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FG, States, LGs Finally Share N647bn

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  • FG, States, LGs Finally Share N647bn

The Federation Accounts Allocation Committee has resolved the crisis that made it impossible to share the statutory allocation for February on Tuesday to pave the way for the disbursement of funds to the three tiers of government.

Tuesday’s meeting of FAAC had ended in deadlock following disagreements on the revenue figures remitted into the Federation Account by the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation for sharing by the three tiers of government.

On Tuesday night, the Minister of Finance, Mrs. Kemi Adeosun, had intervened by reconvening the meeting for Wednesday.

At the Wednesday’s reconvened meeting held at the headquarters of the Ministry of Finance, which was presided over by Adeosun, the committee distributed the sum of N647.39bn to the three tiers of government.

Out of this amount, the Federal Government received N270.8bn; states got N173.75bn; and the 774 local governments were allocated the sum of N130.9bn.

The committee also allocated the sum of N57.35bn to the oil-producing states based on the 13 per cent derivation formula, while N14.55bn was approved for payment to the revenue-generating agencies as cost of collection.

Briefing journalists shortly after the meeting, which lasted less than an hour, Adeosun said she personally engaged state governors in a meeting on Tuesday night to find a way around the stalemate.

She explained that all the members of the committee agreed to collect the amount shared pending when a reconciliatory meeting would be held to resolve the unremitted revenue.

Adeosun stated, “The figure for this month is higher than last month’s. There are issues that we will take up with the NNPC. But those issues notwithstanding, we should go ahead and conclude the meeting.

“We will sit down with the GMD of the NNPC, or his representatives; we will hopefully sit down within the next 48 hours to thrash out subsisting issues.”

The minister explained that despite the issues surrounding the Federation Account remittances, the welfare of civil servants was paramount, especially since Easter was a few days away.

She added, “The NNPC is a major chain of our revenue and by that fact, there would be, from time to time, issues. We are going to sit with the NNPC. Accounting is a process, there has to be dialogue. Some of the issues that were raised have actually been cleared, but of course, there are new issues that arise.

“I think that is part of reconciliation, accountability and transparency. We did that overnight, speaking to the governors, and we took a decision to go ahead. I am still of the view that there are issues and I am sure within the next 48 hours, I will meet with the NNPC GMD or his representatives.

“I think this is a healthy process. Questions must be asked; that is what accountability is all about. We will get to the bottom of the issue so that we can move forward. I think it is a healthy development, and I am confident that we will resolve all the outstanding issues.”

Responding to the development, the Chairman, FAAC Commissioners of Finance Forum, Mahmoud Yunusa, accused the NNPC of deliberately side-lining other stakeholders in its revenue remittances into the Federation Account.

He said, “We agreed last night to hold the meeting, move on to our respective states and pay salaries so that everyone will celebrate Easter. Be that as it may, the account as submitted by the NNPC is still not acceptable to us. We will sit down with the NNPC to ensure that all the grey areas are trashed out.

“What we expected from the NNPC is less than what was submitted. We the commissioners of the states are not happy with the way the NNPC is running this business. We are major shareholders in this business but we are not happy with the way the NNPC is handling it.”

Yunusa added, “We won’t take this anymore. The NNPC will have to sit up and do its job. We are not taking this anymore. We will not come here and spend days without holding the meeting.”

“So, in the spirit of Easter, we will take this amount, go home with it, pay salaries and come back to meet the NNPC to pay us our balance. We have to find out wherever the error is from.”

Meanwhile, the Accountant-General of Federation, Ahmed Idris, on Wednesday signed the mandates for the Central Bank of Nigeria to pay the approved revenue allocation into the accounts of the three tiers of government.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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Finance

Financial Institutions Lost $12 Billion to Cyberattacks in 20 Years – Says IMF

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cybercrime - Investors King

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has disclosed that financial institutions worldwide have lost to$12 billion due to cyberattacks over the past 20 years.

This revelation comes from the IMF’s recent report, Global Financial Stability Report, April 2024, which highlights the significant vulnerabilities faced by the financial sector in the realm of cybersecurity.

The report indicates that since 2020, financial institutions have incurred losses of $2.5 billion due to cyber incidents.

The IMF further underscores the high susceptibility of the financial sector to cyber risks, noting that approximately one-fifth of cyber incidents over the past two decades have impacted financial institutions, primarily targeting banks, insurers, and asset managers.

The United States, home to several major financial institutions, faces heightened exposure to cyber risks. For example, JP Morgan Chase, the largest US bank, experiences a staggering 45 billion cyber events daily and invests $15 billion annually in cybersecurity efforts, employing 62,000 technologists, many focused on security.

