Connect with us

Banking Sector

Nigerian Banks’ Reliance on Central Bank Skyrockets as Borrowings Surge by 140% in H1 2023

Borrowings from CBN Hit Record High: Nigerian Banks Grapple with Increasing Reliance
Alarming Trend: Nigerian Banks’ Borrowings from Central Bank Soar by 140% in H1 2023



Retail banking

Nigerian banks are facing an unprecedented reliance on the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) for liquidity, as their borrowings from the apex bank soar to alarming levels.

According to data obtained, within the first half of 2023 (H1 2023) ending last weekend, the banks borrowed a staggering N10.35 trillion from the CBN’s Standing Lending Facility (SLF), reflecting a jaw-dropping 140% year-on-year rise compared to the corresponding period in 2022 (H1 2022) with borrowings amounting to N4.3 trillion.

The data paints a worrisome picture, with borrowing in the first quarter of 2023 alone surpassing the total borrowings for the entire H1 of 2022.

The first quarter figure stood at N4.95 trillion, indicating a significant surge in reliance on the CBN.

The trend continued its upward trajectory, with subsequent borrowing pushing the dependence by 5.05% to reach N5.4 trillion in the second quarter of 2023 (Q2 2023).

Compounding the concerns, the data also reveals a troubling deterioration in banks’ deposits in the CBN’s Standing Deposit Facility (SDF). In Q2 2023, these deposits witnessed a 2.0% decline, falling to N898.25 billion from N1.36 trillion in Q1 2023. However, when examining the combined impact of both quarters in H1 2023, there was a notable 34% increase in the banks’ SDF balances with the CBN.

The surge in banks’ borrowings from the SLF underscores the persistent rise in currency held outside the banking system and currency in circulation (CIC) within the broader economy.

The CBN’s previous measures to redesign the currency landscape between Q4 2022 and Q1 2023 initially injected liquidity into the banks, resulting in a significant boost to their liquidity levels. However, this liquidity movement witnessed a reversal after the suspension of the policy in Q1 2023.

In May 2023, during the 291st Meeting of the Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) and in line with the CBN Communique No. 148, Mrs. Aishah Ahmad, an MPC member, sought to reassure the public regarding the soundness of the banking industry.

She highlighted that as of April 2023, the industry’s key indicators remained robust, including a capital adequacy ratio of 12.8%, a decrease in the non-performing loans ratio to 4.4% (compared to 5.3% in April 2022), and a liquidity ratio of 45.3% that surpassed the minimum requirement of 30.0%.

Additionally, credit to the real sector continued its upward trajectory.

Mrs. Ahmad emphasized the need for banks to build adequate capital buffers, highlighting the ongoing implementation of the Basel III capital standards as essential in this regard. These standards prescribe additional capital buffers to fortify the sector’s solvency and liquidity positions, enabling it to withstand potential shocks in the short to medium term.

The increasing reliance of Nigerian banks on the CBN for liquidity raises concerns about the overall health of the banking sector and the sustainability of this trend. As the authorities navigate these challenges, ensuring the sector’s stability and promoting a robust financial system remain crucial priorities.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Nasdaq,, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

Continue Reading

Banking Sector

Central Bank of Nigeria Postpones 293rd Monetary Policy Committee Meeting



Central Bank of Nigeria - Investors King

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced the postponement of its 293rd Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) meeting, originally scheduled for September 25th and 26th, 2023.

Dr. Isa AbdulMumin, the bank’s Director of Corporate Communications, released a statement on Thursday confirming the decision.

In the statement, Dr. AbdulMumin stated, “The Monetary Policy Committee of the Central Bank of Nigeria has deferred its 293rd meeting, which was initially planned for Monday and Tuesday, September 25th and 26th, 2023, respectively. A new date will be communicated in due course. We regret any inconvenience this change may cause our stakeholders and the general public.”

While the CBN did not provide an official reason for the postponement, some industry experts suggest it may be related to the pending approvals for the newly appointed governor and deputy governors of the bank.

President Bola Tinubu recently nominated Yemi Cardoso as the potential head of the CBN. Additionally, Tinubu has endorsed the nominations of four new deputy governors for the apex bank, who are expected to serve for an initial term of five years, pending confirmation by the Senate.

The nominated deputy governors are Emem Usoro, Muhammad Abdullahi-Dattijo, Philip Ikeazor, and Bala Bello. However, the appointment of the CBN governor is contingent upon Senate confirmation, which is currently on a yearly recess.

The CBN assures stakeholders and the public that the rescheduled MPC meeting date will be communicated promptly as soon as it is confirmed.

