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Understanding CBN’s New Policy Actions in Forex Market

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naira

Central Bank of Nigeria’s New Foreign Exchange Policy 

In an effort to further ease economic gridlock, the Central Bank of Nigeria on Monday released new foreign exchange policy actions.

The CBN in a press release said the new forex policy will help ease the challenges faced by Nigerians in obtaining fund for foreign exchange transactions.

Having managed to scoop up the foreign reserves to $29.3 billion, the CBN has broadened its forex supply policy by including the previously excluded categories, medical needs, school fees, Personal and Business Travel, and reduce the tenor of it forex forward sales contracts.

Here are the key aspect of the new policy;

School and Medical Fees

Perhaps, this is the most important aspect of the policy. One, because it shows it’s an inclusive government, where people’s needs are given priority.

Two, understanding the challenges face by parents, guardians and sponsors, the CBN appropriated about $20 million dollars weekly for commercial banks to cater for school fees payment and others, but in order to check banks’ excesses, commercial banks were directed to pay directly to the institution specified by the customer.

According to the CBN, this will ensure “that as many customers as possible get the foreign exchange they genuinely demand.” Also, banks are instructed to do the same for customers seeking to buy foreign exchange for medical bills or make payment to hospitals.

Again, the CBN has said the supply of forex to retail end-users (PTA, BTA, School fees, medical bills, etc.) would be sustained by the apex bank.

Forex Sales Tenor

Previously, commercial banks have to wait for 180 days before their forex forward sales contracts mature, but in order to increase market liquidity and boost economic activities, the CBN has significantly reduced the current maximum cycle to 60 days from the transaction date.

However, this depends on the sustenance of current oil production level and gradual increase towards 2.2 mbpd NNPC target. Any further attack on the pipeline will undermine current progress and impede the nation from taking advantage of the surge in global oil prices to revamp the economy and effectively fund it diversification agenda.

Forex Sales at Major Airports

To further ensure that travelers access forex at a more competitive exchange rates and ease their burden, the CBN has directed commercial banks around the country to open forex retail outlets at major airports.

This, will not just ease traveler’s burden but significantly reduce parallel market patronage and gradually close the gap between the official rate and black market’s rate, since commercial banks are instructed not to sell above 20 percent of the official interbank market rate (N305).

Clearing Backlogs

Accordingly, the CBN will immediately begin the implementation of its articulated program to clear all the backlogs in the interbank forex market. Likewise, effective intervention programme would be implemented to ensure the interbank market is well-liquid and function efficiently.

This is one of the highlights of the new forex policy because the inability of commercial banks to meet financial obligations have forced them to introduce all kinds of charges that have worsened the nation economic situation and stress bank’s customers.

Similarly, Fitch Ratings on Wednesday said clearing forex backlogs will allow banks meet financial obligations and restore normalcy to the banking sector. Noting that economic recovery depends largely on both policy makers and implementation, which according to the agency depend on financial institutions.

Overall, the policy appears sound and tailored to help bolster economic activities. However, “the effectiveness of the new policy depend on sustenance, while sustenance depends on continuous foreign exchange generation through the sales of crude oil,” said Samed Olukoya, a foreign exchange research analyst at Investors King Limited. “An attack on any of the pipelines could disrupt the whole policy and hinder the nation from a progressive economic recovery,” he added.

Since the new policy was introduced, the Naira has gained about N19 to trade at N501 on the parallel market on Wednesday, after reaching the all-time high of N520 on Monday.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Forex

Dollar Pulls Back as the World Prepares for New US President

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Global debt

Dollar Pulls Back as the World Prepares for New US President

US Dollar pulled back on Tuesday ahead of Joe Biden’s inauguration following a week of consistent gains.

The United States dollar pared gains against the European common currency to $1.21444 per Euro as investors abandoned the greenback for Gold and other haven assets ahead of Wednesday’s inauguration.

Against New Zealand Kiwi, the dollar was largely unchanged and remained steady within 0.70787 support level and 0.71401 resistance level.

However, against the Japanese Yen, the United States Dollar gained on Tuesday to 103.966.

Despite the uncertainties surrounding global growth and COVID-19 vaccine deployment, OPEC is bullish on oil demand in 2021.

In its latest outlook for the year, OPEC left demand unchanged for the year even as experts are projecting disruption from U.S producers given the series of stimulus planned by the incoming administration.

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Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Black Market, CBN Official Rates, Bureau De Change) Monday, January 18, 2021

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interbank

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Black Market, CBN Official Rates, Bureau De Change) Monday, January 18, 2021

Naira exchange rate decline to N642 against the British Pound and remained pressure at N475 and N580 against the US Dollar And Euro, respectively.

