- Dollar Enjoys Support From Dudley Comments Before Yellen Q&A
A post-U.S. payrolls rebound in the dollar and Treasury yields kept driving thin markets on Monday before a speech by Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen that follows hawkish comments from Fed Vice-Chairman William Dudley.
Yellen will speak at the University of Michigan Ford School of Public Policy and will take questions from the audience and Twitter. Investors will look for further forward guidance after Dudley downplayed the length of any pause in short-term rate normalization after the Fed starts shrinking its balance sheet. The Bloomberg Dollar Spot Index rose a third day, up as much as 0.2 percent amid modest flows, according to foreign-exchange traders across Europe.
This week’s Easter holidays have already begun weighing on volumes and it might be one of the main reasons why the pound and the euro haven’t seen deeper losses so far, despite ongoing interest by a mix of names to add shorts, the traders add. Leveraged names have become dollar-dip buyers across the board, said the traders who asked not to be identified as they weren’t authorized to speak publicly.
The two-week tenor in options structures now captures the first round of France elections and its intraday surge in euro-yen demonstrated that concerns over tail risks remained strong. The euro pared losses versus the greenback and was little changed at 1.0580. Selling pressure came through options and spot offers alike, extending all way to 1.0650, the traders noted.
- The pound led gains over G-10 bloc as it rose as much as 0.3% to 1.2406; leveraged and interbank accounts faded the rally and look to add more every 20-25 pips: traders
- USD/JPY pared gains of 0.4% to climb 0.3% to 111.37; stops above 111.50 barrier were triggered, leaving the market short gamma on the upside, a trader notes, with more offers seen near 112.00 handle
- The Aussie led losses, down by 0.3% to 0.7476 low, a level unseen since Jan. 17
- A large spike in Swiss futures might have been the result of a fat-finger: trader; EUR/CHF slightly lower at 1.0684, within a 12-pip range
Naira Plunges to Record Low of N422/US$1 at Official Market
The Nigerian Naira extended its decline to N422 to a United States Dollar at the official forex market, the investors and exporters forex window managed by the FMDQ Group.
Naira opened the day at N413.50 to a US Dollar before plunging to as low as N436 at the spot forex market and N446 at the forward market. The local currency eventually closed the day at N422.07 per US Dollar.
Investors at the window traded $141.94 million during the trading hours of Thursday.
The decline was after Vice President Osinbajo asked the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to rethink its current forex policy and allow the Naira to reflect market conditions. This, the Vice President said will help close the current gap that exists between the official rate and black market rate.
Media outlets had interpreted the Vice President position as a call for further devaluation of the Nigerian Naira. However, in a statement signed by Laolu Akande, Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media & Publicity, Office of the Vice President, Akande explained that Osinbajo is simply calling for a single forex rate to dislodge the activities of speculators and hoarders at the various unregulated black market.
He added that the 40 percent or N160 arbitrage difference between the official rate of N410 and N570 offered at the black market will continue to encourage corruption in the forex market.
“For context, the Vice President’s point was that currently the Naira exchange rate benefits only those who are able to obtain the dollar at N410, some of who simply turn round and sell to the parallel market at N570. It is stopping this huge arbitrage of over N160 per dollar that the Vice President was talking about. Such a massive difference discourages doing proper business, when selling the dollar can bring in 40% profit!
“This was why the Vice President called for measures that would increase the supply of foreign exchange in the market rather than simply managing demand, which opens up irresistible opportunities for arbitrage and corruption.”
At the black market, traders exchanged Naira at N565 to a United States Dollar on Thursday.
Osinbajo Explains Why Forex Policy Should Discourage Arbitrage and Corruption
Following Vice President Yemi Osinbajo suggestions that the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) should rethink its present forex policy that encourages arbitrage and corruption and allow the Nigerian Naira to reflect market realities that were misconstrued as devaluation by the media, the Vice President has now come out to clear the air that he is not calling for a devaluation of the embattled Naira but to close the arbitrage gap of 40 percent gain that existed between CBN rate of N410/US$1 and the black market rate of N570.
In a statement released by Laolu Akande, Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media & Publicity, Office of the Vice President, the Vice President position was that the current Naira exchange rate benefits only those who are able to access the US Dollar at N410, “some of who simply turn round and sell to the parallel market at N570. It is stopping this huge arbitrage of over N160 per dollar that the Vice President was talking about. Such a massive difference discourages doing proper business, when selling the dollar can bring in 40% profit!,” the statement reads.
It continues “This was why the Vice President called for measures that would increase the supply of foreign exchange in the market rather than simply managing demand, which opens up irresistible opportunities for arbitrage and corruption.
“It is a well known fact that foreign investors and exporters have been complaining that they could not bring foreign exchange in at N410 and then have to purchase foreign exchange in the parallel market at N570 to meet their various needs on account of unavailability of foreign exchange. Only a more market reflective exchange rate would ameliorate this. With an increase in the supply of dollars the rates will drop and the value of the Naira will improve.
“The real issue confronting the economy on this matter is how to improve the supply of foreign exchange, but this will not happen if we do not allow mechanisms like the Importers and Exporters window to work. If we allow this market mechanism to work as intended, we will find that the Naira will appreciate against the dollar as we restore confidence in the system.”
Dollar Rate to Naira Today at Official Forex Window
The Dollar rate to Naira closed 0.10 percent lower on Wednesday at the official forex window despite supply rising by over 100 percent.
Naira dipped at the official forex exchange window to N414.73 against the United States Dollar on Wednesday, down from N414.30 it closed on Tuesday.
The Dollar rate to Naira opened the day at N414.33 before dropping to as low as N415.20 during the trading hours of Wednesday. Investors traded $266.32 million on Wednesday, against $122.15 million exchanged on Tuesday.
At the unregulated forex section, the black market, the Naira was exchanged at N565.00 and N568.00 to a US$ on Wednesday in Abuja.
In Uyo, forex dealers said the Naira exchanged at N580 to a U.S dollar N580.00 due to increase in demand they experienced on Wednesday.
“We bought at N570.00 and sold at N572.00 per $1 on Tuesday, but today, we sold at N578.00 and even N580.00 at some point because the demand was much and people were selling as they see deemed fit, ” the anonymous dealer stated.
However, the Central Bank of Nigeria’s exchange rates remained largely unchanged as shown below.
Central Bank of Nigeria’s Exchange Rates
|10/6/2021||SOUTH AFRICAN RAND||27.0668||27.0998||27.1328|
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