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Forex

CBN’s Lending to Banks Rises to N1.6tr

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forex
  • Forex: CBN’s Lending to Banks Rises to N1.6tr

BankS’ borrowing from Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) rose sharply to N1.6 trillion last week, triggered by demand for funds to participate in the special foreign exchange auctions conducted by the apex bank.

Under the CBN forex rule, banks are to provide the Naira equivalent of dollar purchases from the CBN. During the week, the CBN conducted two 60-days forwards sale of $600 million to the banks. This triggered intense demand and acute scarcity of funds in the interbank money market, which prompted banks to besiege the Standing Lending Facility (SLF) of the CBN to borrow the Naira required to fund their dollar purchases.

Average Daily Borrowing

Consequently, banks borrowing shot up by 98 per cent to N1.6 trillion last week, from N821.4 billion the previous week. Similarly, average daily borrowing through the SLF jumped to N321 billion last week from N205 billion the previous week.

Investigation reveal that most of the borrowing occurred on Wednesday, during which banks took N433 billion to fund the $370 million sold on Tuesday by the CBN.

The apex bank had offered $500 million 60-days future on Tuesday. According to a CBN official who confirmed this development to Financial Vanguard under condition of anonymity, most of the banks did not have the Naira to buy the dollars offered by the apex bank, hence only $370 million was sold that day. A similar situation re-occurred on Thursday when banks borrowed N392 billion to participate in the $230 million sold by the apex bank that day.

Meanwhile, amount of idle cash (liquidity) in the interbank money market fell by 74 per cent during the week, in response to the intense demand for funds triggered by the CBN dollar sales. From N175.29 billion on Monday, market liquidity fell steadily closing the week at N45.65 billion. This was despite inflow of N412 billion comprising N198 billion through matured treasury bills and N214 billion from statutory allocation funds.

This prompted wide volatility of interbank interest rates during the week, with interest rate on Overnight borrowing climbing to 200 per cent on Thursday from 17 per cent the previous week, before dropping to 175 per cent at the close of business on Friday.

However, the CBN dollar sales halted the depreciation of the Naira in the parallel market, where it posted its biggest weekly appreciation against the dollar last week. Market survey revealed that the Naira exchange rate in the parallel market dropped from N520 per dollar the previous week to N460 per dollar at the close of business on Friday.

Analysts however project that the Naira appreciation may be short-lived saying that the Naira might lose some of the appreciation recorded last week.

“Parallel market will appreciate towards N460 per dollar before bouncing back to N480 per dollar in a cobweb movement,” analysts at Financial Derivatives Company projected.

Also analysts at Afrinvest Plc, a Lagos based investment firm stated: “It is hard to make an exact call on direction of rate, but it is unlikely the parallel rate will breach the N500 per dollar mark again in the shorter term as a more dollar liquid CBN will not shy from further interventions.

Yet, our medium term conviction remains that maintaining the interbank rate at current peg (without implementing deeper reforms required) will lead to deterioration in current account as more demand surfaces. Hence, there is still a need to address the FX liquidity challenge appropriately and we reaffirm our view that increased flexibility will be needed in order to allow restore investor confidence and boost autonomous FX supply.”

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

US Dollar

Dollar Drops as Traders Prepare for Inflation Data

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Forex Weekly Outlook October 31-November 4

The dollar slipped on Monday towards a three-week low as Treasury yields traded near recent lows and traders awaited crucial U.S. inflation and retail sales data in coming days.

Elsewhere, it was a quiet start to a data-heavy week for foreign exchange markets. The euro climbed back above $1.19 while the British pound rebounded from a two-month low.

The dollar’s performance has been tied to U.S. Treasury yields for most of 2021, after concern about rising inflation in the United States and a stimulus-fueled economic rebound triggered a jump in Treasury yields in February.

A fall in U.S. yields last week triggered the worst week for the dollar in 2021. With yields inching lower on Monday, it was back under pressure.

Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell said in a U.S. media interview released on Sunday that the U.S. economy was at “an inflection point” and looked set for a strong rebound in the coming months, but he also warned of risks stemming from a hasty re-opening.

Investors are now waiting for U.S. March inflation data due on Tuesday.

