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A Rise in Public Debt in Quarter Three – Coronation Merchant Bank

Nigeria’s total public debt rose by 2.9% q/q or N1.3trn to N44.1trn at end-September ’22 from N42.8trn at endJune ’22.

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US Dollar - Investorsking.com

According to Nigeria’s Debt Management Office (DMO), Nigeria’s total public debt rose by 2.9% q/q or N1.3trn to N44.1trn at end-September ’22 from N42.8trn at endJune ’22. On a y/y basis, total public debt increased by 16.1%.

As at end-September’22, public debt is equivalent to 25.4% of 2021 nominal budget. This is relatively low when compared with other African emerging economies such as Egypt (87%), Ghana (82%), South Africa (69%), and Kenya (68%). This is in line with the DMO’s debt management target of a debt to GDP ratio of 40% for the period 2020-2023 and below the limit of 55% set by the World Bank for countries within Nigeria’s peer group. It is also below the 70% set by the Economic Community of West African States.

Total domestic debt increased by 2.7% q/q and 20.1% y/y to N26.9trn as at end-September ’22. This can be partly attributed to increases in FGN Bonds (3.9% q/q), NTB’s (0.8% q/q) and FGN savings Bond (19.6% q/q).

For domestic debt, FGN instruments accounted for 75.6% of total domestic debt while subnationals accounted for 19.9%. Bonds and NTBs accounted for 94% of total FGN domestic debt while FGN sukuk, treasury bond, savings bond, green bond and promissory notes collectively contributed to 5.7% of the total.

Domestic debt for states, the FCT inclusive, increased by 1.9% q/q to N5.4trn at endSeptember ’22 from N5.3trn recorded in the previous quarter. On a y/y basis, it rose by 27.7%. The most indebted states include Lagos (N877bn), Delta (N272bn), and Ogun (N242bn).

The FGN has raised c.N24trn via the CBN’s ways and means advances and has hinted at a proposal to securitize the advances through the local debt capital market. Total domestic debt is likely to increase if the planned securitisation materialises and in addition to AMCON debt.

External debt stock stood at USD39.7trn (N17.1trn) as at end-September ’22. This represents a marginal decline of 1% or USD403m q/q. The sustained elevated external debt figures can be partly attributed to upticks in loans from the International Development Association (3.9% q/q), and China (13.8% q/q).

Furthermore, the marginal decline in the external debt stock reflects Nigeria’s absence from the international capital market, due to the hawkish monetary policy stance adopted by the central banks across several advanced economies. Overall, the external debt stock accounts for 38.6% of total public debt.

Within the external debt, multilateral lenders such as the World Bank, IMF, African Development Bank Group (AfDB) and bilateral lenders like China, Germany, Japan, India and France accounted for 56.4%, while commercial loans (i.e. Eurobonds and Diaspora) represent 39.4% of total external debt.

As at end-September, the FGN has spent N3.09trn on debt servicing (N2.2trn on domestic debt servicing and N890bn on external debt servicing) compared with the budgeted N3.95trn for debt servicing in the FGN’s 2022 budget. It is worth highlighting that the debt-service-to-revenue ratio stood at 83% as at August ’22.

Underperformance with revenue generation continues to hamper the country’s fiscal landscape. The increase in the total debt stock can be partly attributed to new borrowings by the FGN for deficit financing. Strategic steps towards improving non-oil revenue such as improving tax collection efficiency, incorporating more informal businesses into the tax net and strengthening anti-smuggling measures should be prioritized.

The effective implementation of the strategic revenue growth initiatives would assist in boosting revenue, strengthening the fiscal landscape and will support real GDP growth.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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Loans

FG Releases List of 94 Approved Online Loan Applications

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Loan - Investors King

Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission, FCCPC under the Federal Ministry of Trade and Investment has assented to 94 online loan applications for operation in Nigeria.

Investors King reports that out of the 94 approved digital money lender companies in Nigeria, 49 companies were fully approved while the other 45 firms were issued conditional approval.

Google, in November 2022 threatened in its new policy to delete all unlicensed Nigerian loan apps from the Google play store by January 31, 2023, Investors King recalls.

Every loan app is required to tender their documents from the FCCPC which is saddled with the responsibility of safeguarding the interest and ensuring the well-being of consumers.

According to the FCCPC update on the registration of online loan applications which is still ongoing, the licensing is necessary to curb the menace of extortion by loan sharks. 

The Commission explained that the regulatory framework and guidelines for the digital lenders companies were earmarked in partnership with the Joint Task Force (JTF) aimed at ensuring fairness and advantageous alternative lending opportunities for the citizens. 

In the Commission’s laid down guidelines, the lending company will register with the FCCPC and fill two forms– Form DLG 001 and Form DLG 002.

“Form DLG OO1 is the registration form that requires the applicant company to provide identification and operational information to the FCCPC.

