The Federal Government through the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) generated a sum of N1.25 trillion in taxes in the first six months of 2022.
Investors King learnt that despite the humongous challenges facing small and large businesses in Nigeria, the country’s tax collection agency (FIRS), has significantly increased its tax generation over the years.
This is evident in the cumulative Company Income Tax (CIT) generated between 2020 and 2022.
Nigeria’s Company Income Tax grew from N697. 71 billion in the first (H1) of 2020 to N864.84 billion in the first half (H1) of 2021, and N1.25 trillion in the same period in 2022.
A closer perusal shows that tax generation has increased by almost 100 percent between 2020 and 2022.
Meanwhile, the above figure is indicative that Nigerian companies are gradually recovering from the adverse effects of Covid 19 pandemic.
In 2020, the imposed lockdown and restrictions on the movement of goods led to negative GDP growth of 3.62 in Q3, 2020. Nigeria also entered a second recession in five years.
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) indicated that company income tax for Q1 2022 stood at N551.53 billion while N714.40 billion was reported in Q2 2022. This, therefore, shows a 29.53 percent increment on a quarter-to-quarter basis.
Some of the largest contributors to company income tax (CIT) within the period under review include Manufacturing, Communications, Hospitality, Food Services, Accommodation, Information, Finance and Insurance.
According to the Vice President of Lagos Chamber of Commerce, Dr Gabriel Idahosa, “The tax revenue increase reflects the resumption of business by entities that closed down during the peak of COVID”
“These include hotels, airlines, restaurants, event centres, and other operators in the hospitality and tourism sectors of the economy. It also reflects a return to full operations of other sectors of the economy that were only doing very low levels of their normal capacity during the COVID period,” he concluded.
Nigeria Customs Service Collaborates with Key Agencies to Boost Non-Oil Exports
The Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) has joined forces with the Nigerian Ports Authority (NPA) and the Nigerian Export Promotion Council (NEPC) to establish five Export Processing Terminals (EPTs).
The initiative was unveiled during an enlightening workshop organized by the Nigerian Shippers Council (NSC) in collaboration with the Presidential Enabling Business Environment Council (PEBEC) in Lagos.
Speaking at the event, Mohammed Babadende, the Customs Area Controller (CAC) of Lilypond Export Command, shed light on the objectives and operations of these newly established terminals.
The five EPTs—Diamond Star, Esslibra, Bellington Cargo, Tenzik Energy, and Sundail Terminal—have been tasked with the crucial mandate of overseeing the stuffing, examination, and documentation processes for export cargo.
This consolidated approach aims to streamline and expedite the export process, reducing delays and enhancing efficiency.
Mr. Babadende emphasized the transformative impact of this collaboration on Nigeria’s non-oil export sector.
He stated, “Customs, in its efforts to enhance trade facilitation in non-oil export, has collaborated with the Nigerian Ports Authority and Nigerian Export Promotion Council in the establishment of Export Processing Terminals (EPTs).”
One of the key achievements highlighted by Mr. Babadende is the significant reduction in export processing time.
He stated, “Export cargoes can now access the ports within 48 hours for loading onto awaiting vessels.”
This improvement is expected to not only expedite the export process but also reduce shipping costs, contributing to the overall competitiveness of Nigerian exports in international markets.
Furthermore, this initiative addresses common challenges faced by exporters, such as delays and the lack of requisite phytosanitary certificates. By housing multiple agencies involved in the export process in one location, these challenges are minimized, and the risk of goods being rejected or returned due to delays is significantly reduced.
Also, the establishment of the EPTs has had a positive impact on security. Mr. Babadende pointed out, “It has eliminated the issue of pilfering of export boxes along the port corridors,” thus ensuring the safe transit of export cargo.
The collaborative effort between the Nigeria Customs Service, Nigerian Ports Authority, and Nigerian Export Promotion Council represents a significant step toward revitalizing Nigeria’s non-oil export sector.
As these Export Processing Terminals become fully operational, they are expected to play a pivotal role in boosting the country’s export capacity, fostering economic growth, and strengthening its position in the global market. Exporters and industry stakeholders are eagerly anticipating the positive outcomes of this partnership as it unfolds.
