The U.S dollar was rattled last week by a series of weak economic data released towards the end of the week, the nonfarm payrolls report came out less than expected at 151,000 in August from 255,000 recorded in July, and this couple with weak productivity from the manufacturing sector (49.4) alerted the markets to the likelihood of the Federal Reserve relinquishing on its rate decision this year. This is because during the Jackson Hole speech, the Fed Chair Janet Yellen said if the economy continues to improve and productivity pick up that the Federal Open Market Committee will look into tightening interest rates, otherwise the FOMC will continue to monitor growth and acted only when necessary.
Nevertheless, the US trade deficit narrowed 11.6 percent in June to $39.47 billion in July, while imports dropped 0.8 percent and exports rose 1.9 percent. The improvement in exports was largely due to increased overseas orders of foods, feeds and beverages — especially soybeans. Meaning, it’s more likely to reverse going forward, but it will support third quarter overall growth.
While, some have argued that it is too early to deduce the Fed stance, the average hourly earnings says otherwise, for instance with unemployment near all-time low, average earnings shouldn’t be declining even if the unemployment rate (4.9%) drop. This for me signals the economy is recovering, not recovered yet. That I think the FOMC will like to see through, before tightening monetary policy.
The Japanese economy is probably the most affected by the weak US job report and here is why, the data released on Tuesday showed that household earnings increased and retail sales improved significantly amid moderate unemployment rate, although industrial output (49.5) and capital spending (3.1) are still weak due to weak oversea orders — the whole economy remained vibrant. This improvement is expected to rekindle the Japanese yen attractiveness as a haven asset, especially now that the weak nonfarm payrolls has substantially dent the odds of the Fed’s raising rates this year.
However, the increase in demand for the Japanese yen will worsen industrial output and exports, and prompts the Bank of Japan Governor Haruhiko Kuroda to reassess its limited monetary policy if manufacturing sector and sustained job creation are priorities.
In the UK, the economy has rebounded from Brexit pitfall, with business confidence on the rise. The purchasing manager index that hit record low amid Brexit growing concerns in July has gained back all the lost ground as companies have started hiring and overseas orders surged. This increase in shipment was as a result of the weak pound. So it is nimble to note that the fall in the value of the pound is also pushing up manufacturer’s cost of production and inflation as Britons needs more money to buy imported goods.
In the long term, this is a bit mixed, one, because market sentiment is volatile and this could be an overshoot upwards PMIs that needs to be cautiously watch. Two, if consumer prices start rising now, further stimulus from the Bank of England may not crystallize. On this note, EURGBP, USDCAD and GBPCHF top my list this week.
Since June 24, speculators have substantially driven this pair to over 3-year high. But the UK economy remains unperturbed by the negative business sentiment the Brexit decision generated and has gained 349 pips since August 16 when the first complete post-Brexit economic report was released. Another reason why I think EURGBP is a good sell, is the fact that the U.K positive economic data and the sentiment generate by the releases will revamp its currency’s outlook, while euro-area weak economic data will continue to weigh on the single currency for now.
If EURGBP sustained the breach of 0.8391 support, this will likely attract sellers’ interest this week and open up 0.8240 support level, our first target this week. As long as the price remained below 0.8448 resistance I am bearish on this pair.
After the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries announced its willingness to discuss steps on how to cap production at its meeting this month in Algeria, global oil prices jumped. So did currencies of commodity dependent economies. The Canadian dollar consolidated for two days with a double gravestone doji before finally gaining back 50 percent of what it has lost since the odds of the Fed’s raising rates bolster the dollar.
This week, as long as price remains below 1.3033 resistance I am bearish on this pair with 1.2849 as the target, a sustained break of 1.2849 should give us 1.2674 provided OPEC go through with their promise and Fed’s position rates settled. forex is maintained
The Swiss Franc like Euro single currency has lost 639 against since August 16th as explained above. Last week, Switzerland’s retail sales fell 2.2 percent in July after previously plunging 3.5 percent in June.
