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China Sets Biggest One-day Yuan Rate Increase Since 2005

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  • China Sets Biggest One-day Yuan Rate Increase Since 2005

China on Friday (Jan 6) raised the exchange rate for the yuan against the US dollar by 0.92 per cent from the previous day, the biggest one-day increase in more than 11 years.

The People’s Bank of China (PBOC), which has been battling to shore up the sagging yuan, fixed it at 6.8668 to the greenback, according to the China Foreign Exchange Trade System, which operates the national foreign exchange market.

That marked the strongest daily increase since July 2005, and comes as the yuan had flirted lately with the 7.0 to the dollar mark, a threshold not crossed in more than eight years.

China only allows the tightly controlled yuan to rise or fall two per cent on either side of the daily fix, to prevent volatility and maintain control over the currency.

This came a day after the yuan scored its biggest-ever two-day gain against the dollar as Beijing cracked down to bets against its currency ahead of US president-elect Donald Trump’s inauguration on Jan 20.

China’s currency has been under pressure from uncertainty over the health of the world’s second largest economy, massive capital outflows and the sharp rise in the US dollar following Trump’s election victory and anticipation of US interest rate hikes.

The PBOC has plenty of reasons to give the yuan some short-term support. Trump has pledged to label the country a currency manipulator on his first day in office, while the exchange rate came close to breaking through the psychologically-important level of 7 per dollar earlier this week. Policy makers also want to avoid a flood of capital outflows as citizens’ annual foreign-exchange quotas reset for the new year.

China said last week it would almost double the number of foreign currencies it uses to determine the official value of the yuan, thereby diluting the role of the dollar as authorities seek to arrest the yuan’s fall and project an image of stability in the unit.

On Thursday, the PBOC clamped down on yuan borrowing in Hong Kong by instructing its banks to withhold funds from other banks, a move which sent overnight interbank interest rates soaring to 38 per cent from 17 per cent, the highest in a year, the Wall Street Journal reported.

The yuan in offshore trading in Hong Kong jumped 1.2 per cent on Thursday for a two-day gain of 2.5 per cent. The onshore yuan gained 0.7 per cent to 6.8830 per dollar in Shanghai.

The record two-day rally offshore revived memories of an epic squeeze last January for bearish traders. The abrupt market reversal almost exactly a year ago marked the beginning of a nearly 5 per cent rally that lasted two months.

“Another extraordinary day in China,” said Gareth Berry, a foreign-exchange and rates strategist at Macquarie Bank in Singapore. “It looks like a classic case of a consensus trade blowing up at the start of a new year.”

The turbulence represents the latest twist in a battle between China bears – who say slowing economic growth makes a devaluation inevitable – and policy makers fearing a sudden drop will destabilize the financial system. Pessimists have mostly been on the right side of the trade since a one-time exchange rate adjustment in August 2015, but sudden bouts of strength have proven painful for short sellers who need to periodically roll over their bets.

“It’s painful to sit on short yuan positions now, given the soaring funding costs,” said Sim Moh Siong, a currency strategist at Bank of Singapore.

Bloomberg News reported this week that policy makers were encouraging state-owned enterprises to sell foreign currency. National Australia Bank says bears are unlikely to see a major reprieve any time soon as authorities keep tight control of the yuan before this month’s inauguration of US President-elect Donald Trump.

Short squeezes like the one in Hong Kong’s offshore market this week come at a cost. While surging interbank rates help deter bearish speculators, they also undermine China’s push to make the yuan an international reserve currency, said Michael Every, head of financial markets research at Rabobank Group in Hong Kong.

“What’s the point of being a reserve currency and having fought so hard to become a reserve currency, and then not letting anybody get hold of that currency,” he said. “China basically wants to have its cake and eat it on all fronts.”

Analyst estimates compiled by Bloomberg suggest China will eventually let the yuan continue its descent. The exchange rate will fall to 7.15 per dollar by year-end before sliding to 7.3 the following year, according to the median projections.

In the short term, though, the currency is unlikely to be a one-way wager, said Angus To, deputy head of research at ICBC International Research Ltd. in Hong Kong. “After this round of liquidity squeeze, speculators will at least scale down short yuan bets for the next two months,” To said. “We expect the offshore yuan to stabilize at around 6.8 yuan per dollar after the market run.”

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Naira

Naira Falls to N500/US$1 at Black Market on Monday

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Naira - Investors King

Despite efforts by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to improve dollar liquidity across the foreign exchange segments and prop up Naira value, the Nigerian Naira dipped to N500 against the United States Dollar on Monday at the nation’s black market.

