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Nigeria Crude Oil Production Declines by 22,000 BPD

Barely a week after Nigeria’s crude oil production was reported to have increased by 400,000 barrels per day (bpd) following the completion of Shell’s Forcados Oil Terminal, the nation’s crude oil production could decline by as much as 22,000 bpd.

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Barely a week after Nigeria’s crude oil production was reported to have increased by 400,000 barrels per day (bpd) following the completion of Shell’s Forcados Oil Terminal, the nation’s crude oil production could decline by as much as 22,000 bpd.

About 342 petroleum workers of Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria, a company with a series of oil licenses and a crude oil production capacity of 22,000 bpd, have downed tools in protest against the irregular payment of salaries, allowances, stoppage of performance rewards, violating employees working hours without compensation and non-promotion since the Federal Government took over from Sinopec Group, the Chinese company that exited the country.

In a letter written by the aggrieved staff, Sinopec Group owned four Oil Mining Licenses (OML) in Nigeria, OML 123,124,126 and 137. And operate in a Production Sharing Contract (PSC) with NNPC Limited.

However, the company refused to renew the licenses after expiration in March 2022 as it has started exiting its operations in the country. This forced the federal government to take total control of the licenses and operations.

The letter read in part: “SINOPEC has withheld funding her Nigeria operation (Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria) following its ongoing exit which has created safety and operational challenges for employees and the much-anticipated operational funding from the NNPC/NAPIMS is yet to be received.

“PENGASSAN-Addax Branch has been put in an indeterminate state, as SINOPEC-owned Addax Petroleum Development Nigeria Limited exits and NNPC Limited is slowly assuming responsibility over the operations of the assets.

“The safety and security of our members have been compromised. Addax Izombe facility OML-124 recently suffered an attempted bomb blast incident around the staff accommodation area.

“It is important to mention that NNPC has been taking all the revenue from the OML-123/124 and OML-126/137 Assets since early 2022.”

Despite the huge profit taken since June 2022, NNPC has refused properly managed staff grievances and poor labour practices, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Senior Staff Association of Nigeria (PENGASSAN) stated.

PENGASSAN Secretary, Ken Olubor, argued that since Addax had tidied its exit, they should please make arrangements for their exit packages.

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Crude Oil

Oil Revenue into Foreign Reserve Dropped From $3bn Monthly in 2014 to Zero in 2022

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The official foreign exchange receipt from crude oil sales into Nigeria’s official reserves has dried up steadily from above US$3.0 billion monthly in 2014 to an absolute zero dollar today, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) governor, Godwin Emefiele disclosed.

Speaking at the 57th annual bankers’ dinner organized by the Chartered Institute of bankers of Nigeria (CIBN) in Lagos, the CBN governor noted that there has been a significant loss in foreign reserves due to the naira’s struggle and the rise in demand for forex. 

He added that the sharp increase in the number of Nigerians who are seeking education in foreign countries particularly the UK has resulted in an unprecedented demand for foreign exchange. 

According to him, the number of student visas issued to Nigerians by the UK alone has increased from an annual average of about 8,000 visas as of 2020 to nearly 66,000 in 2022.

Emefiele also lamented about the level of crude oil theft in Nigeria which has significantly affected the country’s oil production. He noted that crude oil theft has adversely impacted the Country’s foreign exchange reserves.

Investors King had earlier reported that Nigeria has lost its coveted position as Africa’s largest oil producer after oil production dropped below the mark of 1 million barrels per day. 

Nigeria currently trails Angola, Libya and Algeria to the fourth position. 

Meanwhile, on the Naira-4-Dollar scheme which the CBN introduced to boost migrant remittances into the Nigerian economy, the CBN governor noted that the scheme has largely been successful. 

“I am happy to note that, so far, the Naira-for-Dollar scheme has been successful in increasing remittance inflows through our registered International Money Transfer Organisation (IMTOs),” he said.

Emefiele also noted that the introduction of the National Domestic Card Scheme (NDCS) will help to reduce the operating cost incurred by commercial banks while using foreign cards. 

It could be recalled that the CBN earlier announced that it planned to introduce Nigeria-made transactional cards to replace well-known cards such as Visa and MasterCard.

