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Naira Depreciates Across the Board Following Rate Increase

Naira declined by 0.24% against the United States Dollar at the official foreign exchange market

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Naira - Investors King

The Nigerian Naira depreciated against the United States Dollar on Wednesday at the official foreign exchange market following the Central Bank of Nigeria‘s decision to raise the nation’s interest rate by 150 basis points.

The Naira exchange rate depreciated by 0.24% against the United States Dollar from N417.79 opens on Wednesday to N418 on Wednesday at the FMDQ managed foreign exchange section adopted by the central bank as the official exchange rate.

Data obtained by Investors King showed the local currency remained under pressure at the parallel section of the forex market, the popular black market. In the unregulated forex market, the Naira was exchanged at N608 to a United States Dollar, N1 decline from N607 it exchanged on Tuesday.

Foreign Reserves

The Nigerian foreign reserves declined from $38.837 billion recorded on May 18, 2022 to $38.625 billion in the latest data from the Central Bank of Nigeria. Indicating that $212 million decline in the last seven days.

The Nigerian Naira is backed by the nation’s foreign reserves. Therefore, the persistent decline in the reserves dragged on the local currency exchange rate against its global counterparts., hence why Naira is trading at a record-low against the United States Dollar.

Crude Oil

On Thursday, oil prices extended gains on supply concerns as the European Union disagree with Hungary on plans to impose sanctions on Russian crude oil imports.

The Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced gained 1.4% to $115.63 a barrel as of 4:54 pm Nigerian time while the U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude appreciated by 2.1%, to $112.66 a barrel.

As a crude oil-dependent economy, Nigeria relies on crude oil sales for foreign revenue generation and to service its petrol-dollar economy. However, despite crude oil trading at a record-high since Russia invaded Ukraine, Nigeria has been unable to up crude oil production.

A recent data from the nation’s statistics bureau showed Africa’s largest crude producer, produced 1.4 million barrels per day in the first quarter of 2022, down from about 1.7 million barrels per day achieved in the same period of 2021.

This inability to up production, explains why Nigeria’s foreign reserves and the Nigerian Naira have been on a downward trend despite crude oil trading at over $115.63 a barrel.

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Naira

Dollar to Naira Today Wednesday, 29 June 2022

The dollar to naira exchange opened the day at N420.70 to a U.S. Dollar on Tuesday and closed at N421, representing a decline in value of N0.30.

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Naira Exchange Rates - Investors King

The dollar to naira exchange rate today Wednesday, 29 June 2022 remained largely unchanged at the Investors and Exporters forex window and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)’s section of foreign exchange.

The dollar to naira exchange opened the day at N420.70 to a U.S. Dollar on Tuesday and closed at N421, representing a decline in value of N0.30. Forex traders transacted 206.65 million dollars at the official Investors and Exporters window on Tuesday.

In the CBN forex section, U.S. Dollar was sold at N415.6 by the apex bank to authorised dealers, slightly better than N415.64 it exchanged on Monday.

Against the Pounds Sterling, the Naira appreciated from N509.824 to N508.53. However, against the Euro common currency, the value of the Naira dropped from N433.05 on Monday to N439.5 on Tuesday.

Dollar to Naira Black Market Exchange Rate

Forex scarcity continued to drag on the Naira value in the unregulated foreign exchange market popularly known as the black market.

On Wednesday, the Naira was exchanged at N614 for a United States Dollar on the black market. Representing another decline of N7 from N607 it was sold two weeks ago.

According to traders in that section of forex, rising demand amid a chronic scarcity is responsible for the wide foreign exchange rate of the local currency and could worsen if developed economies plunge into recession as widely projected.

Inflow into emerging economies like Nigeria will drop, hence impeding the apex bank’s ability to service the economy.

Crude Oil

Crude oil extended its gains for four consecutive days on Wednesday after it became obvious that OPEC and its allies will not be able to meet their targets as projected.

Brent crude oil, the international benchmark for Nigerian oil, appreciated to $120 a barrel on Wednesday while the U.S West Texas Intermediate (WTI) rose from $99.33 per barrel a week ago to $112.37 per barrel.

According to Jeffrey Halley, Senior Market Analyst, Asia Pacific, OANDA, said “A surprise drop by US API Crude Inventories by 3.8 million barrels helped the bullish momentum, with markets ignoring the rise in refined product stocks. Disruptions to Libyan and Ecuadorian production were supportive, but the Macron’s remarks yesterday around Saudi Arabia and the UAE’s limited production capacity seems to have been the main driver.”

