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Buhari Seeks Approval for $29.96bn Loan

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Buhari on arrival from London
  • Buhari Seeks Approval for $29.96bn Loan

The Federal Government is seeking Senate approval for a $29.96 billion 2016-2018 external borrowing plan.

President Muhammadu Buhari had approached the 8th Senate for consideration and approval under the former Senate President, Olubukola Saraki but failed to secure the complete approval.

However, with the All Progressives Congress (APC) controlling both the Upper and Lower chambers, President Muhammadu Buhari resubmits the same loan request to the 9th National Assembly for consideration and approval on Thursday.

This was coming a day after the International Monetary Fund, IMF said Nigeria’s rising loan poses threat to the nation’s productivity without broad revenue generation, especially with recurrent expenditure — largely due to cost of servicing national debt– responsible for more than half of the nation’s annual budget.

Nigeria’s total debt stood at N25.7 trillion as of June 2019 with foreign borrowing accounting for 32 percent while the remaining 68 percent is local.

With the $29.96 billion, the nation’s debt would surge over N9 trillion to about N35 trillion under President Buhari’s administration.

In a letter, dated November 26, 2019, President Buhari said in “Pursuant to Section 21 and 27 of the Debt Management Office (Establishment) Act, I hereby request for Resolutions of the Senate to approve the Federal Government’s 2016 – 2018 External Borrowing plan, as well as relevant projects under this plan.

“Specifically, the Senate is invited to note that: While I had transmitted the 2016-2018 External Borrowing Plan to the 8th National Assembly in September, 2016, this plan was not approved in its entirety by the Legislature.

“Only the Federal Government’s Emergency projects for the North East, (Four (4) States’ projects and one (1) China Exam Bank Assisted Railway Modernisation Projects for Lagos – Ibadan Segment) were approved, out of a total of thirty-nine (39) projects.

“The Outstanding projects in the plan that were not approved by the Legislature are, nevertheless, critical to the delivery of the Government’s policies and programmes relating to power, mining, roads, agriculture, health, water and educational sectors.

“These outstanding projects are well advanced in terms of their preparation, consistent with the 2016 Debt Sustainability Analysis undertaken by the Debt Management Office and were approved by the Federal Executive Council in August 2016 under the 2016 – 2018 External Borrowing Plan.

“Accordingly, I have attached, for your kind consideration, relevant information from the Honourable Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning the specific outstanding projects under the 2016 – 2018 External Borrowing plan for which legislative approval is currently sought.

“I have also directed the Minister to make herself available to provide any additional information or clarification which you may require to facilitate prompt approval of the outstanding projects under this plan.”

The letter put the total cost of the projects at $29.96 billion, consisting of Projects and Programme loans of $11.274 billion.

Others are Special National Infrastructure Projects of $10.686bn, Euro Bonds of $4.5bn and Federal Government Budget Support of $3.5bn.

Despite billions of US dollars spent on infrastructure, Nigeria’s economic productivity remained below its population growth rate of 2.5 percent at 2.28 percent. The years of huge expenditure is yet to translate to job creation, economic productivity and growth.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Economy

COVID-19: IMF Rolls Out $50 Billion Trust Fund, Targets Low-income, Vulnerable Countries

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IMF global - Investors King

The COVID-19 pandemic, no doubt, has had significant economic consequences, especially on low-income and less developed countries.

It is in view of this that the International Monetary Fund (IMF) proposed a $50 billion trust fund to help these low-income and vulnerable middle-income countries build resilience and ensure a sustainable recovery through a Resilience and Sustainability Trust (RST), Investors King has learnt.

The RST’s central objective is to provide affordable long-term financing to support countries as they tackle structural challenges.

According to the IMF, broad support from the membership and international partners will further aid in the approval of the RST by the IMF Executive Board before the upcoming Spring Meetings and for it to become fully operational before the end of the year.

Apart from the pandemic, climate change is another long-term challenge that threatens macroeconomic stability and growth in many countries through natural disasters and disruptions to industries, job markets, and trade flows, among others.

Hence, the RST support aims to address macro-critical longer-term structural challenges that entail significant macroeconomic risks to member countries’ resilience and sustainability, including climate change, pandemic preparedness, and digitalization.

The IMF and World Bank staff have worked closely to develop a coordination framework on RST operations on climate risks, building on earlier experience in supporting countries with structural reforms. Similar frameworks with relevant institutions are expected to be developed in the coming months in this and other reform areas.

