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Private Sector Loans Reaches All-Time High of N37.13 trillion in April – CBN says

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Godwin Emefiele

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has said credit to the private sector rose to N37.13tn as of April 2022 as banks increase lending to the real sector to create jobs and expand the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

The apex bank disclosed in its ‘Money and Credit Statistics’ report. From the year to date, credit to the private sector rose by 5.53% or N1.95 trillion from N35.18 trillion reported in January 2022.

In 2021, credit to the private sector jumped by N5.58 trillion to a record N35.73 trillion.

In the latest report from the central bank, credit to the private sector rose from N35.99 trillion in February to N36.37 trillion in March 2022, representing an increase of 1.07%.

The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) attributed the growth in private sector lending to the increase in industry funding base and compliance with the 65 percent Loans to Deposit Ratio (LDR) directive.

The CBN also disclosed that it had reviewed the performance of its various interventions to stimulate productivity in manufacturing, industry, agriculture, energy, infrastructure, healthcare, and micro, small and medium enterprises.

The governor of CBN, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, in his statement at the end of March MPC, noted that the growth reflected the continued growth of banking system credits to the private sector supported by the sustained drive of the apex bank to increase lending to high-impact real sector ventures. 

He had disclosed that gross credit maintained its upward trajectory since 2019, with an N4.13tn or 19.53 percent growth in industry credit between February 2021 and 2022.

Deputy Governor of Financial System Stability of the CBN, Aisha Ahmad, at the MPC meeting of March 2022 in Abuja, said, “The continued credit growth, particularly to output enhancing sectors, is expected to support economic recovery further. However, sustained regulatory vigilance is required to mitigate any potential crystallization of credit risk in the financial system from lingering macroeconomic risks.”

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Senate Initiates Probe into N30tn Ways and Means Loans under Buhari Administration

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Muhammadu Buhari

The Nigerian Senate has embarked on a comprehensive investigation into the disbursement and utilization of the N30 trillion Ways and Means loans obtained by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) during the administration of former President Muhammadu Buhari.

The Ways and Means facility allows the CBN to provide financial support to the government to cover budget shortfalls.

The decision to probe the massive loans comes amid concerns about the transparency and accountability surrounding the utilization of these funds, particularly as the country grapples with economic challenges, food crises, rising inflation, and worsening insecurity.

The Senate’s investigation aims to shed light on how the substantial overdrafts from the CBN were acquired and expended under the leadership of former President Buhari.

There is growing apprehension that the indiscriminate spending of the overdrafts, particularly during Godwin Emefiele’s tenure as CBN governor, may have contributed significantly to the current economic predicament facing the nation.

The probe will delve into the details of the N30 trillion overdrafts, with a specific focus on examining the purpose for which the funds were allocated and how they were utilized.

Also, the Senate will scrutinize the N10 trillion disbursed under the Anchor Borrowers Scheme, as well as the utilization of $2.4 billion out of the $7 billion earmarked for forex transactions.

The initiative underscores the Senate’s commitment to ensuring transparency, fiscal responsibility, and prudent financial management in the country’s economic affairs.

It is anticipated that the probe will unearth vital insights into the financial transactions of the past administration, enabling corrective measures to be taken to address any mismanagement or discrepancies discovered.

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Foreign Loans Dominate Nigeria’s 2023 Capital Importation, Hits $2.31bn – NBS Report

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In 2023, foreign loans dominated Nigeria’s capital importation, according to the latest report from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).

The report reveals that out of the total $3.91 billion foreign investment inflow, foreign loans accounted for $2.31 billion, representing 59.1% of the total capital importation.

The NBS data indicates a substantial increase in foreign capital inflow compared to previous quarters.

The final quarter of 2023 saw a notable surge, with foreign capital importation rising from $654.65 million in the third quarter to $1.09 billion.

This surge reflects increased investor confidence and interest in Nigeria’s economic prospects.

However, the dominance of foreign loans in the capital importation landscape raises concerns about Nigeria’s debt profile and sustainability.

While foreign loans can provide crucial funding for development projects and infrastructure, excessive reliance on borrowing poses risks to the country’s fiscal health and economic stability.

It underscores the urgent need for prudent debt management and strategies to diversify funding sources.

The breakdown of the capital importation further reveals that Nigeria received $433.87 million in the first quarter, $771.53 million in the second quarter, $507.71 million in the third quarter, and $594.75 million in the fourth quarter as foreign loans.

The report underscores the importance of addressing structural challenges and creating an enabling environment to attract diverse forms of foreign investment beyond loans.

It emphasizes the need for policies that promote sustainable economic growth, attract foreign direct investment, and reduce reliance on external borrowing.

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Nigeria’s Debt May Exceed N107.38tn with New Borrowings

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Nigeria faces a looming debt crisis as recent approvals for fresh borrowings could propel the nation’s total debt to surpass N107.38 trillion.

The approval initiated by President Bola Tinubu’s administration includes plans to borrow $7.8 billion and €100 million as part of the Federal Government’s 2022-2024 borrowing strategy.

These funds are earmarked to finance critical sectors such as infrastructure, health, education, agriculture, and security, among others.

Tinubu emphasized the necessity of foreign loans to bridge financial gaps and restore economic stability in light of recent reforms, notably the removal of fuel subsidies.

Furthermore, additional financial support from the African Development Bank and the World Bank, totaling $1 billion and $2 billion respectively, underscores Nigeria’s urgent need for economic revitalization amidst challenging times.

As of September 2023, Nigeria’s total debt stood at N87.91 trillion, comprising N31.98 trillion in external debt and N55.93 trillion in domestic debt.

The recent approvals, if fully implemented, could raise the debt burden by at least 22.15%, reaching the projected N107.38 trillion mark by 2024.

Notably, Nigeria aims to maintain a debt-to-GDP ratio of 40%, yet projections indicate this figure may soar to 53.06%, signaling potential fiscal strain.

The utilization of Ways and Means advances, a provision allowing short-term borrowing from the Central Bank, further complicates the debt landscape.

While the government emphasizes economic reforms and infrastructure development, concerns linger over the sustainability of Nigeria’s borrowing trajectory.

Analysts caution that securing and implementing these loans may prove challenging, as evidenced by delays in previous loan disbursements.

Amidst growing debt burdens, Finance Minister Wale Edun acknowledges the need for fiscal prudence, advocating for reduced reliance on borrowing to stabilize the economy.

As Nigeria navigates its financial landscape, the balance between development aspirations and fiscal sustainability remains a critical challenge.

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