Connect with us

Economy

OPEC: Nigeria Under Pressure to Join Oil Output Cuts

Published

on

opec
  • OPEC: Nigeria Under Pressure to Join Oil Output Cuts

Ahead of the meeting of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries today (Thursday), other members of the group have expressed their eagerness to rescind Nigeria and Libya’s exemptions from oil production cuts and have them join efforts to ward off a supply glut.

The production cuts deal, which began on January 1, 2017, indicated that OPEC countries and 10 non-OPEC producers led by Russia would cut a combined 1.8 million barrels per day in supplies to tackle oversupply and prop up prices.

It was later extended till the end of 2018.

Nigeria and Libya were exempted from the cuts as they dealt with internal unrest that had targeted their oil infrastructure.

OPEC’s main advisory board said last month that the group needed to cut oil production to avoid an oversupplied market in 2019.

Earlier in November, OPEC secretariat said in a report that the group needed to pump 1.36 million barrels per day less next year than it did in October to avoid flooding the oil market in 2019.

OPEC pumped 32.9 million bpd in October, as Saudi Arabia boosted production sharply, compared with 32.3 million bpd in January.

Delegates attending the OPEC meeting in Vienna told S&P Global Platts on Wednesday that they would be asking Nigeria and Libya to accept a production cut quota if OPEC could reach a new supply accord.

“We are hopeful that they will come around this time and understand that everyone has to cut together,” an OPEC delegate was quoted as saying, asking not to be named because of the sensitivity of the discussions.

The delegate added that both countries had made significant improvements to their production since the current deal went into force in January 2017, and it was time for them to “contribute.”

Production from Libya has surged by 520,000 bpd, or more than double, from the October 2016 baseline on which the 1.8 million bpd cuts were based, while Nigerian output has risen by 210,000 bpd, or 13 per cent, according to S&P Global Platts OPEC survey data, though both have had volatile swings.

Saudi Energy Minister Khalid al-Falih has in recent weeks travelled to Libya and Nigeria to press them on the exemptions, though no public commitments have been announced.

Falih, after meeting with Nigeria’s Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr Ibe Kachikwu, in Abuja last month, said some OPEC members “were complaining” in the summer that the two countries were “overproducing” and contributing to rising OPEC production.

“We have seen a great deal of stability and consistency, both operationally and, more importantly, in terms of security and bringing the sector back to normal,” Falih said.

The Head of Libya’s National Oil Corporation, Mustafa Sanalla, has been very vocal in saying that Libya expects to maintain its exemption, as its output remains extremely prone to the political instability that has plagued the violence-wracked country since 2011.

Libya pumped 1.05 million bpd in November, according to the latest Platts OPEC survey, far below its pre-2011 capacity of 1.6 million bpd.

For Nigeria, cutting output could be tricky, as its oil production is set to climb to around 2.2 million bpd by early 2019, with the startup of the giant 200,000 bpd Egina field due in the coming weeks.

Nigerian oil production has also recovered steadily after it has slumped to around a 30-year low in mid-2016 due to attacks on its key oil infrastructure in the oil-rich Niger Delta.

But state-owned Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation recently warned that sabotage of its facilities was on the rise, and the country’s general elections in February could bring more instability.

Kachikwu, after meeting with Falih, said it was too early to talk about exemptions. But in a nod to the pressure, he said he would work closely with the six-country OPEC/non-OPEC monitoring committee chaired by Falih to ensure that Nigeria does not upset the coalition’s market balancing efforts.

“Since the last exemption, Nigerian [production] has been coming up a bit…our national oil company has been able to raise volumes up from where we were before at the time the exemptions were granted, and so we would work within those parameters and see what our responsibilities are to OPEC,” Kachikwu said.

The Chairman/Chief Executive Officer, International Energy Services Limited, Dr Diran Fawibe, told our correspondent on Wednesday that “Nigeria cannot afford to distance itself from any policy that will stabilise the global oil price.”

A petroleum expert, Mr Bala Zakka, said he would expect Nigeria to join the production cuts deal given that the country and Libya had been exempted for two years.

He said the two countries should adhere to whatever restrictions or quotas they would be given.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

Economy

Electricity Consumers Get 611,231 Meters Under MAP Scheme

Published

on

power project

Electricity Consumers Get 611,231 Meters Under MAP Scheme

A total of 611,231 meters have been deployed as at January 31, 2021 under the Meter Asset Provider initiative since its full operation despite the COVID-19 pandemic and other extraneous factors, the Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission has said.

NERC disclosed this in a consultation paper on the review of the MAP Regulations.

The proposed review of the MAP scheme is coming nearly four months after the Federal Government launched a new initiative called National Mass Metering Programme aimed at distributing six million meters to consumers free of charge.

“The existence of a huge metering gap and the need to ensure successful implementation of the MYTO 2020 Service-Based Tariff resulted in the approval of the NMMP, a policy of the Federal Government anchored on the provision of long-term low interest financing to the Discos,” NERC said.

The commission had in March 2018 approved the MAP Regulations with the aim of fast-tracking the closure of the metering gap in the sector through the engagement of third-party investors (called meter asset providers) for the financing, procurement, supply, installation and maintenance of meters.

It set a target of providing meters to all customers within three years, and directed the Discos and the approved MAPs to commence the rollout of meters not later than May 1, 2019.

But in February 2020, NERC said several constraints, including changes in fiscal policy and the limited availability of long-term funding, had led to limited success in meter rollout.

