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Stakeholders Urge CBN to Liberalise Forex Market

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Forex Weekly Outlook November 7-11
  • Stakeholders Urge CBN to Liberalise Forex Market

Stakeholders in the financial services industry have urged the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to liberalise the foreign exchange (forex) market and allow the naira to float freely.

This is coming amid concerns that CBN’s decision to stop banks from selling dollars to bureaux de change (BDCs) and the clampdown on BDCs for selling dollar above N400 may worsen the exchange rate at the parallel market.

Though the naira has weakened by 36 per cent since June to around N310 per dollar in the official market, investors believe the exchange rate is still being controlled by CBN.

This has led the FMDQ Over-the-Counter (OTC) exchange to announce the suspension of the FMDQ interbank spot rate, replacing it with the CBN spot rate until the general market structure becomes more credible and transparent.

The naira has fallen to N460 from N335 on the black market in that period as businesses struggle to access foreign exchange from their banks. The depreciation occurred despite continuous intervention by the CBN almost on weekly basis, in the market.

FMDQ Over-the-Counter Securities Exchange Chief Executive Officer, Bola Onadele, accused the CBN of using “strong moral suasion” to prevent the naira from depreciating to a market-related level, and called on the regulator to let the currency float freely.

“The average daily turnover in the spot market used to be $1 billion and now it’s less than $100 million. I don’t believe the parallel market is illegal any more. We have inadvertently legitimised it through some of our actions. It may no longer be as small a market as we used to think. If you have $1,000 to convert to naira, will you sell it at 315? No rational person will do that. You’ll sell to a bureau de change and get N460,” Onadele, a former chief dealer at Citigroup Inc’s Nigerian unit, told Bloomberg.

“No one believes the N305 price of the naira on their screens,” Onadele said, “That devaluation risk is still there. It would only melt away when the market establishes a credible price formation on the back of transparent trading operations by the banks. We need to have proper price discovery.”

Afrinvest West Africa Managing Director, Ike Chioke, said his expectations of further fragmentation of the forex market and a liquidity constraint at the parallel market materialised last week as black market operators refused to sell dollars at the regulatory mandated rate of N400/$1 but willing to buy at N395/$1.00, most likely to hoard.

However, he said the naira/dollar rate at the underground parallel market for operators willing to defy regulatory directives on rate traded between N455/$1 and N465/$1 without liquidity constraints.

Chioke said dollar scarcity at the official market was reaffirmed by drop in daily forex turnover to about $1 billion, while approximately $100 million was recorded as unmet demands.

“Accordingly, investor sentiment remained depressed by currency risk as liquidity crunch lingers. Performance at the parallel market however improved as the naira firmed against the dollar on all trading days of the week amidst reports of dollar sales to Bureau De Change operators by Travelex. Parallel market rates closed at N460 to dollar,” he said.

Meanwhile, security agents have continued to raid the offices of black market currency dealers, detaining some dealers and ordering others to sell dollars at a lower rate in a bid to break the fall of the currency, dealers said.

“The police and state security service officials are raiding black marketers in Lagos and Abuja to compel an appreciation of the naira,” Mallam Adamu, a bureau de change operator, said.

Another trader said security agents visiting BDCs told dealers not to sell dollars for more than N395 but that only created more anxiety in the market, with fears that the practice may worsen exchange rate worries.

“We’ve stopped buying dollars from just anybody that walks into our shop due to the harassment from security agents and a directive from our association,” said a dealer, who asked not to be named.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Friday, July 23, 2021

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Naira Notes - Investors King

The Naira improves slightly against its global counterparts at the parallel market on Friday as liquidity increase marginally across key forex markets. The Naira gained N2 against the United States Dollar from N506 it traded last week Friday to N504 today, Friday, July 23, 2021 at the parallel market. Against the Euro and British Pound, the local currency exchanged at N595 and N705, respectively.

