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FMDQ Suspends Publication of Interbank FX Closing Spot Rate

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Naira - Investors King
  • FMDQ Suspends Publication of Interbank FX Closing Spot Rate

Considering the liquidity challenges and prevalent disequilibrium currently facing the Nigerian Foreign Exchange (FX) market, the FMDQ OTC Securities Exchange wednesday announced the suspension of the FMDQ Spot FX Closing Rate with immediate effect.

The move according to the Exchange was also to ensure transparency as well as to protect the integrity of the FMDQ Spot FX Closing Rate Methodology.

A statement yesterday explained that the Market Review Committee (MRC) of FMDQ charged with the responsibility of governing all FMDQ Markets, Standards and Benchmarks took the decision.

“Consequently, the daily Spot FX closing rate that FMDQ shall publish, will be the rate of the last available executed trade on the Thomson Reuters NGN=D1 module at 2:00 PM. This will be referenced the “CBN Closing Rate”.

” In line with FMDQ’s mandate to ensure that all FMDQ benchmarks (including closing prices/rates, fixings, indices etc.) are in line with international best practices, the calculation and publication of FMDQ’s Spot FX Closing Rate shall remain suspended until the general market structure promotes a more transparent and credible price formation,” it explained.

The FMDQ said it appreciates the importance of a market’s closing rate and will therefore continue to ensure the methodology remains as credible as possible.

“Consequently, the need for all market participants to play their parts in ensuring an FX Market aligned with global best practice is paramount. In line with FMDQ’s mandate to promote price discovery, there is the need to ensure FX trading activities in the market are fully captured to reflect the required transparency to all stakeholders.

“FMDQ had been concerned with the significance of confirmed trades on the designated FX Trading System which informed the Market Notice (MN-03) issued yesterday. However, it has received reasonable assurance that Dealing Member (Banks) [DMBs]/Authorised Dealers will promptly update their inter-Member trades and trades with clients on the designated FX Trading Systems accordingly.

“DMBs are also therefore encouraged to advise their clients to expedite action on the CBN FX onboarding directive for corporates to further enhance the transparency of the market. Based on the foregoing, DMBs are encouraged to confirm all trades and voice report trades done via other mediums (including telephones) during business hours (i.e. by 2:00 PM daily) on the designated FX Trading System,” it added.

CEO/Founder Investors King Ltd, a foreign exchange research analyst, contributing author on New York-based Talk Markets and Investing.com, with over a decade experience in the global financial markets.

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Naira

Exchange Rate: Dollar to Naira Today, Friday 3 December 2021

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The Nigerian Naira remained under pressure across the board despite efforts by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to prop up the value of the local currency against its global counterparts.

Backed by Nigeria’s foreign reserves, Naira plunged from N306 against the United States Dollar to N414 at the official forex window during the peak of COVID-19 when crude oil dropped to $15 a barrel and eroded Nigeria’s foreign exchange earnings.

Since then, Africa’s largest economy has instituted various forex policies to support the Naira, deepen economic productivity and generally grow activity across key sectors. However, the lack of a stable foreign exchange market has impeded capital importation needed to prop up Naira value as foreign investors continue to stay off the Nigerian market according to the World Bank.

Naira to Dollar Exchange Rate Official Fx Window (FMDQ)

On Thursday, December 2, 2021, the Nigerian Naira opened at N413.94 against the United States Dollar at the Official Forex Window managed by the FMDQ Group.

The local currency sheds 0.06 percent to a greenback by the close of business on Thursday, closing at N414.80 to a United States Dollar.

Analysing the forex spot market, Naira rose to as high as N404 against the American Dollar during the trading house of Thursday before plunging to N444. Trading activity dropped on Thursday as investors traded $139.69 million US dollars, in contrast to $223.8 million transacted on Wednesday.

Naira Black Market Exchange Rates

At the unregulated forex market, the Naira exchanged hoarders and speculators are exchanging the Naira at N558 to United States Dollar.

This was in spite of the CBN efforts at shutting down activity at that section of the forex market given its damages to the nation’s forex market and the fact that Nigerians were almost adopting the black market rate as the official rate.

Experts, including the Vice President, Yemi Osinbajo have blamed the Central Bank of Nigeria for existing of the black market. According to the Vice President, as long as the forex arbitrage exists due to the numerous forex rates, speculators, hoarders and other forex traders will continue to sustain the unregulated black market.

Central Bank of Nigeria’s Official Naira Rates

The CBN quoted rates are the rates the apex bank sells various currencies to Deposit Money Banks (DMBs) in Nigeria. The DMBs are however expected to add between N1 to N2 on each rate to cover costs when selling to customers.

Nigerian Naira (NGX) to Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin, the world’s most dominant cryptocurrency, lost 0.13 percent against the Naira to N23.299 million or $56,833 in the last 24 hours.

Against Ethereum (ether), the second most capitalised cryptocurrency, the Naira gained 0.15 percent to N1.874 million.

