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Economy

Refineries: Ex-NNPC Executives Okay FG’s Reduced Stake

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  • Ex-NNPC Executives Okay FG’s Reduced Stake

Industry experts including two former top executives of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation have expressed support for the plan by the Federal Government to reduce its stake in the nation’s refineries.

The Federal Government, in its 2017-2020 Economic Recovery and Growth Plan, said it would reduce its stakes in Joint Venture oil assets, refineries and other downstream subsidiaries such as pipelines and depots.

The country continues to rely heavily on importation for petroleum products as its four refineries have been operating far below their installed capacity of 445,000 barrels per day for many years.

A former Director of Research, Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries and ex-top executive at the NNPC, Chief Mike Olorunfemi, said the government could even completely sell the refineries to private investors whether local or foreign.

He said, “The government has been advised for a long a time to deregulate the downstream sector to enable private investors to see refining as an attractive business and begin to build new refineries.

“But as long as we regulate fuel prices not reflecting the market forces, no private investors will come in. So what they are doing now is what they ought to have done a long time ago.”

The Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, International Energy Services Limited, Dr. Diran Fawibe, said the government had not made a success of its involvement in the refining business.

Fawibe, who was a general marketing manager responsible for selling Nigerian crude oil in the world market at the NNPC, said, “A dynamic country like Nigeria should make its refineries operationally efficient and build additional ones because we have a dynamic economy where demand for refined petroleum products keeps increasing.

“Over the past decades, the refineries’ operation has continued to go down. Today, the refineries are more of an embarrassment to the country.”

He noted that the country had been depending on importation for most of its fuel consumption over the years despite being a major producer of crude oil

Fawibe said, “To a large extent, this is against our national interest because it undermines the energy security and the national interest of the country. If the government says now it wants to divest its interest, any right thinking person should support this. I have been one of the advocates of this for many years. The only thing is that they should not sell them as a scrap.”

The Head of Energy Research, Ecobank Group, Mr. Dolapo Oni, described the reduction of government’s stake in the refineries and other oil assets as “potentially a good move as it will enable the government to raise some revenue from the sale.”

He said, “Furthermore, the expected transfer of operatorship as government stake is reduced below 50 per cent could unlock private capital if the right regulations are in place to protect investors.

“In our view, the plans for the refineries are largely dependent on getting capital to invest, security in the Niger Delta and liberalisation of the downstream market. These aspects, however, require amendments to key laws of the federation, as well as passage of the Petroleum Industry Bill.”

According to Oni, attracting private investment in the refineries will also require significant level of investor protection due to the history of such partnerships in Africa.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Economy

France, Nigeria to Build New Partnership

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France is currently aiming at building a new partnership with Nigeria, with the dispatching of its Minister in charge of Foreign Trade and Attractiveness, Franck Riester, to Nigeria.

Riester, who was expected at the time of filing this report on Monday, is scheduled to visit Nigeria from 12-14 April, 2021.

A statement from the French Embassy in Nigeria said: “Franck Riester is visiting Nigeria from 12 to 14 April, a visit that follows up on the priorities set by French President Emmanuel Macron during his official visit to Nigeria in July 2018 and his desire to build a new partnership between Africa and France.

“As the largest economy in Africa and the economic engine of West Africa, Nigeria is indeed a major partner for France, the first in sub-Saharan Africa with bilateral trade amounting to a total of 4.5 billion USD in 2019 (2.3 billion USD in 2020, due to the Covid-19 pandemic).”

It disclosed that the minister will have several official meetings in Abuja and Lagos, in order to underline the importance of the bilateral economic relationship and to prepare the summit on the financing of African economies in Paris on 18 May.

It revealed that the objective of the mission is also to further strengthen the links between the French and Nigerian private sectors, and “in this regard, the minister will have in-depth discussions with the main Nigerian economic actors to strengthen bilateral cooperation and investments, both in Nigeria and in France, particularly in the logistics sector”.

