Canada’s inflation rose at a moderate 1.5 percent annualized rate in May, down from 1.7 percent in April. That was short of economists forecast of 1.6 percent.
On a monthly basis, inflation increased by 0.4 percent, largely due to a 4.1 percent jump in gasoline prices in May, the Statistics Canada reported. But on a yearly basis, gasoline prices plunged 7.1 percent in May after previously declining 5.8 percent in April.
“Inflation remains muted, but if energy prices hold onto their gains – let alone make further headway – we’ll be above 2 per cent towards the end of the year,” Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce economist Nick Exarhos said in a note.
Core inflation rate, which excludes volatile items declined from 2.2 percent to 2.1 percent.
The Canadian dollar slightly loss part of its gains against the American dollar immediately the data was released, but gauges showed investors were more focused on Britain’s upcoming referendum on whether to stay in the European Union.
According to economists, it is likely the central bank will focus more on the irregular economic growth expected over the second and third quarters, since the Bank of Canada has repeatedly said that temporary factors are influencing inflation.
Earlier this week, the Bank of Canada said the economy is likely to contract slightly in the second quarter, following recent wildfires in Alberta that disrupted oil production.
“The Bank of Canada’s main focus in terms of the outlook for growth is monitoring the impact of the (oil) shutdowns and activity outside of the energy sector,” said Paul Ferley, assistant chief economist at Royal Bank of Canada.
On a monthly basis, gasoline prices registered their third consecutive increase, rising 4.1 percent in May. This followed an 8.9 percent monthly gain in April.
Bureaux De Change Association Warns Against Hoarding of US Dollar, Says Speculators will Lose
The Association of Bureaux De Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) on Sunday warned currency speculators and hoarders of impending losses if they do not desist from creating bogus foreign exchange rates for personal gain.
In a statement titled, “ABCON warns speculators will lose money as CBN has enough reserves to fund market, defend naira”, the association said speculators and hoarders are taking a huge risk as the Central Bank of Nigeria has enough liquidity to defend the Naira and maintain stability against global foreign counterparts.
This is coming few days after the local currency plunged to N484 to a United States dollar and N620 against the British Pound at the black market due to the rising demand and persistent scarcity that most hoarders interpreted as lack of financial muscle on the part of the central bank, especially if the nation’s falling foreign reserves is factored in.
However, ABCON said with about $36 billion foreign reserves, the Central Bank of Nigeria has the necessary means to punish speculators and hoarders they described as enemies of the nation.
President of ABCON, Alhaji Aminu Gwadabe, explained that the central bank is working to unify the nation’s foreign exchange rates and eliminate past challenges that have made market determined forex rates almost impossible.
He said “I think that the CBN by pushing the official foreign exchange rate from N306 to N379 to the dollar is in line with market demand.
“It has also helped to narrow the official-parallel market rates gap that formed the basis of ridiculous speculations among unpatriotic forex dealers and spectators.”
Gwadabe, however, advised the Federal Government to improve security surveillance at the nation’s land borders to checkmate illegal foreign currency cash deals.
He also asked the central bank to raise liquidity ratio of bureau de change operators to discourage dollar holdings.
Forex Scarcity Plunges Naira to N620 Against British Pound
Naira Exchanges at N620 to a British Pound at Black Market
Lingering foreign exchange scarcity has plunged the Nigerian Naira to a record-low of N620 against the British Pound at the black market.
The declined by a record N14 from the N607 it exchanged to a single British Pound on Thursday to N620 on Friday, signaling rising demand for forex amid persistent scarcity.
Experts have attributed the surge in demand to the usual push for the end of the year sales by importers and businesses looking to close the sales gap created by the COVID-19 lockdown.
The local currency plunged against global counterparts by the most in recent months on Friday. The Naira declined by N13 against the European common currency to exchange at N570.
Similarly, the Naira lost another N4 against the United States dollar to exchanged at N484, further down from N480 it was sold on Thursday.
Experts are predicting further decline for the Nigerian Naira, largely due to the weak macro fundamentals, overexposure to crude oil uncertainty and US Dollar.
US Dollar Gains Against the Nigerian Naira to US$/N480
The United States Dollar continues its bullish run against the Nigerian Naira on the black market on Friday.
The American Dollar gained N5 against the Nigerian Naira to exchange at US$1 to N480 across key black markets in Nigeria.
The US Dollar has been on a bullish run since COVID-19 pandemic plunged oil prices and distrupted Nigeria’s foreign revenue generation at a time global supply chains were grounded and economies shut to curb the spread of ravaging COVID-19.
The Central Bank of Nigeria devalued the Naira twice to accommodate the nation’s new reality and ease pressure on the weak foreign reserves, still rising capital flight among foreign investors looking to exit the economy and weak foreign direct investment impedes the apex bank’s ability to service the economy with enough US dollar.
Therefore, persistent scarcity due CBN’s failure to supply enough liqudity in an economy that depends on import for almost 90 percent of its consumption plunged the Naira value in recent months.
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