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Crude Oil

Crude Oil Gained 2% as U.S. Oil Inventories Dipped Last Week

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Crude oil appreciated on Tuesday on signs global supply is declining amid better-than-expected optimism on Chinese economic recovery and a weaker dollar.

But the likelihood that OPEC+ will leave output unchanged at its upcoming meeting limited the gains.

Brent crude futures rose $2.06, or 2.48% to $85.09 per barrel by 1044 GMT. The more active February Brent crude contract rose by 2.02% to $85.95.

U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures climbed $1.69, or 2.16%, to $79.89.

Support followed expectations of tighter crude supply.

U.S. crude oil stocks dropped by 7.9 million barrels in the week ended Nov. 25, according to market sources citing American Petroleum Institute figures on Tuesday.

Official figures are due from the U.S Energy Information Administration on Wednesday.

And the International Energy Agency expects Russian crude production to be curtailed by some 2 million barrels of oil per day by the end of the first quarter next year, its chief Fatih Birol told Reuters on Tuesday.

On the demand side, further support came from optimism over a demand recovery in China, the world’s largest crude buyer.

China reported fewer COVID-19 infections than on Tuesday, while the market speculated that weekend protests could prompt an easing in travel restrictions.

Guangzhou, a southern city, relaxed COVID prevention rules in several districts on Wednesday.

A fall in the U.S. dollar was also bearish for prices. A weaker greenback makes dollar-denominated oil contracts cheaper for holders of other currencies, and boosts demand.

Fed Chair Jerome Powell is scheduled to speak about the economy and labour market on Wednesday, with investors looking for clues about when the Fed will slow the pace of its aggressive interest rate hikes.

Capping gains, the OPEC+ decision to hold its Dec. 4 meeting virtually signals little likelihood of a policy change, a source with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters on Wednesday.

“Market fundamentals favour another cut, especially given the uncertainty over China’s COVID situation … Failure to do so risks sparking another selling frenzy,” said Stephen Brennock of oil broker PVM.

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Oil Drops on Monday During Asian Trading Session Amid Chinese Covid-19 Protest

Brent crude oil, the international benchmark for oil Nigerian oil, declined by $2.16, or 2.6% to $81.47 a barrel during the Asian trading session after previously hitting $81.16 per barrel.

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Crude oil opened lower on Monday as citizens of the world’s largest importer of the commodity, China protested over tough COVID-19 restrictions.

Brent crude oil, the international benchmark for oil Nigerian oil, declined by $2.16, or 2.6% to $81.47 a barrel during the Asian trading session after previously hitting $81.16 per barrel.

U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil also dipped by $2.08, or 2.7% to $74.20  per barrel, paring losses from $73.

Last week, Brent crude oil lost 4.6%, its 10-month low while the WTI closed 4.7% lower as global uncertainty continues to dictate commodity prices.

“On top of growing concerns about weaker fuel demand in China due to a surge in COVID-19 cases, political uncertainty, caused by rare protests over the government’s stringent COVID restrictions in Shanghai, prompted selling,” said Hiroyuki Kikukawa, general manager of research at Nissan Securities.

WTI’s trading range is expected to fall to $70-$75, he said, adding the market could stay volatile depending on the outcome of the OPEC+ meeting and the price cap on Russian oil.

China, the world’s top oil importer, has stuck with President Xi Jinping’s zero-COVID policy even as much of the world has lifted most restrictions.

Hundreds of demonstrators and police clashed in Shanghai on Sunday night as protests over China’s strict COVID restrictions flared for a third day and spread to several cities in the wake of a deadly fire in the country’s far west.

The wave of civil disobedience is unprecedented in mainland China since Xi assumed power a decade ago, as frustration mounts over his zero-COVID policy nearly three years into the pandemic.

“Bearish sentiment is growing in the oil market with mounting concerns over demand in China and a lack of clear signs from oil producers to further cut output,” said Tetsu Emori, CEO of Emori Fund Management Inc.

“Unless OPEC+ agrees on a further reduction of production quota or the United States moves to reload its strategic petroleum reserves, oil prices may be headed further down,” he said.

The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies, known as OPEC+, will meet on Dec. 4.

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