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Nigeria’s Manufacturing Sector Contracts for Second Month in June

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Steel Manufacture At Evraz Plc West-Siberian Metallurgical Plant

Activities in the Nigerian Manufacturing Sector Contracts in June

Activities in the Nigerian manufacturing sector contracted for a second month in the month of June, according to the Central Bank of Nigeria report released on Thursday.

The manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index stood at 41.1 in June, slightly below the 42.4 recorded for the month of May.

In the last two months, the index has dropped below the 50 points that separates contraction from expansion. Making it the second time in 37 months that the once positive index will drop below the 50 points as shown below.

PMIAccordingly, out of the 14 subsectors surveyed by the apex bank, only 5 subsectors reported growth above the 50 percent threshold in the following order: electrical equipment; cement; petroleum & coal products; transportation equipment and paper products.

The remaining 9 subsectors posted contraction in the following order: electrical equipment; cement; petroleum and coal products; transportation equipment and paper products. However, the remaining 9 subsectors reported declines in the following order printing and related support activities; textile, apparel, leather and footwear; primary metal; plastics and rubber products; nonmetallic mineral products; fabricated metal products; food, beverage and tobacco products; chemical and pharmaceutical products and furniture and related products.

Similarly, the production level in the manufacturing sector contracted in the month for second consecutive month as manufacturers only achieved 36.6 points in June.

This is because only three of the subsector surveyed recorded growth, while two subsectors remained unchanged, nine subsectors contracted during the month under review.

Also, gauge of demands in the sector showed demand slumped for second consecutive month in June as high unemployment rate due to COVID-19 continues to impact consumer spending and sales across the nation.

Demand dropped to 36.4 in June as only five subsectors recorded growth with the remaining nine declining. However, supply delivery time continues to grow as manufacturers were able to meet demand and deliver on time during the month. Supply delivery time rose to 60.9 in June.

Employment in the manufacturing sector also declined for a second consecutive month in June, according to the CBN report.

New job creation in the sector stood at 38.8 in the month of June, suggesting businesses in the manufacturing sector have not been recruiting in recent months. Out of the 14 subsectors surveyed only 2 recorded increase in new job creation while 11 reported declines with just one subsector managing to maintain existing jobs.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Economy

FG Reduces Expenditure on JV Oil Assets by 62%

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NNPC

NNPC Lowers Spending on JV Oil Assets as Demand Drops

In a bid to reduce expenditure following a plunge in revenue generation, the federal government has cut down on spending on oil and gas assets currently being developed through a joint venture with private companies.

Federal Government lowered its expenses by 61.83 percent in the month of July, according to the latest report from the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.

The report showed NNPC, which has an obligation to make cash call payment for the development of the assets, only made $94.84 million or N34.14 billion cash call in July, down from $248.48 million or N89.45 billion in June.

The joint venture is managed by both the NNPC and private firms in proportion to their equity holdings and receives produced crude oil the same ratio.

This was largely due to the plunge in NNPC’s export receipt from $378.42 million in June to $122.44 million during the month under review.

“Of the export receipts, $67.45m was remitted to the Federation Account while $54.98m was remitted to fund the JV cost recovery for the month of July 2020 to guarantee current and future production,” it added.

In addition to the dollar allocation of $54.98 million to the JV cash call account, the naira portion of N14.35bn ($39.86m) was transferred to the account from domestic crude oil receipts in July, according to the NNPC.

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Economy

Nigeria: Bread Scarcity Rages As Bakers Strike in Lagos, Abuja Over Price Hikes

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Post Covid-19 Economy in Nigeria Sees Scarcity And Price hike in Bread Production

Residents of Abuja and Lagos are lamenting the increased scarcity in bread and a hike in its price as bakers went on strike to protest the hike in price of flour and other ingredients.

“I have asked around for bread but I can’t find any, and this is strange,” said Amos Idoko, a resident of Utako area in Abuja.

The strike affected roadside kiosk operations and families who rely on bread for a breakfast staple with many running out of bread last weekend across some communities surveyed in the FCT, Nasarawa and Niger state.

Some of the bakers said the strike started Friday and may end today, but there will be a hike in the price of bread.

