Yields on Japan’s benchmark 10-year government bond fell below zero for the first time, as investors clamor for safe-haven assets in the wake of a global market rout.
The yield on the 10-year Japan government bond (JGB) dropped as low as negative 0.007 percent. The fall came on the heels of a global stock market sell-off overnight that likely spurred safe haven flows back into Japan. Bond prices move inversely to yields.
The U.S. five-year Treasury yield also fell to around 1.1112 percent in Asia trading hours, its lowest since June 2013, when markets convulsed during the taper tantrum after the U.S. Federal Reserve first broached the idea that it would be tapering its quantitative easing program. The U.S. 10-year Treasury yield fell as low as levels around 1.6947 percent, a more than one-year low.
The 10-year JGB’s move to negative territory yield also follows the Bank of Japan’s (BOJ) move to a negative interest rate policy, which can make the return on JGBs, even at a negative yields, as well as the possibility of further price rises, more attractive comparatively.
Amid a surge in market volatility, “people want to hold government bonds” for the safe-haven play, said Chris Weston, chief market strategist at spreadbettor IG. “It’s not a nice time to be in risk assets at the moment.”
But he added that the rush into JGBs isn’t just about seeking safe havens.
“(Japan policymakers) have been aggressive on the wires, jawboning the currency and giving the impression there’ll be more (easing) coming from the BOJ,” he said. “There’s a large consensus for further action.”
Japan’s Finance Minister Taro Aso said Tuesday that the yen’s moves were “rough,” adding that he’ll be watching it closely, Reuters reported. The dollar was fetching as few as 114.22 yen in Asia trade Tuesday, dropping sharply — and quickly — from levels over 120 yen early last week. The yen is seeing inflows as it’s considered a safe-haven currency.
A stronger yen is a concern for Japan Inc., as it makes the country’s exports less competitive and dents company earnings when overseas revenue is translated back into the home currency.
The 10-year JGB’s move into negative yields had been expected ever since the BOJ adopted the negative rate policy.
Deutsche Bank last week forecast 10-year JGB to trade in a range of negative 0.05 to positive 0.15 percent for the time being. Capital Economics tips the bond yield to fall to negative 0.25 percent by the end of 2016.
Yields on shorter-dated bonds were already negative in Japan, as well as in many countries in the euro zone, where the European Central Bank has flooded financial markets with cash. Nearly 70 percent of the JGBs in the market already offer negative yields, the Nikkei Asian Review reported last week.
However, a yield below zero on 10-year bonds is rare. Switzerland 10-year bonds currently yield around negative 0.335 percent, although the country’s bond market is smaller than Japan’s.
A negative yield on a bond – which means investors are effectively paying for the privilege of lending Japan’s government money – suggests continued strong demand for JGBs.
The latest driver for the rally in bond prices (and the decline in yields) was the January 29 move by the BOJ to adopt negative interest rates for the first time. The central bank said it would apply a rate of negative 0.1 percent to excess reserves that financial institutional held with it, effective February 16.
That nontraditional policy change may also be unsettling markets.
“I think that central banks are re-writing the Econ textbook. The problem is its unclear how this story ends, but history would suggest this is not a sustainable trend,” said hedge fund manager Brian Kelly of BKCM LLC.
—By CNBC.Com’s Leslie Shaffer; Follow her on Twitter @LeslieShaffer1
Oil Prices Hit Multi-year Highs on Monday
Oil prices hit multi-year highs on Monday buoyed by recovering demand and high natural gas and coal prices encouraging users to switch to fuel oil and diesel for power generation.
Brent crude oil futures were up 59 cents, or 0.7%, to $85.45 a barrel by 0900 GMT, after hitting $86.04, their highest level since October 2018.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures climbed 90 cents, or 1.1%, to $83.18 a barrel, after hitting a $83.73, their highest since October 2014.
Both contracts rose by at least 3% last week.
“Easing restrictions around the world are likely to help the recovery in fuel consumption,” analysts at ANZ bank said in a note, adding that gas-to-oil switching for power generation alone could boost demand by as much as 450,000 barrels per day in the fourth quarter.
Cold temperatures in the northern hemisphere are also expected to worsen an oil supply deficit, said Edward Moya, senior analyst at OANDA.
“The oil market deficit seems poised to get worse as the energy crunch will intensify as the weather in the north has already started to get colder,” he said.
