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Banking Industry Fraud Drops by 48.12% in 2016

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  • Banking Industry Fraud Drops by 48.12% in 2016

The banking industry recorded a decline in the rate of successful fraud incidences and extent of amount of losses in 2016, compared to 2015.

The NDIC Managing Director/Chief Executive, Alh. Umaru Ibrahim, disclosed this while delivering a lecture: ‘The Role of NDIC in Mitigating Corruption in the Nigerian Banks’ at the general meeting of the Abuja Chapter of the Alumni Association of the National Institute (AANI).

According to Ibrahim who was represented by a Deputy Director in Research, Policy and International Relations Department, Mr. Hashim Ahmad, the reported cases of frauds, forgeries and outright theft involving bank staff recorded a huge decline of 48.12 per cent from N18.02 billion in 2015 to N8.68 billion in 2016, while the actual losses to the nation’s banking industry dropped by 24.29 per cent from N3.17 billion in 2015 to N2.40 billion in 2016.

Also, the level of attempted cases of frauds and forgeries declined by N0.329 billion or 11.94 percent from N2.756 billion in March 2017 to N2.427 billion in June 2017.

The NDIC boss also stated that although reported cases of fraud and forgeries rose by 36.42 per cent from 12,279 cases in 2015 to 16,751 cases in 2016, the reduction in the rate of successful fraud incidences and actual losses was an indication of improved regulatory/supervisory oversight, increased vigilance by banks and the deployment of improved security architecture in the banking industry.

He attributed the factors breeding corruption in Nigerian banks to poor corporate governance, infractions in foreign exchange operations, cumbersome legal process and lack of effective sanctions of offenders, amongst others.

Ibrahim reiterated that the NDIC in conjunction with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) continuously supervise the banks to ensure their strict adherence to sound corporate governance practices. He added that issues bordering on unethical financial practices and the resolution of conflicts between customers and their banks were being addressed by the Bankers Committee.

The NDIC boss also noted the rising trend in the level of banks’ non-performing loans (NPLs) and stated that the NDIC had recommended the prohibition of Directors of licensed banks, including microfinance banks (MFBs) and primary mortgage banks (PMBs) from obtaining credit facilities from their respective banks.

Ibrahim, in a statement, pointed out that the NDIC collaborated with other stakeholders such as the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC), Police Special Fraud Unit (PSFU) and the Financial Malpractices Investigation Unit (FMIU) to conduct investigations into banking malpractices. He also stated that the NDIC provided capacity building programmes for the agencies in addition to seconding some NDIC Staff to the institutions to assist them in investigating financial crimes.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Banking Sector

FCMB Group Posts 22.1 Percent Decline in Profit in H1 2021

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FCMB - Investors King

FCMB Group Plc, a leading financial institution in Nigeria, recorded a 22.1 percent decline in profit after tax in the first half (H1) of 2021 despite zero COVID-19 restrictions.

The lender gross earnings dipped by 4.02 percent from N98.179 billion achieved in the first half of 2020 to N94.228 billion in the period under review, the bank disclosed in its unaudited financial statements seen by Investors King.

Net interest income also moderated by 5.25 percent from N45.379 billion reported in H1 2020 to N42.998 billion in H1 2021. While net fee and commission income increased to N12.934 billion in the period under review, representing an increase of 33.51 percent from N9.688 billion achieved in the same period of 2020.

Net trading income drop from N3.925 billion in H1 2020 to N2.639 billion in H1 2021, this represents a decline of 32.78 percent.

Other revenue sheds 39.7 percent from N7.555 billion in H1 2020 to N4.552 billion in H1 2021. Profit before minimum tax and income tax decreased by 24.2 percent to N8.911 billion in H1 2021, down from N11.071 billion recorded in H1 2020.

The bank paid N450 million as minimum tax and income tax of N903.797 million to push profit after tax down by 22.1 percent from N9.701 billion in H1 2020 to N7.557 billion in H1 2021.

The lender realised N974.744 million from foreign currency translation differences for foreign operations. This brings the total comprehensive income for the period N8.545 billion.

Earnings per share dipped from N0.49 H1 2020 to N0.38 in H1 2021.

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Banking Sector

Ecobank Grows Profit After Tax by 29 Percent to N62.6 Billion in H1 2021

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Ecobank - Investors King

Ecobank Transnational Incorporated, a leading lender in Nigeria and across Africa, grew gross earnings by 13 percent to N442.9 billion in the first six months ended June 30, 2021.

The bank disclosed in its unaudited financial statements released through the Nigerian Exchange Limited and seen by Investors King on Monday.

Revenue expanded by 15 percent to N334.9 billion in the period under review while operating profit before impairment charges rose by 33 percent to N138.3 billion.

The bank grew profit before tax to N85.3 billion in the first half of 2021, up by 33 percent when compared to N64.133 billion recorded in the same period of 2020.

Profit after tax increased by 29 percent to N62.6 billion, up from N48.535 billion recorded in the corresponding period of 2020. Total assets expanded by 6 percent to N11.022 trillion with loans and advances rising by 7 percent to N7.861 trillion.