“We are set to see the first evidence of the much anticipated surge in inflation that is widely expected through the coming months as base effects from a year ago begin to take effect as the sharp declines post-COVID start to fall out of the annual calculations,” MUFG analysts said.

They said the dollar’s fortunes could well “remain linked to 10-year yields”.

The benchmark 10-year Treasury yield was at 1.664% after dropping to as low as 1.6170% last week. It had surged to a more than a one-year high of 1.7760% on March 30.

The dollar index, which measures the U.S. currency against a basket of currencies, weakened 0.2% to 92.03. The euro initially dropped but later recovered and was up 0.1% to $1.1915.

Bitcoin traded above $60,000, closing the gap to its record high.

Against the pound the dollar initially gained before reversing course. The British currency was last up 0.5% at $1.3763 after briefly touching a two-month low of $1.3669 as traders cheered the latest phase of the government’s economic re-opening plan.

The dollar fell 0.3% to 109.33 yen versus the Japanese currency.

U.S. dollar net short positions have fallen to their lowest in nearly three years, according to data published on Friday.

ING analysts noted that speculators had cut their net short dollar positions for the 12th consecutive week, which could prove a headwind for further dollar gains.

“At this stage, the dollar has lost all its positioning “advantage”, having a neutral speculative positioning, which suggests we should no longer see dollar rallies against most G10 currencies exacerbated by the unwinding of USD shorts,” they wrote.

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Naira

Naira Daily Foreign Exchange Rates for Friday, April 9, 2021

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Naira Dollar Exchange Rate

Naira exchanged at N485 to a United States Dollar on Friday, April 9 2021 at the parallel market. Against the British Pound, it traded at N670 and N574 to a Euro. 

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
09/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/574 62/69 393/400 292/320
08/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/573 62/69 393/400 292/320
07/04/2021 478/485 662/670 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
06/04/2021 478/486 664/674 563/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
05/04/2021 478/486 664/674 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
02/04/2021 478/486 662/672 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
31/03/2021 482/486 672/678 565/673 62/69 392/400 292/320
30/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/577 62/69 392/400 290/325
29/03/2021 480/485 670/677 568/575 62/69 390/400 290/325
26/03/2021 480/485 670/680 568/578 62/69 390/400 290/325
25/03/2021 480/486 672/680 570/580 62/69 390/400 290/320
24/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/581 62/69 393/400 295/320
23/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/582 60/68 390/400 295/320
22/03/2021 480/486 672/680 582/582 60/68 390/400 285/300
19/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/583 60/68 390/400 282/300
18/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
17/03/2021 478/485 670/678 572/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
16/03/2021 478/485 670/680 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
15/03/2021 478/485 670/676 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
12/03/2021 477/485 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
11/03/2021 475/482 668/675 568/575 60/68 386/398 282/300
10/03/2021 477/484 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
09/03/2021 475/484 670/675 578/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
08/03/2021 475/482 670/675 578/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
05/03/2021 475/480 670/675 577/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
04/03/2021 475/480 665/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
03/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
02/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
09/04/2021 472/482 661/673 56/570
08/04/2021 473/482 662/673 561/572
07/04/2021 475/485 661/674 560/573
06/04/2021 475/485 662/674 550/573
05/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/574
04/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
03/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
02/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
01/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
31/03/2021 475/485 665/675 560/574
30/03/2021 475/485 668/675 564/574
29/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
26/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
25/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
24/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
23/03/2021 475/485 668/678 570/577
22/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/577
19/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/578
18/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/578
17/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
16/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
15/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
12/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
11/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
10/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
09/03/2021 470/480 665/674 567/580
08/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
05/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
04/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
03/03/2021 470/480 662/670 573/580
02/03/2021 470/480 660/669 573/580
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

 

 

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates; Wednesday, April 7, 2021

