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Forex Inflow Drops by $447m on Oil Facility Attacks

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United States Dollar - Investors King Ltd
  • Forex Inflow Drops by $447m on Oil Facility Attacks

The persistent attacks on the country’s oil installations by militants in the Niger Delta have resulted in a decrease of about $447m in foreign exchange inflows from $1.4bn in September to $957.3m in October.

Figures obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria show that the $447m decline represents a drop of 31.85 per cent.

Investigation also revealed that the total outflows also decreased during the period, dropping significantly by $1.44bn or 58.68 per cent from $2.46bn to $1.02bn during the same period

The price of crude oil currently hovers between $53 and $54 per barrel and the country may be losing much in terms of volume as a result of the persistent attacks on oil installations.

This, according to findings, has resulted in a decline in oil production to about 1.6 million barrels per day as against the budgeted production volume of 2.2 million bpd.

Based on the current daily crude oil output of 1.6 million bpd at the price of $51 per barrel, the country is currently earning a total of $81.6m as against $112.2m, which it could have earned had 2.2 million bpd been produced.

Speaking on the drop in oil production, finance analysts told our correspondent during separate interviews that the Federal Government should allow states to develop their untapped resources, stating that the current economic downturn had provided a platform to carry out the exercise.

They contended that while the country had been badly hit by the decline in oil production and revenue as a result of the activities of militants in the Niger Delta, there were a lot of untapped resources at various states, which could be developed for the purpose of economic prosperity.

Those who spoke to our correspondent on the issue included the Head of Banking and Finance Department, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Uche Uwaleke; and a former Managing Director of Unity Bank Plc, Mr. Rislanudeen Muhammed.

Uwaleke, an associate professor of finance, stated that once the federating units were given the powers to control their resources, it would help promote healthy economic competition.

He said with competition, the federating units would come up with innovative ways of stimulating their respective economies.

He said, “The seemingly endless crises in the Niger Delta region will substantially abate if the country is restructured in a way that allows greater control of resources by the federating units.

“The present economic recession is a direct consequence of the drastic fall in government revenue, which has been blamed in part on militancy in the Niger Delta.

“The good news is that every state in this country is endowed with human and material resources. Economic restructuring will enable states to develop their competitive advantages, which can bring about multiple revenue streams and fast track the much needed diversification of the Nigerian economy.”

Muhammed said there was a need for the government to push all the states into making them to develop their economies in a sustainable manner.

He said, “Nigeria has huge economic potential outside oil sector, largely untapped due to the Dutch disease that has for years made us lazy and always relying on oil as a source of income, notwithstanding the fact that oil constitutes only 10 per cent of our Gross Domestic Product.

“There is potential for growth in non-oil export in most states and virtually every state has one form of economic competitive advantage or the other.

“The states do not have to grow at the same pace but hard work will make all the difference. For example, virtually the whole of Zamfara State is sitting on gold and diamond, largely untapped with little going to illegal miners.

“The current economic reality is a good opportunity for all the states to wake up and diversify their incomes but current tax laws need to be amended to ensure more percentage of the resources is controlled by them.”

But the Minister of Budget and National Planning, Udo Udoma, said although the government was focused on diversification of the economy, it needed oil revenue to effectively diversify the economy.

He said Nigeria’s immediate priority was to get oil production output back to the desired level to secure the revenue needed to diversify the economy.

Udoma explained that though the global slump in oil prices introduced some shocks that affected the country’s economy, the immediate reason for the slump into recession was massive reduction in output caused by militancy in the oil-bearing Niger Delta region.

The minister said the government was currently exploring a number of engagements that would ensure return of normal production activities in the region.

He added that the government was intensely focused on a long-term economic agenda that would ensure sustainable economic growth and revenue development.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Banking Sector

Unity Bank Forecasts N380.815 Million Profit for Q3 2021

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Unity bank - Investors King

Unity Bank Plc on Friday predicted profit after tax of N380.815 million for the third quarter (Q3) ending September 30, 2021.

This represents a decrease of N162.3 million year-on-year when compared to the N543.14 million recorded in the same quarter of 2020.

The lender projected gross earnings of N10.890 billion for the quarter while interest income was expected to hit N7.204 billion.

Interest expense was estimated at N5.351 billion for the period. Unity Bank puts net revenue from funds at N1.853 billion in Q3 2021.

Other incomes were expected at N3.686 billion and impairment for credit loss was projected at N885.663 million in the quarter under review.

The bank forecasts net operating income at N4.653 billion and puts operating expenses at N4.237 billion.

Profit before tax was projected to hit N416.191 million in the quarter, below the N590.4 million achieved in the same quarter of 2020.

Unity Bank’s Cashflow Projections for the Third Quarter Ending September 30, 2021 (₦)

Net cash provided by operating activities 1,720,815,055

Net cash flow provided by/(used) in investing activities (260,034,996,531)

Net cash flow from operating and investing activities (258,314,181,476)

Net cash used in financing activities 258,694,996,531

Net increase/(decrease) in cash and cash equivalents 380,815,055

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period 107,494,314,017

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period 107,875,129,072

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Finance

Ecobank Raises US$350 Million Tier 2 Sustainability Notes

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Ecobank - Investors King

Ecobank Transnational Incorporated (“ETI”), a Lomé based parent company of the Ecobank Group listed on Nigerian Exchange Limited, announced it has successful raised US$350 million Tier 2 Sustainability Notes.

