Connect with us

Forex

Yellen Hot Economy Seen as Growth Cure With World Bank Blessing

Published

on

world-bank-chief-economist-paul-romer
  • Yellen Hot Economy Seen as Growth Cure With World Bank Blessing

World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romer buttress Yellen Janet hot economy model. Explaining that running economy above Federal Reserves’ current inflation and unemployment target will improve it more rapidly without offsetting policies. This, unconventional concept, maybe the new way of thinking and even aid Fed’s decision in holding off rate hike till first quarter of 2017, when they are more certain the economy can sustain current progress in the labour market and the services sector. Read his interview below.

World Bank Chief Economist Paul Romer urged global policy makers to run their economies hotter, driving down spare capacity and unemployment to expose longer-run obstacles to growth.

“If we could be running it much closer to full capacity, all of the shortages, bottlenecks and constraints” would surface, Romer said in an interview Thursday in Washington. That would allow policy makers to zero in on the next steps for raising the economy’s potential to grow, he said. “If you artificially stress the system, you actually improve it more rapidly.”

Romer’s comments, which he said are derived from manufacturing improvement theories of management guru William Edwards Deming, are resonant of another top policy maker — Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen. Last month, she said there were “plausible ways” that “temporarily running a high-pressure economy” could benefit growth in the long run.

Allowing unemployment and inflation to exceed a central bank’s targets without offsetting policies is known as running an economy “hot” among economists. When Yellen’s ideas were mentioned in the interview, Romer said, “exactly.”

It’s an unconventional idea, but that’s not unusual for Romer, 60. Before he was appointed the bank’s chief economist in July he was an economics professor at the business school at New York University. He’s one of the world’s leading experts on why economies grow and a maverick who has criticized his own profession for relying too heavily on models and theories. His work also wanders beyond mainstream economics to theories about the benefits of the rural-to-urban shift and cities as incubators of innovation.

Low Rates

The mix of sluggish output, slow inflation and low interest rates has put central banks around the world in a precarious position. With policy rates still around zero, there is little room to cut in the next recession. Fed officials left the benchmark lending rate unchanged in a range of 0.25 percent to 0.5 percent Wednesday, where it has been since December. Data released Friday showing payrolls increased by 161,000 and the unemployment rate fell to 4.9 percent in October, reinforcing the case for the Fed to hike rates next month.

“Everybody has been surprised at this persistent phenomenon of incredibly low interest rates and low growth, and low productivity growth,” Romer said. “Prolonged slack in the economy is really hurting things not only in the sense that we got wasted resources but we are not improving productivity.”

Other advanced economies are stuck in a similar rut, and their policy responses have also left their central banks vulnerable. The Bank of England’s bank rate is 0.25 percent; the European Central Bank’s benchmark rate is zero and its deposit rate is minus 0.4 percent; the Bank of Japan’s policy rate is minus 0.1 percent and it is purchasing 10-year government bonds to keep their yields around zero.

Sluggish Productivity

Gains in total factor productivity — a measure of how the mix of organizational structure, labor and capital are working together — enrich nations and allow companies to boost pay without raising prices.

In the U.S., it’s growing slowly or not at all: The average pace was just 0.29 percent in the past 12 quarters, according to the San Francisco Fed. By comparison, TFP rose 2 percent over the 12 quarters starting in 1996, following the introduction of Windows 95, which revolutionized home computing.

There is little monetary policy can do to directly impact productivity, except perhaps keep inflation low and stable. Yellen said last month at a Boston Fed conference that running the economy hot could, however, help set conditions that would boost investment, improve labor mobility, and perhaps spark research and development spending and more start-up activity.

Economists are puzzled about the causes of the productivity slowdown, which could be numerous. It “represents a decline in the secular rate of technical progress for reasons we don’t understand, and we don’t understand how persistent it is going to be,” said former Fed Governor Laurence Meyer in an interview.

Romer said governments need to be “more open minded about what we can do.” One recommendation: Open up more urban land for development. “You will get more construction, more infrastructure,” he said.

As far as business investment goes, the chief economist said it is easy to see the biggest obstacle to private sector confidence right now, only days before Americans pick a new president: political uncertainty.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates; Monday, March 1, 2021

Published

on

naira

Naira Exchange Rates; Monday, March 1, 2021

Naira exchanged at N482 to a United States Dollar on Monday on the parallel market, while it traded at N480 to a US Dollar at the bureau de change section of the foreign exchange market.

Daily Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 382/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 382/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
2/26/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
2/26/2021 POUNDS STERLING 527.7196 528.4158 529.112
2/26/2021 EURO 459.0448 459.6504 460.256
2/26/2021 SWISS FRANC 418.3685 418.9204 419.4723
2/26/2021 YEN 3.5644 3.5691 3.5738
2/26/2021 CFA 0.6873 0.6973 0.7073
2/26/2021 WAUA 547.559 548.2813 549.0037
2/26/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.6007 58.6785 58.7562
2/26/2021 RIYAL 101.0505 101.1838 101.3171
2/26/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 25.2827 25.316 25.3494

 

Continue Reading

Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates; Thursday, February 25, 2021

Published

on

lending

Daily Naira Exchange Rates; Thursday, February 25, 2021

The Nigerian Naira traded at N480 to a United States Dollar in the early hours of Thursday, February 24, 2020 at the parallel market popularly known as the black market. While the British pound was exchanged at N672 and Euro sold for N583. See the details below.

Daily Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
25/02/2021 475/480 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/480 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
2/24/2021 US DOLLAR 379 379.5 380
2/24/2021 POUNDS STERLING 535.7923 536.4992 537.206
2/24/2021 EURO 461.0914 461.6997 462.308
2/24/2021 SWISS FRANC 417.6309 418.1818 418.7328
2/24/2021 YEN 3.5805 3.5853 3.59
2/24/2021 CFA 0.6825 0.6925 0.7025
2/24/2021 WAUA 546.5445 547.2656 547.9866
2/24/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 58.7606 58.8386 58.9166
2/24/2021 RIYAL 101.0505 101.1838 101.3171
2/24/2021 SOUTH AFRICAN RAND 26.0338 26.0681 26.1025

 

Continue Reading

Naira

Daily Naira Exchange Rates; Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Published

on

Daily Naira Exchange Rates; Wednesday, February 24, 2021

Naira remained weak against global counterparts as the local currency opened at N480 against the United States Dollar on the black market in the early morning of Wednesday,  February 24, 2020.

Daily Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

 Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
24/02/2021 470/480 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

 

Continue Reading

Trending