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Chinese Yuan Fell to a Four-Year Low

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Chinese yuan

Chinese yuan fell to a four-year low after the central bank said the currency shouldn’t be measured by its moves against the dollar alone, a statement that is being interpreted as a sign it will allow further declines.

Exchange rates are a reflection of trade and investment with multiple countries and the market has to take into account the yuan’s fluctuations against a basket of currencies, the People’s Bank of China said on Friday. The China Foreign Exchange Trade System, which is run by the PBOC to facilitate interbank trading, published a new yuan index composed of 13 currencies, with the dollar accounting for 26.4 percent.

The yuan dropped 0.06 percent to close at 6.4591 a dollar in Shanghai, according to CFETS prices. It earlier declined to 6.4665, the weakest since July 2011. While the currency has retreated 3.9 percent against the greenback this year, it has advanced against 11 of 16 major currencies tracked by Bloomberg. The PBOC on Monday cut its reference rate by 0.21 percent to a four-year low of 6.4495.

“The latest move suggests the PBOC will allow weaker yuan fixings,” said Tommy Ong, managing director for treasury and markets at DBS Hong Kong Ltd. “The yuan is also under pressure as the U.S. is likely to hike rates this week.”

Weakening Signals

The central bank has lowered the reference rate, which limits the onshore currency’s moves to 2 percent on either side, on eight of the 10 trading days since winning reserve-currency status at the International Monetary Fund on Nov. 30. This fueled speculation that the authority is trying to release pent-up depreciation pressure before the Federal Reserve meets Dec. 15-16.

In Hong Kong’s offshore market, the yuan dropped 0.27 percent to 6.5497 a dollar as of 4:46 p.m. local time, extending a six-day decline to 1.6 percent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. That took its spread to the onshore spot rate to 906 pips, above an average of 511 pips in the past month. The PBOC has been seen propping up the yuan’s exchange rate in Hong Kong periodically to narrow the difference.

The yuan’s one-month implied volatility, a gauge of expected price swings, surged 68 basis points on Monday to 6.72 percent, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. It earlier rose to 6.76 percent, the highest since August.

“With the wider spread between onshore and offshore yuan, the intervention risk in the offshore market is now higher and will be more likely to happen after the Fed meeting this week,” said DBS’s Ong.

Easing Controls

The PBOC on Friday also released guidelines on free trade zones in the provinces of Guangdong and Fujian as well as Tianjin city, granting companies registered in the area up to $10 million in capital-account convertibility quotas. In the Guangdong zone, individuals can borrow yuan funds from Hong Kong and Macau for property purchases within the area, the central bank said.

The introduction of a multi-currency index helps guide the public view of the yuan’s exchange rate, which will contribute to keeping the currency “basically stable at an adaptive and equilibrium level,” the PBOC said on Friday. That reinforces other recent statements suggesting an increased focus on broader moves rather than just against the dollar, according to a Goldman Sachs Group Inc. note. It forecast that the yuan will weaken to 6.6 a dollar in a year.

Referencing the yuan to a list of currencies doesn’t mean the exchange rate is pegged to that basket, according to an article published on the PBOC website and written by an unidentified CFETS commentator. China’s ample foreign-exchange reserves and trade surplus should keep the yuan reasonably stable at a reasonable level, it said.

“This underscores how China’s authorities are increasingly looking at the currency in a much broader context, moving away from a focus on the dollar, and so too should market participants,” HSBC Holdings Plc analysts included Paul Mackel wrote in a note dated Dec. 12. “But this does not mean China is going to formally target a currency basket like Singapore does. We see the yuan at 6.50 by end-15 and 6.70 end-16, amid greater two-way volatility.”

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

Naira

Dollar to Naira Black Market Today, February 23rd, 2024

As of February 23rd, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,610 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

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Naira Dollar Exchange Rate - Investors King

As of February 23rd, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,610 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

For those engaging in currency transactions in the Lagos Parallel Market (Black Market), buyers purchase a dollar for N1,650 and sell it at N1,640 on Thursday, February 22nd, 2024 based on information from Bureau De Change (BDC).

Meaning, the Naira exchange rate improved when compared to today’s rate below.

This black market rate signifies the value at which individuals can trade their dollars for Naira outside the official or regulated exchange channels.

Investors and participants closely monitor these parallel market rates for a more immediate reflection of currency dynamics.

How Much is Dollar to Naira Today in the Black Market?

Kindly be aware that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does not acknowledge the existence of the parallel market, commonly referred to as the black market.

The CBN has advised individuals seeking to participate in Forex transactions to utilize official banking channels.

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate

  • Buying Rate: N1,610
  • Selling Rate: N1,600

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Naira

Naira Appreciates Slightly to N1,542.58/$ at NAFEM

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New Naira notes

The Naira appreciated marginally against the United States dollar, closing at N1,542.58/$ at the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Market (NAFEM) on Wednesday.

This modest gain represents a 2.9 percent appreciation from the previous day’s rate of N1,598.54, highlighting a nuanced fluctuation in the currency’s value.

According to data sourced from the FMDQ Securities Exchange, a platform overseeing FX trading in Nigeria, the Naira’s journey throughout the trading day was marked by an intra-day high of N1,755 and a low of N1,050.

Moreover, the total foreign exchange turnover surged to $172.14 million, indicating a 47 percent increase from the previous day.

Despite the Naira’s marginal gain at NAFEM, concerns persist regarding the widening gap between the official and parallel market rates.

The Naira’s depreciation to N1,900 against the dollar in the parallel market before it moderated to N1,687 later in the day.

Analysts and Bureau De Change operators foresee further pressure on the Naira, with predictions of a potential all-time low of 2,000/dollar at the parallel market in the coming weeks.

The demand for the greenback continues to fuel volatility, prompting regulatory actions from entities like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to curb speculative activities.

As stakeholders monitor the currency’s trajectory, the CBN’s efforts to address forex liquidity challenges and stabilize the Naira remain under scrutiny amidst evolving market dynamics.

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Forex

Police and EFCC Personnel Raid Bureau De Change Outlets in Ibadan’s Sabo Area

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Bureau De Change Operator

In a concerted effort to curb illicit currency dealings and stabilize the nation’s currency, Nigerian security operatives, including police and Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) personnel, launched a raid on Bureau De Change (BDC) outlets in Ibadan’s Sabo area.

Sabo, a prominent district in Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State, serves as a central hub for currency exchange activities in the region.

Videos circulated on social media platforms captured the dramatic scene as armed security personnel and their convoy descended on the bustling Sabo Road.

The raid comes amidst growing concerns over the depreciation of the Nigerian naira, which hit record lows against major foreign currencies, including the dollar.

Sources revealed that the naira’s value reached alarming levels, with exchanges as high as N1980 to $1 on the parallel market and N1780 on the official market.

President Bola Tinubu’s administration has intensified efforts to crack down on individuals involved in currency racketeering, aiming to restore stability to the nation’s economy.

The clampdown signals a firm stance against illegal currency trading and serves as a deterrent to those engaging in speculative activities.

While the raids may disrupt illicit operations, they also underscore the government’s commitment to restoring confidence in the financial sector and promoting transparency in currency exchange practices.

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