Economic uncertainty amid unclear policy direction has put a lid on Naira against global currencies, especially with Nigeria’s fiscal buffer lacking despite crude oil trading at an almost 2-year high from COVID-19 record-low. The drop in foreign reserves impeded the Central Bank of Nigeria’s ability to consistently intervene at the forex to prop the Naira value as usual.

At the bureau de change section, the Naira exchanged at N500, N705 and N595 to the United States Dollar, British Pound and the Euro, respectively. See the table below for Naira rates.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 500/504 698/705 588/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
23/07/2021 490/500 694/705 580/595
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

Date Currency Buying(NGN) Central(NGN) Selling(NGN)
7/22/2021 US DOLLAR 409.14 409.64 410.14
7/22/2021 POUNDS STERLING 563.1812 563.8695 564.5577
7/22/2021 EURO 481.8851 482.474 483.0629
7/22/2021 SWISS FRANC 444.7657 445.3093 445.8528
7/22/2021 YEN 3.7114 3.7159 3.7204
7/22/2021 CFA 0.7151 0.7251 0.7351
7/22/2021 WAUA 580.1991 580.9082 581.6172
7/22/2021 YUAN/RENMINBI 63.2522 63.3299 63.4077
7/22/2021 RIYAL 109.0778 109.2111 109.3444
7/22/2021 DANISH KRONA 64.7732 64.8524 64.9315

N.B: These tables are updated three times a day.

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Thursday, July 22, 2021

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NAIRA - Investors King

Naira gained slightly across key foreign exchange markets during the holiday and opened at N503 against the United States Dollar at the Parallel market. Against the British Pound, it exchanged at N703 and N590 to Euro.

Despite series of policies deployed at arresting the falling Naira and curb economic stagnation, the crude oil-backed Naira continued to struggle against its global counterparts.

At the Bureau de Change section, the Naira traded at N500 to a United States Dollar, N705 to a British Pound and N595 to a Euro. See other Naira exchange rates below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/07/2021 498/503 695/703 585/590 62/69 407/415 300/320
19/07/2021 495/503 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
22/07/2021 490/500 690/705 580/595
19/07/2021 490/500 690/707 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

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Naira

Naira Exchange Rates Today, Monday, July 19, 2021

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500 and 1000 naira bills (Nigerian currency)

Naira declined further against the United States Dollar at the parallel market, popularly known as the black market ahead of the Sallah Holiday. The Naira dipped by N1 from N505 it traded against the United States Dollar on Thursday to N506 on Friday but moderated to N505 on Monday, July 19, 2021.

Against the British Pound and Euro common currency, the Nigerian Naira exchanged at N708 and N592, respectively.

Lack of liquidity across the foreign exchange markets continued to weigh on the Naira value and economic activities at large given the nature of the Nigerian economy, an import-dependent economy.

The Nigerian Naira traded at N500 against the United States Dollar at the bureau de change section of the forex market. While, it sold at N710 and N595 to a British Pound and Euro, respectively. See other exchange rates below.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

Morning * Midday** Evening *** Final Rates

Date USD GBP EURO YUAN Canadian Australian
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
19/07/2021 497/505 698/705 585/592 62/69 407/415 300/320
16/07/2021 502/506 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/315
15/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/596 62/69 407/415 300/320
14/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
13/07/2021 500/505 702/708 590/595 62/68 407/415 300/320
12/07/2021 500/505 700/708 590/595 62/69 407/415 300/320
09/07/2021 500/505 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/320
08/07/2021 499/503 700/708 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
07/07/2021 499/503 700/710 588/593 62/69 407/417 300/325
06/07/2021 499/503 698/710 590/595 62/69 407/417 300/325

Bureau De Change Naira Rates

Date USD GBP EURO
NGN BUY/SELL BUY/SELL BUY/SELL
19/07/2021 495/500 695/710 580/595
16/07/2021 490/500 700/710 585/600
15/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
14/07/2021 490/500 698/710 590/595
13/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
12/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
09/07/2021 490/500 698/710 585/600
08/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
07/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
06/07/2021 490/500 697/710 585/600
05/07/2021 490/500 700/714 585/600

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

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