This represents the first ever Tier 2 Sustainability Notes by any financial institution in Africa.

The lender disclosed in a statement signed by Adenike Laoye, Group Head Corporate Communications/Chief of Staff to the Group Chief Executive Officer, Ecobank.

According to the bank, the Tier 2 issuance is the first to have a Basel III-compliant 10NCS structure outside of South Africa in 144A/RegS format and will be listed on the main market of the London Stock Exchange. The bond, which matures in June 2031, has a call option in June 2026 and was issued with a coupon of 8.75 percent with interest payable semi-annually in arrears.

The lender said an equivalent amount of the net proceeds from the notes will be used by ETI to finance or re-finance, new or existing eligible assets as described in ETI’s Sustainable Finance Framework, available at https://ecobank.com/group/sustainability-financeframework on which DNV has issued a Second Party Opinion.

Speaking on the issuance, Ade Ayeyemi, Group Chief Executive Officer of ETI, stated: “This is a landmark issue for Ecobank, and indeed the success of this first Sustainable Tier 2 issuance is testament to our clear strategy, solid positioning across the pan-African banking space as well as our deliberate and long term focus on sustainable initiatives. We are particularly pleased with the diverse orderbook which reflects the confidence investors have in Ecobank to deliver on our commitment to sustainable financing.”

Investor interest for this Sophomore Eurobond issue was global, including United Kingdom, United States, Europe, the Middle East, Asia and Africa, achieving a 3.6x oversubscribed orderbook, of over US$1.3 billion at its peak.

The transaction was anchored at the start by Nederlandse Financierings-Maatschappij voor Ontwikkelingslanden N.V. (“FMO”), a Dutch development bank, with a committed US$50 million order. The notes saw significant demand from asset managers from Europe on opening (including the UK) demonstrated by a number of large tickets.

Overall, investor interest was global including accounts from the United States, the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

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Banking Sector

CBN Debunks Report on Planned Nationalisation of Unity Bank

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Unity bank - Investors King

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has denied planning to nationalise Unity Bank Plc as alleged by an online news medium.

Reacting to the report, the Acting Director, Corporate Communications Department, CBN, Osita Nwanisobi, described it as, “fake news” and should be discarded in its entirety.

He said: “The report is fake news. There is no iota of truth in it.” He added that the public should disregard such news.

The report had claimed that the apex bank’s target examination of Unity Bank showed that the Tier 2 lender is in ”grave financial condition”, with Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) and Non- Performing Loans (NPL) ratio that breached prudential standards.

However, analysts note that just last month, the CBN’s Monetary Policy Committee ( MPC) noted in the communiqué it issued at the end of its meeting that the banking industry is in good health.

According to the communique: “the Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR) and the Liquidity Ratio (LR) both remained above their prudential limits at 15.8 and 38.9 per cent, respectively. The Non-Performing Loans (NPLs) at 5.89 per cent in April 2021, showed progressive improvement compared with 6.6 per cent in April 2020.”

Unity Bank’s audited FY’ 2020 results showed improved performance in key parameters. For instance, the Bank’s gross loans portfolio increased by 92.9 per cent to N206.2 billion in 2020 from N106.9 billion in 2019.

The bank’s total assets rose by 67.90 per cent when compared with N293.05 billion achieved in the comparative period of 2019. Also, the lender posted gross earnings of N42.71 billion compared with N44.59 billion recorded in the comparative period of 2019, reflective of its business and economic realities of the time.

Its customer deposit portfolio grew by 34.4 per cent to N356.62 billion in 2020, up from N257.69 billion posted in the corresponding period of 2019. Profit after tax stood at N2.09 billion, while profit before tax was N2.22 billion during the year under review amidst the tough macroeconomic environment where it operated. Its net operating income rose to N25.46 billion from N23.21 billion in the corresponding period of 2019, representing a 9.71 per cent increase.

This is even as the net interest income recorded a significant jump, as it rose by 7.60 per cent to N17.75 billion from N16.49 billion in the corresponding period of 2019.

Furthermore, the bank sustained the growth momentum demonstrated in its 2020 full year earnings as it recorded an impressive performance of 43 per cent in both profit before and after tax in Q1 2021.

The Bank’s unaudited Q1 results show that the retail lender profit before tax (PBT) grew by 43 per cent to N784.3million from N550.1 million recorded in the corresponding period of 2020.

The profit after tax (PAT) for the period, which also grew by 43 per cent stood at N721.5million compared to the N506.1million recorded in Q1 2020.

As an outcome of increased focus on supporting local enterprises and industry, the asset portfolio also showed significant growth in loan book of 76 per cent as net loans and advances to customers increased to N223.2 billion, from N126.6 billion recorded in the corresponding period.

The total assets of the bank for the period showed an appreciable growth of 42 per cent to close at N521.5 billion, from N366.8 billion in the corresponding period of 2020.

The balance sheet of the bank had been considerably de-risked with the non-performing loan (NPL) ratio of near-zero per cent, which it has consistently maintained over time. With this, the bank ranks topmost in risk management assessment.

The bank recorded gross earnings of N11.5 billion, representing a marginal decline of three per cent when compared to N11.9billion posted in the corresponding period of 2020.

The bank has assuredly intensified its recapitalization efforts by the recent updates the lender provided to the supervisory authority and significant mileage is currently being recorded as part of its corporate transformation and renewal programmes.

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