NERC, in the consultation paper, highlighted three proposed options for metering implementation going forward.

The first option is to allow the implementation of both the NMMP and MAP metering frameworks to run concurrently; the second is to continue with the current MAP framework with meters procured under the NMMP supplied only through MAPs (by being off-takers from the local manufacturers/assemblers).

The third option is to wind down the MAP framework and allow the Discos to procure meters directly from local manufacturers/assemblers (or as procured by the World Bank), and enter into new contracts for the installation and maintenance of such meters.

“Customers who choose not to wait to receive meters based on the deployment schedule of the NMMP shall continue to have the option of making upfront payments for meters which will be installed within a maximum period of 10 working days,” NERC said.

The regulator said such customers would be refunded by the Discos through energy credits, adding that there would be no option for meter acquisition through the payment of a monthly meter service charge.

“Where meters have already been deployed under the meter service charge option, Discos shall make one-off repayment to affected customers and associated MAPs. Such meters shall be recognised in the rate base of the Discos,” it added.

NERC urged stakeholders to provide comments, objections, and representations on the proposed amendments within 21 days of the publication of the consultation paper.

Continue Reading

Economy

Nigeria’s Economy Moving in Right Direction but Slow – Amina Mohammed

Published

on

Banana Island

Nigeria’s Economy Moving in Right Direction but Slow – Amina Mohammed

Nigeria is moving in the right direction economically but its movement is not fast, the United Nations stated on Thursday.

Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, Amina Mohammed, said this during a meeting at the headquarters of the Federal Ministry of Industry, Trade and Investment in Abuja.

She said the challenges in Nigeria were huge, its population large but described the country’s economy as great with lots of opportunities.

The UN scribe stated that after traveling by train and through various roads in the Northern parts of Nigeria, she discovered that the roads were motorable, although there were ongoing repairs on some of them.

Mohammed said, “This is a country that is diverse in nature, ethnicity, religious backgrounds and opportunities. But these are its strengths, not weaknesses.

“And I think the narrative for Nigeria has to change to one that is very much the reality.”

Speaking on her trips across parts of Nigeria, she said, “What I saw along the way is really a country that is growing, that is moving in the right direction economically. Is it fast enough? No. Is it in the right direction? Yes it is.

“And the challenges still remain with security, our social cohesion and social contract between government and the people. But I know that people are working on these issues.”

She said the UN recognised the reforms in Nigeria and other nations, adding that the common global agenda was the Sustainable Development Goals.

Mohammad commended Nigeria’s quick response to the COVID-19 pandemic, as she expressed hope that the arrival of vaccines would be the beginning of the end of COVID-19.

On his part, the Minister of Industry, Trade and Investment, Adeniyi Adebayo, told his guest that the Federal Government was working hard to make Nigeria the entrepreneurial hub of Africa.

Continue Reading

Economy

N10.7tn Spent on Fuel Subsidy in 10 Years – MOMAN

Published

on

petrol Oil

N10.7tn Spent on Fuel Subsidy in 10 Years – MOMAN

Nigeria spent a total of N10.7tn on fuel subsidy in the last 10 years, the Chairman, Major Oil Marketers Association of Nigeria, Mr Adetunji Oyebanji, has said.

Oyebanji, who was the guest speaker at the 18th Aret Adams Lecture on Thursday, said N750bn was spent on subsidy in 2019.

He highlighted the need for a transition to a market-driven environment through policy-backed legislative and commercial frameworks, enabling the sustainability of the downstream petroleum sector.

“Total deregulation is more than just the removal of price subsidies; it is aimed at improving business operations, increasing the investments in the oil and gas sector value chain, resulting in the growth in the nation’s downstream petroleum sector as a whole,” he said.

The managing director of 11 Plc (formerly Mobil Oil Nigeria Plc) said steps had been taken, “but larger and faster leaps are now required.”

According to him, deregulation requires the creation of a competitive market environment, and will guarantee the supply of products at commercial and market prices.

“It requires unrestricted and profitable investments in infrastructure, earning reasonable returns to investors. It requires a strong regulator to enable transparency and fair competition among players, and not to regulate prices,” Oyebanji said.

He noted that MOMAN had recently called for a national debate by stakeholders to share pragmatic and realistic initiatives to ease the impact of the subsidy removal on society – especially on the most vulnerable.

He said, “A shift from crude oil production to crude oil full value realisation through deliberate investment in domestic refining and refined products distribution, creates the opportunity to transform the dynamics of the downstream sector from one of ‘net importer’ to one of ‘net exporter’, spurring the growth of the Nigerian economy.

“Effective reforms and regulations are key drivers for the growth within the refining sector. Non-functional refineries cost Nigeria over $13bn in 2019. If the NNPC refineries were operating at optimal capacity, Nigeria would have imported only 40 per cent of what it consumed in 2019.”

Full deregulation of the downstream sector remains the most glaring boost to potential investors in this space, according to Oyebanji.

He said, “As crude oil prices will fluctuate depending on the prevailing exchange rates, it will be astute to trade in naira to avoid inevitable price swings.

“There needs to be a balance between ensuring the sustainable growth of the crude oil value chain (upstream through downstream) and providing value for the Nigerian consumer and the Nigerian economy.”

He said the philosophy should be for the government to put the legislative and commercial framework in place and let the market develop by itself.

Continue Reading

Trending