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Farmers, Herders’ Clashes Threaten Output of Cash Crops

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Agriculture
  • Farmers, Herders’ Clashes Threaten Output of Cash Crops

The clashes between farmers and herdsmen in the northern part of Nigeria have threatened the output of the country’s cash crops, according to stakeholders.

Our correspondent learnt that the clashes of the past few years took a toll on the production of exportable crops such as tobacco, cassava, oil seed, fruits, nuts and others which are relied on to earn foreign exchange by the government.

Stakeholders have however regretted that oil continues to dominate the export market despite the huge potential in the agricultural commodities sector.

According to the world top export report, the total export volume from Nigeria in 2017 is $40.7bn, and the top 10 items exported during that period include crude oil – $31.9bn; ships and boats – $253.5m; cocoa – $238.1m; oil seeds – $180.9m; fertilizer – $149.8m; tobacco – $102.4m; plastics – $78.1m; fruits and nuts -$76.1m; hides and skin – $67.9m; and rubber -$55.4m.

Apart from crude oil, six of the items exported were agricultural commodities. Stakeholders noted that since there was a huge volume of agricultural produce exported, despite the shortcomings in the sector, was a pointer to the fact that a lot more exportation could be done from the sector under normal circumstances.

“We can do a lot more exportation from the agricultural sector. However, the herdsmen and farmers’ clashes in the North Central region of Nigeria have caused the output in this sector to decline. The impact of this was seen in the recently released Gross Domestic Product report. Nigeria contributed 0.26 per cent of the world trade in 2017 and 9.8 per cent in Africa, coming third after South Africa – 19.5 per cent and Guinea – 13.7 per cent,” the Chairman, Export Group, Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Mr Bamidele Ayemibo, remarked on Wednesday during the LCCI export symposium.

While delivering a presentation during the symposium, which had the theme ‘Prospects and Challenges of Export in Nigeria: The Way Forward’, Ayemibo regretted that the major foreign exchange earner for Nigeria had remained oil and gas, both constituting 96 per cent of the total exports from the country in 2017.

He said, “Despite the huge prospects that the exportation of other products like processed agricultural products and minerals presents, the challenges in the export business has prevented the country from realising the export potential in these other sectors.

He said there was a surge in non-oil exports in the first quarter of the year where the agriculture and manufacturing sectors were reported to have contributed 12 per cent to the total export, adding that the diversification drive of the Federal Government made this feat possible.

He also said Nigerian manufacturers were waking up to the reality of generating their own foreign exchange, through exportation, following the challenges of accessing foreign exchange during the last economic recession.

In his remarks, the President, LCCI, Mr Babatunde Ruwase, said despite the growth recorded in exports in the first and second quarter of the year, some key consumer-facing sectors still exhibited weakness and vulnerability.

He said, “The slow growth is a reflection of the weak purchasing power of consumers, infrastructure deficit, access and cost of credit and the lagged impact of security conditions in the North.

“The Nigerian government and all relevant stakeholders have been working towards diversifying the economy from over dependence on oil.

“Some steps taken by the government to improve the fortune of the non-oil export sector are commendable. However, more still needs to be done.”

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Economy

FIRS Sets N5.9 Trillion Revenue Target for 2021

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FIRS to Generate N5.9 Trillion Revenue  in 2021

Mohammed Nami, the Chairman of Federal Inland Revenue Service, FIRS, on Friday said the agency is projecting total revenue of N5.9 trillion for the 2021 fiscal year.

Nami stated this while meeting with the House of Representatives Committee on Finance led by Hon. James Falake on the Service’s 2021 budget defence of its proposed Revenue and Expenditure Estimates.

According to the Chairman, N4.26 trillion and N1.64 trillion were expected to come from non-oil and oil components, respectively.

However, Nami put the cost of collecting the projected revenue at N289.25 billion or 7 percent of the proposed total revenue for the year, higher than the N180.76 billion spent in 2020 to fund the three operational expenditure heads for the year.

He said: “Out of the proposed expenditure of N289.25 billion across the three expenditure heads, the sum of N147.08 billion and N94.97 billion are to be expended on Personnel and Overhead Costs against 2020 budgeted sum of N97.36 billion and N43.64 billion respectively. Also, the sum of N47.19 billion is estimated to be expended on capital items against the budgeted sum of N27.80 billion in 2020. The sum is to cater for on-going and new projects for effective revenue drive.

Speaking on while the agency failed to meet its 2020 target, Nami said “There’s lockdown effect on businesses, implementation directive also for us to study, research best practices on tax administration which involves travelling to overseas and we also have to expand offices and create offices more at rural areas to get closer to the taxpayers, we pay rent for those offices and this could be the reason why all these things went up.

“And if you have more staff surely, their salary will go up, taxes that you’re going to pay on their behalf will go up, the National Housing Fund contribution, PENCOM contribution will go up. Those promoted you have to implement a new salary regime for them. There’s also the issue of inflation and exchange rate differential”, he said.

