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Coronavirus: CBN to Inject N1trn Into Economy

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Godwin Emefiele CBN - Investors King
  • Coronavirus: CBN to Inject N1trn Into Economy

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has announced another intervention measure to stimulate the Nigerian economy amid raging coronavirus that is eroding economic progress.

Mr. Godwin Emefiele, the governor, CBN, announced a N1.1 trillion intervention fund to support key economic sectors.

The governor disclosed this in a statement made available to journalists in Abuja on Wednesday.

According to Emefiele, N1 trillion of the total fund would be used to support the local manufacturing sector and bolster import substitution.

He, however, said the remaining N100 billion would be used to support the health sector to ensure researchers, innovators and laboratories are of global standard to work and produce vaccines and test kits in the country.

The governor directed all Deposit Money Banks to improve facilities to the healthcare and pharmaceutical industries.

Specifically, he said banks should focus on local drug manufacturers, hospitals across the country to increase bed count, fund intensive care as well as training, laboratory testing, equipment, research and development.

He said, “First, the CBN is directing all Deposit Money Banks to increase their support to the pharmaceutical and healthcare industries.

“In addition to the N50bn soft loans to small businesses already announced, the CBN will increase its intervention by another N100bn in loan this year to support the health authorities.

“Secondly, given the continuing impact of the disease on global supply chains, the CBN will increase its intervention in boosting local manufacturing and import substitution by another N1tn across all critical sectors of the economy.”

Emefiele also said the management of the central bank would meet with the Bankers Committee this Saturday at around 10 am to work out modalities for the intervention.

The CBN continues to announce measures to support and stimulate job creation and economic activities since the coronavirus started. The apex bank lowered interest rates on special intervention funds from 9 percent to 5 percent to support businesses and now announced a N1.1 trillion intervention fund to sustain manufacturing activities and employment.

Crude oil plunged to $20 a barrel on Wednesday after Saudi Arabi said it would pump around 13 million barrels per day in April and push all into the already saturated global oil market.

Is the CEO/Founder of Investors King Limited. A proven foreign exchange research analyst and a published author on Yahoo Finance, Businessinsider, Nasdaq, Entrepreneur.com, Investorplace, and many more. He has over two decades of experience in global financial markets.

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World Bank Commits Over $15 Billion to Support Nigeria’s Economic Reforms

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The World Bank has pledged over $15 billion in technical advisory and financial support to help the country achieve sustainable economic prosperity.

This commitment, announced in a feature article titled “Turning The Corner: Nigeria’s Ongoing Path of Economic Reforms,” underscores the international lender’s confidence in Nigeria’s recent bold reforms aimed at stabilizing and growing its economy.

The World Bank’s support will be channeled into key sectors such as reliable power and clean energy, girls’ education and women’s economic empowerment, climate adaptation and resilience, water and sanitation, and governance reforms.

The bank lauded Nigeria’s government for its courageous steps in implementing much-needed reforms, highlighting the unification of multiple official exchange rates, which has led to a market-determined official rate, and the phasing out of the costly gasoline subsidy.

“These reforms are crucial for Nigeria’s long-term economic health,” the World Bank stated. “The supply of foreign exchange has improved, benefiting businesses and consumers, while the gap between official and parallel market exchange rates has narrowed, enhancing transparency and curbing corrupt practices.”

The removal of the gasoline subsidy, which had cost the country over 8.6 trillion naira (US$22.2 billion) from 2019 to 2022, was particularly noted for its potential to redirect fiscal resources toward more impactful public investments.

The World Bank pointed out that the subsidy primarily benefited wealthier consumers and fostered black market activities, rather than aiding the poor.

The bank’s article emphasized that Nigeria is at a turning point, with macro-fiscal reforms expected to channel more resources into sectors critical for improving citizens’ lives.

The World Bank’s support is designed to sustain these reforms and expand social protection for the poor and vulnerable, aiming to put the economy back on a sustainable growth path.

In addition to this substantial support, the World Bank recently approved a $2.25 billion loan to Nigeria at a one percent interest rate to finance further fiscal reforms.

This includes $1.5 billion for the Nigeria Reforms for Economic Stabilization to Enable Transformation (RESET) Development Policy Financing, and $750 million for the NG Accelerating Resource Mobilization Reforms Programme-for-Results (ARMOR).

“The future can be bright, and Nigeria can rise and serve as an example for the region on how macro-fiscal and governance reforms, along with continued investments in public goods, can accelerate growth and improve the lives of its citizens,” the World Bank concluded.