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naira

Naira traded at N485 to a United States Dollar on Wednesday 07, April 2021 at the black market. While against the British Pound it sold at N670 and N573 to a single Euro as shown below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
07/04/2021 480/485 662/670 565/574 62/69 392/400 292/320
06/04/2021 478/486 664/674 563/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
05/04/2021 478/486 664/674 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
02/04/2021 478/486 662/672 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
31/03/2021 482/486 672/678 565/573 62/69 392/400 292/320
30/03/2021 482/486 672/678 567/577 62/69 392/400 290/325
29/03/2021 480/485 670/677 568/575 62/69 390/400 290/325
26/03/2021 480/485 670/680 568/578 62/69 390/400 290/325
25/03/2021 480/486 672/680 570/580 62/69 390/400 290/320
24/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/581 62/69 393/400 295/320
23/03/2021 480/486 672/680 572/582 60/68 390/400 295/320
22/03/2021 480/486 672/680 582/582 60/68 390/400 285/300
19/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/583 60/68 390/400 282/300
18/03/2021 480/485 672/680 573/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
17/03/2021 478/485 670/678 572/582 60/68 390/400 282/300
16/03/2021 478/485 670/680 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
15/03/2021 478/485 670/676 572/582 60/68 386/398 282/300
12/03/2021 477/485 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
11/03/2021 475/482 668/675 568/575 60/68 386/398 282/300
10/03/2021 477/484 670/675 570/580 60/68 386/398 282/300
09/03/2021 475/484 670/675 578/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
08/03/2021 475/482 670/675 578/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
05/03/2021 475/480 670/675 577/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
04/03/2021 475/480 665/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
03/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
02/03/2021 475/480 662/672 574/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
01/03/2021 475/482 662/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
26/02/2021 475/482 660/672 575/583 60/68 385/395 282/300
25/02/2021 475/480 660/670 572/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
24/02/2021 475/480 655/670 570/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
23/02/2021 475/480 655/665 575/582 60/68 385/395 282/300
22/02/2021 475/480 652/660 575/580 60/68 385/395 282/300
19/02/2021 474/478 648/655 570/577 60/68 385/395 282/300
18/02/2021 472/477 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
17/02/2021 472/478 645/655 570/575 60/68 385/395 282/300
16/02/2021 465/473 645/652 565/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
15/02/2021 465/473 642/652 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
12/02/2021 465/473 642/650 562/570 60/68 385/395 282/300
11/02/2021 465/475 640/650 560/570 60/70 385/400 280/300
10/02/2021 472/478 645/652 565/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
09/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
08/02/2021 474/480 645/655 567/575 60/70 385/400 280/300
05/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
04/02/2021 474/480 645/653 567/578 60/70 385/400 280/300
03/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
02/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
01/02/2021 474/480 642/655 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300
29/01/2021 474/480 642/652 575/580 60/70 385/400 280/300

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
07/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/573
06/04/2021 475/485 662/674 550/573
05/04/2021 475/485 662/674 560/574
04/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
03/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
02/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
01/04/2021 475/485 660/675 560/574
31/03/2021 475/485 665/675 560/574
30/03/2021 475/485 668/675 564/574
29/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
26/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/576
25/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
24/03/2021 475/485 667/675 569/576
23/03/2021 475/485 668/678 570/577
22/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/577
19/03/2021 475/485 670/678 570/578
18/03/2021 475/485 668/675 569/578
17/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
16/03/2021 475/485 667/674 569/578
15/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
12/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
11/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
10/03/2021 470/480 665/674 560/578
09/03/2021 470/480 665/674 567/580
08/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
05/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
04/03/2021 470/480 662/672 570/580
03/03/2021 470/480 662/670 573/580
02/03/2021 470/480 660/669 573/580
01/03/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
26/02/2021 470/480 660/669 574/580
25/02/2021 470/480 658/665 574/580
24/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
23/02/2021 470/478 654/660 570/578
22/02/2021 470/477 650/656 570/577
19/02/2021 465/476 645/656 565/573
18/02/2021 465/475 640/652 563/570
17/02/2021 465/477 640/655 562/572
16/02/2021 460/475 640/652 562/570
15/02/2021 460/475 638/652 561/568
12/02/2021 467/475 635/650 562/570
11/02/2021 465/475 640/655 560/575
10/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
09/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
08/02/2021 472/478 640/655 565/575
05/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
04/02/2021 472/478 640/650 565/575
03/02/2021 471/478 640/650 572/580
02/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
01/02/2021 471/478 640/655 572/580
29/01/2021 471/477 640/648 570/579

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

 

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