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‘Ukraine War Threatens Africa in Food, Fuel Prices’ – IMF Says

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IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva

The Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Kristalina Georgieva, has approved $1.4bn emergency financing for Ukraine – after warning that the war in Ukraine by Russia also threatens to slow down Africa’s progress in recovering from the damage of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The director disclosed this in a statement on Thursday, 10th March, where she also expressed IMF’s willingness to help African nations reduce the cost of any needed policy adjustments by advising governments on policies, capacity development, and lending. The director also added that recent reforms by the IMF provide greater flexibility to help meet financing needs.

Kristalina also revealed that policymakers from Africa had earlier expressed a growing concern for their various nations about the ongoing crisis.

Although the ripple effects of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is taking a toll globally, Africa is particularly a vulnerable region as the war has affected the region in four major channels – increased food prices, higher fuel costs, lower tourism revenues, and potentially more difficult access to international capital markets.

Speaking about the ongoing crisis, the director disclosed: “A recalibration of policies appears inevitable in many countries. At this difficult moment, the fund stands ready to help African countries reduce the cost of any needed policy adjustments through policy advice, capacity development, and lending. Recent reforms to the fund’s lending toolkit provide greater flexibility to help meet financing needs.”

The IMF had in 2020 provided 13 times its average annual lending to sub-Saharan Africa with increased access limits to its zero-interest lending policies for Africa. In facilitating the progress for Africa, the IMF also disclosed that it will support Ukraine with $1.4 billion in emergency financing.

The international financial institution revealed that its support for Ukraine is important to reduce the effect of the war on other regions like Africa.

Investors King recalls that the IMF had earlier revealed in a report – specific to the Democratic Republic of Congo – that Russia’s invasion of Ukraine risks slowing down the economic recovery from the coronavirus pandemic. The report estimates that following the pandemic and global lockdown, D.R. Congo’s economy grew 5.7% in 2021 with the inflation rate sitting at 5.3% However, with the ongoing war, the economic outlook for many Sub-Saharan African Regions, remains “favourable.”

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Focus More on Port Rehabilitation, Nigerian Ports Authority Tells FG 

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Deep Sea port - Investors King

The Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) has said the quay walls of the Tin Can Island port require a complete rehabilitation, saying the port is on the verge of collapse.

Managing Director of NPA, Mr. Mohammed Bello-Koko,  while speaking over the weekend stated that the agency had taken a holistic review of the decaying parts of the ports.

“Tin-Can Island Port is practically collapsing. We need to focus our budget on the rehabilitation of those quay walls at the Tin-Can port. We have taken a holistic review of decaying infrastructures at our ports and have decided that it is very important that we rehabilitate Tin-Can and Apapa port,” Bello-Koko stated.

He said the agency had resorted to borrowing in order to sustain the port. It had begun discussions with some lending agencies to lure them into investing in the rehabilitation of ports.

“What we have done is to start talking to lending agencies, even though we don’t intend to lend. We are asking how much money they will invest in the port terminals,” said Bello-Koko, saying the introduction of the Infrastructure Concession Regulatory Commission Act meant that the renewal of concession agreements for terminal operators was no longer done the way it used to be done.

He said the agency had requested for investment companies to invest in the ports.

Bello-Koko also stated that before the agency would also renew the concession agreement of some terminal operators, an agreement must be reached on how to develop the port.

“For us to renew these concession agreements that have expired, about five of them, we need to have categorical commitment from the affected terminal operators on the development of these port terminals. If the terminal operators cannot give us such commitment, then we either give the terminals to someone else or go and borrow money to rehabilitate those ports.”

“However, if we go and borrow money to rehabilitate those ports, then what the terminal operators are paying will have to change. The rates will have to go up. If we don’t do that, these terminal operators will keep managing those places, and the ports will keep collapsing. Because of their financial interest, these terminal operators don’t want us to re-construct the affected port terminals because that will mean stopping them from operating.

“We have had interest from the World Bank, amongst others. Surprisingly, it was the World Bank that actually gave money to the NPA to construct part of Apapa port so many years ago. The World Bank has come again to tell us that if we need funding, they will give it to us.”

He also stated that the agency is watching five terminals to make sure that they are committed to their responsibilities as provided by the port concession agreement.

“Affected terminal operators had been given temporary six-month renewal with conditions to meet before they would have their concession agreement renewed permanently,” Bello-Koko revealed.

“At the point of expiration of any concession agreement, the then Legal Agreement says that the terminal operators can apply for renewal and we will renew. It was after the concession agreement that the ICRC Act came onboard. The ICRC Act requires that there should be a new owner, a new bid and so on and so forth,” he added.

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EFCC Grills Suspended Accountant-General of The Federation, Discovers 17 Properties 

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Ahmed Idris - Investors King

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) said it has traced not less than properties to the Accountant-General of the Federation, Ahmed Idris. 