With this robust backing from the World Bank, Nigeria is well-positioned to tackle its economic challenges and embark on a path to sustained prosperity and development.

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Economy

Nigeria’s Food Inflation Hits 40.66% Year-on-Year in May 2024

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Nigeria's Inflation Rate - Investors King

Nigeria’s food inflation rate surged to 40.66% on a year-on-year basis in May 2024, a significant increase from 24.82% recorded in May 2023.

The latest figures from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) highlight the rising cost of essential food items, exacerbating the economic challenges faced by many Nigerians.

The NBS report attributes the steep rise in food inflation to substantial price increases in several staple items.

Notably, the prices of Semovita, Oatflake, Yam flour, Garri, and Beans saw considerable hikes.

In addition, the cost of Irish Potatoes, Yams, Water Yam, Palm Oil, and Vegetable Oil also climbed significantly. Within the protein category, Stockfish, Mudfish, Crayfish, Beef, Chicken, Pork, and Bush Meat experienced notable price jumps.

The month-on-month food inflation rate in May 2024 was 2.28%, reflecting a slight decrease of 0.22 percentage points from the 2.50% recorded in April 2024.

This month-to-month decline was due to a slower rate of price increases for Palm Oil, Groundnut Oil, Yam, Irish Potatoes, Cassava Tuber, Wine, Bournvita, Milo, and Nescafe.

Despite the minor monthly decrease, the average annual food inflation rate for the twelve months ending May 2024 was 34.06%.

This marks a significant rise of 10.41 percentage points from the average annual rate of 23.65% recorded in May 2023.

The sharp rise in food inflation is raising concerns among economic analysts and policymakers, as it significantly impacts the cost of living for Nigerians.

The rising food prices are straining household budgets and contributing to an overall inflation rate that threatens economic stability.

In response to the inflationary pressures, the Nigerian government and relevant stakeholders are being urged to implement effective measures to stabilize food prices and address the underlying causes of inflation.

Efforts to boost agricultural productivity, improve supply chains, and tackle market inefficiencies are seen as critical to mitigating the inflationary trend.

The NBS report underscores the urgent need for comprehensive strategies to manage inflation and ensure food security for the population.

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Nigeria’s Inflation Rate Climbs to 33.95% in May, NBS Reports

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The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has revealed that Nigeria’s headline inflation rate rose to 33.95% in May 2024, a slight increase from the 33.69% recorded in April.

This 0.26 percentage point rise underscores the ongoing economic challenges the country faces as it continues to grapple with rising prices and economic instability.

The report highlights that on a year-on-year basis, the headline inflation rate increased by 11.54 percentage points compared to May 2023, when the rate was 22.41%. This significant annual increase indicates a persistent upward trend in the cost of living for Nigerians over the past year.

However, the month-on-month analysis presents a mixed picture. The headline inflation rate for May 2024 was 2.14%, slightly lower than the 2.29% recorded in April 2024. This 0.15 percentage point decrease suggests a marginal slowdown in the rate at which prices are rising month by month.

Urban vs. Rural Inflation Rates

The NBS report also provides detailed insights into urban and rural inflation dynamics. In urban areas, the inflation rate in May 2024 stood at 36.34% on a year-on-year basis, a substantial 12.61 percentage points higher than the 23.74% recorded in May 2023.

On a month-on-month basis, urban inflation was 2.35%, down by 0.32 percentage points from April 2024’s rate of 2.67%.

Conversely, the rural inflation rate for May 2024 was 31.82% year-on-year, which is 10.63 percentage points higher than the 21.19% recorded in May 2023.

Month-on-month, rural inflation slightly increased to 1.94% from 1.92% in April 2024, indicating a steady rise in prices in rural regions.

Implications and Responses

The continuous rise in inflation, particularly in urban areas, poses significant challenges for the Nigerian economy.

The increase in prices for essential goods and services such as food, transportation, and housing is putting immense pressure on household budgets and the overall standard of living.

Economic analysts suggest that the persistent inflationary pressures are driven by several factors, including supply chain disruptions, increased production costs, and fluctuating exchange rates. The impact of these factors is felt more acutely in urban areas, where the cost of living is inherently higher.

In response to these inflationary trends, policymakers are under pressure to implement measures that can stabilize prices and ease the financial burden on citizens.

Strategies such as tightening monetary policy, increasing food production, and improving supply chain efficiency are being considered to curb the rising inflation.

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