 

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Gov Emmanuel Attracts $1.4b Fertilizer Plant to Akwa Ibom

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The Governor of Akwa Ibom State, Mr. Udom Emmanuel has signed an agreement for the citing of a multi billion fertilizer plant in his State.

Governor Emmanuel was part of a Nigerian delegation led by the Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Chief Timipre Sylva, that visited Morocco to set out the next steps of the $1.4 Bln fertilizer production plant project launched in June 2018.

The agreement between the OCP Africa, the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority and the Akwa Ibom State Government will birth one of the biggest investments in the fertilizer production industry worldwide.

The signing ceremony took place at the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UMP6).

Mr. Emmanuel signed one of the agreements of the partnership, which covers a memorandum of understanding between OCP Africa, the Akwa Ibom State in Nigeria and the NSIA on land acquisition, administrative facilitation, and common agricultural development projects in the Akwa Ibom State.

Speaking while signing the agreement, Governor Emmanuel said, “Our state is receptive to investments and we are prepared to offer the necessary support to make the project a reality.

“With a site that is suitably located to enable operational logistics and an abundance of gas resources, all that is left is for the parties to accelerate the project development process”, Mr. Udom said.

The agreement reached between the Nigerian Government and the OCP further links OCP, Mobil Producing Nigeria (MPN), the NNPC, the Gas Aggregation Company Nigeria (GACN), and the NSIA.

The two partners agreed to strengthen further their solid partnership leveraging Nigerian gas and the Moroccan phosphate.

This project will lead to a multipurpose industrial platform in Nigeria, which will use Nigerian gas and Moroccan phosphate to produce 750,000 tons of ammonia and 1 million tons of phosphate fertilizers annually by 2025.

The visit of the Nigerian delegation to Morocco takes place within the frame of the partnership sealed between OCP Group and the Nigerian Government to support and develop Nigeria’s agriculture industry.

Following the success of the first phase of Nigeria‘s Presidential Fertilizer Initiative (PFI) and the progress of the fertilizer production plant project launched in 2018 by OCP and NSIA, the Moroccan phosphates group and the Nigerian government delegation have agreed on the next steps of their joint project which is rapidly taking shape.

Several cooperation agreements were inked on Tuesday at the Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P) by OCP Africa and the Nigerian delegation. Through these deals, OCP reaffirms its unwavering support of agricultural development initiatives in Nigeria including PFI.

OCP Africa and the NSIA have agreed, inter alia, to set up a joint venture which will oversee the development of the industrial platform that will produce ammonia and fertilizers in Nigeria.

The OCP has also pledged to supply Nigerian famers with quality fertilizers adapted to the needs of their soil at competitive prices and produced locally.

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Economy

ICPC Says Nigeria Loses $10bn to Illicit Financial Flows 

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The Independent Corrupt Practices and Other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) says Nigeria accounts for 20 per cent or 10 billion dollars (N3.8 trillion) of the estimated 50 billion dollars that Africa loses to Illicit Financial Flows (IFFs).

Chairman of ICPC, Prof. Bolaji Owasanoye, said this during a virtual meeting to review a report on IFFs in relation to tax, Mrs Azuka Ogugua, spokesperson for ICPC, said in a statement released in Abuja on Friday.

The ICPC Chairman said, “the African Union Illicit Financial Flow Report estimated that Africa is losing nearly 50 billion dollars through profit shifting by multinational corporations and about 20 per cent of this figure is from Nigeria alone.”

The ICPC boss explained that taxes played “very strategic role in the nation’s political economy.”

He said the objective of the meeting was to improve on the awareness on IFFs, especially in the areas of taxation.

The ICPC boss added that the meeting would give participants the opportunity to openly discuss how to effectively use the instrumentality of taxation to curb IFFs through risk-based approach.

“Risk-based approach, that is: monitoring and audit; due process in tax collection; structured tax amnesty framework skewed in public interest; data privacy; timely resolution of audits and payment of tax refunds and intelligence sharing among revenue generating, regulatory and law enforcement agencies,” he said.

Owasanoye also stated that for the contemporary tax man to remain relevant, he must build his capacity in areas of technology management, solution architects and an astute relationship manager.

The Executive Chairman of Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS) Mr Muhammad Nani, expressed concerns that IFFs posed a serious threat to the Nigerian economy as the act robbed the nation of resources that were needed for development.

Nani declared that tackling IFFs would expand the country’s tax base and improve revenue generation, which was required for development.

He consequently pushed for policy reforms that would make it difficult for “capital flights” from occurring so that the country would be placed on the path of growth.

Other discussants at the event identified weak regulatory framework, opacity of financial system and lack of capacity amongst others as some of the factors that fuelled IFFs.

The discussants emphasised the need for capacity building of relevant stakeholders as one of the ways to stamp out illicit financial flows.

They commended ICPC for leveraging its corruption prevention mandate to open a new vista in IFFs discourse in Nigeria. (NAN)

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