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Economic Implications of Joe Biden’s Presidency on Nigeria, Other Emerging Economies



Joe Biden Economic Impliccations on Nigeria

What Nigeria and Other Emerging Economies Should Expect From Joe Biden’s Presidency

As Joseph Robinette Biden Jr., the former Vice President and President-elect of the United States of America, prepares to take over the world’s largest economy from President Trump on January 20, 2021, Investors King looks into what Nigeria and other emerging economies should expect following four years of unnecessary China-US trade war, US-Iran attacks, US-North Korea nuclear war declaration and back and forth with Russia on US election meddling.

Since Donald Trump became the President of the United States on January 20, 2016, he has worked hard to up global risk, increase economic uncertainties and ensure global economy does not expand through China trade war and the disapproval of a deal that took six world powers 12 years to sign with Iran. Like those were not enough, Donald Trump immediately started threatening a fellow psycho, Kim Jong-un of North Korea, with a bigger nuclear button, creating an intense and extremely challenging business environment in recent times.

The record-increase in global economic uncertainties and risks led to capital outflow from emerging economies as investors became wary of impending doom that could erode their capital, especially knowing that emerging economies do not have the structure to protect investment funds once catastrophe struck.

In the first quarter of 2017, just about a year in the office, Nigeria’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) plunged by $640.61 million or 41.36 percent from $1.55 billion posted in the final quarter of 2016. This decline continues throughout the year despite the Central Bank of Nigeria introducing Investors and Exporters Forex Window to bridge the gap between exchange rates offered by the apex bank, bureau de change operators and on the black market.

According to a United Nations report, Nigeria’s FDI declined by 43 percent in 2018 to $2 billion, partly because of MTN tax issues with the Federal Government and Trump’s ‘shithole’ comment that demarketed Nigerian assets and discouraged potential investors from looking the Nigerian way in the same year that foreign investment inflow into sub-Saharan Africa rose by 13 percent to $32 billion.

Donald Trump’s poor attitude towards Africa was the main reason African nations increased their Chinese loans and other financial supports that has now distanced the continent from the world’s largest economy. One of the jobs of Joe Biden would be to prove the United States’ commitment to the continent or watch American position in Africa further relegated.

Likely Implications of Joe Biden Presidency on Nigeria and Emerging Nations

As widely expected, Joe Biden’s calm personality and diplomatic nature could help bridge the division created in the upper house — control by the Republicans — and unite US lawmakers for one specific purpose, national building.

Investors King is anticipating that this unity, coupled with the fact that Democrats control the lower house would help speed up the approval of almost $2 trillion stimulus package as the world’s largest economy looks to revive businesses battered by COVID-19 and protect jobs while simultaneously creating new ones.

On the global front, Joe Biden would likely seek an amicable trade agreement with the second-largest economy, China and look to ease global tension and support the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, United Nations and other global organisations on growth and at curbing or securing COVID-19 cure.

With global tension and uncertainties predicted to subside with the exit of Donald Trump, global investors will start looking into emerging markets with the ability to grow over two percent and with lesser risk. And not just focus on the United States as a safe haven to protect their funds.

Charles Robertson, a Chief Economist at Renaissance Capital (RenCap), said Blackrock’s fixed income section that manages over $2.6 trillion in assets have said they will invest more in emerging economies. To put this in perspective, Africa’s total GDP is $2 trillion, therefore, Blackrock alone could be dumping over $100 billion in fixed income on the continent next year.

Robertson said “The stock of Africa’s Eurobonds only topped $100 billion in 2018, and even if it is only Blackrock’s actively managed part of the business more like $2 trillion in all asset classes (perhaps $700 billion in fixed income), that starts to shift to Emerging Markets this could be very helpful.

“Our base case is that Foreign Direct Investment will stop being a net positive for the US due to Trump’s defeat, and portfolio flows will also go to EM, and together, these will drive the $ gradually weaker in coming years,” he said.

For Nigeria, this will means more forex inflow to augment weak foreign revenue generation amid low oil prices and weak global demand. This will further expand Nigeria’s economic productivity given its import-dependent nature and lack of alternative foreign revenue generation.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Nigeria’s Non-oil Revenue Now N1.15 Trillion – Minister of Finance



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Mrs. Zainab Ahmed, the Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning, has said that Nigeria’s non-oil revenue is now N1.15 trillion, representing 15.7 percent above the country’s target. This, she claimed, was a result of the federal government’s efforts at diversifying the nation’s economy.

Mrs. Ahmed disclosed this at the Institute of Directors (IoD) 2021 Annual Directors Conference which was held on Wednesday in Abuja.

According to the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) the event with the theme: “Creating the Future: Deepening the Corporate Governance Practice through Multi-Sectoral and Multi-Generational Collaborations,” was meant to discuss economic development.

Mrs Ahmed added that the recent development was in line with President’s commitment to further diversifying the Nigerian economy which is heavily dependent on oil. She observed that Nigeria was showing resilience in recovery from recession from coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic which intensely affected global economies.

The minister said the federal government alongside the private sector had implemented a wide range of monetary measures to stimulate economic recovery, growth and development, job creation and improved standards of living.

She also explained that the government was doing everything to improve and diversify Nigeria’s revenue generation.

Nigeria was quickly able to exit recession and is on her way to path of sustainable growth and we are intensifying efforts to grow and diversify our revenue sources to grow revenue from the current 8 per cent.”