However, total equity was down by 1 percent to N803.2 billion.

Speaking on the bank’s performance, Ade Ayeyemi, Ecobank Group CEO, said: “We saw continued and sustained resilience in our performance, which is indicative of the success of our ‘execution momentum’ drive. As a result, we generated a return on tangible equity of 16.1% versus 15.2% a year ago and increased diluted EPS and tangible book value per share by 19% and 6%, respectively. In addition, profit before tax increased 23% to $210 million.”

“Group revenues rose 7% to $825 million, despite the challenging operating environment with the third wave of coronavirus infections threatening economic recovery. Our diversified pan-African business model continued to rise to the challenge. Revenues grew 13% and 6% in our Commercial and Consumer businesses, while our focus on growing the trade business led to increased trade assets.

The slowly increasing business and spend activity drove a 20% rise in our Payments business’s revenue to $90 million. Deposits growth was strong, with total deposits now over $19 billion, an increase of $1.0 billion in the second quarter and $2.4 billion in a year, driven by our omnichannel strategy. Though loan growth remained
flat, we are focused on providing support to MSMEs for growth,” Ayeyemi added.

“I am proud of the team’s hard work in driving efficiency, which continues to reflect in our cost-to-income ratio of 58.7% ahead of guidance and progressing well toward our medium-term goal of approximately 55%. In addition, credit quality continued to be exceptionally strong. As a result, our NPL ratio of 7.4% is a substantial improvement from the prior year’s 9.8%, as we also build reserves to insulate the balance sheet with an NPL coverage ratio of 86.7% and pushing towards our nearterm target of 90%,” Ayeyemi continued.

“We successfully raised $350 million Tier 2 Sustainability Notes in June, the first-ever by a financial institution in sub-Saharan Africa and first to have a Basel III-compliant 10-year non-call 5 structure outside South Africa in 144A/RegS format. The Bond was 3.6 times oversubscribed, demonstrating strong confidence in the Ecobank Group and our commitment to the sustainability of our communities and their social needs. I am deeply grateful to all stakeholders and must thank our clients for continuing to put their trust in Ecobank for their diverse banking needs.” Ayeyemi concluded.

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Africa Prudential Posts 24 Percent Decline in Profit for H1 2021

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African Prudential - Investors King

African Prudential Plc, a digital technology business provider in Nigeria, has reported a 24 percent decline in profit after tax to N830 million in the period ended June 30, 2021.

The company stated in its unaudited financial statements released on Friday. Below is a year-on-year comparison between the first half of 2021 and the first half of 2020.

Income Statement:

• Revenue from contracts with customers: N0.52 Billion, compared to N0.59 Billion in HY 2020 (12% YoY Decline);
• Interest Income: N1.15 Billion, compared to N1.28 Billion in HY 2020 (10% YoY Decline);
• Gross Earnings: N1.67 Billion, compared to N1.87 Billion in HY 2020 (11% YoY Decline);
• Profit Before Tax: N0.97 Billion, compared to N1.22 Billion in HY 2020 (20% YoY Decline);
• Profit After Tax: N0.83 Billion, compared to N1.08 Billion in HY 2020 (24% YoY Decline);
• Earnings Per Share: 41kobo. (54kobo in HY 2020)

Balance Sheet:

• Total Assets: N88.87 Billion, compared to N17.73 Billion as at FY 2020 (401% YTD Increase);
• Total Liabilities: N80.71 Billion, compared to N9.36 Billion as at FY 2020 (762% YTD Increase);
• Shareholders’ Fund stood at N8.16 Billion, a 2% YTD decline from N8.37 Billion as at FY 2020.

Comparing HY 2021 to HY 2020, we observed the following key items worthy of note:

Revenue from contracts with customers: During the period under review, Revenue from contracts with customers contracted by 12% year-on-year on the back of a significant renegotiation of fees rate by customers along our corporate actions revenue lines as well as slow sign off of contracts within the period in digital consultancy. However, revenue from register maintenance increased by 8%.

Interest income: While the company was bullish with 436% increase in the interest realized from bonds and also a 193% increase in the interest realized from short term deposits, there was a slight 10% year-on-year decline in interest income owing to a 4% decline in interest on loans and advances and a nil income on T-Bills relative to HY 2020.

Profit After Tax: On account of the business considerations around revenue and operating cost, PAT dereased by 24% year-on-year. Comparing HY 2021 to FY 2020, the following were observed in the Balance Sheet:

Total Assets: In the second quarter of 2021, the total assets increased 401% on the back of 7336% surge in cash and cash equivalents as well as an 70% increase in trade and other receivables.

Total Liabilities: The company total liabilities increased by 762% Year-till-date driven by a 829% increase in customers’ deposits which accounted for about 99% of the company’s liabilities.

Shareholder’s Wealth: Due to slight drop in earnings, total equity marginally declined by 2% year-to-date.

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