The dollar stabilised on Monday after dropping on Friday following lower-than-expected U.S. jobs data, and currency markets broadly lacked momentum as investors looked ahead to key inflation data later this week.
Friday’s jobs data was seen as a relief for markets, showing a pick-up in job growth was not strong enough to raise expectations for the U.S. Federal Reserve to tighten its monetary policy any sooner, and this hurt the dollar.
There was little movement in major currency pairs during the early European session on Monday. World shares were trading near record highs.
At 1125 GMT, the dollar index was flat on the day at 90.141. The euro was down 0.1% against the dollar, at $1.2159.
The Australian dollar, which is seen as a proxy for risk appetite, was up 0.2% versus the U.S. dollar at 0.77535 .
“After Friday, we’re looking at a foreign exchange market that’s still got no reason for the Fed to change its tune, so we’ve still got accommodative monetary policy in the United States,” said Kit Juckes, head of FX strategy at Societe Generale. “But on balance we’re getting more optimistic about the global economic and health outlooks.”
Market participants were focused on U.S. inflation data and the European Central Bank meeting, both on Thursday.
Dovish rhetoric from ECB policymakers suggests the bank is in no hurry to slow the pace of buying under the 1.85 trillion euro ($2.24 trillion) Pandemic Emergency Purchase Programme (PEPP).
But U.S. Federal Reserve policymakers have begun inching toward a discussion about winding that help back.
“A divergence has opened up recently between the ECB and Fed who have signalled a willingness to discuss QE tapering at upcoming meetings,” MUFG currency analyst Lee Hardman wrote in a note to clients. “It will help dampen upward momentum for EUR/USD. However, the developments are not sufficient to alter our bullish outlook the pair beyond the near-term.”
Speculators decreased their net short dollar positions in the latest week, according to calculations by Reuters and U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission data released on Friday.
China’s yuan hovered around the key 6.40 level, with the offshore yuan changing hands at 6.3960.
China’s export growth missed forecasts and imports grew at their fastest pace in 10 years in May, fuelled by surging demand for raw materials. read more
“In general, the trade sector continues the strong performance indicating that the manufacturing sector remains the leading role in the post-pandemic recovery,” wrote Commerzbank senior economist Hao Zhou in a note.
“However, the trade data might have little FX market impact, as the authorities vow to keep a stable currency for the time being.”
Elsewhere, the United States, Britain and other rich nations reached a deal on Saturday to squeeze more money out of multinational companies such as Amazon and Google and reduce their incentive to shift profits to low-tax offshore havens.
Investors were wary of how tech stocks would react, in terms of currency markets, but ING strategists wrote in a note to clients that the plans for a minimum global corporate tax rate of at least 15% could result in a repatriation of global capital over a longer term which would be positive for the dollar.
“Our thoughts here are that the removal (of) tax havens could have implications for the hundreds of billions of dollars of cash parked overseas by US multi-nationals – reducing the incentives to keep cash overseas,” they said.
In cryptocurrencies, bitcoin was up 2% around $36,535 , while ether was up 4.2% at $2,825 . Both were trading within the month’s relatively narrow ranges.
U.S Dollar Jumps to Three Weeks High on Better Than Expected Retail Sales
The United States Dollar rose to a three-week high after data from the Commerce Department showed that the U.S retail sales rebounded in the month of August despite falling consumer confidence.
The US Dollar Index rose to 93.40 on Monday to extend Friday breakout above the 93.00 key resistance level.
U.S retail sales jumped to its highest in five months in the month of August to beat 0.8 percent decline predicted by experts. Retail sales grew by 0.7 percent in August to increase the odds of the US Federal Reserve announcing tapering during next week’s Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) meeting.
“U.S. consumption is not slowing as quickly as it appeared a month ago despite the fading stimulus, and the Delta variant did not much affect the industries feeding into retail sales,” said Chris Low, chief economist at FHN Financial in New York. “The economy continued to hum in August.”
