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CBN Cannot Meet Forex Needs as Monthly Demand Hits $4.8b

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  • CBN Cannot Meet Forex Needs as Monthly Demand Hits $4.8b

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has said it cannot meet the country’s monthly demand for $4.8 billion foreign exchange.

In september, only 13.75 per cent of the demand for foreign exchange was met.

The apex bank said its inability to meet the demands was based on the dwindling foreign reserves attributable to low production and drop in crude oil prices.

According to the apex bank, its forex policy was geared towards controlling access to the limited supply of dollars and to encourage local production of commodities that were hitherto being imported.

It would be recalled that the CBN was only able to meet its forex obligation of $660.17 million to 1342 manufacturers and allied firms in September for the importation of raw materials, plants and machinery.

Besides, the CBN noted that it would be abjectly failing on one of its cardinal objectives if it cuts interest rates when the inflation rate is high, saying “ours at 18.3 percent, one must question the judgment of cutting interest rates at this time. I think it is important to underscore that interest rates reflects not just the cost of capital but also the cost of doing business, and so we need to also look at interest rates from the perspective of the lender. Given that most banks have to individually provide security, power, and other infrastructure, it is not surprising that some of these costs are passed on to customers in the form of high interest rates.”

Similarly, the CBN Governor, Godwin Emefiele explained actions taken on Bureau De Change operators saying that about $6 billion per year was being sold to the operators for frivolous reasons.

Emefiele added that the demand for forex has reached an all-time high of over $1.2 billion weekly or $4.8 billion monthly, noting that when he assumed office in June 2014, the nation’s forex reserves had fallen from an high of $62 billion in 2008 to only $37 billion.

“Rather than build on the one-time burgeoning base of agricultural production and manufacturing we had, we invested less in power, infrastructure, education, and health. As our schools began to dilapidate and teachers went on incessant strikes, we sent our children overseas even for primary school education. As doctors preferred to practice in the US and UK and hospitals lacked even hand gloves, we embarked on a medical exodus abroad even for basic diagnosis.

“As our manufacturing companies started closing especially for lack of power, we gladly substituted them with seemingly cheap imports while inadvertently exporting jobs and importing poverty to our country”, he added.

Director-General of the Lagos Chamber of Commerce and Industry (LCCI), Muda Yusuf explained that while the CBN may be right in its justifications for some of its actions, there is a need for a holistic and integrated approach to addressing the concerns in the economy, thus necessitating a fusion of fiscal and monetary policies.

President, Manufacturers Association of Nigeria (MAN), Dr. Frank Jacobs explained that the demands of the real sector are yet to be met and that may spell doom for the nation’s economy if unresolved by the end of the year.

According to him, we set up BDCs and started giving out FX cash to them.

“At some point, we even had Class A BDCs that could collect as much as $1 million per week. On average, we sold about US$6 billion per year for frivolous reasons. Over the 11 years that we were practicing this, we sold more than $66 billion. None of these monies were used to build factories or to create jobs in Nigeria. None of these were used to build hospitals or schools in Nigeria. Imagine what this money would have meant to us if we had that amount in our FX Reserves today”, he said.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Forex

Investors Transacts Forex Worth $3.01 Billion at the NAFEX Window in June

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U.S Dollar - Investors King

The value of transactions traded at the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Rate Fixing (NAFEX) stood at $3.01 billion in June, according to the data published by the FMDQ Group and seen by Investors King.

This represents an increase of 19.4 percent when compared to the $2.52 billion recorded in the month of May.

On Friday 23, July 2021, investors’ transaction value was estimated at $135.28 million.

The NAFEX was introduced by the Central Bank of Nigeria in April 2017 in response to the continuous fall of the Naira.

In the FMDQ Group introductory statement of NAFEX window, the group said “This Market Notice is issued pursuant to the Central Bank of Nigeria (“CBN”) circular dated April 21, 2017 (Ref: FMD/DIRCIR/GEN/08/007) and titled Establishment of Investors’ & Exporters’ FX Window which provides in clause 4.0 that in order to support appropriate benchmarking and facilitate derivatives activities in the newly established Investors’ & Exporters’ FX Window (the “Window”), FMDQ OTC Securities Exchange (“FMDQ”) will be developing and publishing a new fixing called NAFEX – the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Rate Fixing.