Meanwhile, to qualify for the RST support, an eligible member would need a package of high-quality policy measures consistent with the RST’s purpose; a concurrent financing or non-financing IMF-supported program with appropriate macroeconomic policies to mitigate risks for borrowers and creditors; and sustainable debt and adequate capacity to repay the Fund.

The RST would be established under the IMF’s power to administer contributor resources, which allows for more flexible terms, notably on maturities, than the terms that apply to the IMF’s general resources.

Consistent with the longer-term nature of balance of payments risks the RST seeks to address, its loans would have much longer maturities than traditional IMF financing.

Specifically, 20-year maturity and a 10-year grace period has been proposed.

 

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Economy

FG Suspends Removal of Fuel Subsidy Over Inflation Concerns

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Nigerian petrol station

The Federal Government has suspended plans to remove fuel subsidy by the end of the first half of 2022 over heightened inflation, according to the Minister of Finance, Mrs. Zainab Ahmed.

The Minister made the statement at a meeting with President of the Senate, Sen. Ahmad Lawan, at the National Assembly on Monday.

She said the removal of fuel subsidy at any time this year could escalate inflationary pressure in the country.

“We discovered that practically, there is still heightened inflation and that the removal of subsidy would further worsen the situation and impose more difficulties on the citizenry,” Ahmed said at the meeting.

“Mr. President does not want to do that. What we are now doing is to continue with the ongoing discussions and consultations in terms of putting in place a number of measures.

“One of these include the roll-out of the refining capacities of the existing refineries and the new ones which would reduce the amount of products that would be imported into the country.

“We, therefore, need to return to the National Assembly to now amend the budget and make additional provision for subsidy from July 22 to whatever period that we agreed was suitable for the commencement of the total removal.”

Agusto&Co, a research, credit ratings and credit risk management firm, had projected the same thing in its economic outlook for 2022 sent to clients. The firm had argued that it was impossible for the current administration to remove fuel subsidy given its little political capital.

The firm said no, the FGN can not remove subsidy in full in 2022 because “this is a tough political decision that we believe is best made by a government with a large amount of political capital. Current government has ruled for seven years, has about a year left and has little political capital to expend.”

Augusto further stated that the federal government is not likely to boost infrastructure spending in 2022 “because the ability of government to invest in infrastructure will still be constrained by weak tax revenues and high operating expenses.”

Therefore, it said the government cannot fully fund Nigeria’s 17 trillion budget as its revenue is limited to ₦5 trillion and funding sources are constrained.

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Economy

World-class Lekki Seaport to Start Operations by 2022 Ending

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The total works presently carried out on the Lekki Deep Seaport Project in Lagos have amounted to 80 percent of the completion stage. The proposed world-class seaport has been scheduled to begin port operations by the end of 2022.

 This was revealed during the inspection of the port project construction on Saturday, by the Minister of Transportation, Chibuike Amaechi.

Speaking on the progress of the project, Amaechi stated that in less than five months, a lot of civil work had been done.

He commended the contractors for the work done so far while urging them to speed up the work.

“I want to congratulate you for the very huge progress. By the time we came here, there were no civil works; it was just pure sand. You have tried.

“I am suggesting that if you work day and night you will go far and complete the work before commissioning. If the President sees it, approval will be easier,” Amaechi said.

The minister further stated that prompt completion of the project will enable the government to approve all the necessary processes before the next election, adding that six months into the election, government officials would get busy with politics and would be hardly met in their offices.

He advised that more machines should be deployed to the port to aid output and reduce physical contact.

Also speaking, the Chief Technical Officer of Lekki Port, Steven Heukelom, stated that the ongoing project construction was in place as scheduled.

Heukelom explained that the port dredging and reclamation works had attained 89.93 per cent of completion, Quay Wall 85.65 per cent, Breakwater 79.66 per cent, and the landside infrastructure development 67.82 per cent; all amounting to 80 per cent completion stage approximately.

He mentioned that work had begun on the marine services jetty, which would be used by the Nigerian Ports Authority, NPA for marine services.

He appreciated the Acting Managing Director, Mohammed Bello-Koko for his support and preparations for the seaport operations to kick-start.

Bello-Koko, however, revealed that the NPA has made provision for tug boats and other infrastructure for the smooth operation of the Lekki deep seaport.

Investors King gathered that Tolaram and China Harbour Engineering Company is in charge of the Lekki seaport construction while the Lagos State Government and Nigerian Ports Authority are shareholders in the project company.

The Chief Operating Officer of Lekki Port, Laurence Smith, noted that the company is working tirelessly to deliver the project by the fourth quarter of 2022.

Smith affirmed that after completion, the Lekki seaport would be a world-class port and would be a regional distribution and transhipment hub for the African continent.

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