/2021 478/486 662/672 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
31/03/2021 482/486 672/678 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
30/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/577 62/69 392/400 290/325
29/03/2021 480/485 670/677 568/575 62/69 390/400 290/325
26/03/2021 480/485 670/680 568/578 62/69 390/400 290/325
25/03/2021 480/486 672/680 570/580 62/69 390/400 290/320
24/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/581 62/69 393/400 295/320
23/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/582 60/68 390/400 295/320
22/03/2021 480/486 672/680 582/582 60/68 390/400 285/300
19/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/583 60/68 390/400 282/300
18/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
17/03/2021 478/485 670/678 572/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
16/03/2021 478/485 670/680 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
15/03/2021 478/485 670/676 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
12/03/2021 477/485 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
11/03/2021 475/482 668/675 568/575 60/68 386/398 282/300
10/03/2021 477/484 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
09/03/2021 475/484 670/675 578/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
08/03/2021 475/482 670/675 578/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
05/03/2021 475/480 670/675 577/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
04/03/2021 475/480 665/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
03/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
02/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
09/04/2021 472/482 661/673 56/570
08/04/2021 473/482 662/673 561/572
07/04/2021 475/485 661/674 560/573
06/04/2021 475/485 662/674 550/573
05/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/574
04/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
03/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
02/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
01/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
31/03/2021 475/485 665/675 560/574
30/03/2021 475/485 668/675 564/574
29/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
26/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
25/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
24/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
23/03/2021 475/485 668/678 570/577
22/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/577
19/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/578
18/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/578
17/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
16/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
15/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
12/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
11/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
10/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
09/03/2021 470/480 665/674 567/580
08/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
05/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
04/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
03/03/2021 470/480 662/670 573/580
02/03/2021 470/480 660/669 573/580
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

 

 

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates; Wednesday, April 7, 2021

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naira

Naira traded at N485 to a United States Dollar on Wednesday 07, April 2021 at the black market. While against the British Pound it sold at N670 and N573 to a single Euro as shown below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
07/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/574 62/69 392/400 292/320
06/04/2021 478/486 664/674 563/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
05/04/2021 478/486 664/674 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
02/04/2021 478/486 662/672 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
31/03/2021 482/486 672/678 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
30/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/577 62/69 392/400 290/325
29/03/2021 480/485 670/677 568/575 62/69 390/400 290/325
26/03/2021 480/485 670/680 568/578 62/69 390/400 290/325
25/03/2021 480/486 672/680 570/580 62/69 390/400 290/320
24/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/581 62/69 393/400 295/320
23/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/582 60/68 390/400 295/320
22/03/2021 480/486 672/680 582/582 60/68 390/400 285/300
19/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/583 60/68 390/400 282/300
18/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
17/03/2021 478/485 670/678 572/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
16/03/2021 478/485 670/680 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
15/03/2021 478/485 670/676 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
12/03/2021 477/485 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
11/03/2021 475/482 668/675 568/575 60/68 386/398 282/300
10/03/2021 477/484 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
09/03/2021 475/484 670/675 578/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
08/03/2021 475/482 670/675 578/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
05/03/2021 475/480 670/675 577/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
04/03/2021 475/480 665/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
03/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
02/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
07/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/573
06/04/2021 475/485 662/674 550/573
05/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/574
04/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
03/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
02/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
01/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
31/03/2021 475/485 665/675 560/574
30/03/2021 475/485 668/675 564/574
29/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
26/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
25/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
24/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
23/03/2021 475/485 668/678 570/577
22/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/577
19/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/578
18/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/578
17/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
16/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
15/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
12/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
11/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
10/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
09/03/2021 470/480 665/674 567/580
08/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
05/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
04/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
03/03/2021 470/480 662/670 573/580
02/03/2021 470/480 660/669 573/580
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

 

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates for Today, Wednesday, March 31, 2021

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Naira

Naira depreciated further at the parallel market on Wednesday as the local currency traded at N486 to a United States Dollar. The Nigerian Naira exchanged at N678 to a British Pound and N577 to a Euro as shown below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
31/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/677 62/69 392/400 292/320
30/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/577 62/69 392/400 290/325
29/03/2021 480/485 670/677 568/575 62/69 390/400 290/325
26/03/2021 480/485 670/680 568/578 62/69 390/400 290/325
25/03/2021 480/486 672/680 570/580 62/69 390/400 290/320
24/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/581 62/69 393/400 295/320
23/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/582 60/68 390/400 295/320
22/03/2021 480/486 672/680 582/582 60/68 390/400 285/300
19/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/583 60/68 390/400 282/300
18/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
17/03/2021 478/485 670/678 572/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
16/03/2021 478/485 670/680 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
15/03/2021 478/485 670/676 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
12/03/2021 477/485 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
11/03/2021 475/482 668/675 568/575 60/68 386/398 282/300
10/03/2021 477/484 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
09/03/2021 475/484 670/675 578/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
08/03/2021 475/482 670/675 578/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
05/03/2021 475/480 670/675 577/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
04/03/2021 475/480 665/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
03/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
02/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
31/03/2021 475/485 665/675 564/574
30/03/2021 475/485 668/675 564/574
29/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
26/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
25/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
24/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
23/03/2021 475/485 668/678 570/577
22/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/577
19/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/578
18/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/578
17/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
16/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
15/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
12/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
11/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
10/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
09/03/2021 470/480 665/674 567/580
08/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
05/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
04/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
03/03/2021 470/480 662/670 573/580
02/03/2021 470/480 660/669 573/580
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
3/30/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
3/30/2021 POUNDS STERLING 520.9355 521.6228 522.31
3/30/2021 EURO 444.9839 445.571 446.158
3/30/2021 SWISS FRANC 402.3782 402.909 403.4399
3/30/2021 YEN 3.4355 3.44 3.4445
3/30/2021 CFA 0.6616 0.6716 0.6816
3/30/2021 WAUA 537.5098 538.2189 538.928
3/30/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 57.6689 57.7454 57.8219
3/30/2021 RIYAL 101.0532 101.1865 101.3198
3/30/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 25.349 25.3824 25.4159

 

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