“NAFEX is the FMDQ reference rate for foreign exchange (“FX”) activities in the Investors’ & Exporters’ FX Window and is designed to represent Spot FX market rates in the Window. NAFEX rates will be generated independently and objectively and published every business day at 12 noon or at a time advised by FMDQ.”

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Monday, July 26, 2021

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Naira Exchange Rates - Investors King

Economic uncertainty in Africa’s largest economy Nigeria continues to weigh on the Nigerian Naira despite numerous efforts by the Central Bank of Nigeria to prop up the Naira value against global counterparts. The Nigerian Naira opened the week at N504 to a United States Dollar at the parallel market popularly known as the black market.

While against the British Pound and European single currency, it traded at N705 and N595, respectively.

At the Central Bank of Nigeria’s regulated forex segment, the NAFEX, Naira stood at N411.50 to a United States Dollar but was quoted by the Central Bank of Nigeria at N410.14 to the United States Dollar.

The inability of the Central Bank of Nigeria to service the economy with enough forex liquidity has impeded economic activities, escalated inflation rate to 17.75 percent in the month of June and drove the unemployment rate to 33.33 percent despite oil price hitting $75 per barrel before moderating to $70 last week.

The oil-dependent nation’s foreign reserves remained lackluster at $33.171 billion, largely due to OPEC+ plus production cuts agreement and other internal issues. The dwindling foreign reserves has hindered central bank’s intermittent forex intervention aimed at supporting the Naira value and stimulating productivity across the economy.

Naira traded at N500, N705 and 595 to the United States Dollar, the British Pound and the Euro at the Bureau de Change forex section. See other Naira Exchange rates in the tables below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
26/07/2021 500/504* 698/705* 588/595* 62/69 407/415 300/320
23/07/2021 500/504 698/705 588/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
26/07/2021 490/500 694/705 580/595
23/07/2021 490/500 694/705 580/595
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
7/22/2021 US DOLLAR 409.14 409.64 410.14
7/22/2021 POUNDS STERLING 563.1812 563.8695 564.5577
7/22/2021 EURO 481.8851 482.474 483.0629
7/22/2021 SWISS FRANC 444.7657 445.3093 445.8528
7/22/2021 YEN 3.7114 3.7159 3.7204
7/22/2021 CFA 0.7151 0.7251 0.7351
7/22/2021 WAUA 580.1991 580.9082 581.6172
7/22/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 63.2522 63.3299 63.4077
7/22/2021 RIYAL 109.0778 109.2111 109.3444
7/22/2021 DANISH KRONA 64.7732 64.8524 64.9315

N.B: These tables are updated three times a day.

 

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Friday, July 23, 2021

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Naira Notes - Investors King

The Naira improves slightly against its global counterparts at the parallel market on Friday as liquidity increase marginally across key forex markets. The Naira gained N2 against the United States Dollar from N506 it traded last week Friday to N504 today, Friday, July 23, 2021 at the parallel market. Against the Euro and British Pound, the local currency exchanged at N595 and N705, respectively.

Economic uncertainty amid unclear policy direction has put a lid on Naira against global currencies, especially with Nigeria’s fiscal buffer lacking despite crude oil trading at an almost 2-year high from COVID-19 record-low. The drop in foreign reserves impeded the Central Bank of Nigeria’s ability to consistently intervene at the forex to prop the Naira value as usual.

At the bureau de change section, the Naira exchanged at N500, N705 and N595 to the United States Dollar, British Pound and the Euro, respectively. See the table below for Naira rates.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 500/504 698/705 588/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 490/500 694/705 580/595
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
7/22/2021 US DOLLAR 409.14 409.64 410.14
7/22/2021 POUNDS STERLING 563.1812 563.8695 564.5577
7/22/2021 EURO 481.8851 482.474 483.0629
7/22/2021 SWISS FRANC 444.7657 445.3093 445.8528
7/22/2021 YEN 3.7114 3.7159 3.7204
7/22/2021 CFA 0.7151 0.7251 0.7351
7/22/2021 WAUA 580.1991 580.9082 581.6172
7/22/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 63.2522 63.3299 63.4077
7/22/2021 RIYAL 109.0778 109.2111 109.3444
7/22/2021 DANISH KRONA 64.7732 64.8524 64.9315

N.B: These tables are updated three times a day.

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