Tether, the issuer of the world’s largest stablecoin, USDT, has started printing again after a roughly two-month halt that sparked investors’ concerns and speculation.
Tether has minted at least 2.3 billion USDT since Aug. 1, pushing the token’s market cap to $65 billion, a Tether representative told CoinDesk via email. USDT, which is pegged to U.S. dollars, usually trades at $1.
In June and July, USDT’s market cap stagnated around $62 billion despite small fluctuations. Industry experts attributed the reduced demand to China’s crackdown on crypto, the rise of the competing stablecoin USDC and investor concerns over Tether’s own vulnerability.
Demand for USDT has recently rebounded, according to Tether and industry experts, as crypto market sentiment has turned increasingly positive. The largest cryptocurrency by market cap, bitcoin, has rebounded from its July low of around $29,600, trading at $49,540 as of press time, up 1.8% over the past 24 hours.
“From a supply/demand perspective, as crypto prices go up, more stablecoins and fiat are needed to buy the assets and expand the total market cap of crypto,” Gary Pike, director of sales and trading at crypto services firm B2C2, told CoinDesk.
“We are seeing increased trading activity across venues that support Tether tokens,” a Tether representative said.
It’s possible, however, that the increased demand for USDT recently may not be driven by bitcoin but instead by some altcoins, such as solana (SOL) and terra (LUNA), whose trading volumes surged, according to Noelle Acheson, head of market insights at crypto prime broker Genesis Global Trading. Their main trading pair is USDT. (Genesis is a subsidiary of Digital Currency Group, which also owns CoinDesk.)
The average trading volume of USDT against solana for the first 22 days in August stood at 386.6 million, up from a July average of 123.4 million and a June average of 290.7 million, according to CryptoCompare. The average trading volume of USDT against terra for the first 22 days in August was 320.2 million, up from a July average of 120.5 million and a June average of 98 million.
“BTC’s price may be up, but trading volumes haven’t changed much,” noted Acheson.
Others cited Tether’s increased transparency as another reason for the rebounding demand. In its new attestation published on Aug. 9, Tether provided more details than ever before on the composition of its $62.8 billion of reserves, including its long-questioned reserves of commercial paper (CP) and certificates of deposit (CDs).
Roughly 49 percent of Tether’s $62.8 billion reserves are invested in commercial paper (CP) – typically short-term corporate debt – and certificates of deposit (CDs), out of which roughly 93 percent was rated A-2 and above, 5.5 percent at A-3 and 1.5 percent below A-3 as of June 30.
The latest disclosure “could be the reason for the resumption of printing, alongside renewed investor confidence and demand,” Sean Rooney, head of research at crypto asset manager Valkyrie Investments, wrote to CoinDesk in an email.
But for many, there’s still a lot of fear, uncertainty, and doubt (FUD) surrounding Tether’s reserves.
It will take “multiple years for all of the critics to be convinced,” Pike said.
Total Market Value of Top Three Stablecoins More than Tripled YTD and Hit $110B
In the wake of growing interest in the crypto market, stablecoins or cryptocurrencies linked to an asset have seen their market capitalization surge this year.
According to data presented by MejoresApuestas, the combined market cap of Tether, USD Coin, and Binance USD, as the world’s top three stablecoins, more than tripled since the beginning of 2021 and hit over $110bn this week.
Tether`s Market Cap Jumped Over $68B, a 158% Increase YTD
Unlike other cryptocurrencies, stablecoins are relatively less volatile, and their value is determined differently. For example, the price of Bitcoin mainly follows demand and supply, or how many coins are being mined and how many investors want to buy the crypto. On the other hand, stablecoins are connected to the price of an altogether different asset.
Tether’s USDT, for instance, is connected to the price development of the US dollar. If the US dollar falls in the FX market, so does the USDT. However, the price of the fourth-largest crypto by market cap spiked in 2021.
The CoinMarketCap data revealed that Tether’s market cap jumped by 158% year-to-date, rising from $26.5bn in January to $68.3bn this week. Also, as the world’s most traded cryptocurrency, Tether saw its trading volume increase by 35% last month. In July, the world’s most used stable coin hit $1.48trn in monthly trading volume. Statistics show this figure hit over $2trn in August.
