The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) celebrates eNaira’s one-year anniversary in grand style as over 700,000 transactions valued at N8 billion were processed within the last 12 months.
Godwin Emefiele, the apex bank governor, who spoke at an event organised to mark the digital currency milestone in Lagos, expressed his profound joy at the success of the Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC) since its inception.
Emefiele said it has been an overwhelming first year, the encouragement and genuine interest from the citizen of Nigeria and others across the world has been unending and has helped propel the vision of the nation’s cashless economy despite the challenges faced in the process.
He said being the first country in Africa and second in the world to introduce a digital currency to its citizens is no child’s play.
Emefiele Said, “there has been overwhelming interest and encouraging response from Nigerians and other parties across the world, with 33 banks fully integrated and live on the platform. N3 billion has been successfully minted by the Central Bank, N2.10 billion issued to financial institutions, and about one million (919,000) customers are on board.
“Over 3,305 merchants have successfully registered on the eNaira platform across the country, including Shoprite, Sahad Stores, A.A. Rano fuel stations, Fraser Suites, and November Cubes, among others. Over 700,000 transactions amounting to about N8 billion have been recorded on the platform and over 2.5 million daily visits to the eNaira website.”
In the spirit of festivity, Godwin stated that plans are underway by the central bank and Bankers’ Committee to ensure the implementation of its cashless policy throughout Nigeria, adding that the apex bank has expended so much in the adoption of a 100% cashless economy.
Godwin said, “Banks have incurred a lot of costs in an attempt to embrace a cashless economy. We also had collaborations with mobile networks and had payment service banks (PSB) using all sorts of channels. The destination, as far as I am concerned, is to achieve a 100% cashless economy in Nigeria. I know that those who doubt will say that 100% cashless is unattainable.”
Emefiele further stated that the CBN had provided the needed infrastructure nationwide to enable the smooth transition into a cashless economy.
It might not be a juicy transition for some individuals but necessary pronouncements will be made on that effect in the coming weeks, he concluded.
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Nigerians Turned to eNaira For Transactions as Naira Scarcity Persists
Recent reports reveal that Nigerians increasingly turned to the nation’s digital currency eNaira as transaction value jumped a whopping 63% to N22 billion ($48 million) amid the ongoing cash crunch bedeviling the country.
The number of eNaira wallets is reported to have jumped more than 12-fold to 13 million since October last year.
Speaking on the recent surge in the adoption of the eNaira, Nigeria’s Central Bank Governor Godwin Emefiele said the eNaira has emerged as the electronic payment choice for financial inclusion and executing social interventions.
He further noted that the Naira circulation in the country had dropped to around 1 trillion Naira from 3.2 trillion Naira in September 2022. Hence, to bridge this deficit, he disclosed that more than 10 billion Naira of the CBN’s digital currency has been minted so far, and about 3.4 billion Naira is in circulation.
The increased rate of the eNaira adoption in Nigeria doesn’t come as a surprise owing to the fact that Nigerians have been struggling with a crippling cash shortage since the CBN policy to redesign the higher denominations (N200, N500, N1,000) of the naira notes.
Currency in circulation slumped to about 1 trillion naira from N3.28 trillion in December 2022 to N1.38 trillion in January and an estimated N982.09 billion in February 2023 representing a 235 percent decline. The shortage of cash has left many individuals in the country of about 218 million struggling to pay for basic needs. Investors King understands that Nigeria which has a $220 billion informal economy, thrives on cash transaction.
Recall that the eNaira was launched by the Central Bank of Nigeria in October 2021, which saw Nigeria become the first country in Africa to launch its digital currency. The CBN disclosed that the eNaira was introduced to increase remittances, foster cross-border trade, improve financial inclusion and enable the government to make welfare payments more easily.
The launch of the CBN digital currency however came as a surprise to a lot of Nigerians, as the CBN has been suspicious of cryptocurrencies, such as Bitcoin, after it issued a directive that prohibited banks from taking part in financial transactions involving cryptocurrencies, which many Nigerians often use as a hedge against naira depreciation.
At the initial launch of the eNaira, it was faced with widespread rejection and less usage from Nigerians. A year after the launch of the eNaira, less than 0.5% of Nigerians were using it. In a bid to encourage the digital currency adoption at the grassroots level, the CBN offered Keke NAPEP (tricycle taxis) and their customers a 5% discount for using the CBDC as means of payment.
In November 2022 one year after the eNaira launch, the CBN celebrated 700,000 completed eNaira transactions valued at ₦8 billion ($17.4 million). If the shortage of cash persists in the country, it is not far-fetched to say that the eNaira transaction rate would record another significant increase.
Naira Scarcity: CBN Introduces USSD Code For eNaira to Ease Transactions
The Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN on Thursday, introduced a USSD code for its digital currency, eNaira amidst naira scarcity.
Investors King reports that the USSD code given as *997*50# for the eNaira will be active and used on Bullnet platform.
Launching the USSD system in Lagos, the Chief Executive Officer, Bullnet Bulletin and Enquiries Networking Services, Bayo Akintoye stated that the new initiative will solve the cash crunch issue.
According to Akintoye, the introduction of the USSD code for eNaira will ease the suffering of the citizens until the country fully actualises its laid down cashless policy and economy.
He noted that the system will be helpful to those without bank accounts as they would only require their phone numbers to register and enjoy the services.
The CEO enjoined Nigerians to embrace the USSD eNaira system while stressing its benefits and easy usage for transactions.
“The CBN has collaborated with Chamsmobile Limited (a CBN licensed Mobile Money Operator and Super-Agent) to address challenges faced primarily by the unbanked, the underserved and those on the other side of the digital divide by developing the service known as ‘eNairaeNhanced Services’ via the eNaira USSD channel (*997*50#) which is fully run and powered by the patented Bullnet Platform.
“It is expected that Nigerians will proudly associate with this innovation and register to have the eNaira wallet. These wallets can be funded directly with cash-purchased vouchers (like the GSM recharge cards) or from funded bank accounts using bank cards via the web portal or using electronic payment with any authorized agent.
“Users can also transfer eNaira from one wallet to another simply by inputting the recipient’s phone number. The service also makes it possible for users to cash out by sending the eNaira directly from their wallets to an ATM and withdrawing the cash equivalent without the need for a bank account or bank card. The user can also send eNaira to a designated bank account for savings or further transactions,” Akintoye explained.
Also speaking, the Project Coordinator, eNaira Project Giant Team, Otaru Abdulkadir, who represented the Coordinator of eNaira, CBN explained that the eNaira, if well utilised will enhance financial inclusion across all states, improve cross border transactions, international transactions and boost the economy.
Investors King recalls that the eNaira was launched in October, 2021 as part of CBN’s measure to implement its cashless policy and move from a cash-based economy.
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