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Greek Banks Reopen, Gold and Aud Decline




Greek banks reopen today for the first time since been closed on June 29. The central bank  said in a statement made available to reporters that capital controls stays in place, 60 euro per day and 420 euro per week until the outcome of ECB and IMF parliaments vote is known. The country is expected to pay 4.2 billion euro ($4.5 billion) to ECB today as part of its loan repayment plans.

According to Ken Wattret, an economist at BNP Paribas SA in London “the issue of repayment is imperative because failure to do that would questions Greece commitment to the austerity measures and subsequently daunt the whole bailout process”. Greece has refused to make any payments for the past 5 months.

ECB said Greece has reached the deadline they can’t afford to missed, as the realization dawned that Greece was facing a painful exit from the monetary union, the government has stepped back to look into possible consequence of their decision and its implication on the Greece people.

Mario Draghi, ECB president persuaded his Governing Council to increase the emergency liquidity assistant on Thursday. Draghi said he is confident ECB would get its money back on its Greek bonds, and that the idea that Greece will default is off the table.

Haratsis, a stock broker in Greece, said the stock market should be reopen later in the week. German Chancellor Angela Markel reiterated that since Greece wish to remain inside the euro, rule out writing off 30 to 40 percent of its debt since it violates European law.


Australian dollar reached 7 years low against US dollar in early Asia session ahead of monetary policy meeting due later in the day, the currency dropped to 0.73266, the price level that was last seen during 2008 economic recession. Consumer price index (CPI) that measure Change in the price of goods and services purchased by consumers is due to be released later tomorrow. Reserve Bank of Australia Governor, Glenn Stevens is expected to speak on the situation of the economy.

New Zealand Kiwi gained back part of last week losses and seem to establish a double bottom candlestick on weekly chart, a support is established at 0.64970 (NZDUSD), a strong 6 years low of July 2009. The direction of the currency would be determined later in the week when Official Cash Rate and RBNZ Rate Statement would be released.

Gold /Crude Oil

Gold drop further to an alarming 5 years low of 1071.28, Chinese government continue to buy gold and has purchased 604 tons since 2009. Crude oil currently trading at $51.10 per barrel, pull back from last week low of $50.11

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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CBN Moves Against 55 Companies, Individuals for Forex Infractions




CBN Commences Investigation into FX Activities of  55 Companies, Individuals

In an effort to ease foreign exchange pressure and better manage the dwindling foreign reserves, the Central Bank of Nigeria has intensified fight against companies and individuals taking advantage of the nation’s limited foreign reserves.

The apex bank said it has commenced investigations into the activities of 55 companies and individuals engaging in foreign exchange transactions.

The central bank attributed the reason for the investigation to foreign exchange deals outside the official Investors & Exporters (I&E) forex window.

Some of the companies being investigated are Stallion Nigeria Limited, Interswitch Nigeria Limited, as well as a leading global shipping line, CMA CGM Nigeria Shipping Limited.

Other big names on the list are Petro-Afrique Energy Services Limited, Steel Force Far East Limited, Auto Petroleum Company Limited, Cavendish Mechanicals Limited, Aquashield Oil & Marine Limited, Haitch & Elf Integrated Services Limited, Fenog Nigeria Limited, and Promasidor Nigeria Limited.

The I&E window was established to facilitate foreign exchange transactions and encourage a moderate market-determined exchange rate.

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Naira Declines to N465 Against US Dollar on Black Market



Naira Dollar Exchange Rate

Naira Falls to N465 Against US Dollar on Black Market

Nigeria’s economic uncertainties continued to weigh on the Nigerian Naira despite the Central Bank of Nigeria’s forex sale resumption.

The local currency declined by N3 from N462 a US dollar to N465 on the black market even with over $58 million injected into the forex market through the bureau de change.

Against the British Pound, Naira depreciated by N5 from N595 to N600 on Friday while it dipped by N3 against the European common currency to N548, down from N545 it traded on Thursday.

A series of weak economic fundamentals and anti-people policy continued to hurt the nation’s economic outlook and investors’ confidence.

In a recent event, the Nigerian government simultaneously raised electricity tariffs, pump prices and foreign exchange rates in an economy that depends on imports for most of its supplies.

Also, with the unemployment rate at over 27 percent, inflation rate over 13 percent and the number of companies shutting downing operation rising on a daily bases, foreign investors and even local investors are now holding back on investments needed to support the nation’s weak foreign reserves and cushion the negative effect of COVID-19.

While the exchange rates have moderated slightly from COVID-19 peak, it remains close to COVID-19 record.

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Zenith Bank Joins Other Banks to Cap International Spend Limit at $100/Month



Zenith Bank

Zenith Bank Caps International Spend Limit at $100 Per Month

Following persistent forex scarcity impacting the nation, Zenith Bank has joined other deposit money banks capping international spend limits.

In an e-mail to customers, the lender said “Please be informed that the monthly international spend limit for your Zenith Bank Naira Card has been reviewed to US$100 while the use of Zenith Bank Naira cards for international Automated Teller Machine cash withdrawals is still temporarily suspended.’

It added that this review is in response to change in Nigeria’s macroeconomic factors.

The bank, however, advised those with higher international spend requirements than the US$100 stipulated above to visit any Zenith branch and request a foreign currency debit or prepaid card “which are available in US Dollar, Pounds and Euro variants.”

This is coming a few weeks after UBA, GTBank, First Bank and others capped their international spend limits to $100 for similar reasons. However, Zenith’s decision was after the Central Bank of Nigeria commenced forex sale to the Bureau De Change Operators across the country.


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