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More Problem for CBN as Naira Approaches N500/US$ at the Black Market

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Forex Weekly Outlook March 6 - 10

Naira plunged against the United States Dollar to a record low of N495 at the black market on Thursday despite the Central Bank of Nigeria saying it has enough financial means to meet forex demands.

The Naira declined by N12 from N483 it exchanged on Monday amid persistent scarcity and high demands by importers and businesses looking to offset COVID-19 losses with the usual December high demand sales.

Godwin Emefiele, the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), on Tuesday blamed the wide foreign exchange rate at the black market on speculators and hoarders looking for personal gain at the expense of the nation.

He went on to caution experts using black market rates to analyse the local currency performance to stop and claimed that section of the forex only accounts for 5 percent of the nation’s total foreign exchange transactions.

While that might be true, it is also true that majority of manufacturers and businesses have turned to the black market for their forex needs in recent months, especially after it became obvious that the apex bank does not have enough liquidity to service the economy.

The nation’s foreign reserves has been battered by the weak oil prices and the continuous production cut by OPEC and allies to artificially support low prices. Nigeria’s foreign reserves is presently hovering between $35 billion and $36 billion after plunging from $45 billion attained in June 2019, according to the latest data from the Central Bank of Nigeria.

Against the British Pound, the Nigerian Naira depreciated by N15 to N635 from N620 it exchanged on Monday. Another indication of chronic forex scarcity as the local currency also plunged to N580 against the European common currency, the Euro.

The wide forex is expected to further weigh on the nation’s inflation rate and consumer spending this December.

On Tuesday, the apex bank left the interest rate unchanged at 11.5 percent and attributed the rising inflation rate to structural policies, the recent #EndSARS protest and a surging fuel price.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Forex

Dollar Pulls Back as the World Prepares for New US President

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Global debt

Dollar Pulls Back as the World Prepares for New US President

US Dollar pulled back on Tuesday ahead of Joe Biden’s inauguration following a week of consistent gains.

The United States dollar pared gains against the European common currency to $1.21444 per Euro as investors abandoned the greenback for Gold and other haven assets ahead of Wednesday’s inauguration.

Against New Zealand Kiwi, the dollar was largely unchanged and remained steady within 0.70787 support level and 0.71401 resistance level.

However, against the Japanese Yen, the United States Dollar gained on Tuesday to 103.966.

Despite the uncertainties surrounding global growth and COVID-19 vaccine deployment, OPEC is bullish on oil demand in 2021.

In its latest outlook for the year, OPEC left demand unchanged for the year even as experts are projecting disruption from U.S producers given the series of stimulus planned by the incoming administration.

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Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Black Market, CBN Official Rates, Bureau De Change) Monday, January 18, 2021

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interbank

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Black Market, CBN Official Rates, Bureau De Change) Monday, January 18, 2021

Naira exchange rate decline to N642 against the British Pound and remained pressure at N475 and N580 against the US Dollar And Euro, respectively.

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
18/01/2021 470/475 635/642 572/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
15/01/2021 470/475 635/642 573/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
14/01/2021 470/475 630/640 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
13/01/2021 470/474 630/637 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
12/01/2021 470/475 630/637 575/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
11/01/2021 468/675 625/635 575/582 60/70 372/382 245/293
08/01/2021 467/672 622/630 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
07/01/2021 465/470 620/628 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
06/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/570 60/70 365/378 245/293
05/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
04/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
31/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
30/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
29/12/2020 465/470 620/628 565/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
28/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
25/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
24/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
23/12/2020 470/475 622/632 575/580 60/70 350/367 245/293
22/12/2020 472/476 622/630 570/578 60/70 340/362 250/295
21/12/2020 472/476 622/632 570/580 55/68 340/362 250/295
18/12/2020 472/477 622/630 570/577 55/68 340/362 250/295