GTBank Naira Exchange Rates

As of December 2, 2021, GTBank exchanged the Naira to the US Dollar at N480. While the Euro, the Canadian Dollar and the Great Britain Pound were traded at N549, N366 and N649, respectively since August 20, 2021. See other Naira exchange rates below.

Currency Rate Date
USD ₦ 480 02/12/2021
EUR ₦ 549 20/08/2021
CAD ₦ 366 20/08/2021
GBP ₦ 649 16/08/2021

Access Bank Naira Exchange Rates

Currency Rate Date
USD ₦ 450 17/11/2021
EUR ₦ 531 31/08/2021
GBP ₦ 621 27/08/2021
CAD ₦ 357 18/08/2021
ZAR ₦ 31 18/08/2021
INR ₦ 6 18/08/2021
TRY ₦ 52 18/08/2021
AUD ₦ 299 01/05/2021
RUB ₦ 7.10 01/05/2021
SGD ₦ 268 01/05/2021
AED ₦ 109 26/11/2020
XOF ₦ 800 15/08/2020

Sterling Bank Naira Exchange Rates

Currency Rate Date
USD ₦ 480 18/11/2021
GBP ₦ 619 18/11/2021
EUR ₦ 534 13/09/2021
CAD ₦ 344 20/08/2021

Union Bank Naira Exchange Rates

Currency Rate Date
USD ₦ 414 18/11/2021
EUR ₦ 484 13/10/2021
GBP ₦ 569.3 13/10/2021
CAD ₦ 316 01/05/2021

UBA Naira Exchange Rates

Currency Rate Date
USD ₦ 465 18/11/2021
EUR ₦ 566 31/08/2021
GBP ₦ 622 23/07/2021
CAD ₦ 316 01/05/2021
AED ₦ 119 08/08/2020
INR ₦ 6.06 03/08/2020

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Naira

Naira Sees Stability at Official Window

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Naira - Investors King

The Naira has this week witnessed a steady, unchanged value against the naira as it closed at N415.07 against the dollar on Wednesday (for the fourth straight day), according to the Investors and Exporters window where the Nigerian currency is traded officially.

As mentioned in a previous article, the Naira appears to have found a resting place for its value heading into the festive period. Even though the Naira is now stable, the value may still be too negative for the Nigerian economy, as food prices and prices for other goods keep going on the rise.

The FMDQ group through its website gives updates concerning the currency’s daily trading (opening and closing prices). It also gives updates on the Spot rate and Forward rate; the prices at which the currency trades for transactions throughout that day as well as future transactions which were agreed on that day.

The Spot rate maintained its usual highest value of N404 per dollar, but its lowest value fell as far as N457.02 per dollar. This is considerably lower than the N444 per dollar which it usually attains.

The Forward rate has however seen changes in value, dropping to a high of only N445.97 per dollar, maintaining its lowest price of N457 per dollar.

The FMDQ group also reports the total turnover of the currency in a day, i.e. the total amount of the currency that was traded throughout that day. On Wednesday, it was revealed that the total amount of the dollar that was traded sat at $223.8 million at the close of the day. This is higher than the $152 million which was recorded the previous day.

At the parallel market (which is not recognized by the Central Bank of Nigeria), the Naira was sold at a price of N558 per dollar as it looks to maintain the recovery which it made after hitting an all time low of N575 per dollar in September.

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Naira

Naira Stabilizes at N415/$1 at Official Fx Window

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Naira - Investors King

The Nigerian currency has continued its trend of closing at N415 per dollar, after it settled to close at that price (which it has closed at consistently since Friday) on Tuesday. This is according to data gathered from the Investors and Exporters window where the Naira is traded officially.

It seems to appear that the Naira has found its resting place at this price, considering the number of days at which it has closed at that particular price. It is now left to see how this currency will trade closer to the festive period.

However, this ‘stability’ cannot be held as a permanent thing, because for this price to be the new normal, it may have to be maintained over a longer period of time. The Central Bank of Nigeria should be making moves to bring the value of the naira back up again, to make things better for Nigerians and Nigeria especially as we approach the Christmas period.

The FMDQ group’s updates of the Spot and Forward exchange rates showed slight changes here and there, with nothing too heavy. The Spot rate did not see any changes from Monday, as it maintained the high of N405 per dollar and a low of N465.97 per dollar.

The Forward rate however witnessed a jump, with Tuesday’s high jumping back to N411 per dollar from N452 per dollar where it sat on Monday. The lowest of the Forward rate further fell to N457 per dollar from the N453 per dollar where it was on Monday.

Those who would benefit the most from Tuesday’s trading round are those who agreed on future deals at prices between N411 and N415 per dollar.

The daily turnover recorded by the FMDQ group on Tuesday sat at $152.98 million, more than $100 million less than the $256 million which Monday recorded.

On Tuesday, the parallel market saw the Naira trade at N565 per dollar. The Central Bank has however stated that it does not reckon with the parallel market.

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