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Nigeria’s Dangote Petroleum Refinery Set to Tackle Fuel Shortages, But Crude Supply Poses Risk

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Aliko Dangote - Investors King

Nigeria’s quest to overcome its chronic fuel shortages may soon see a glimmer of hope as the highly anticipated Dangote Petroleum Refinery prepares to take center stage.

However, as the country eagerly awaits relief, concerns arise regarding the availability of crude oil, posing a potential risk to the refinery’s success.

Despite Nigeria’s status as Africa’s largest oil producer, its aging and neglected refineries have left the nation heavily reliant on fuel imports. This dependence has not only strained the economy but has also resulted in recurring fuel shortages, including the recent scarcity leading up to the disputed presidential election in February.

In a bid to address these challenges head-on, Africa’s wealthiest individual, Aliko Dangote, embarked on an ambitious project – the construction of the Dangote Petroleum Refinery. Boasting a massive complex that includes a 435-megawatt power station, a deep seaport, and a fertilizer unit, this refinery stands as one of Nigeria’s most significant investments. With a daily refining capacity of 650,000 barrels, it holds the potential to meet the country’s fuel demands and alleviate the persistent shortages.

However, the success of the Dangote refinery hinges on a critical factor: the availability of crude oil. Nigeria’s oil production has faced a downward trajectory due to various factors, including rampant oil theft, pipeline vandalism, and insufficient investment.

In April, daily production fell below one million barrels, lagging behind Angola’s output and putting additional strain on the state-owned oil company, NNPC Ltd.

NNPC, with a 20% stake in the Dangote refinery, is obligated to supply it with 300,000 barrels of crude oil per day. Yet, the declining production poses a significant challenge for NNPC to meet this commitment. Economist Kelvin Emmanuel, who extensively studied oil theft, points out that the decreasing production levels directly impact NNPC’s ability to provide the required crude oil feedstock.

The eagerly awaited commissioning of the Dangote Petroleum Refinery is scheduled for June as Aliko Dangote anticipates commencing crude oil refining operations. However, experts at Energy Aspects, a London-based research consultancy, caution that the commissioning process is intricate and predict that operations may start later this year. Their projection indicates that the refinery’s production capacity may reach 50-70% by next year, with the gradual integration of additional units continuing until 2025.

To mitigate the risks associated with crude oil supply, Dangote may explore importing oil from renowned traders such as Trafigura and Vitol. However, this alternative introduces potential challenges, including increased prices. The purchase of oil in dollars and the subsequent sale of refined products in the local currency, the naira, could potentially impact profitability.

 

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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Goya Foods Takes Legal Action to Assert ‘Goya Olive Oil’ Trademark Ownership

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Goya Foods

“Goya Olive Oil” trademark in Nigeria, Goya Foods Incorporated has initiated legal proceedings against the Registrar of Trademarks under the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment.

The case, numbered FHC/ABJ/CS/883/2023, was brought before the Federal High Court in Abuja.

Goya Foods, a prominent producer and distributor of foods and beverages across the United States, Spanish-speaking countries, and Nigeria, seeks to enforce a longstanding consent judgment issued by the court in December 2006.

The judgment directed the Registrar to rectify the Trademarks Register to reflect Goya Foods Incorporated as the rightful owner of the “Goya Olive Oil” trademark, without any further formalities.

The lawsuit, exclusively revealed to sources, underscores Goya Foods’ determination to safeguard its intellectual property against alleged infringements.

According to court documents, Goya Foods obtained the consent judgment against Chikason Industries Limited, which was accused of marketing “Goya Olive Oil” in Nigeria, thus infringing on Goya Foods’ registered trademark.

Legal counsel for Goya Foods, Ade Adedeji, SAN, emphasized the necessity of rectifying the Trademarks Register to protect their trademark interests effectively.

Despite appeals to the Registrar, the requested rectification has not been implemented, prompting Goya Foods to escalate the matter through legal channels.

The case has been adjourned to September 27, 2024, for further proceedings, highlighting the complexity and significance of trademark disputes in the global marketplace.