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Naira

Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate, June 21, 2022

The Naira was sold at N415.65 against the United States Dollar, marginally higher than N415.75 it was sold on Monday. Against the Pounds Sterling, the Naira was largely unchanged at N509.9194, similar to N509.6679 it traded on Monday.

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The Nigerian Naira remained largely flat against its global counterparts at the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) section of foreign exchange on Tuesday.

The local currency was sold at N415.65 against the United States Dollar, marginally higher than N415.75 it was sold on Monday. Against the Pounds Sterling, the Naira was largely unchanged at N509.9194, similar to N509.6679 it traded on Monday.

The Euro common currency was the exception as the Naira declined by N1.308 from N437.4937 on Monday to N438.8017 Tuesday.

CBN Dollar (USD) to Naira (NGN) Buying and Selling Rates

It is important to note that the Central Bank of Nigeria’s exchange rates are the rates the apex bank sells and buys from Deposit Money Banks (DMBs).

How Much is a Dollar to Naira in Black Market Today?

However, in the unregulated black market. The Naira remained weak against the United States Dollar and other global currencies. In Lagos and Abuja, the Nigerian Naira was exchanged at N610 to a United States Dollar, while at Ibadan it was sold at N605.

Operators are buying at N580 per US$1.

Dollar to Naira (USD to NGN) Black Market Exchange Rate Today
Buying Rate 580
Selling Rate 610

Crude Oil

Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, traded at $109 per barrel on Tuesday as the expected surge in summer demand outweighs supply concerns.  However, a global recession could force prices at some point this year.

Craig Erlam, Senior Market Analyst, UK & EMEA, OANDA, in a note to Investors King said “Oil prices are around 1% higher, continuing to recover from Friday’s sharp sell-off. The oil market remains extremely tight but it seems the rising threat of recession created a compelling argument for it to correct lower last week. There’s no doubt that a recession could help rebalance the market and pull prices lower but for many, that is not the base case. So any corrections are still likely to quickly see a flurry of buyers, as we’re now seeing.”

Cryptocurrency

The unregulated cryptocurrency space remained largely in the red. However, Bitcoin, the world’s most dominant digital asset, pared losses to $21,258.31, representing an increase of 4.66%.

ETH, the token of the Ethereum protocol, appreciated by 3.80% to $1,158.30 a coin. Similarly, BNB inched higher by 3.52% to $224.16 a coin.

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Naira

Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate, June 16, 2022

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Naira - Investors King

Naira declined against its global counterparts in the official foreign exchange market of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) on Thursday, June 16, 2022.

The Nigerian Naira dipped N0.07 against the United States Dollar from N415.72 on Wednesday to N415.79 Thursday. Against the Pounds Sterling, the Naira remained bullish this week even though it gave back N1.1656 of the over N19 gained on Tuesday against the Pounds Sterling.

The CBN sold the Pounds Sterling at N503.5 on Thursday, compared to N502.4392 it exchanged on Wednesday and N521.491 it traded a week ago.

Also, against the Euro common currency, the local currency remained largely flat at N434.5421, the same rate (N434.5937) it was sold in the previous trading session. See the details below.

CBN Dollar (USD) to Naira (NGN Buying and Selling Rates

Please note that the CBN exchange rates are the amount the central bank sells and buys from Deposit Money Banks (DMBs), the only approved forex deals as of today.

How Much is a Dollar to Naira in Black Market Today?

At the unregulated forex market popularly known as the black market, the Naira was sold at N610 in Abuja and Lagos on Thursday morning. In Ibadan, it was exchanged at N605.

The wide exchange rates when compared to the CBN rates were a result of chronic foreign exchange scarcity bedeviling the Nigerian economy. This scarcity forced businesses looking to purchase forex for raw material acquisition to patronise the black market despite CBN warnings against engaging in forex transactions with operators of that section. See selling and buying rates for US Dollars at the black market today below.

Dollar to Naira (USD to NGN) Black Market Exchange Rate Today
Buying Rate 580
Selling Rate 610

Crude Oil

Brent crude oil against which Nigerian oil is price moderated to $117.92 a barrel from $123 on Tuesday following the Federal Reserve’s decision to increase the interest rate by 75 basis points.

Oil prices rose on Monday after details of the ongoing crisis in Libya became public. It was reported that the country has shut down almost all its oil production fields, meaning about 1 million barrels per day is off the global market.

Jeffrey Halley, Senior Market Analyst, Asia Pacific, OANDA in a note to Investors King said “The supply/demand situation, higher natural gas prices, the squeeze on refined products, and lost Russian production all mean that oil prices remain constructive at these levels for now.”

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