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
18/01/2021 470/475 635/642 572/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
15/01/2021 470/475 635/642 573/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
14/01/2021 470/475 630/640 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
13/01/2021 470/474 630/637 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
12/01/2021 470/475 630/637 575/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
11/01/2021 468/675 625/635 575/582 60/70 372/382 245/293
08/01/2021 467/672 622/630 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
07/01/2021 465/470 620/628 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
06/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/570 60/70 365/378 245/293
05/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
04/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
31/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
30/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
29/12/2020 465/470 620/628 565/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
28/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
25/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
24/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
23/12/2020 470/475 622/632 575/580 60/70 350/367 245/293
22/12/2020 472/476 622/630 570/578 60/70 340/362 250/295
21/12/2020 472/476 622/632 570/580 55/68 340/362 250/295
18/12/2020 472/477 622/630 570/577 55/68 340/362 250/295

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
18/01/2020 460/475 635/643 570/580
15/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
14/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
13/01/2020 460/470 626/633 565/576
12/01/2020 460/470 626/633 566/576
11/01/2020 460/470 620/630 560/573
08/01/2020 460/470 615/625 555/573
07/01/2020 460/470 615/623 550/570
06/01/2020 460/470 610/623 550/572
05/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
04/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
31/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
30/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
29/12/2020 455/475 600/626 550/573
28/12/2020 455/475 605/628 555/573
25/12/2020 455/475 600/628 550/575
24/12/2020 455/474 600/628 555/575
23/12/2020 460/475 621/632 568/580
22/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577
21/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Official Naira Exchange Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
1/15/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
1/15/2021 POUNDS STERLING 516.9181 517.6001 518.282
1/15/2021 EURO 459.4996 460.1058 460.712
1/15/2021 SWISS FRANC 426.8499 427.413 427.9761
1/15/2021 YEN 3.6548 3.6596 3.6644
1/15/2021 CFA 0.6839 0.6939 0.7039
1/15/2021 WAUA 545.8708 546.5909 547.3111
1/15/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.531 58.6087 58.6864
1/15/2021 RIYAL 101.0236 101.1568 101.2901
1/15/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 24.8724 24.9052 24.938

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Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Parallel Market, Bureau De Change and CBN Rates); Friday, January 15, 2021

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Nigeria 500 naira notes

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Parallel Market, Bureau De Change and CBN Rates); Friday, January 15, 2021

The Nigerian Naira remained under pressure against the United States Dollar on the parallel market at N475 exchange rate, while the value has not improved against the Euro and Pound, inflation rose to 15.75 percent in the month of December to further compound Nigeria’s predicament.

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
15/01/2021 470/475 635/642 573/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
14/01/2021 470/475 630/640 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
13/01/2021 470/474 630/637 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
12/01/2021 470/475 630/637 575/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
11/01/2021 468/675 625/635 575/582 60/70 372/382 245/293
08/01/2021 467/672 622/630 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
07/01/2021 465/470 620/628 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
06/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/570 60/70 365/378 245/293
05/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
04/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
31/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
30/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
29/12/2020 465/470 620/628 565/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
28/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
25/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
24/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
23/12/2020 470/475 622/632 575/580 60/70 350/367 245/293
22/12/2020 472/476 622/630 570/578 60/70 340/362 250/295
21/12/2020 472/476 622/632 570/580 55/68 340/362 250/295
18/12/2020 472/477 622/630 570/577 55/68 340/362 250/295

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
15/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
14/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
13/01/2020 460/470 626/633 565/576
12/01/2020 460/470 626/633 566/576
11/01/2020 460/470 620/630 560/573
08/01/2020 460/470 615/625 555/573
07/01/2020 460/470 615/623 550/570
06/01/2020 460/470 610/623 550/572
05/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
04/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
31/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
30/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
29/12/2020 455/475 600/626 550/573
28/12/2020 455/475 605/628 555/573
25/12/2020 455/475 600/628 550/575
24/12/2020 455/474 600/628 555/575
23/12/2020 460/475 621/632 568/580
22/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577
21/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
1/15/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
1/15/2021 POUNDS STERLING 516.9181 517.6001 518.282
1/15/2021 EURO 459.4996 460.1058 460.712
1/15/2021 SWISS FRANC 426.8499 427.413 427.9761
1/15/2021 YEN 3.6548 3.6596 3.6644
1/15/2021 CFA 0.6839 0.6939 0.7039
1/15/2021 WAUA 545.8708 546.5909 547.3111
1/15/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.531 58.6087 58.6864
1/15/2021 RIYAL 101.0236 101.1568 101.2901
1/15/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 24.8724 24.9052 24.938

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