“As coal, electricity, and natural gas shortages lead to additional demand for crude, it appears that won’t be accompanied by significantly extra barrels from OPEC+ or the U.S.,” he said.
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said on Monday that Japan would urge oil producers to increase output and take steps to cushion the impact of surging energy costs on industry.
Chinese data showed third-quarter economic growth fell to its lowest level in a year hurt by power shortages, supply bottlenecks and sporadic COVID-19 outbreaks.
China’s daily crude processing rate in September also fell its lowest level since May 2020 as a feedstock shortage and environmental inspections crippled operations at refineries, while independent refiners faced tightening crude import quotas.
Oil and Gas Companies in Nigeria
Nigeria is an oil reach nation with several oil and gas companies operating in Africa’s largest economy. However, only ten oil and gas companies are listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX).
Before we discuss in detail each of the listed oil and gas companies in Nigeria. A short background on Africa’s largest economy will help throw more light on the significance of the oil and gas companies or the entire oil sector to the Nigerian economy.
Nigeria is a petrol-dollar economy, which means Africa’s most populous nation, sells crude oil and use its proceed to service the economy. In fact, the Nigerian Naira is backed by crude oil like Canadian Dollar and other commodity-dependent economies.
But because the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) pegged the Naira against its global counterparts, the local currency does not reflect succinctly the fluctuation in global oil prices like other crude oil-dependent currencies.
Since global oil prices rebounded with the gradual reopening of economies, the oil and gas companies in Nigeria have also rebounded from the 2020 record low of $15 per barrel. The oil and gas sector has gained 62.76 percent from the year to date, according to the NGX Oil and Gas Index.
The index gauge price movements in 10 listed oil and gas companies in Nigeria. However, there are several oil and gas companies in Nigeria not listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited.
Oil and Gas Companies Listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX)
|Company||Ticker||Sector||Date Listed||Date Incorporated|
|ARDOVA PLC [CG+]||ARDOVA||OIL AND GAS||–||November 12, 1964|
|CAPITAL OIL PLC [MRF]||CAPOIL||OIL AND GAS||–||August 29, 1985|
|CONOIL PLC||CONOIL||OIL AND GAS||–||June 30, 1970|
|ETERNA PLC.||ETERNA||OIL AND GAS||–||January 13, 1989|
|JAPAUL GOLD & VENTURES PLC||JAPAULGOLD||OIL AND GAS||August 10, 2005||June 29, 1994|
|MRS OIL NIGERIA PLC.||MRS||OIL AND GAS||–||August 12, 1969|
|OANDO PLC [MRF]||OANDO||OIL AND GAS||February 24, 1992||August 25, 1969|
|RAK UNITY PET. COMP. PLC. [MRF]||RAKUNITY||OIL AND GAS||–||December 20, 1982|
|SEPLAT ENERGY PLC [CG+]||SEPLAT||OIL AND GAS||–||June 17, 2009|
|TOTALENERGIES MARKETING NIGERIA PLC||TOTAL||OIL AND GAS||–||January 6, 1956|
Oil Prices Extend Gains on Friday After Saudis Dismiss Supply Concerns
Oil prices extended gains on Friday after Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, Saudi Energy Minister dismissed calls for more crude oil supply on Thursday.
Brent crude oil, against which Nigerian oil is priced, rose to $84.92 per barrel at around 8:31 am Nigerian time. The U.S West Texas Intermediate crude oil also responded positively to the comment, rising to $81.56 per barrel on Friday.
“What we see in the oil market today is an incremental (price) increase of 29%, vis-à-vis 500% increases in (natural) gas prices, 300% increases in coal prices, 200% increases in NGLs (natural gas liquids) ….”
He further stated that the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and allies led by Russia, have done a “remarkable” job acting as “so-called regulator of the oil market,” he said.
“Gas markets, coal markets, other sources of energy need a regulator. This situation is telling us that people need to copy and paste what OPEC+ has done and what it has achieved.”
Prince Abdulaziz explained that OPEC plus will add 400,000 barrels per day in November and do the same in December and subsequent months. The increase will be gradual he said.
“We want to make sure that we reduce those excess capacities that we have developed as a result of COVID,” he said, adding that OPEC+ wanted to do it “in a gradual, phased-in approach”.
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