The Nigerian equities market has recorded negative performance two months after the implementation of a flexible foreign exchange (FX) policy by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). This is contrary to expectations that the policy will spur inflow of foreign portfolio and domestic investors and lift the market.
The market has shed N151billion in market capitalisation between June 15 when the policy was announced and last Friday. One of the reasons cited for low portfolio inflow into the market was uncertainty about the nation’s FX policy and the CBN’s capital controls.
Available data from the NSE revealed that Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI) accounted for 40.43 per cent (N189.45 billion) of total transactions on the nation’s bourse in the first five months of the year, down from 57.04 per cent (N519.34 billion) during the same period the previous year.
So when the CBN announced a flexible policy, it was highly expected that the market would rebound on positive reactions to the policy by foreign and domestic investors.
Although reactions were positive initially, leading to a rise of 1.12 per cent in the Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) All-Share Index (ASI) from June 20 to 30, it began a down ward trend since July to last Friday. In all, the market has declined by N151 billion in capitalisation, falling from N9.579 trillion pre-flexible policy to N9.428 trillion last Friday. The ASI has fallen by 1.6 per cent, from 27,891.96 to 27,450.91.
A market analysts, Jude Fejokwu said the market had a transient boost during the last nine trading days of June before returning to a persistent decline after global markets recovered post-Brexit.
Looking at the impact of the policy on the market, analysts at Cordros Capital Limited (CCL), said although the CBN may have responded to the agitations of the FPIs with its decision to lift restrictions on the local currency, early signs since the kick-off date show that the programme has had no immediate impact on FPI activities in equities.
“FPI consensus is that the Naira is not sufficiently devalued at N282-285/US$. Overlaying this on reports from the grapevine that the liquidity of the local currency exchange rate is still (indirectly) largely under the control of the apex bank (judging by the relative stability of the NGN) risks Nigeria from being eliminated from the MSCI Frontier Market Index at the next index review in September and further dampens expectations of expansionary foreign investment flows into Nigeria’s risky assets in the near term,” they said.
The hike in the Monetary Policy Rate to 14 per cent also had a negative impact on the equities market. According to analysts, they expect attractive yields in the fixed income market (as a result of the hike in MPR) to shift investors focus from equities.
“Also, lower oil price and lack of FX liquidity are expected to continue to dampen economic and corporate outlook. We believe that all these factors will weigh on investors’ confidence in the equities market,” they added.
Communities in Delta State Shut OML30 Operates by Heritage Energy Operational Services Ltd
The OML30 operated by Heritage Energy Operational Services Limited in Delta State has been shut down by the host communities for failing to meet its obligations to the 112 host communities.
The host communities, led by its Management Committee/President Generals, had accused the company of gross indifference and failure in its obligations to the host communities despite several meetings and calls to ensure a peaceful resolution.
The station with a production capacity of 80,000 barrels per day and eight flow stations operates within the Ughelli area of Delta State.
The host communities specifically accused HEOSL of failure to pay the GMOU fund for the last two years despite mediation by the Delta State Government on May 18, 2020.
Also, the host communities accused HEOSL of ‘total stoppage of scholarship award and payment to host communities since 2016’.
The Chairman, Dr Harrison Oboghor and Secretary, Mr Ibuje Joseph that led the OML30 host communities explained to journalists on Monday that the host communities had resolved not to backpedal until all their demands were met.
Crude Oil Recovers from 4 Percent Decline as Joe Biden Wins
Oil Prices Recover from 4 Percent Decline as Joe Biden Wins
Crude oil prices rose with other financial markets on Monday following a 4 percent decline on Friday.
This was after Joe Biden, the former Vice-President and now the President-elect won the race to the White House.
Global benchmark oil, Brent crude oil, gained $1.06 or 2.7 percent to $40.51 per barrel on Monday while the U.S West Texas Intermediate crude oil gained $1.07 or 2.9 percent to $38.21 per barrel.
On Friday, Brent crude oil declined by 4 percent as global uncertainty surged amid unclear US election and a series of negative comments from President Trump. However, on Saturday when it became clear that Joe Biden has won, global financial markets rebounded in anticipation of additional stimulus given Biden’s position on economic growth and recovery.
“Trading this morning has a risk-on flavor, reflecting increasing confidence that Joe Biden will occupy the White House, but the Republican Party will retain control of the Senate,” Michael McCarthy, chief market strategist at CMC Markets in Sydney.
“The outcome is ideal from a market point of view. Neither party controls the Congress, so both trade wars and higher taxes are largely off the agenda.”
The president-elect and his team are now working on mitigating the risk of COVID-19, grow the world’s largest economy by protecting small businesses and the middle class that is the backbone of the American economy.
“There will be some repercussions further down the road,” said OCBC’s economist Howie Lee, raising the possibility of lockdowns in the United States under Biden.
“Either you’re crimping energy demand or consumption behavior.”
Nigeria, Other OPEC Members Oil Revenue to Hit 18 Year Low in 2020
Revenue of OPEC Members to Drop to 18 Year Low in 2020
The United States Energy Information Administration (EIA) has predicted that the oil revenue of members of the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) will decline to 18-year low in 2020.
EIA said their combined oil export revenue will plunge to its lowest level since 2002. It proceeded to put a value to the projection by saying members of the oil cartel would earn around $323 billion in net oil export in 2020.
“If realised, this forecast revenue would be the lowest in 18 years. Lower crude oil prices and lower export volumes drive this expected decrease in export revenues,” it said.
The oil expert based its projection on weak global oil demand and low oil prices because of COVID-19.
It said this coupled with production cuts by OPEC members in recent months will impact net revenue of the cartel in 2020.
It said, “OPEC earned an estimated $595bn in net oil export revenues in 2019, less than half of the estimated record high of $1.2tn, which was earned in 2012.
“Continued declines in revenue in 2020 could be detrimental to member countries’ fiscal budgets, which rely heavily on revenues from oil sales to import goods, fund social programmes, and support public services.”
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