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Modulus Releases Patent-Pending Smart Order Routing System, Making Liquidity Solutions Most Flexible in Industry



Stocks - Investors King

This morning, Modulus, a US-based developer of ultra-high-performance trading and surveillance technology that powers global equities, derivatives, and digital asset exchanges, announced that it has integrated Swarm™, its patent-pending smart order routing system, which can be used stand-alone, or with the Modulus Exchange Solution for extended market making capabilities. This combination of innovation has been heralded as the most flexible liquidity solution in the digital exchange industry. 

The revolutionary smart order routing system offers a complete aggregation and reconstruction of a global order book from multiple exchanges and liquidity providers. It also performs dynamic hedging of trades every fraction of a second, while offering plug-in capabilities for custom logic.

“Modulus does not mark up its liquidity solutions. We don’t engage in back-end deals or take kickbacks, either in the form of royalties or commissions, from providers. But, what’s truly revolutionary about this system is that it can be used as a stand-alone system for market making — or it can be used with our exchange solution to offer the most flexible market making system with minimal risk,” said Richard Gardner, CEO of Modulus. “That means that costs are lower and profit opportunities are higher whilst providing far more optimized architecture than anything else on the market, as it can leverage the full potential of the matching engine without any bottlenecks.”

The system is based on a swarm architecture, which runs multiple processes and bots in parallel. In essence, the Swarm™ smart order routing system aggregates a pool of liquidity from various exchanges and liquidity providers utilizing connectivity, such as web sockets, FIX 4.2, 4.4 and 5. The sources of liquidity are aggregated and reconstructed into a macro order-book and then streamed to the target exchange with programmable parameters.

“Like with all Modulus solutions, when liquidity is streamed into an exchange, nearly everything is customizable. From how the book is constructed and order sizes to the depth and width of spread, the solution is designed to fit the needs of the exchange operator. Custom strategies can even be developed when required, using a plugin to run scripts based on C++ or any other programming language,” explained Gardner. “Market makers can implement market making strategies on the source side to provide a more complex way of replicating order book price levels, TWAP , VWAP, and other such variables.”

Modulus is known throughout the financial technology segment as a leader in the development of ultra-high frequency trading systems and blockchain technologies. Over the past twenty years, the company has built technology for the world’s most notable exchanges, with a client list which includes NASA, NASDAQ, Goldman Sachs, Merrill Lynch, JP Morgan Chase, Bank of America, Barclays, Siemens, Shell, Yahoo!, Microsoft, Cornell University, and the University of Chicago.

“It is important to note that this solution is best suited to latency exchange models with order books, working at a refresh rate speed of 100 milliseconds — which can be halved if the system is hosted on the same server as the matching engine. That’s why many use it in conjunction with the Modulus matching engine, but it is also offered as a standalone solution, as well,” noted Gardner.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Nasdaq,, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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A Challenging Bond Auction for the DMO – Coronation Merchant Bank

The DMO held its monthly auction of FGN bonds yesterday. It offered N225bn but raised N200.9bn (USD466.5m) through re-openings of the 2025, 2032 and 2042 FGN bonds.



Bonds- Investors King

The DMO held its monthly auction of FGN bonds yesterday. It offered N225bn but raised N200.9bn (USD466.5m) through re-openings of the 2025, 2032 and 2042 FGN bonds.

The participation level was higher when compared to the auction held in July. However, total subscriptions remained lower when compared with the average of the first six months of 2022. The DMO secured a total bid of N247.1bn (USD574.6m) at the bond auction held yesterday.

The bids for the 3, 10 and 20-year benchmarks were allotted at the marginal rates of 12.5% (previously; 11.0%), 13.5% (previously; 13.0%) and 14.0% (previously; 13.7%) respectively.

The relatively low demand at the auction mirrors tight system liquidity. We note that market liquidity stood at a deficit of -N3.6bn on Friday (12 August ‘22). Overnight and repo rates closed within a range of 12 – 15%. The tightness in system liquidity can be partly attributed to CBN’s continuous use of the discretionary cash reserve ratio (CRR) debits.

We suspect that the negative real interest rates given the elevated inflation figure has contributed to investors’ apathy towards FGN bond yields. The latest inflation report released by the NBS shows July’s headline inflation increased by 104bps (when compared with the previous month) to 19.64% y/y. This is the highest reading since 2005.

Meanwhile, average yield in the secondary market for FGN bonds is 12.7% (as at 16 August ’22). The CBN’s in-house estimates suggest that inflation is likely to remain considerably high, partly due to the build-up of increased spending related to the 2023 general elections.

The monetary policy committee (MPC) believes that further tightening would help moderate worsening inflationary trend and narrow the real interest rate gap. The MPC/CBN raised the policy rate by 100bps from 13% to 14% in July ‘22. However, given the upward trend in inflation, expectations of another rate hike is not far-fetched.

The DMO had set out to raise a maximum of N1.9trn by end -Q3 ’22. However, year-todate, it has raised N2.1trn. exceeding its target by 12% or N220bn. Given that the debt management office is expected to offer instruments worth N221 – 240bn through reopenings of the 13.53% FGN MAR 2025, 12.50% FGN APR 2032 and 13.00% FGN JAN 2042 bonds in September, the DMO is likely to exceed its borrowing target for FGN bonds by end -Q3 ’22.

Allowing for the smaller amounts which the FGN raises from the sale of other debt instruments such as NTBs and savings bonds, DMO is on track pro rata to meet or exceed the domestic borrowing target for the year set at N3.53trn.