A sustained break of 1.3034 resistance will likely open up 1.3332, but if the inflation and GDP report due this week came out better than expected. This pair will pull back. Until then I am bullish on GBPCHF with 1.3332 as the target. forex target is defined
Naira Exchange Rate Improves as CBN Plans to Flood Economy With $20 Billion Diaspora Remittances
The Naira to US Dollar exchange rate improved by N10 to N490 on Tuesday following the Central Bank of Nigeria’s new directive that allows recipients of diaspora remittances to receive their fund in foreign currency (US Dollar) or via their ordinary domiciliary account.
The move was after the apex bank blamed the parallel market for the wide foreign exchange rate and cautioned analysts for using speculative rates as the real Naira/US dollar rate.
Therefore, the apex bank decided to inject $20 billion annual diaspora remittances into the real sector of the economy and hurt the activities of unscrupulous individuals at the parallel market.
Investors King expects this to gradually moderate the nation’s foreign exchange rate against global counterparts, deepen business activities and fast track economic recovery.
CBN Amends Forex Receipt as Naira Hits Record Low
In a bid to simplify and finally liberalize the receipt of diaspora remittances, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has amended its receipt procedures to allow beneficiaries of diaspora remittances receive such inflows in foreign currency (US Dollars).
The apex bank stated in a circular signed by Dr. O.S. Nnaji, Director Trade and Exchange Department, CBN.
In the circular, recipients of remittances can now receive funds in either foreign currency cash (US Dollars) or into their ordinary domiciliary account.
While the International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs) will henceforth receive diaspora remittances in foreign currency through the designated bank of their choice.
The CBN plans to ease forex scarcity, speed up the recovery process and checkmate the activities of speculators and hoarders at the black by injecting diaspora remittances estimated at about $20 billion per year into the real economy.
This is expected to not just improve business activities but also moderate foreign exchange rate from the current N500/US$ and move the central bank a step closer to unifying the nation’s foreign exchange rates.
The circular partly reads “In an effort to liberalize, simplify and improve the receipt and administration of diaspora remittances into Nigeria, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) wishes to announce as follows;
“Beneficiaries of Diaspora Remittances through International Money Transfer Operators (IMTOs) shall henceforth receive such inflows in foreign currency (US Dollars) or into their ordinary domiciliary account. Such recipients of remittances may have the option of receiving these funds in foreign currency cash (US Dollars) or into their ordinary domiciliary account.”
Naira Devaluation Pushed Exchange Rate to N500/US$ at Black Market
Naira to United States Dollar exchange rate plunged to N500 on Monday after the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) devalued the Naira by N6 on Friday amid growing scarcity.
At the current rate, the local currency has lost N140 per US dollar when compared with N360 it was sold in the same month of 2019 and N5 compared to N495 it exchanged on Friday.
In an effort to ease pressure on the nation’s foreign reserves and unify foreign exchange rates in line with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank’s requirement for loans, the CBN devalued the official exchange rate by N6 from N379/US$ to N385/US$ and directed bureau de change operators to sell at N392/US$, up from N386/US$.
However, with importers and businesses looking to meet the usual high demand for goods in December pushing demand for the United States dollar off the roof, Naira’s value has continued to plummet despite efforts by the CBN to prop up its value.
Against the British Pound, the Naira declined to N650, down from N620 it exchanged last week. This depreciation continues against the Euro common currency as the local currency declined to N585.
Lack of liquidity due to the weak foreign reserves, low oil prices and weak demand for the commodity amid production cuts by OPEC and allies is hurting CBN’s ability to effectively intervene at the nation’s foreign exchange markets.
The apex bank usually sells forex to dealers to ease scarcity and facilitate trades. However, lack of foreign revenue generation has forced the CBN to reduce its weekly forex sales to $10,000 per bureau de change operator despite reopening of the economy pushing demand for forex further up.
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