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Nigeria’s External Reserves Continue to Decline in 2023

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Godwin Emefiele - Investors King

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has reported a further decline in the country’s external reserves, with figures showing a fall of $317m in February.

This is a continuation of a trend that saw the reserves drop by $3.43bn in 2022 after falling from $40.52bn at the end of December 31, 2021. A check by Investors King shows that the reserves stood at $36.67bn as of February 27, 2023, down from $36.99bn at the end of January.

The Governor of the CBN, Godwin Emefiele, has attributed the decline in external reserves to exchange rate pressure and slow accretion.

He noted that demand has remained high while accretion has been slow, leading to a marginal decline in reserves in December. Members of the Monetary Policy Committee have also expressed concern about the situation, with one member stating that the reserves position may not be precarious but is inadequate to maintain exchange rate stability.

Domestic challenges have also contributed to the decline in external reserves. Despite improved oil production, it remains below OPEC allocation quotas due to high production costs, oil theft, and pipeline vandalism. This has reduced fiscal space, resulting in increased debt burden and reduced foreign reserves accretion.

Trade and current account balances have also been impacted by high imports and low foreign inflows, leading to persistent exchange rate pressure.

The CBN has been taking steps to address these challenges, including promoting export and reducing imports.

However, more needs to be done to boost oil production, increase foreign inflows, and reduce fiscal pressure. The decline in external reserves is a cause for concern, and urgent action is needed to stabilize the exchange rate and ensure economic stability.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

Naira

Dollar to Naira Black Market Today, February 23rd, 2024

As of February 23rd, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,610 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

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Naira Dollar Exchange Rate - Investors King

As of February 23rd, 2024, the exchange rate for the US dollar to the Nigerian Naira stands at 1 USD to 1,610 NGN in the black market, also referred to as the parallel market or Aboki fx.

For those engaging in currency transactions in the Lagos Parallel Market (Black Market), buyers purchase a dollar for N1,650 and sell it at N1,640 on Thursday, February 22nd, 2024 based on information from Bureau De Change (BDC).

Meaning, the Naira exchange rate improved when compared to today’s rate below.

This black market rate signifies the value at which individuals can trade their dollars for Naira outside the official or regulated exchange channels.

Investors and participants closely monitor these parallel market rates for a more immediate reflection of currency dynamics.

How Much is Dollar to Naira Today in the Black Market?

Kindly be aware that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) does not acknowledge the existence of the parallel market, commonly referred to as the black market.

The CBN has advised individuals seeking to participate in Forex transactions to utilize official banking channels.

Black Market Dollar to Naira Exchange Rate

  • Buying Rate: N1,610
  • Selling Rate: N1,600

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Naira

Naira Appreciates Slightly to N1,542.58/$ at NAFEM

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New Naira notes

The Naira appreciated marginally against the United States dollar, closing at N1,542.58/$ at the Nigerian Autonomous Foreign Exchange Market (NAFEM) on Wednesday.

This modest gain represents a 2.9 percent appreciation from the previous day’s rate of N1,598.54, highlighting a nuanced fluctuation in the currency’s value.

According to data sourced from the FMDQ Securities Exchange, a platform overseeing FX trading in Nigeria, the Naira’s journey throughout the trading day was marked by an intra-day high of N1,755 and a low of N1,050.

Moreover, the total foreign exchange turnover surged to $172.14 million, indicating a 47 percent increase from the previous day.

Despite the Naira’s marginal gain at NAFEM, concerns persist regarding the widening gap between the official and parallel market rates.

The Naira’s depreciation to N1,900 against the dollar in the parallel market before it moderated to N1,687 later in the day.

Analysts and Bureau De Change operators foresee further pressure on the Naira, with predictions of a potential all-time low of 2,000/dollar at the parallel market in the coming weeks.

The demand for the greenback continues to fuel volatility, prompting regulatory actions from entities like the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to curb speculative activities.

As stakeholders monitor the currency’s trajectory, the CBN’s efforts to address forex liquidity challenges and stabilize the Naira remain under scrutiny amidst evolving market dynamics.

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Forex

Police and EFCC Personnel Raid Bureau De Change Outlets in Ibadan’s Sabo Area

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Bureau De Change Operator

In a concerted effort to curb illicit currency dealings and stabilize the nation’s currency, Nigerian security operatives, including police and Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) personnel, launched a raid on Bureau De Change (BDC) outlets in Ibadan’s Sabo area.

Sabo, a prominent district in Ibadan, the capital of Oyo State, serves as a central hub for currency exchange activities in the region.

Videos circulated on social media platforms captured the dramatic scene as armed security personnel and their convoy descended on the bustling Sabo Road.

The raid comes amidst growing concerns over the depreciation of the Nigerian naira, which hit record lows against major foreign currencies, including the dollar.

Sources revealed that the naira’s value reached alarming levels, with exchanges as high as N1980 to $1 on the parallel market and N1780 on the official market.

President Bola Tinubu’s administration has intensified efforts to crack down on individuals involved in currency racketeering, aiming to restore stability to the nation’s economy.

The clampdown signals a firm stance against illegal currency trading and serves as a deterrent to those engaging in speculative activities.

While the raids may disrupt illicit operations, they also underscore the government’s commitment to restoring confidence in the financial sector and promoting transparency in currency exchange practices.

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