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Naira Remains Under Pressure, Slides to N580 Against British Pound



Naira Remains under pressure

Naira Slides to N580 Against British Pound, Remains Under Pressure

Naira continues its downward trend against global counterparts this week as the Central Bank of Nigeria fails to up forex liquidity.

On the parallel market, popularly known as the black market, the local currency exchanged at N580 to a British Pound, represents N4 decline from N578 it traded on Wednesday.

This decline continues against the Euro single currency as the Nigerian Naira remained under pressure at N530, its lowest against the European common currency in years.

The Naira has been under pressure since global oil prices plunged below $100 per barrel in 2014 under the previous administration.

However, failure to diversify the economy despite years of oil exportation has left Africa’s largest economy grappling for survival each time oil prices took a hit in the global market.

Nigeria, an oil-dependent economy, has had to depend on borrowing to fund most of its budget year after year, leading to high debt service-to-revenue ratio of 99 percent. One of the highest in the world despite having one of the lowest debt to GDP ratios in the world.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) recently said Nigeria does not have a debt problem but a revenue collection issue. The IMF explained that at about 7 percent tax-to-GDP ratio, the nation has one of the lowest tax-to-GDP ratios in Africa and the world at large.

While advising against raising tax during this tough period of COVID-19, the Fund advised the Federal Government to improve revenue collection efficiency to ease rising debt burden and increase economic activities.

Naira’s outlook remained weak in 2020 and expected to remain largely under pressure for the most part of 2021, going by Investors King’s projection and available economic fundamentals.

Meanwhile, the Naira exchanged at N388 to a US dollar on the Investors and Exporters Forex window on Thursday as turnover volume traded by investors plunged to $12.61 million.

The central bank official rate for investors and exporters remain N381, raised from the previous N361/$.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.


Bureaux De Change Association Warns Against Hoarding of US Dollar, Says Speculators will Lose



Naira Dollar Exchange Rate

The Association of Bureaux De Change Operators of Nigeria (ABCON) on Sunday warned currency speculators and hoarders of impending losses if they do not desist from creating bogus foreign exchange rates for personal gain.

In a statement titled, “ABCON warns speculators will lose money as CBN has enough reserves to fund market, defend naira”, the association said speculators and hoarders are taking a huge risk as the Central Bank of Nigeria has enough liquidity to defend the Naira and maintain stability against global foreign counterparts.

This is coming few days after the local currency plunged to N484 to a United States dollar and N620 against the British Pound at the black market due to the rising demand and persistent scarcity that most hoarders interpreted as lack of financial muscle on the part of the central bank, especially if the nation’s falling foreign reserves is factored in.

However, ABCON said with about $36 billion foreign reserves, the Central Bank of Nigeria has the necessary means to punish speculators and hoarders they described as enemies of the nation.

President of ABCON, Alhaji Aminu Gwadabe, explained that the central bank is working to unify the nation’s foreign exchange rates and eliminate past challenges that have made market determined forex rates almost impossible.

He said “I think that the CBN by pushing the official foreign exchange rate from N306 to N379 to the dollar is in line with market demand.

“It has also helped to narrow the official-parallel market rates gap that formed the basis of ridiculous speculations among unpatriotic forex dealers and spectators.

Gwadabe, however, advised the Federal Government to improve security surveillance at the nation’s land borders to checkmate illegal foreign currency cash deals.

He also asked the central bank to raise liquidity ratio of bureau de change operators to discourage dollar holdings.

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Forex Scarcity Plunges Naira to N620 Against British Pound




Naira Exchanges at N620 to a British Pound at Black Market

Lingering foreign exchange scarcity has plunged the Nigerian Naira to a record-low of N620 against the British Pound at the black market.

The declined by a record N14 from the N607 it exchanged to a single British Pound on Thursday to N620 on Friday, signaling rising demand for forex amid persistent scarcity.

Experts have attributed the surge in demand to the usual push for the end of the year sales by importers and businesses looking to close the sales gap created by the COVID-19 lockdown.

The local currency plunged against global counterparts by the most in recent months on Friday. The Naira declined by N13 against the European common currency to exchange at N570.

Similarly, the Naira lost another N4 against the United States dollar to exchanged at N484, further down from N480 it was sold on Thursday.

Experts are predicting further decline for the Nigerian Naira, largely due to the weak macro fundamentals, overexposure to crude oil uncertainty and US Dollar.

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US Dollar Gains Against the Nigerian Naira to US$/N480




The United States Dollar continues its bullish run against the Nigerian Naira on the black market on Friday.

The American Dollar gained N5 against the Nigerian Naira to exchange at US$1 to N480 across key black markets in Nigeria.

The US Dollar has been on a bullish run since COVID-19 pandemic plunged oil prices and distrupted Nigeria’s foreign revenue generation at a time global supply chains were grounded and economies shut to curb the spread of ravaging COVID-19.

The Central Bank of Nigeria devalued the Naira twice to accommodate the nation’s new reality and ease pressure on the weak foreign reserves, still rising capital flight among foreign investors looking to exit the economy and weak foreign direct investment impedes the apex bank’s ability to service the economy with enough US dollar.

Therefore, persistent scarcity due CBN’s failure to supply enough liqudity in an economy that depends on import for almost 90 percent of its consumption plunged the Naira value in recent months.

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