Goya Foods remains committed to upholding its brand integrity and securing its proprietary interests amidst the evolving landscape of international trademark law.

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IOCs Accused of Blocking Direct Crude Sales to Dangote Refinery

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Dangote Refinery

Dangote Industries Limited (DIL) has accused International Oil Companies (IOCs) of obstructing direct crude oil sales to its refinery and forcing the company to use costly middlemen.

This development comes after a statement by the Nigerian Upstream Petroleum Regulatory Commission (NUPRC) suggested a “willing buyer-willing seller” dynamic was in place as mandated by the Petroleum Industry Act (PIA).

Devakumar Edwin, Vice President of DIL, countered NUPRC CEO Gbenga Komolafe’s claims, stating that IOCs consistently make it difficult for local refiners by pushing sales through international trading arms, which inflate prices and bypass Nigerian laws.

“These middlemen earn unjustified margins on crude produced and consumed within Nigeria,” Edwin stated.

He noted that only one local producer, Sapetro, has sold directly to DIL, while others insist on using trading arms abroad.

Edwin detailed the financial impact, citing instances where DIL was charged a $2-$4 premium per barrel above the official price.

In April, DIL paid $96.23 per barrel for Bonga crude, which included significant premiums, compared to a much lower premium for West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude.

While acknowledging NUPRC’s support in resolving some supply issues, Edwin urged the regulatory body to revisit pricing policies to ensure fair market practices.

“Market liquidity is essential for fair pricing. We hope NUPRC addresses these issues to prevent price gouging,” he stated.

This dispute highlights ongoing challenges in Nigeria’s oil sector, where domestic refiners struggle to secure local crude amidst complex market dynamics.

The outcome of these negotiations could significantly impact the refinery’s operations and broader industry practices.

The situation underscores the need for transparent and efficient crude supply systems to bolster Nigeria’s refining capacity and economic growth.

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Dangote’s $20 Billion Refinery to Begin Petrol Sales Next Month

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Petrol - Investors King

Aliko Dangote announced on Monday that his long-awaited $20 billion refinery complex will commence petrol sales starting next month.

The announcement came during a press briefing held at the refinery site in Lagos, where Aliko Dangote, Africa’s richest man, detailed the project’s progress and future plans.

“We are proud to announce that the Dangote Refinery will begin selling petrol from August,” Dangote stated confidently.

“This milestone marks the culmination of years of meticulous planning, construction, and overcoming numerous challenges.”

Dangote’s refinery, touted as the largest single-train refinery in the world, is designed to process 650,000 barrels of crude oil per day once fully operational.

The facility aims to not only meet Nigeria’s domestic demand for refined petroleum products but also contribute significantly to export markets across West Africa.

“We have entered the steady-state production phase earlier this year, and now we are ready to begin commercial sales,” Dangote explained. “Initially, we will focus on petrol production, with plans to expand our product range as we ramp up to full capacity.”

The refinery’s launch is expected to alleviate Nigeria’s longstanding dependence on imported refined products, thereby boosting the country’s energy security and reducing foreign exchange outflows associated with fuel imports.

Beyond petrol sales, Dangote revealed ambitious plans to list both the refinery and its associated fertilizer plant on the Nigerian Exchange Group (NGX) by the first quarter of 2025.

This move aims to attract broader investor participation and unlock additional value for shareholders.

“We are committed to transparency and accountability in our operations,” Dangote emphasized. “Listing these subsidiaries on the NGX will not only strengthen our corporate governance framework but also enhance the refinery’s financial sustainability.”

Challenges and Future Prospects

Despite celebrating the imminent commencement of petrol sales, Dangote acknowledged challenges encountered during the project’s execution, including delays in securing land for a petrochemical facility in Ogun State, which incurred substantial costs.

“We faced bureaucratic hurdles that resulted in significant delays and financial losses,” Dangote lamented. “Nevertheless, we remain steadfast in our commitment to advancing Nigeria’s industrial capabilities and contributing to economic growth.”

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