“Our non-oil revenues have grown to N1.15 trillion, representing 15.7 per cent above set target. We are working on the 2021 finance bill and it’s nearing completion. Also, the recent approval of the medium-term national development plan is an important milestone of Buhari’s commitment to delivering sustainable growth and we require strong support and monitoring during implementation,” she said.

Mrs Ahmed reinforced the government’s decision to do something about infrastructure and reduce the cost of production for businesses in the country.

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Intra-Regional Trade Potential a Key Focus in New Report



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A new focus report, produced by Oxford Business Group (OBG) in partnership with the African Economic Zones Organisation (AEZO), shines a spotlight on the continent’s rapidly developing industrial sector, which is poised to become a key driver of broader economic growth as regional integration increases.

Titled ”Economic Zones in Africa – Focus Report”, the report was launched at the AEZO’s 6th Annual Meeting II, which took place on November 25 at the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) Secretariat office in Ghana, with participants also able to attend remotely. The meeting was held under the banner “Connecting African Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to Global Value Chains at the era of the AfCFTA” and explored a range of topical issues relating to SEZs, from their potential to boost trade to the impact of Covid-19 on the continent’s supply chains.

The focus report examines the wealth of benefits that the AfCFTA is expected to deliver to both Africa’s economic zones and the businesses located in them, which range from greater market access to a reduction in trade barriers and lower production costs.

The disruption that the pandemic brought to supply chains and the opportunities emerging from the health crisis for businesses to become part of nascent regional value chains across a more closely connected continent are a key focus.

The report also charts the digital transformation taking place in many of Africa’s economic zones, as businesses make the move away from traditional segments to high-tech processes and digital services, adding value to their offerings in the process.

In addition, it provides in-depth analysis of the drive evident among many SEZs to put environmental, social and governance principles and sustainable business practices at the heart of their strategies, at a time when ethical investment and alignment with the UN Sustainable Development Goals are high on the global agenda.

The report includes in-depth case studies and viewpoints by representatives from key industry players namely: Tanger Med; Polaris Parks; Lagos Free Zones; Ghana Free Zones Authority; Misurata Free Zone; and Sebore Farms.

It also includes a contribution from Ahmed Bennis, Secretary General, AEZO, in which he highlights the role that SEZs are playing in the continent’s industrial transformation and the importance of supporting their development.

“Economic zones can play a game-changing role in Africa’s diversification and inclusion by providing end-to-end solutions and services that support industrial upgrades and increase countries’ attractiveness for investment,” he said. “With the implementation of AfCFTA and the post-Covid-19 recovery that the world is beginning to experience, we believe that real investment opportunities exist in Africa at this moment, which can translate into job creation and social and economic development. Africa has resources that need to be developed and economic zones can play a key role in this.”

Bernardo Bruzzone, OBG’s Regional Editor for Africa, added that while African economic zones had experienced production problems during the pandemic due to global supply chain disruptions, ongoing remedial action, including new infrastructure and human capital development, would help provide resilience against future external shocks.

“Africa’s real GDP growth is forecast to reach 3.4% in 2021, with an increase in intra-regional trade and improved connectivity among the facilitators of economic recovery,” Bruzzone said. “Looking ahead, we see economic zones as having a key role to play in helping the AfCFTA achieve its potential through the development of new strategies that will lead to a more diverse, higher-value range of exports.”

The study forms part of a series of tailored reports that OBG is currently producing with its partners, alongside other highly relevant, go-to research tools, including a range of country-specific Growth and Recovery Outlook articles and interviews.

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Lagos Budget N1.4 Trillion for 2022, Budget Surpasses Five Other Southwest States Combined




Lagos state government has proposed N1.388 trillion budget for the year 2022. The proposed budget was presented to the House of Assembly on Wednesday.

While presenting the proposed budget, Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu said the State would be spending N325 billion on vital infrastructure projects in key sectors to energise and expand the growth of the State’s economy.

The key areas of growth identified by the Governor include Works and Infrastructure, Waterfront Infrastructure Development, Agriculture, Transportation, Energy and Mineral Resources, Tourism, Entertainment and Creative Industry, Commerce and Industry, Wealth Creation and Employment.

The proposed budget, christened “Budget of Consolidation”, will be the last full-year fiscal plan of the State before the next general election.

About N823.4 billion, representing 59 per cent of the 2022 budget, is earmarked for capital expenditure. Recurrent expenditure, representing 41 per cent, is N565 billion, which includes personnel cost, overhead and debt services.

Of the total proposed expenditure, N1.135 trillion would accrue from Internally Generated Revenues (IGRs) and federal transfers, while deficit financing of N253 billion would be sourced from external and domestic loans, and bonds projected to be within the State’s fiscal sustainability parameters.

The State would be earmarking an aggregate of N137.64 billion, representing 9.92 per cent of the 2022 budget, for the funding of green investment in Environment, Social Protection, Housing and Community Amenities.

This financial proposal is presented with a sense of duty and absolute commitment to the transformation of Lagos to a preferred global destination for residence, commerce, and investment. The budget projects to see a continuing but gradual recovery to growth in economic activity as the global economy cautiously recovers from the impact of the Coronavirus pandemic,” the governor said while presenting the budget to the house.

Meanwhile, the 1.388 trillion budgeted for 2022 is higher than the budget of the five other southwest states combined. For 2022, Ekiti State’s budget is 100.7 billion, Osun 129.7 billion, Ondo 191billion, Oyo 294 billion. Ogun’s budget for 2022 is not yet finalised, but going by their 2021 budget of 339 billion, the combined budget of the five South-West states then amount to 1.053 trillion. With this, Lagos state budget is higher than the five states budget with a difference of 335 billion.

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