Cyber incidents are considered major operational risks that threaten the resilience of financial institutions and can have broader macroeconomic repercussions.

The IMF warned that these incidents could jeopardize financial stability through loss of confidence, disruptions in essential services, and the interconnectedness of the financial system.

To counter these risks, the IMF urges central banks and relevant authorities to develop comprehensive national cybersecurity strategies and establish effective regulations and supervisory measures.

As cyber threats continue to evolve, the need for robust cybersecurity infrastructure is paramount for the protection and stability of the global financial system.

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Banking Sector

Zenith Bank Leads as Restricted Deposits Hit N17.1 Trillion

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Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)

Zenith Bank Plc has emerged as a frontrunner among Nigerian banks as restricted deposits grew to N17.1 trillion.

This increase was propelled by Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) regulations and represents 72.7% growth from the N9.91 trillion recorded in the previous year.

The Central Bank of Nigeria, in its effort to regulate the country’s money supply and manage inflation levels, has maintained the Cash Reserve Ratio (CRR) at 32.5%.

The CRR mandates banks to retain a certain percentage of their customer deposits with the CBN, thereby restricting access to these funds for day-to-day operations.

Zenith Bank, along with nine other major banks including Access Holdings Plc, Guaranty Trust Holdings Company Plc (GTCO), and United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc, witnessed a substantial increase in their restricted deposits.

This surge underscores the impact of regulatory measures on the banking sector’s liquidity and operational dynamics.

The CBN’s decision to uphold the CRR at 32.5% and subsequently increase it to 45.0% reflects its commitment to curbing inflationary pressures and maintaining financial stability. While these measures aim to regulate money supply and inflation, they also pose challenges for banks and shareholders.

A member of the CBN’s Monetary Policy Committee (MPC), Aku Odinkemelu, emphasized the necessity of tightening monetary policy measures to address inflationary pressures effectively.

However, concerns linger regarding the adverse effects on borrowing costs for businesses and the banking sector’s profitability.

Philip Ikeazor, Director-General of Financial System Stability and MPC member, highlighted the pivotal role of complementary tools such as the CRR in taming inflation and managing liquidity.

Despite apprehensions from stakeholders, the CBN Governor, Mr. Olayemi Cardoso, reiterated the importance of assertive monetary policy measures to achieve the medium-term inflation target.

Zenith Bank’s noteworthy performance in managing restricted deposits underscores its resilience and strategic approach amidst regulatory challenges.

The bank’s 133.8% increase in mandatory reserve deposits with the CBN, reaching N3.9 trillion in 2023, demonstrates its ability to adapt to evolving market conditions.

Access Holdings, UBA, and other major banks also reported substantial growth in their restricted deposits, reflecting the broader impact of CBN policies on the banking sector’s liquidity and profitability.

Despite the surge in restricted deposits, concerns persist among shareholders regarding the profitability and operational constraints faced by banks.

Boniface Okezie, Chairman of the Progressive Shareholders Association of Nigeria (PSAN), advocated for CBN to consider paying interest on mandatory funds collected from banks, thereby enhancing their earnings and supporting the real sector of the economy.

As Nigerian banks navigate the intricacies of regulatory requirements and market dynamics, Zenith Bank’s leadership in managing restricted deposits underscores its resilience and strategic acumen in an evolving financial landscape.

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Banking Sector

Zenith Bank Achieves Historic Milestones in 2023 With Stellar Triple-Digit Topline And Bottom-Line Growth

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Zenith Bank - Investors King

Zenith Bank Plc has announced its audited results for the year ended December 31, 2023, achieving a remarkable triple-digit growth of 125% in gross earnings from NGN945.6 billion reported in 2022 to NGN2.132 trillion in 2023.

According to the audited financial results for the 2023 financial year presented to the Nigerian Exchange (NGX), this impressive triple-digit growth in gross earnings resulted in a Year-on-Year (YoY) increase of 180% in Profit Before Tax (PBT) from NGN284.7 billion in 2022 to NGN796 billion in 2023.

Profit After Tax (PAT) also recorded triple-digit growth of 202% from NGN223.9 billion to NGN676.9 billion in the period ended December 31, 2023.

The increase in gross earnings is primarily due to growth in interest and non-interest income. Interest income increased by 112% from NGN540 billion in 2022 to NGN1.1 trillion in 2023. Non-interest income grew by 141% from NGN381 billion to NGN918.9 billion in the same period.