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
18/01/2020 460/475 635/643 570/580
15/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
14/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
13/01/2020 460/470 626/633 565/576
12/01/2020 460/470 626/633 566/576
11/01/2020 460/470 620/630 560/573
08/01/2020 460/470 615/625 555/573
07/01/2020 460/470 615/623 550/570
06/01/2020 460/470 610/623 550/572
05/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
04/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
31/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
30/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
29/12/2020 455/475 600/626 550/573
28/12/2020 455/475 605/628 555/573
25/12/2020 455/475 600/628 550/575
24/12/2020 455/474 600/628 555/575
23/12/2020 460/475 621/632 568/580
22/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577
21/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Official Naira Exchange Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
1/15/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
1/15/2021 POUNDS STERLING 516.9181 517.6001 518.282
1/15/2021 EURO 459.4996 460.1058 460.712
1/15/2021 SWISS FRANC 426.8499 427.413 427.9761
1/15/2021 YEN 3.6548 3.6596 3.6644
1/15/2021 CFA 0.6839 0.6939 0.7039
1/15/2021 WAUA 545.8708 546.5909 547.3111
1/15/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.531 58.6087 58.6864
1/15/2021 RIYAL 101.0236 101.1568 101.2901
1/15/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 24.8724 24.9052 24.938

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Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Parallel Market, Bureau De Change and CBN Rates); Friday, January 15, 2021

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Nigeria 500 naira notes

Daily Naira Exchange Rates (Parallel Market, Bureau De Change and CBN Rates); Friday, January 15, 2021

The Nigerian Naira remained under pressure against the United States Dollar on the parallel market at N475 exchange rate, while the value has not improved against the Euro and Pound, inflation rose to 15.75 percent in the month of December to further compound Nigeria’s predicament.

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
15/01/2021 470/475 635/642 573/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
14/01/2021 470/475 630/640 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
13/01/2021 470/474 630/637 570/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
12/01/2021 470/475 630/637 575/580 60/70 375/385 245/293
11/01/2021 468/675 625/635 575/582 60/70 372/382 245/293
08/01/2021 467/672 622/630 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
07/01/2021 465/470 620/628 570/575 60/70 365/378 245/293
06/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/570 60/70 365/378 245/293
05/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
04/01/2021 465/470 620/628 565/572 60/70 365/378 245/293
31/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
30/12/2020 465/470 620/628 567/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
29/12/2020 465/470 620/628 565/573 60/70 365/378 245/293
28/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
25/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
24/12/2020 460/465 615/625 560/570 60/70 350/367 245/293
23/12/2020 470/475 622/632 575/580 60/70 350/367 245/293
22/12/2020 472/476 622/630 570/578 60/70 340/362 250/295
21/12/2020 472/476 622/632 570/580 55/68 340/362 250/295
18/12/2020 472/477 622/630 570/577 55/68 340/362 250/295

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
15/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
14/01/2020 460/475 630/638 570/577
13/01/2020 460/470 626/633 565/576
12/01/2020 460/470 626/633 566/576
11/01/2020 460/470 620/630 560/573
08/01/2020 460/470 615/625 555/573
07/01/2020 460/470 615/623 550/570
06/01/2020 460/470 610/623 550/572
05/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
04/01/2020 460/470 615/624 550/572
31/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
30/12/2020 460/470 600/626 550/573
29/12/2020 455/475 600/626 550/573
28/12/2020 455/475 605/628 555/573
25/12/2020 455/475 600/628 550/575
24/12/2020 455/474 600/628 555/575
23/12/2020 460/475 621/632 568/580
22/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577
21/12/2020 470/475 620/631 568/577

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
1/15/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
1/15/2021 POUNDS STERLING 516.9181 517.6001 518.282
1/15/2021 EURO 459.4996 460.1058 460.712
1/15/2021 SWISS FRANC 426.8499 427.413 427.9761
1/15/2021 YEN 3.6548 3.6596 3.6644
1/15/2021 CFA 0.6839 0.6939 0.7039
1/15/2021 WAUA 545.8708 546.5909 547.3111
1/15/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.531 58.6087 58.6864
1/15/2021 RIYAL 101.0236 101.1568 101.2901
1/15/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 24.8724 24.9052 24.938

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