- 68.5% of Households Own Their Houses
Over 68.5 per cent of households own the houses they dwell in compared to 16.6 per cent of households who live in rented homes, a new survey by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has revealed.
It further showed that although 63.6 per cent of households live in homes with three or more rooms, the quality of the building materials remained poor.
It added that countrywide, more than 59.3 per cent of households have electricity for an average of 35.8 hours per week, of which 86 per cent of urban households have access to electricity compared to only 41.1 per cent of rural households.
The report, Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) Integrated Surveys on Agriculture General Household Survey Panel 2015/2016, is a publication by the NBS in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and the World Bank.
It seeks to among other things, develop an innovative model for collecting agricultural data, inter-institutional collaboration, and comprehensive analysis of welfare indicators and socio-economic characteristics.
Essentially, the GHS-Panel is a nationally representative survey of 5,000 households, which are also representative of the geopolitical zones (at both the urban and rural levels).
The report stated that rudimentary farm implements, including hoes and cutlasses, are considerably more common than modern tools such as tractors and pickup trucks.
The survey, which also collected information on households’ access to information and communication technology (ICT) and patterns of usage, found that about 89 per cent of Nigerians have access to a mobile phone, adding that access to the internet was more prevalent in urban areas than in rural areas – the most common uses being to send and receive emails.
On consumption patterns, it stated that oil and fat products along with grains and flours are the most commonly consumed food items with over 96 per cent of households consuming food items in these groups.
The survey also showed that soap and mobile recharge cards are the most common non-food items consumed by households, with close to nine out of 10 households reporting soap purchases and 78.3 per cent reporting expenditures on recharge cards.
Essentially, mobile recharge cards accounted for the highest national mean expenditure, with a monthly average household expenditure of N17,413.
The report added: “Households were also asked about their experience with food security and their history of economic shocks. Similar to findings in Wave 2, reported food shortages from this wave are seasonal, with January and February posing the biggest risk of food insecurity.
“Twenty-six per cent of households reported having to reduce the number of meals taken in the past seven days, with urban households more likely to have reduced their meal intake than rural households (29.8% versus 24.1%).
“Major shocks that negatively affected households include: increase in the price of food items (12.4%), death or disability of a working household member (5.7%), increase in the price of inputs (3.6%), and non-farm enterprise failure (3.1%).
“The most common coping mechanisms reported included receipt of assistance from family and friends (24%) and reduction in food consumption (23.6%).”
Communities in Delta State Shut OML30 Operates by Heritage Energy Operational Services Ltd
The OML30 operated by Heritage Energy Operational Services Limited in Delta State has been shut down by the host communities for failing to meet its obligations to the 112 host communities.
The host communities, led by its Management Committee/President Generals, had accused the company of gross indifference and failure in its obligations to the host communities despite several meetings and calls to ensure a peaceful resolution.
The station with a production capacity of 80,000 barrels per day and eight flow stations operates within the Ughelli area of Delta State.
The host communities specifically accused HEOSL of failure to pay the GMOU fund for the last two years despite mediation by the Delta State Government on May 18, 2020.
Also, the host communities accused HEOSL of ‘total stoppage of scholarship award and payment to host communities since 2016’.
The Chairman, Dr Harrison Oboghor and Secretary, Mr Ibuje Joseph that led the OML30 host communities explained to journalists on Monday that the host communities had resolved not to backpedal until all their demands were met.
Crude Oil Recovers from 4 Percent Decline as Joe Biden Wins
Oil Prices Recover from 4 Percent Decline as Joe Biden Wins
Crude oil prices rose with other financial markets on Monday following a 4 percent decline on Friday.
This was after Joe Biden, the former Vice-President and now the President-elect won the race to the White House.
Global benchmark oil, Brent crude oil, gained $1.06 or 2.7 percent to $40.51 per barrel on Monday while the U.S West Texas Intermediate crude oil gained $1.07 or 2.9 percent to $38.21 per barrel.
On Friday, Brent crude oil declined by 4 percent as global uncertainty surged amid unclear US election and a series of negative comments from President Trump. However, on Saturday when it became clear that Joe Biden has won, global financial markets rebounded in anticipation of additional stimulus given Biden’s position on economic growth and recovery.
“Trading this morning has a risk-on flavor, reflecting increasing confidence that Joe Biden will occupy the White House, but the Republican Party will retain control of the Senate,” Michael McCarthy, chief market strategist at CMC Markets in Sydney.
“The outcome is ideal from a market point of view. Neither party controls the Congress, so both trade wars and higher taxes are largely off the agenda.”
The president-elect and his team are now working on mitigating the risk of COVID-19, grow the world’s largest economy by protecting small businesses and the middle class that is the backbone of the American economy.
“There will be some repercussions further down the road,” said OCBC’s economist Howie Lee, raising the possibility of lockdowns in the United States under Biden.
“Either you’re crimping energy demand or consumption behavior.”
Nigeria, Other OPEC Members Oil Revenue to Hit 18 Year Low in 2020
Revenue of OPEC Members to Drop to 18 Year Low in 2020
The United States Energy Information Administration (EIA) has predicted that the oil revenue of members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) will decline to 18-year low in 2020.
EIA said their combined oil export revenue will plunge to its lowest level since 2002. It proceeded to put a value to the projection by saying members of the oil cartel would earn around $323 billion in net oil export in 2020.
“If realised, this forecast revenue would be the lowest in 18 years. Lower crude oil prices and lower export volumes drive this expected decrease in export revenues,” it said.
The oil expert based its projection on weak global oil demand and low oil prices because of COVID-19.
It said this coupled with production cuts by OPEC members in recent months will impact net revenue of the cartel in 2020.
It said, “OPEC earned an estimated $595bn in net oil export revenues in 2019, less than half of the estimated record high of $1.2tn, which was earned in 2012.
“Continued declines in revenue in 2020 could be detrimental to member countries’ fiscal budgets, which rely heavily on revenues from oil sales to import goods, fund social programmes, and support public services.”
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