Binance USD Market Cap Soared by 742% YTD, the Biggest Increase Among Top Three Stablecoins
Stablecoins are essential for two areas in digital payments that do not prefer volatility. One of them is the Decentralized Finance or DeFi market that relies on cryptocurrencies for payments and loans.
Also, they are seen as the inspiration for so-called CBDC or Central Bank Digital Currencies, like China’s e-CNY currency or the digital euro, an electronic form of money issued by the Eurosystem.
Although far behind Tether as the world’s leading stablecoin, USD Coin has seen much more significant market cap growth this year. Statistics show the market capitalization of the second-largest stablecoin surged by nearly 400% over the past nine months, reaching $29.2bn this week.
Still, that was nearly twice less compared to Binance USD growth this year. In January, the combined value of all Binance USD coins stood at $1.48bn or almost 18 times less than the leading Tether. However, this figure soared to $12.5bn, showing an impressive 742% growth year-to-date.
Ethereum Adds Over 38 Million New Addresses in 2021, 22% of All Ever Created
The Ethereum network has recorded a surge in popularity, with more investors aiming to own part of the second-ranked cryptocurrency. The interest is highlighted by the number of unique new addresses created in 2021 alone.
Data acquired by cryptocurrency trading simulator Crypto Parrot indicates that an average of 149,843 new unique Ethereum addresses has been created daily in 2021 on a year-to-date basis. The highest number of new addresses was created on June 5th at 332,094. So far, in September, a total of 1,389,999 new unique addresses have been created.
Elsewhere, by September 2021, 38,256,193 new Ethereum addresses were created in 2021, accounting for 22.59% of all ETH addresses ever created to date. In general, the cumulative number of Ethereum addresses to be created since inception stands at 169,296,775.
Impact of Ethereum network upgrades on new addresses
Currently, the Ethereum network is undergoing upgrades geared towards transitioning from the proof-of-work protocol to the proof-of-stake system that is energy efficient.
The upgrades play a key role in determining the number of new Ethereum addresses created, and the report takes note of this factor. According to the research report:
“The drop in new addresses comes at a point the Ethereum network upgrade is expected to create a deflation over time as it modifies the auction process. Furthermore, with Ethereum transitioning to the proof-of-stake protocol, the network will likely experience an influx of new users who want to cash in on the staking.”
The new address follows the recent cryptocurrency bull market that saw Ethereum surge in value to a new all-time high price. However, the addresses have plunged in correlation with the general crypto market.
MicroStrategy Acquires Additional 5,050 Bitcoins
Business intelligence outfit and corporate Bitcoin (BTC) whale MicroStrategy has increased its BTC ownership with the additional purchase announced on Monday.
MicroStrategy CEO Michael Saylor announced the purchase of 5,050 BTC for about $242.9 million at an average of $48,099 per coin.
In a Form 8-K filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission published on Monday, MicroStrategy stated that it had added 8,957 BTC to its corporate Bitcoin treasury in Q3 2021.
As previously reported, MicroStrategy recently bought 3,907 BTC at the cost of about $177 million between July 1 and Aug. 23.
Following the latest Bitcoin acquisition, the company now holds about 114,042 BTC acquired at an aggregate purchase cost of $3.16 billion. Given the current BTC spot price, the company’s Bitcoin holdings are valued at over $5 billion.
According to the Form 8-K document, MicroStrategy’s Bitcoin cost comes down to about $27,713 per BTC, including fees and sundry expenses.
The additional 5,050 BTC purchase is yet another indication of its intention to expand its Bitcoin position. Despite paper losses on its Bitcoin investment in Q2, MicroStrategy has stated its Bitcoin appetite remained unaffected.
Since announcing its maiden BTC purchase back in August 2020, the business intelligence company has bought more Bitcoin becoming the largest corporate holder of the largest crypto by market capitalization among publicly traded firms in the United States.
Saylor has also become a prominent Bitcoin proponent, regularly encouraging other U.S. firms to add BTC to their balance sheets.
Monday’s purchase announcement comes amid a price decline for Bitcoin, with BTC down almost 3% in the last 24-hour trading period.
The total cryptocurrency market capitalization is down more than 4% as token prices slipped on Monday.
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