The increase in interest income is attributed to the growth in the size of risk assets and their effective repricing, alongside the rise in the yield of other interest-bearing instruments over the year. Growth in non-interest income was driven by significant trading gains and an increase in gains from the revaluation of foreign currencies.

The cost of funds grew from 1.9% in 2022 to 3.0% in 2023 due to the high interest rate environment while interest expense increased by 135% from NGN173.5 billion in 2022 to NGN408.5 billion in 2023. Notwithstanding the 32% growth in operating expenses in 2023, the Group’s cost-to-income ratio improved significantly from 54.4% in 2022 to 36.1% in 2023 due to improved top-line performance.

Return on Average Equity (ROAE) increased by 118% from 16.8% in 2022 to 36.6% in 2023, underpinned by improved gross earnings, as the Group sought to deliver better shareholder returns. Return on Average Assets (ROAA) also grew by 95% from 2.1% to 4.1% in the same period.

The Group has continued to deepen its market leadership in key corporate and retail deposit segments as customer deposits increased by 69% from NGN9.0 trillion to NGN15.2 trillion in 2023.

Its retail drive continues to yield dividends as retail deposits now constitute 46% of total deposits (compared to 44% in 2022) and grew by 77% from NGN3.97 trillion in 2022 to NGN7.04 trillion in 2023, also reinforcing increased customer confidence in the Zenith brand.

Total assets increased by 66% from NGN12.3 trillion in 2022 to NGN20.4 trillion in 2023, largely due to growth in total deposits and the revaluation of foreign currency deposits.

Gross loans grew by 71% from NGN4.1 trillion in 2022 to NGN7.1 trillion in 2023 due to the revaluation of foreign currency loans and the growth in local currency risk assets.

As a result of the disciplined and diligent approach to risk assets creation and management, the loan growth did not significantly impact the Non-Performing Loans (NPL) ratio, which increased marginally from 4.3% to 4.4% despite the heightened risk environment and challenging operating environment, an attestation to the Group’s resilience despite headwinds and a challenging macroeconomic environment.

Also, the prudential ratios remain within regulatory thresholds, with the Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) and liquidity ratio at 21.7% and 71.0%, respectively, at the close of 2023.

As a demonstration of its commitment to shareholders, the bank has announced a proposed final dividend payout of NGN3.50 per share, bringing the total dividend to NGN4.00 per share.

In 2024, the Group will complete the transition to a holding company structure, which is anticipated to position it advantageously for exploring emerging opportunities in the Fintech space while bolstering its digital and retail banking initiatives.

Furthermore, the Group is undertaking urgent necessary actions to meet the new minimum NGN500 billion equity capital requirement to maintain its international authorisation within the timeframe stipulated by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

This will strengthen its presence in key markets to continue positioning for sustainable growth and value addition for stakeholders.

Zenith Bank’s track record of excellent performance has continued to earn the brand numerous awards, including being recognised as Best Bank in Nigeria, for the fourth time in five years, from 2020 to 2022 and in 2024, in the Global Finance World’s Best Banks Awards; the Best Bank for Digital Solutions in Nigeria in the Euromoney Awards 2023, being listed in the World Finance Top 100 Global Companies in 2023; being recognised as the Number One Bank in Nigeria by Tier-1 Capital, for the 14th consecutive year, in the 2023 Top 1000 World Banks Ranking published by The Banker Magazine; Best Commercial Bank, Nigeria, for three consecutive years from 2021 to 2023, in the World Finance Banking Awards; Best Corporate Governance Bank, Nigeria in the World Finance Corporate Governance Awards 2022 and 2023; Bank of the Year (Nigeria) in The Banker’s Bank of the Year Awards 2020 and 2022; Best in Corporate Governance’ Financial Services’ Africa, for four successive years from 2020 to 2023, by the Ethical Boardroom; Most Sustainable Bank, Nigeria in the International Banker 2023 Banking Awards; Best Commercial Bank, Nigeria and Best Innovation in Retail Banking, Nigeria in the International Banker 2022 Banking Awards.

Also, the bank emerged as the Most Valuable Banking Brand in Nigeria in the Banker Magazine Top 500 Banking Brands 2020 and 2021; Bank of the Year 2023 and Retail Bank of the Year for three consecutive years from 2020 to 2022, at the BusinessDay Banks and Other Financial Institutions (BAFI) Awards. Similarly, Zenith Bank was named Bank of the Decade (People’s Choice) at the ThisDay Awards 2020, Bank of the Year 2021 by Champion Newspaper, Bank of the Year 2022 by New Telegraph Newspaper, and Most Responsible Organisation in Africa 2021 by SERAS Awards.

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