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Nigeria’s Naira Dips 5.3% Against Dollar, Raises Concerns Over Reserve Levels

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Nigerian Naira depreciated by 5.3% against the US dollar as concerns over declining foreign reserves raise questions about the central bank’s ability to sustain liquidity.

The local currency has now declined for the third consecutive day since the Naira retreated from its three-month high on Friday shortly after Bloomberg pointed out that the Naira gains were inversely proportional to foreign reserves’ growth.

According to data from Lagos-based FMDQ, the naira’s value dropped precipitously, halting its recent impressive performance.

The unofficial market saw an even steeper decline of 6%, extending the currency’s retreat over the past three trading days to a staggering 17%.

Abubakar Muhammed, Chief Executive of Forward Marketing Bureau de Change Ltd., expressed concerns over the sharp decline, highlighting the insufficient supply of dollars in the market.

Muhammed noted that despite a 27% increase in traded volume at the foreign exchange market on Monday, the supply remained inadequate, forcing the naira to soften further while excess demand shifted to the unofficial market.

The dwindling foreign exchange reserves have been a cause for alarm, with Nigeria’s gross dollar reserves steadily declining for 17 consecutive days to reach $32 billion as of April 19, the lowest level since September 2017.

This worrisome trend has raised questions about the adequacy of dollar inflows to rebuild reserves, especially after the central bank settled overdue dollar obligations earlier in the year.

Samir Gadio, Head of Africa Strategy at Standard Chartered Bank, pointed out that while the naira had been supported by onshore dollar selling, the rally was likely overextended.

Gadio warned that the emergence of a dislocation in the market, with domestic participants selling dollars at increasingly lower spot levels was unsustainable and necessitated a correction.

The central bank’s efforts to stabilize the naira have been evident with interventions aimed at improving liquidity.

However, the effectiveness of these measures remains uncertain, particularly as the central bank offered dollars to bureau de change operators at a rate 17% below the official rate tracked by FMDQ.

Analysts, including Ayodeji Dawodu from Banctrust Investment Bank, foresee further challenges ahead, predicting that the naira will likely stabilize around 1,500 against the dollar by year-end.

Dawodu emphasized the importance of stabilizing the currency to attract strong foreign capital inflows, underscoring the significance of sustainable monetary policies in Nigeria’s economic recovery.

As Nigeria grapples with the repercussions of the naira’s depreciation and declining foreign reserves, policymakers face mounting pressure to implement measures that ensure stability and foster confidence in the economy.

The road ahead remains uncertain, with the fate of the naira intricately tied to Nigeria’s ability to address underlying economic vulnerabilities and bolster investor trust.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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Naira

Naira Plummets to Three-Month Low of N1,530 Per Dollar on Black Market

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The naira has plunged to a three-month low of N1,530 per dollar on the parallel market, also known as the black market, amid renewed pressure on demand for the greenback by end users.

This represents a 0.65 percent or N10 decline from the N1,520 rate quoted last Friday.

According to data from online sources and street traders, this is the weakest level since March 19, 2024, when the naira was quoted at N1,570 per dollar.

“The dollar’s value has risen due to increased demand from travelers and importers. Currently, we purchase dollars at N1,520 and sell them at N1,530,” a street trader stated in Lagos.

On the official Foreign Exchange (FX) market, however, the naira saw a slight gain.

It appreciated by 0.70 percent on Friday, closing at N1,509.67 per dollar compared to N1,520.24 on Thursday, according to data from the FMDQ Securities Exchange Limited.

Despite this appreciation on the official market, the parallel market continues to experience significant volatility.

The dollar supplied by willing buyers and sellers decreased by 32.64 percent, falling to $116.88 million on Friday from $173.51 million recorded on Thursday. This drop in supply further exacerbates the pressure on the naira in the parallel market.

The intraday high on Friday closed at N1,535 compared to N1,550 on Thursday, while the intraday low was quoted at N1,450 on Friday, down from N1,430 on Thursday.

Economic analysts suggest that the disparity between the official and parallel market rates indicates underlying issues in Nigeria’s foreign exchange management and economic policies.

The continuous demand for dollars by travelers and importers highlights the challenges faced by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) in stabilizing the naira.

As the demand for the dollar remains strong, the naira’s depreciation could have far-reaching effects on the economy, including increased inflation and higher costs of imported goods.