A leader of the bakers group in the FCT and an official of Zuma Bread in Abuja, Abdullahi Muhammed, said the strike action was to protest the hike of flour and other ingredients for bread making.

Daily Trust reported exclusively recently that foreign-dominated flour millers have increased the price of flour for more than three times between March and August 2020, even with the COVID-19 pandemic.

“For instance, a bag of wheat flour sold between N10,000 and N12,000 last year now sells for N14,000,” he said

“Bag of sugar sold for about N11,000 last year now sells at N18,000. A 25-litre cooking oil previously N8,000 is now N15,000,” he said.

A dealer in wheat flour and baking ingredients in Kubwa – Abuja, Shehu Lawan, said dealers now rely on the parallel market to source for forex instead of the Central bank of Nigeria (CBN), making it difficult for them to maintain previous prices.

Lawan also said other issues that affect cost in bakery commodities, include government tax increment, cost of transport, among others.

In Lagos, Mr Ajao Ismail, who works at Royal Bite bakery in Palm Avenue of Mushin, said there was an earlier scarcity of bread in Lagos but that most bakers have resumed operations as of Sunday evening but with the bread price increasing.

“The market is dull at the moment because we have lots of bread that we have not sold. When there was scarcity, the demand was higher than the supply, now that most of the bakers are no longer on strike, there is more bread. People are reacting to the price.”

Ajao explained that the price of bread can return to how it was pre-COVID provided the government intervenes.

“If the government can work towards ensuring the price of flour, sugar, milk and butter is reduced to what it was in January 2020, we promise to reverse the price of bread to what it was.

“Bread now sold for N300/350 will return to N250 and the one sold for N500 will return to N400,” she noted.

The bakers had shut down for a number of days last week in Lagos. Premium Bread makers Association of Nigeria (PBAN) and Association of Master Bakers and Caterers Association of Nigeria (AMBAN) in briefing said the prices of ingredients

The spokesperson of PBAN, Emmanuel Onuoha, confirmed the scarcity. “If we don’t do this, people will think it is their right to buy cheap bread,” he said, adding that bakers now run at a loss even as most of them could no longer meet their loan repayment obligations.

It was also learnt that other states might also embark on the temporary cessation of production in response to the high cost of baking ingredients comprising flour, sugar, margarine, among others.

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Economy

FG Spends N10 Trillion on Petrol Subsidy in 14 Years – NNPC

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petrol Oil

NNPC Says FG Has Spent N10 Trillion on Petrol Subsidy in the Last 14 years

The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation said the Federal Government spent a total sum of N10 trillion on petrol subsidy between 2006 and 2020.

This was disclosed on Saturday by Mele Kyari, the Group Managing Director, NNPC, during an interview on Liberty FM, Kaduna.

According to the NNPC boss, the federal government removed petrol subsidy because of the fraud perpetrated by some cabals in the oil industry.

He said the beneficiaries of petrol subsidies were marketers who smuggled federal government subsidised product into neighbouring countries for bigger gains.

The NNPC boss said these marketers made more profits by producing fake documents to collect subsidy for fuel they never imported or sold.

He said, “The crude oil is a global commodity and its price is not hidden. Everyone can calculate and know how much the cost of every final product from the crude at international market is.

“Since the inception of the country, the government has been paying subsidy on petrol to make it cheaper for Nigerians to buy below the cost price.

“This subsidy is designed to assist the masses of Nigeria; that is the intention, but in reality, the masses are not the beneficiaries. First, the masses are not the owners of the exotic cars buying fuel, owning the filling stations and doing the oil business.

“This subsidy that the government has been paying over the years is the root of all the atrocities and fraud committed in this country.

“If you look at it from 2006 till 2020, we have spent over N10tn on fuel subsidy. Apart from that, there is also subsidy on foreign currencies. Everybody knows how much is dollar in the market, but government is also subsidising it. So, this and the fuel subsidy within this period is around N14tn to N15tn.

“What was happening with the subsidy is that, some marketers were smuggling fuel to other neighbouring countries because it was cheaper in Nigeria due to the subsidy.

“Another one is those who use fake documents and bring to government to collect subsidy for fuel they never imported and the previous government was paying them.

“So, it was not the masses of Nigeria that were enjoying this subsidy except some cabals, who are rich and powerful.”

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