“The Form DLG 002 contains declarations relating to: Legitimacy; Compliance with applicable regulatory requirements; Lawful source of funds and conformity with anti-money laundering; and Data protection laws,” it stated.

As outlined by the Federal Competition and Consumer Protection Commission (FCCPC), the listed companies below have gotten the full approval of the commission—

  1. TRADE DEPOT  
  2. TAJOW INVESTMENT 
  3. BLUE RIDGE MICROFINANCE BANK LIMITED 
  4. GROLATECH CREDIT LIMITED 
  5. BRANCH INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL SERVICES LIMITED 
  6. P2VEST TECHNOLOGY LIMITED 
  7. CREDITWAVE FINANCE LIMITED 
  8. KEENEST TECH SERVICE LIMITED 
  9. FAIRMONEY MICRO FINANCE BANK 
  10. ALTRACRED FINANCE INVESTIMENT LIMITED 
  11. CREVANCE CREDIT LIMITED 
  12. MENACRED COMPANY LIMITED 
  13. AFROWIDE DEVELOPMENT LTD 
  14. RED PLANET NIGERIA LIMITED 
  15. AFROFIRST MOBILE AND TECHNOLOGY COMPANY LIMITED 
  16. RANKCAPITALS LIMITED 
  17. IBS GOLDEN INVESTMENT COMPANY LIMITED 
  18. LENDVISERY SERVICES LIMITED 
  19. CREDITWAVE FINANCE LIMITED 
  20. RENMONEY MICROFINANCE BANK LIMITED 
  21. SWIPEBILL TECHNOLOGIES NIGERIA LIMITED. 
  22. HOMETOWN FINTECH LIMITED 
  23. GIASUN TECHNOLOGY NIGERIA LIMITED 
  24. BE RESOURCES LIMITED 
  25. ROCKIT LENDERS NIGERIA LIMITED 
  26. PIVO TECHNOLOGY LIMIED 
  27. YES CREDIT COMPANY LIMITED 
  28. FUBRIL CENTURY LIMITED 
  29. IRORUN TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED 
  30. CSENSE LIMITED 
  31. SUPREME HELP COOPERATIVE SOCIETY LIMITED 
  32. ORCOM AND ORCOM BUSSINESS SUPORT LIMITED 
  33. PAYHIPPO LIMITED. 
  34. EASYCHECK FINANCE INVESTMENT LIMITED 
  35. QUARK FINANCIAL NIGERIA LIMITED 
  36. EDMOND SOLUTIONS COMPANY LIMITED 
  37. TED ROCKET LIMITED 
  38. PENAID LIMITED 
  39. ARVE LIMITED 
  40. DOVER CREDIT LIMITED 
  41. RAGEKAY GLOBAL INVESTMENT LIMITED 
  42. MAYWOOD LENDING LIMITED 
  43. LINKPARK TECHNOLOGY NIGERIA LIMITED 
  44. MANGNET LENDING LIMITED 
  45. RUBYSTAR GLOBAL LIMITED 
  46. BESTFIN NIGERIA LIMITED 
  47. FUBRI CENTURY COMPANY LIMITED 
  48. BERLY SPRING GLOBAL LIMITED 
  49. SYCAMORE INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS LIMITED 

While those companies on conditional approval since they are yet to fulfil some requirements are:

  1. TRIPPDBASE LIMITED 
  2. BLACKCOPPER SERVICE  
  3. OWOAFAR FINTECH SERVICE 
  4. PAYLATER HUB 
  5. WINDVILLE FINANCIAL NIGERIA LIMITED 
  6. AFROFIRST MOBILE AND TECHNOLOGY COMPANY LIMITED 
  7. ORCOM AND ORCOM BUSINESS SUPPORT LIMITED 
  8. OTP INTERNET TECHNOLOGY LTD 
  9. RED HARBOR FINTECH LIMITED 
  10. BERYL SPRING GLOBAL LIMITED 
  11. HOMETOWN FINTECH LIMITED 
  12. AJAX LENDING LIMITED 
  13. RACEOVA NIG. LIMITED 
  14. LANTANA TECHNOLOGY LIMITED 
  15. THE PLATFORM DIGITAL NETWORK LIMITED 
  16. ZIPPY CAPITAL LIMITED 
  17. NEO-LINK TECHNOLOGY LIMITED 
  18. TRIPOBASE LIMITED 
  19. BESTFIN NIGERIA LIMITED 
  20. POCKETFUEL FINANCE LIMITED 
  21. LENDING EDGE LIMITED 
  22. TED ROCKET LIMITED 
  23. PENAID LIMITED 
  24. ALTARA CREDIT LIMITED 
  25. NEW CREDAGE NIGERIA LIMITED 
  26. LENDHA TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED 
  27. DOJA LEMAIRE GLOBAL LIMITED 
  28. PAYDAYHUB ONLINE NIGERIA LIMITED 
  29. RETAIL BOOSTER LIMITED 
  30. FINNEW FINTECH LIMITED 
  31. FEZOTECH NIGERIA LIMITED 
  32. ORANGE LOAN & PURPLE CREDIT LIMITED 
  33. CITADELE CAPITALS LIMITED 
  34. FEWCHORE FINANCE COMPANY LIMITED 
  35. A1 CAPITAL SOLUTION LIMITED 
  36. ONE PAYOUT LIMITED 
  37. LINKPARK TECHNOLOGY NIGERIA LIMITED 
  38. LIDYA GLOBAL LIMITED 
  39. PHOENIX PAYMENT SOLUTIONS LIMITED 
  40. RED PLANET NIGERIA LIMITED 
  41. KWABA INTERNATIONAL LIMITED. 
  42. MAYWOOD LENDING LIMITED. 
  43. PRINCEPS CREDIT SYSTEM LIMITED 
  44. LINKPARK TECHNOLOGY NIGERIA LIMITED 
  45. FINPADI TECHNOLOGIES LIMITED 