The FGN was unable to meet its revenue target for Jan – Apr 2022, it underperformed by 51%. FGN’s retained revenue stood at N1.63trn, compared to the prorate target of N3.32trn. Debt service (N1.94trn) accounted for 119% of the FGN’s revenue in April ‘22.

In the near term, we expect increased borrowing (via FGN bonds) to result in an uptick in yields across the curve. We see mid-curve FGN bond yields around 12.0 – 13.5% and yields at the longer-end of the curve between 13.25% – 14.25% over the next one month.

However, the level of system liquidity (impacted by items such as auctions, CRR debits/refunds, bond/NTB maturities, coupon payments and FAAC allocation) would also influence movement in yields.

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Nigerian Exchange Limited

Stock Market Extends Decline as Inflation Rises to 17-Year High in Nigeria

The Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX) shed 0.07% on Monday after the NBS report showed inflation rose to a 17-year



Nigerian Stock Exchange - Investors King

The Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX) shed 0.07% on Monday after the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) report showed inflation rose to a 17-year in Africa’s largest economy in the month of July.

Nigeria’s inflation expanded by 19.64% in July, the highest since September 2005. The persistent increase in prices despite efforts by the central bank to rein in prices and deepen economic productivity forced many investors to start closing their open positions.

The market capitalisation of listed equities declined by another N19 billion to N26.769 trillion following a N571 billion decline recorded last week.

Similarly, NGX All-Share Index lost another 0.07% to close at 49,629.43 index points, this was in addition to 1,058.26 index points or 2.09% depreciation suffered last week.

Investors transacted 210,835,728 shares worth N2.188 billion in 4,122 transactions during the trading hours of Monday, representing a 71.90% decline from 750,285,275 shares that exchanged hands on Friday. E-Transact and financial services stocks were the most traded stocks on Monday as shown below.

A critical look into each sector showed the banking sector gained 15 basis points (bps) on a 4.65% appreciation in the values of Unity Bank, 2.12% gain in Zenith Bank and 0.33% improvement in Fidelity Bank. Jaiz Bank, UBA and Sterling Bank closed in the red.

The industrial index appreciated by 17bps. While consumer goods and oil and gas declined 33bps and 3bps, respectively.

The Exchange year to date declined further to 16.18%. See the details of top gainers and losers below.

Top Gainers

Symbols Last Close Current Change %Change
NEIMETH N 1.40 N 1.53 0.13 9.29 %
UNITYBNK N 0.43 N 0.45 0.02 4.65 %
FCMB N 3.35 N 3.49 0.14 4.18 %
ZENITHBANK N 21.25 N 21.70 0.45 2.12 %
TRANSCORP N 1.07 N 1.08 0.01 0.93 %

Top Losers 

Symbols Last Close Current Change %Change
PRESCO N 158.40 N 142.60 -15.80 -9.97 %
MULTIVERSE N 2.44 N 2.25 -0.19 -7.79 %
IKEJAHOTEL N 1.27 N 1.20 -0.07 -5.51 %
DANGSUGAR N 16.70 N 16.00 -0.70 -4.19 %
JAIZBANK N 0.91 N 0.88 -0.03 -3.30 %

Top Trade

Symbols Volume Value
ETRANZACT 52551673.00 119835326.82
FBNH 23082685.00 249782076.95
UBA 21896502.00 153480014.60
GTCO 15517148.00 315918097.65
TRANSCORP 12741555.00 13710597.18

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Stock Market

Stock Investors Lose N571 Billion Last Week

Investors traded 1.511 billion shares worth N13.547 billion in 20,074 deals last week



Nigerian Exchange Limited - Investors King

Investors in the Nigerian stock market lost N571 billion last week as investors continue to close their positions amid growing economic uncertainty and high borrowing cost.

Investors traded 1.511 billion shares worth N13.547 billion in 20,074 deals last week, against a total of 705.636 million shares valued at N12.850 billion that exchanged hands in 22,124 deals in the previous week.

Analysing activity across key sectors, the Financial Services Industry led the activity chart with 680.202 million shares valued at N4.672 billion traded in 9,230 deals. Therefore, contributing 45.02% and 34.48% to the total equity turnover volume and value, respectively.

The Services Industry followed with 499.178 million shares worth N3.407 billion in 866 deals. In third place was
the ICT Industry, with a turnover of 113.804 million shares worth N2.246 billion in 2,083 deals.

Capital Hotel Plc, FBN Holdings Plc and Jaiz Bank Plc were the three most traded equities. Together, the three accounted for 763.836 million shares worth N5.130 billion that were traded in 1,025 deals and contributed 50.55% and 37.87% to the total equity turnover volume and value, respectively.

The NGX All-Share Index depreciated by 1,058.26 index points or 2.09% to 49,664.07 index points from 50,722.33 index points it closed in the previous week.

Market capitalization depreciated by 2.09% or N571 billion to N26.787 trillion last week, down from N27.358 trillion it settled in the previous week.

Similarly, all other indices finished lower with the exception of  The NGX Insurance, NGX Consumer Goods and NGX Growth Indices which appreciated by 6.00%, 3.00% and 1.56% while, The NGX ASeM index closed flat.

Thirty-three equities appreciated in price during the week, lower than forty-one equities in the previous week. Twenty- six equities depreciated in price higher than Twenty-two in the previous week, while ninety-seven equities remained unchanged higher than ninety-three equities recorded in the previous week.

The Exchange year-to-date return declined to 16.26%. See the details of top gainers and losers below.

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