It said while in the country, the minister would meet with young Nigerian entrepreneurs in the cultural and creative industries sector, to discuss the major role of their country in African creativity and the development of the African entrepreneurial ecosystem, with the support of France.

It further said: “The minister will also open the ‘Choose Africa’ conference, a €3.5 billion initiative by President Emmanuel Macron dedicated to supporting the development of start-ups and SMEs in Africa to enable the continent to benefit fully from the opportunities of the digital revolution.”

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Economy

COVID-19: USAID to Provide $3m Grant, Technical Assistance to Combat Food Insecurity in Nigeria

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The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) is providing financial grant and technical assistance worth $3 million to combat food insecurity in Nigeria compounded by COVID-19 pandemic.

A statement by the agency on Monday said: “On April 12, 2021, the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) in Nigeria launched a COVID-19 Food Security Challenge that will provide $3 million in grant funding and technical assistance to youth-led and mid-stage companies working in food value chains in Nigeria.”

The statement lamented that Nigeria is experiencing food insecurity compounded by the COVID-19 global pandemic and its effects on the food value chain in the country.

It stated that the pandemic has disrupted the already fragile agricultural value chains, especially smallholder farmers’ ability to produce, process and distribute food, which has disrupted agricultural productivity and markets, and negatively impacted livelihoods, especially among vulnerable households, women and youth.

The USAID Mission Director, Anne Patterson, said: “We are launching the COVID-19 Food Security Challenge to help innovative Nigerians alleviate food insecurity.

“This assistance encourages private sector-led solutions to boost food production, processing and create market linkage along the agriculture value chain in a sustainable way across Nigeria.”

The statement revealed that in launching the challenge, USAID seeks commercially viable youth-led and mid-stage companies already working in food production, processing, and distribution, noting that successful applicants will present ideas that demonstrably help farmers and other stakeholders in the agricultural value chain increase, agricultural productivity and food security within the next six months.

According to the statement, the challenge will award 15 to 25 youth-led companies up to $75,000 each and award 10 to 15 mid-stage companies up to $150,000 each.

Winners will receive funding and technical assistance to rapidly expand their activities to mitigate the effect of COVID-19 on Nigeria’s food value chain and improve the resilience of vulnerable households to the negative impacts of the pandemic.

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Economy

FG Plans to Deliver Solar Energy to 25M Nigerians

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The Nigerian federal government has commenced its plan to deliver electricity through solar energy to Nigerians whose communities are off the national power grid.

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, who spoke during an event to mark the programme in Jangefe, Roni Local Government Area of Jigawa State, restated the determination of the President Muhammadu Buhari administration to give more Nigerians access to cheap and environmentally friendly renewable power.

Osinbajo said the Solar Power Naija programme would continue across the six geopolitical zones in six states, namely, Edo, Lagos, Adamawa, Anambra, Kebbi and Plateau, in the first phase, and then move to the entire 36 states and the nation’s capital, thus, covering 25 million Nigerians at completion.

Jangefe community got 1,000 solar home system connections for its about 5,000 population, as part of a 100,000 scheme, with a local solar power company implementing aspects of the scheme.

According to Osinbajo, the president had emphasised that Nigeria could no longer rely solely on the grid if government is to electrify the whole country, which meant that an effective strategy had to be developed for decentralising power supply.

The Solar Power Naija programme, which is designed by the Rural Electrification Agency (REA), is an ambitious initiative that aims to create five million connections through a N140 billion financing programme that will support private developers to provide power for five million households, which means providing electricity for up to 25 million Nigerians.

The vice president disclosed that the programme was a Public Private Partnership (PPP) arrangement supported by concessionary lending via the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and commercial banks. He emphasised that structures had been put in place to make the cost of the connections affordable for the target communities.

In addition to the concessionary lending rates, Osinbajo explained that the government had provided subsidies and rebates for private developers to the tune of over $200 million under the REA and World Bank Nigeria electrification programme.

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