Against the Japanese Yen, the U.S dollar strengthened to 109.48 from 109.91 attained on Friday on broad-based selloff during London trading session, while heavy selloff plunged British pound against the U.S dollar 1.36610 before reboundling slightly to 1.36946.
The Euro dropped from 1.17883 recorded on Friday to 1.16995 on Monday during London trading session.
Dollar Drops to One Week Low on Monday After U.S Consumer Sentiment Plunges to Lowest in 10 Years
The United States Dollar declined to a week-low against most currencies on Monday after dropping the most in seven weeks on Friday after a report showed U.S consumer sentiment dropped to the lowest since 2011 amid rising COVID-19 infections.
The dollar index, which tracks the greenback against six counterparts, changed slightly at 92.528, still maintaining a 0.50 percent decline posted at the end of last week.
However, the U.S Dollar dipped to 109.455 against the Japanese yen on Monday, its lowest since August 5, 2021. Against the euro common currency, the dollar was largely flat at $1.17960, near a week low of $1.18045 it closed on Friday.
“Does the survey signal an imminent turn in the U.S. economy? We doubt it given vaccine efficacy remains high and the hit to sentiment likely means more people will get vaccinated,” Tapas Strickland, an analyst at National Australia Bank, wrote in a client note. “Instead, the Delta surge in the U.S. is more a case of delay rather than derail as far as the recovery is concerned.”
Against the Nigerian Naira, the U.S Dollar traded exchanged at N515 on Monday at the parallel market popularly known as the black market. At the bureau de change section, the U.S. dollar was sold at N513 and N410.11 by the Central Bank of Nigeria.
Dollar Firm as Traders Brace for U.S. Inflation Data
The U.S. dollar held near multi-month highs on Friday as investors warily awaited U.S. inflation data, while the pound nursed modest losses after Bank of England (BoE) policymakers leaned away from flagging rate rises.
Early Asia trade was steady, with the euro pinned below its 200-day moving average at $1.1930 and the yen just short of a 15-month low at 110.955 per dollar.
The dollar vaulted to its highest levels since March against the euro last week – and to its highest since March 2020 on the yen – after the U.S. Federal Reserve surprised markets by projecting interest rate rises sooner than expected in 2023.
Subsequent rhetoric from Fed chair Jerome Powell seems to have calmed nerves in bond and stock markets about hikes any time soon, but the dollar has held its gains and traders are wary of further rises if inflation is hotter than forecast.
Economists polled by Reuters expect core personal consumption expenditures index to post year-on-year gains of 3.4%, a rise even faster than the nearly three-decade high pace of 3.1% recorded last month. The data is due at 1230 GMT.
“The dollar can jump if inflation surprises to the upside,” said Joe Capurso, head of international economics at the Commonwealth Bank of Australia in Sydney. “Upside inflation surprises have been the trend in the U.S. recently,” he said.
The stronger dollar has kept other majors in check through the week, even against currencies where rate rises are likely to land sooner than in the United States.
The New Zealand dollar has crept back above its 200-day moving average to $0.7063, but it remains well shy of February highs above 74 cents. In Australia, despite booming terms of trade, the Aussie held at $0.7584.
“A more balanced dollar outlook prevails after the Fed’s decisive policy shift,” Westpac strategist Sean Callow said.
“The Australian dollar’s strong support from commodity prices produces fair value estimates in the mid-0.80s,” he said.
“Yet recent price action has been in the mid-0.70s. With risk appetite looking resilient, any narrowing in this gap probably depends on how far the (Fed)-inspired U.S. dollar recovery can extend.”
The U.S. dollar index was steady at 91.833, off a week-ago high of 92.408 but clear of troughs below 90 that it had plumbed in May.
Sterling had started to move away from its post-Fed lows, but was the weakest G10 currency overnight and fell 0.3% after the BoE failed to provide any hint it was in a hurry to hike rates and warned against “premature tightening”.
“Some in the market obviously positioned for a less dovish or a hawkish tilt,” said Tapas Strickland, director of economics and markets at National Australia Bank.
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