Nigeria’s Per Capita Debt Skyrockets: Each Nigerian Now Owes N396,376.19
The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has released a sobering report on the country’s public debt, revealing that each Nigerian citizen now carries a heavy financial burden of N396,376.19 in terms of debt per capita.
The NBS’s report paints a grim picture of Nigeria’s fiscal landscape, showing that the nation’s total public debt has surged by 75.27 percent from N49.85 trillion in the first quarter of 2023 to N87.38 trillion at the close of the second quarter of 2023.
In plain monetary terms, this represents an alarming increase of N37.53 trillion in a mere three months.
To calculate the debt per capita, the Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICIR) divided the total public debt by Nigeria’s estimated population, which stands at approximately 220.4 million, according to the World Poverty Clock.
Breaking down the debt by categories, it was revealed that the federal government’s total external debts amounted to a substantial N29.9 trillion, with the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory collectively carrying N3.35 trillion in external debt.
On the domestic front, the federal government’s debt reached a staggering N48.31 trillion, while the states and the Federal Capital Territory collectively owed N5.82 trillion.
A notable portion of this debt comprises the N22.71 trillion in Ways and Means Advances extended by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to the federal government.
It’s worth noting that these figures also encompass new borrowings made by both the federal government and sub-national entities from local and external sources.
The Ways and Means Advances, a financial mechanism employed by the federal government in times of emergencies, allows for short-term loans from the CBN.
However, these loans are restricted by Section 38 of the CBN Act which stipulates that the loan should not exceed five percent of the country’s previous year’s actual revenue.
It has been reported that CBN’s lending in this regard exceeded the Act’s limits, extending loans of $49.2 billion to the previous government.
According to the NBS, as of the end of June 2023, the domestic debt stood at an alarming N54.13 trillion (equivalent to $70,264.58 million), while the external debt reached N33.25 trillion (equivalent to $43,159.19 million).
A closer look at the regional debt distribution reveals that Lagos State carries the heaviest domestic debt burden in Q2 2023, with an eye-watering N996.44 billion.
Delta State follows closely behind with N465.40 billion, while Jigawa State finds itself at the other end of the spectrum with the lowest domestic debt of N43.13 billion, just ahead of Kebbi State with N60.94 billion.
The alarming debt per capita figure underscores the urgent need for Nigeria’s policymakers to address the nation’s fiscal challenges and implement prudent financial management strategies. As the nation grapples with this daunting burden, the path to economic stability and prosperity appears more challenging than ever.
Dollar Shortage Sparks Concerns Among Oil Marketers Over Fuel Importation
Expectations soared when oil marketers championed the removal of fuel subsidies and deregulation of Nigeria’s downstream sector.
However, months after the removal of subsidies and deregulation, concerns are growing about the potential resurgence of the country’s perennial fuel scarcity.
While President Bola Tinubu’s pronouncement in May marked the end of fuel subsidies, the Nigerian National Petroleum Company Limited (NNPCL) still monopolizes petrol importation despite the anticipated influx of independent oil marketers.
Emadeb Energy imported 27 million liters of petrol in July, but since then, independent marketers have struggled to secure imports, leaving NNPCL as the sole importer.
This monopoly undermines the sector’s deregulation, enabling NNPCL to set prices, raising concerns of renewed fuel scarcity.
Marketers attribute their hesitance to forex scarcity and rising international crude oil prices. The challenge deepens as oil prices surge to $94.95 per barrel, and the exchange rate reaches N770/$.
With Nigeria’s fuel prices skyrocketing from N180-200 per liter to N614-700 per liter after subsidy removal, many worry they might breach N720 per liter due to currency devaluation and global oil price hikes.
Dangote’s long-anticipated 650,000 barrels per day refinery, initially set for August, now promises hope to ease the crisis.
Experts advise diversifying focus to existing refineries, particularly Port Harcourt, rather than relying solely on Dangote’s private venture. This would curtail importation costs and reduce vulnerability to market volatility.
While Nigeria navigates these challenges, it remains crucial to bolster domestic refining capacities and ensure energy security, shifting from dependence on imports to sustainable local production.
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