Last week, the CBN announced plans to increase forex allocation to Deposit Money Banks in a bid to ensure Nigerians access forex at a fair rate and not forced to patronise the black market operators with exuberant rates.

The CBN agreed to increase the amount allocated to banks for travellers, Small and Medium Enterprises among others. The banks also agreed to operate something akin to foreign exchange imprest account such that the coffers of banks will be replenished so long as they retire the initial amounts to the satisfaction of the CBN”, stated Mr. Osita Nwanisobi, the Acting Director, Corporate Communications Department at the CBN.

The Naira quickly gained against its global counterparts, improving to N493 against the American Dollar last week before resuming its long-term bearish trend to N500/US$1 at the black market on Monday 21, June 2021.

The embattled currency depreciated in value against both the Euro and British Pound, exchanged at N590 and N710, respectively.

At the NAFEX window, the CBN new adopted official rate, the Naira traded at N411.67 to a United States Dollar on Monday while investors transacted $94.17 million during the trading hours of Monday.

At the Bureau De Exchange section of forex, Naira sold for N495 per US Dollar, N715 to a British Pound and N603 to a Euro.

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Naira

Nigerian Naira Exchange Rates; Tuesday, June 22, 2021

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Naira - Investors King

 The Nigerian Naira lost N2 against the United States Dollar on Monday to N500 despite efforts by the Central Bank of Nigeria to prop the local currency value.

The embattled currency remained pressured at N710 to a British Pound and N590 to a single Euro.  Naira opened at N500 to a United States Dollar on Tuesday.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/06/2021 495/500* 703/710* 585/590* 62/69 400/410 300/322
21/06/2021 495/500 703/710 585/592 62/69 400/410 300/325
18/06/2021 492/498 700/710 585/595 62/69 400/410 300/325
17/06/2021 483/493 700/710 590/600 62/69 400/410 300/322
16/06/2021 497/502 707/713 600/606 62/69 400/410 300/322

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/06/2021 485/495 700/715 580/603
21/06/2021 480/490 680/710 550/603
19/06/2021 475/490 680/715 580/603
18/06/2021 475/485 680/715 580/603
17/06/2021 478/490 690/710 590/603
16/06/2021 495/500 707/718 600/609
15/06/2021 495/500 707/718 600/609
14/06/2021 490/498 705/718 600/608

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
6/21/2021 US DOLLAR 409.2 409.7 410.2
6/21/2021 POUNDS STERLING 567.6422 568.3358 569.0294
6/21/2021 EURO 486.5797 487.1743 487.7688
6/21/2021 SWISS FRANC 444.0586 444.6012 445.1438
6/21/2021 YEN 3.7166 3.7212 3.7257
6/21/2021 CFA 0.7231 0.7331 0.7431
6/21/2021 WAUA 583.9237 584.6372 585.3507
6/21/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 63.2634 63.3412 63.4189
6/21/2021 RIYAL 109.1113 109.2446 109.3779
6/21/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 28.7174 28.7525 28.7876

 

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates; Monday, June 21, 2021

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Naira Dollar Exchange Rate - Investors King

The Nigerian Naira continues its decline against global counterparts after gaining on the back of the Central Bank of Nigeria’s proposed increase in foreign exchange supply to all forex operators across the country.

Naira gained on the parallel market to exchange at N493 against the United States Dollar on Tuesday 15, June 2021 before dropping to N497 on Wednesday 16, June 2021.

The local currency plunged as low as N502 to a United States Dollar on the parallel market before the CBN announced its plans to up liquidity in an effort to ease scarcity and speed up business activities in the largely import-dependent economy. See the Naira exchange rates across various sections of foreign exchange markets.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
21/06/2021 495/500 703/710 585/592 62/69 400/410 300/325
18/06/2021 492/498 700/710 585/595 62/69 400/410 300/325
17/06/2021 483/493 700/710 590/600 62/69 400/410 300/322
16/06/2021 497/502 707/713 600/606 62/69 400/410 300/322

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
21/06/2021 480/90 680/710 550/603
19/06/2021 475/490 680/715 580/603
18/06/2021 475/485 680/715 580/603
17/06/2021 478/490 690/710 590/603
16/06/2021 495/500 707/718 600/609
15/06/2021 495/500 707/718 600/609
14/06/2021 490/498 705/718 600/608

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

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