As oil and gas prices continue to surge, the global energy faces huge pressure and increased demand in production.
This is not unconnected to the Russia-Ukraine crisis which started on 24th February 2022 when Russia launched a military invasion on Ukraine.
Since then, oil prices have continued to skyrocket to over $110 per barrel. This development has led to a transition to the energy industry, thereby leading to a shortage in supply, as well as increase in energy bills.
United Kingdom analysts had earlier warned that energy bills in the country could reach as high as £3,000 a year as a result of the surge in oil and gas prices.
Saudi Aramco CEO, Amin Nasser, who spoke at the world’s biggest gathering of energy industry leaders, the CERAWeek energy conference held in Houston, said the “tragic situation unfolding in Ukraine” is making the global energy crisis worse.
According to him, as oil and gas investments are discouraged, demands are being placed on the energy industry to increase production.
He noted that the production capacity available to ease oil supply shortages is limited, as there are about 2 million barrels or 2% of world demand.
“All energy resources will be needed to support a successful transition, and the demonization of our industry is not helping.
“We need consensus on the essential role of oil and gas with lower emissions, working side-by-side with alternatives to meet the rising global call on energy and deliver on net-zero ambitions”, he said.
He further noted that the Ukraine crisis has exposed limitations of current energy policies and is a bleak reminder of the impact of geopolitics on the fragile energy transition.
Maciej Kolaczkowski, Manager Oil and Gas Industry from the World Economic Forum’s Energy, Materials, Infrastructure Platform, in an interview with Weforum, stated that high energy prices contribute to the increase in the cost of virtually all goods and services, further fuelling inflation expectations.
He further revealed that high prices are being passed over to consumers at the pump, in their gas, heating and electricity bills.
“It is hard to predict which way the situation and markets will go, however it seems that we are poised for a period of high energy prices that are driven by war and combined with tight market fundamentals”, he noted.
Crude Oil Dips on Prolong Chinese Lockdown
Global oil prices dipped slightly on Monday as economic reports revealed Chinese retail sales dropped 11% year-on-year in the month of April following the nation’s decision to extend the COVID-19 lockdown to about 46 cities.
Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, dropped to $108.96 per barrel on Monday before rebounding to $112.66 after reports showed Saudi Arabia’s crude oil export declined to 7.235 million barrels per day (mbpd) in the month of March. This represents a decline of 1% from 7.307 million bpd reported in February.
Also, crude oil prices were supported by reports that European Union could reach a deal to impose additional sanctions on Russia for invading Ukraine. According to European Union diplomats and officials, the new sanctions will target Russian crude oil.
However, at Investors King we are expecting the drop in Russia’s crude oil supply to be balanced out by the expected drop in Chinese crude oil imports due to the COVID-19 lockdown. Therefore, will expect oil prices to remain around the current level in the near term.
“With a planned ban by the EU on Russian oil and slow increase in OPEC output, oil prices are expected to stay close to the current levels near $110 a barrel,” said Naohiro Niimura, a partner at Market Risk Advisory.
It is important to note that despite Saudi Arabia’s crude oil exports dropping by 1%, crude oil production jumped to its highest level in about 24 months at 10.300 million bpd, up from 10.225 million bpd produced in the previous month.
Meanwhile, concerns over falling oil inventories in the United States bolstered gasoline futures to an all-time high on Monday.
“Oil prices will remain bullish, especially WTI’s near-term contract, as U.S. gasoline prices continued to rise amid weaker imports of petroleum products from Europe,” said Kazuhiko Saito, chief analyst at Fujitomi Securities.
OPEC and Allies Raises Nigeria’s Crude Oil Quota by 1%
The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and allies, together known as OPEC plus, have raised Nigeria’s crude oil quota by 1% or 19,000 barrels per day to 1.772 million barrels per day (mbpd) for the month of June.
This was disclosed in the OPEC plus report ‘June 2022 Required Production’ released on Thursday.
The increment was after the European Union announced it was working on new sanctions that will target Russian oil over its invasion of Ukraine. The union blamed Russia for a series of human abuse and the ongoing surge in global risk and economic uncertainty.
This, coupled with the extended COVID-19 lockdown restrictions in China, the world’s largest importer of crude oil, forced OPEC plus to increase Nigeria and others’ quotas.
With Nigeria’s Bonny Light crude trading at $110 a barrel, Nigeria’s daily oil revenue starting from June 2022 will be $194.92 million or N81.67 billion.
In a statement obtained by Investors King “Following the conclusion of the 28th OPEC and non-OPEC Ministerial Meeting, held via video conference on 5th May, it was noted that continuing oil market fundamentals and the consensus on the outlook pointed to a balanced market.
“It further noted the continuing effects of geopolitical factors and issues related to the ongoing pandemic. The OPEC and participating non-OPEC oil-producing countries, therefore, decided to reaffirm the decision of the 10th OPEC and non-OPEC Ministerial Meeting on 12th April 2020 and further endorsed in subsequent meetings, including the 19th OPEC and non-OPEC Ministerial Meeting on the 18th July 2021.”
Oil Prices Extended Gains on New Russia Sanctions
Crude oil prices rose in the early hours of Wednesday on reports European Union is working on new sanctions against Russia oil
Crude oil prices rose in the early hours of Wednesday during the Asian trading session on reports that the European Union is working on new sanctions against Russia for invading Ukraine.
The new sanctions will target Russia’s oil industry, according to Ursula von der Leyen, the President of the European Commission.
According to Josep Borrell, the head of the foreign policy unit at the EU’s executive European Commission, the European Union is working on its sixth sanctions to de-SWIFT more banks and list names of disinformation actors and tighten some loose ends regarding oil imports in the region.
“We are working on the sixth package of sanctions which aims to de-SWIFT more banks, list disinformation actors and tackle oil imports.”
Brent crude oil rebounded to $103.52 per barrel at 6:09 am Nigerian time on Wednesday, up from $103.03 a barrel it traded on Tuesday. The U.S West Texas Intermediate oil stood at $102.77 per barrel.
Crude oil dipped on Tuesday on concerns China’s COVID-19 lockdown could hurt demand for the commodity given China’s position as the world’s largest importer of crude oil. However, the European Union announcement and 3.5 million barrels declined in U.S. crude oil inventories in the week ended April 29 bolstered oil prices on Wednesday.
Still, the drop in the global manufacturing purchasing manager index for the first time since June 2022 in the month of April remained a concern.
Caroline Bain, the chief commodities economist at Capital Economics, explained that given rising inflation and interest rates, “the big picture is clearly negative for commodities demand.”
“While supply constraints may keep commodity prices elevated for some time yet, we think subdued demand will weigh on most prices later this year and in 2023,” Bain said.
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