Continue Reading

Banking Sector

Currency in Circulation Surges by N1.7 Trillion Amidst Rising Cash Transactions



New Naira Notes

The currency in circulation in Nigeria has surged by N1.7 trillion, driven by a surge in cash transactions.

According to data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), as of the end of August, the currency in circulation rose to N2.7 trillion.

This substantial increase in currency in circulation comes after a 235.03 percent dip to N982.1 billion as of the end of February 2023 from N3.29 trillion at the close of October 2022, primarily due to the naira redesign policy spearheaded by the CBN.

However, the currency in circulation began its steady ascent once the policy concluded. Cash that had been previously withdrawn from circulation to promote electronic payments was reintroduced into the economy, contributing to this significant boost.

The data obtained from the CBN reveals that a whopping N2.3 trillion was removed from circulation during this period.

The CBN defines currency in circulation as all legal tender currency in the hands of the general public and within the vaults of Deposit Money Banks, excluding the central bank’s vaults.

The CBN further elucidated its methodology, stating that it employed an “accounting/statistical/withdrawals & deposits approach” to calculate the currency in circulation in Nigeria. This approach meticulously tracks the movement of currency in circulation on a transaction-by-transaction basis.

Under this methodology, each withdrawal made by a Deposit Money Bank at one of CBN’s branches results in an increase in currency in circulation (CIC), while each deposit made by a DMB at one of CBN’s branches leads to a decrease in CIC.

This surge in currency in circulation reflects the evolving landscape of financial transactions in Nigeria and underscores the importance of flexible monetary policies in facilitating economic growth and stability.

Continue Reading

Banking Sector

Strong Growth in Earnings for Leading Nigerian Banks in H1 2023



Retail banking

Financial reports released by eight Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) for the first half of 2023 have showcased robust financial performances, collectively amassing N3.9 trillion in gross earnings.

These figures were recently disclosed through the financial statements published on the Nigerian Exchange Limited’s website.

Zenith Bank: Zenith Bank, in its audited results for the half-year ending on June 30, 2023, stood out with remarkable growth, posting a 139 percent surge in gross earnings. This figure soared from N404.8 billion in H1 2022 to N967.3 billion in H1 2023.

The bank also reported a 161.84 percent increase in profit after tax, reaching N291.7 billion by June 2023.

Guaranty Trust Bank (GTCO): GTCO recorded a substantial 85 percent rise in gross earnings during H1 2023, soaring to N672.603 billion from the N364.306 billion recorded in the previous year.

In its audited consolidated and separate financial statements filed with both the Nigerian Exchange Group and London Stock Exchange, the bank reported a profit after tax of N280.482 billion for H1 2023, compared to N77.557 billion in the corresponding period of 2022.

United Bank for Africa (UBA): UBA demonstrated its financial prowess with a remarkable 164 percent increase in gross earnings, reaching N981.78 billion in June 2023, compared to N372.36 billion in June 2022.

According to the bank’s audited financial report, its profit after tax surged to N378.24 billion, reflecting a staggering 437.8 percent increase over H1 2022.

First Bank: Nigeria’s oldest bank, First Bank, experienced substantial growth in gross earnings, witnessing an 82.8 percent increase to N656.6 billion in H1 2023, compared to N359.2 billion in the same period of 2022.

The bank’s profit after tax also saw significant growth, increasing to N174.9 billion in H1 2023 from N53.3 billion in the previous year.

Also, other prominent banks that recorded substantial growth in gross earnings in the first half of 2023 included Wema Bank (N89.09 billion), Fidelity Bank (N247.1 billion), Sterling Holding (N99.06 billion), and FCMB (N238.2 billion). Cumulatively, these eight banks collectively amassed N3.9 trillion in the first six months of the year.

A deeper analysis of these banks’ financial statements indicated that the impressive performance in the first half of the year was primarily attributable to the devaluation of the naira following the Central Bank of Nigeria’s decision to float the local currency.

For instance, Zenith Bank’s interest income surged by 72 percent, reaching N415.4 billion in H1 2023 from N241.7 billion in H1 2022. Additionally, trading gains rose by 21 percent to N103 billion during this period.

The growth in interest income was attributed to the impact of both the expansion and repricing of risk assets.

“The liberalization of the foreign exchange market during the period spurred the growth in non-interest income as revaluation gains improved significantly,” noted the bank.

These impressive financial performances underscore the resilience and adaptability of Nigerian banks in the face of economic challenges and changing market conditions, positioning them as key players in the nation’s financial landscape.

Continue Reading