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Loans

Senate Demands Details of Buhari’s N22.7tn Debt Restructuring Request Before Approval

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President Muhammadu Buhari - Investors King

The Senate of the National Assembly has given an ultimatum of three days for the provision of documents containing details of the N23.7 trillion debt restructuring request made by President Muhammadu Buhari.

Investors King recalls that President Buhari made the request in year 2022, seeking the approval of the legislative arm in order to avoid an additional payment of N1.8 trillion as interest in 2023.  

The legislative house expressed readiness to approve the President’s request but not without the necessary documents to be submitted by the Minister of Finance, Zainab Ahmed and the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN Godwin Emefiele.

At the plenary session on Tuesday, the Senate President, Ahmad Lawan ordered Ahmed and Emefiele to provide the needed details of the Ways and Means Advances within three days, blaming them for the delay in passage.

Lawan noted that proper scrutiny of the request must be carried out before approval, hence its order to the concerned officials of the executive arm of government.

He appealed to the Minister of Finance and CBN governor to make available the necessary documents of the Ways and Means Advances on time considering the proximity of the general elections.

His words, “We must have the necessary information for passage of the N22.7tn request and time is not on our side in the Senate now in view of the coming general elections.

“If there is a need for the Senate to sit up to Friday this week for thorough consideration and passage of the request, it will be done but the affected officials from the executive must also expedite action on the provision of the required information as regards documents authorising approval and disbursement of the monies totaling N22.7 trillion,” the Senate President said.

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Loans

NASS Resume Discussions on N23.7tn Loan Restructuring 

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Nigeria's National Assembly

Deliberations on the request by President Muhammadu Buhari to the National Assembly for restructuring of Ways and Means Advances (WMAS) from the Central Bank of Nigeria are expected to start today, Tuesday January 17, 2023.

The Federal Parliament had suspended discussions on the issue late last year and embarked on Christmas and New Year break after passing three separate bills including 2023 Appropriation Bill, the 2022 Supplementary Appropriation Bill and the Finance Bill 2022 on December 28, 2022.

The request made by President Buhari is that the Senate and the House of Representatives should approve the modification of the WMAs given to the Federal Government by the Central Bank of Nigeria.

Buhari had informed the lawmakers that the balance of the WMAs as of December 19, 2022, was N23,719,703,774,306.90.

Even though the National Assembly had indicated interest to engage the presidential request, nothing concrete is yet to be done.

In the midst of this delay in restructuring the loan-to-bond band demand, the President had alerted that Nigeria might be paying an additional sum of N1.8tn as interest in 2023 if the National Assembly eventually rejected his request.

Reports revealed that the Nigerian Government paid interests of N4.12tn between 2019 and 2022 on the loans it got from the apex bank through WMAs.

This disclosure was contained in the data obtained from the Medium-Term Expenditure Framework and Fiscal Strategy Papers and the public presentation documents of the approved budgets by the Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning.

Recall that the Senate had rejected the domestic borrowing and had passed it into the second chamber of the parliament to deliberate and give their decision.

Meanwhile, insiders in the House of Representatives are saying the tendency of the House toiling the same line as its counterpart in the Senate is high.

While some members of the House were of the view that the domestic borrowing not only contravened the CBN Act but also the Fiscal Responsibility Act, others lawmakers noted that the government must borrow to confront the hardship being faced by Nigerians.

Some lawmakers lamented that the nation’s debt profile has continued to grow, especially under the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.

They also reiterated the importance of loans to the government but stated that the loans should be channeled toward addressing the needs of the masses.

However, Ahmed Lawn, the President of the Senate, Ahmad Lawan, had said the chamber would revisit the WMAs loan.

Many Nigerians have bemoaned the rise in the debt profile of the country and have attributed the huge debt to the challenges confronting the nation.

A release by the Debt Management Office (DMO) in December last year had revealed that Nigeria’s debt profile rose by over N1 trillion in just three months which is between June and September 2022.

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