The CBN may need to implement additional measures to address the ongoing demand and supply

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Naira

Nigeria’s Foreign-Exchange Woes Intensify with Prolonged Naira Decline

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Naira to Dollar Exchange- Investors King Rate - Investors King

The Nigerian naira continues its downward spiral, making its ninth consecutive day of depreciation against the US dollar and the worst-performing currency in the first half of 2024.

The naira weakened by 0.2% to 1,510 per dollar by the close on Thursday, according to FMDQ.

This persistent decline represents the longest losing streak since July 2017, resulting in a year-to-date devaluation of 40%.

The naira’s performance stands out as the worst among global currencies tracked by Bloomberg, aside from Lebanon’s pound, which is undergoing severe economic turmoil and dollarization.

Analysts attribute the naira’s plunge to a combination of steep devaluation, insufficient dollar liquidity, and market volatility, which have hampered efforts to stabilize the currency.

“While the naira is undervalued and has seen significant adjustment, the supply of dollars needs to improve for the currency to be supported,” said Samir Gadio, head of Africa strategy at Standard Chartered Bank Plc in London. “Portfolio inflows have yet to pick up, even amid still-attractive local rates.”

Nigeria has been grappling with chronic foreign-exchange shortages and instability, largely due to reduced crude oil production and a lack of economic diversification.

The local unit has lost approximately 70% of its value against the dollar since June 2023, following policy changes introduced by President Bola Tinubu’s administration aimed at attracting foreign inflows to revive the economy.

The currency experienced heightened volatility between mid-April and May, driven by the imbalance between demand and supply for the greenback.

However, this volatility moderated in June with an improvement in dollar inflows.

Central Bank Governor Olayemi Cardoso recently expressed optimism about the future stability of the naira.

“The currency’s volatility may be a thing of the past,” Cardoso stated, highlighting efforts to promote investor confidence.

Since assuming office in September, Cardoso has increased interest rates by 750 basis points to 26.25%, cleared a foreign-exchange backlog, and negotiated multilateral dollar inflows to support the naira.

Despite these measures, the naira’s decline underscores the challenges faced by Nigeria’s economy. The currency’s depreciation has been accompanied by inflationary pressures, complicating monetary policy efforts and economic planning.

Besides the naira, other African currencies such as Egypt’s pound and Ghana’s cedi have also been among the world’s worst performers in the first half of 2024.

“Adjustment and rebalancing in 2024 after years of a heavily managed and misaligned currency regime account for the weakening of these currencies,” Gadio noted. For the naira, “what will matter going forward is whether it can stabilize on improving foreign-exchange inflows and perhaps see some appreciation.”

The ongoing decline of the naira highlights the urgent need for comprehensive economic reforms and effective foreign-exchange management to restore confidence in the currency and ensure sustainable economic growth. As Nigeria navigates these challenges, the path to stabilization remains fraught with uncertainty.

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Naira

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate Today 24th June 2024

As of June 24th, 2024, the black market rate stands at ₦1,510 per USD, reflecting ongoing fluctuations in Nigeria’s forex landscape.

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The black market, also known as the parallel market or Aboki fx, US dollar to Nigerian Naira exchange rate as of June 24th, 2024 stood at 1 USD to ₦1,510.

Recent data from Bureau De Change (BDC) reveals that buyers in the Lagos Parallel Market purchased a dollar for ₦1,480 and sold it at ₦1,470 on Monday, June 18th, 2024.

This indicates a decline in the Naira exchange rate value when compared to today’s rate.

The black market rate plays a crucial role for investors and participants, offering a real-time reflection of currency dynamics outside official or regulated exchange channels.

Monitoring these rates provides insights into the immediate value of the Naira against the dollar, guiding decision-making processes for individuals and businesses alike.

It’s important to note that while the black market offers valuable insights, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does not officially recognize its existence.

The CBN advises individuals engaging in forex transactions to utilize official banking channels, emphasizing the importance of compliance with regulatory frameworks.

How much is dollar to naira today in the black market

For those navigating the currency exchange landscape, here are the latest figures for the black market exchange rate:

  • Buying Rate: ₦1,510
  • Selling Rate: ₦1,500

As economic conditions continue to evolve, staying informed about currency exchange rates empowers individuals to make informed financial decisions. While the black market provides immediate insights, adherence to regulatory guidelines ensures stability and transparency in forex transactions.

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