On Wednesday, the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Zainab Ahmed, announced the suspension of Idris who is currently being grilled by the EFCC for fraud amounting to N80bn.

The letter titled: ‘Letter of Suspension’, read in part: “Following your recent arrest by EFCC on allegations of diversion of funds and money laundering, I write to convey your suspension from work without pay effective May 18, 2022.”

Investors King can confirm that an anonymous EFCC official revealed that the 17 properties linked to the former AG of the Federation are located in the UK, Dubai, Abuja, Lagos, and Kano. 

However, he said preliminary investigations showed that the nation’s chief accountant allegedly used proxies to buy some of these properties. The commission would therefore need to invite some of the proxies of the accountant-general.

The official added that from all indications, these properties were purchased while Idris was in office and did not declare them before the Code of Conduct Bureau as stipulated by law.

 “About 17 houses in London, Lagos, Kano, Abuja and Dubai have been traced to him. In Abuja, some of the houses are located in serviced estates,” he added.

Investors King reported earlier in the week that EFCC had arrested the suspended Accountant-General, saying “the AGF raked off the funds through bogus consultancies and other illegal activities using proxies, family members and close associates.”

“The funds were laundered through real estate investments in Kano and Abuja.

“Mr. Idris was arrested after failing to honour invitations by the EFCC to respond to issues connected to the fraudulent acts.

“It further alleged that the funds were laundered through real estate investments in Kano and Abuja,” EFCC added. 

REcall that Ahmed Idris had been under surveillance since last year following allegations that he offered huge sums of money to a family in order to secure the marriage of their 16-year-old daughter.

 

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Nigeria’s Trade Deficit Rises to $765m in Q1 2022  – CBN

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Trade - Investors King

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has said the value of Nigeria’s international trade deficit rose by 175.13 percent from $152.94m recorded in January 2022 to $420.79m in March 2022. 

The International Trade Summary on the CBN’s website reports that the total value of international trade as of the first quarter (Q1) of 2022 was $28.77bn. Imports stood at $14.77bn while exports accounted for $14.01bn, reflecting a total trade deficit of N764.69m.

In January 2022, export was $4.74bn and import was $4.89, with a trade deficit of $152.94m.

The value of the trade deficit increases further in February 2022 to hit $190.96m, with exports at $4.70bn and imports at $4.89bn.

There was a massive increase recorded in March 2022 as the trade deficit jumped to $420.79m, with exports at $4.57bn and imports at $4.99bn.

In June 2021, Godwin Emfiele, the CBN Governor has said Nigeria would reduce its imports bill by the first quarter of 2022, especially with the Dangote refinery projected to resume operations. This, he said would help reduce the importation of finished petroleum products.

“Of course for petroleum products, by the time the refinery goes into production by the first quarter of next year and the petrochemical plants we would have reduced our importation by about at least close to 35 per cent,” he said. 

However, Nigeria has failed to cut down on its import bill and the Dangote refinery is yet to be completed and operational. In fact, a recent Fitch report estimated that the refinery won’t be operational until 2024, and that is if Aliko Dangote raises the needed $1.1 billion (N900 billion) necessary for its completion.

In its recent report titled ‘Reforms Towards Resolving Foreign Exchange Challenges in Nigeria’, the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG) explained how a rising trade deficit caning impact the nation’s economy.

According to the NESG, Nigeria will continue to rely on foreign loans via Eurobonds and multilateral financial institutions to bolster its foreign reserves as long as the nation’s trade balance continues to decline.

In part, the report stated: “Owing to the deteriorating trade balance position, the country is increasingly exposed to external borrowing through Eurobonds and multilateral loans to shore up its external reserves. In 2021, the trade deficit widened to N1.9tn from N178.3bn in 2020.

“The country had persistently recorded a trade deficit since the fourth quarter of 2019 when the land borders were shut. However, maintaining a trade surplus consistently coupled with adequate inflows of foreign investments will contribute significantly to improving the net flows of forex through the economy – which crashed from $100.8bn in the first three quarters of 2014 to $44.5bn in the corresponding period of 2021.”

“Huge dependence on imports has limited the CBN’s ability to effectively manage the demand for foreign exchange,” it stated. 

NESG further said, “Meanwhile, the massive dependence on imports has constrained the CBN’s ability to manage forex demand by prohibiting certain commodities that could otherwise be produced locally from accessing forex at the official market since 2015.

“The result of this policy action has heightened demand pressures in the parallel market, leading to a wide gap between the official exchange rate (now the I&E Window exchange rate) and the parallel market exchange rate. The parallel market premium averaged N104.7/US$ in 2021, 64.9 per cent higher than the average premium of N63.5/US$ in 2020.”

 

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