Despite the marginal rise in its half-year profits, the United Bank for Africa Plc has declared an interim dividend of 20 kobo per share for the period ended June 30, 2016, writes Goddy Egene
As expected, the challenging operating environment impacted performances of most companies for the half year (H1) ended June 30, 2016. The banks were not left out as some of them recorded lower profits while some ended the period with lower bottom-line. Those that recorded decline in their profits included First Bank, Zenith, Fidelity and Sterling.
However, Guaranty Trust Bank and Access Bank were among the few banks that posted impressive results in spite of the headwinds in the operating environment.
Specifically, Access Bank’s profit before tax (PBT) stood at N50billion, showing 28 per cent increase above the N39billion in 2015. The bank also grew profit after tax (PAT) to N39.5billion, from N31.3billion in 2015.
Guaranty Trust Bank also reported N91.38 billion half-year pre-tax profit, up N63.11billion declared in 2015.
Accordingly, the two banks recommended interim dividend of 25 kobo per share for shareholders.United Bank for Africa (UBA) Plc was the last bank to make its H1 financials available, having announced a delay in releasing the results.
According to its audited accounts, UBA posted a PBT of N40.270 billion, up fromN39.621 billion in 2015 and PAT of N32.621 billion, compared with N31.999 billion in 2015.
Half year results
A closer look at the results showed impressive growth in several key financial indicators. This perhaps explains why the bank’s share price has outperformed the stock market so far this year. UBA’s share price is already up by 31 per cent this year and consensus forecasts are that the share price is still under priced at its current price of N4.32 as at 30 August, 2016.
Though earnings were flat but the bank recorded a significant growth in total assets, rising 20 per cent to N3.3 trillion, crossing the three trillion mark. The bank’s net loan position rose 29 per cent to N1.29 trillion partially boosted by the depreciation in the value of the Naira. UBA also recorded a significant 16 per cent growth in deposits to N2.41 trillion already surpassing the 15 per cent target growth in deposits set at the beginning of the year.
Another positive for UBA was a drop in cost to income ratio to 63 per cent in 2016, compared to 64 per cent in same period of 2015. This implies that the bank leveraged economics of scale to moderate operating expenses, as it achieved a 90 basis point decline in cost-to-income ratio in an inflationary environment. Notwithstanding the external pressure of a 42 per cent depreciation of the Naira and headline inflation rate of 16.5 per cent in the period, the bank kept operating cost in check, declining 1.0 per cent year-on-year during the period.
Also, the bank maintained its strong asset quality, with non-performing loans ratio at 2.4 per cent, well below the CBN set limit of 5.0 per cent for the banking industry.For one of largest lenders in the country, this impressive performance is an evidence of the bank’s diversified business model as well as resilience, particularly when put in the perspective of the challenging macroeconomic environment.
Assessing the impact of Naira devaluation of UBA’s earnings, it is noteworthy that in addition to the N40 billion profit, the bank recorded N56.1 billion in other comprehensive income, made up of N32.4 billion foreign currency translation difference from foreign operations and N23.7 billion fair value change on available for sale investments. These other comprehensive income are unrealised profits and thus do not form a part of the N40 billion profit reported in the bank’s income statement, in line with the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS).
This interim dividend is sustenance of the interim dividend payment initiated last year, when the Bank also paid N0.20 interim dividend, before a final dividend declaration of N0.40 per share, following the audit of the 2015 full year results. The interim dividend translates to a 4.5 per cent dividend yield, based on the closing price of N4.45 as at the close of market on Monday, 29 August, 2016.
Commenting on the results, the Group Managing Director/CEO, UBA Plc, Kennedy Uzoka said they were achieved amidst waning economic fundamentals which makes it even more impressive.
“We delivered profit in excess of N40 billion and grew balance sheet by 20 per cent, with our on-balance sheet total assets crossing the N3 trillion mark. Even as Naira depreciation and inflationary pressure increased the cost of doing business in Nigeria, we leveraged our economies of scale, enhanced operational efficiency and Group shared service structure to moderate our cost-to-income ratio by 90bps.”
According to him, UBA’s performance reflects its increased share of the market, even as broad economic activities slowed down in the period, as evident in the GDP contraction in the first quarter and general consensus that the economy may have further contracted in the second quarter of the year.
Uzoka assured that “UBA will sustain its culture of keeping a healthy balance sheet, with strong liquidity and capitalisation, as reflected in the liquidity and BASEL II capital adequacy ratios of 45 per cent and 18 per cent respectively.”
He also promised that “notwithstanding the current slowdown in economic activities, we see bright spots ahead, especially as we see strong prospect to grow market share across all chosen economies, through our enhanced dedication to customer service.”
Explaining the major drivers behind UBA’s performance, the Group Chief Financial Officer (GCFO), Mr. Ugo Nwaghodoh said: “This impressive performance was driven by increased transaction volume, balance sheet growth and efficiency as well as a disciplined management of operating cost. We achieved a 60bps moderation in funding cost, despite the tighter interest rate environment, as we continue to improve our deposit mix, towards low cost savings and current accounts.”
Nwaghodoh said that UBA’s performance in the period endorses the bank’s resilient ability to profitably grow its business from sustainable core banking offerings.
“Notwithstanding the challenging macro and regulatory environment, we achieved a 17.3 per cent return on average equity in the period even as the total equity of the bank grew 23 per cent to N407 billion.
He explained that the bank’s African subsidiaries continue to record significant milestones in their performance, as two erstwhile loss making subsidiaries are now profitable and having positive contribution to the bank’s bottom line.
“Overall, African subsidiaries, contributed a quarter of the Group’s profit, with an even stronger outlook, as we deepen our penetration of the respective markets,” he added.”
UBA also achieved some significant milestones in the period that further underline its strong performance in the period. For instance, foremost Nigeria rating agency, Agusto & Co. upgraded the credit rating of the bank, from “A+” to Aa-“, reflecting the banks improved capitalisation, strong liquidity and asset quality as well as enhanced profitability of the Group.
On the business front, the African Development Bank (AfDB) approved $150 million line of credit for UBA, strengthening the bank’s commitment to infrastructure and SME finance, including women-owned enterprises in Nigeria and the broader African continent. The U.S. Export-Import Bank also signed a $100 million MoU with the bank to expand trade between U.S. and Africa.
UBA Plc is one of Africa’s leading banking groups with operations in 19 African countries and offices in three global financial centers: London, Paris and New York.
From a single country operation in Nigeria, Africa’s largest economy, UBA has evolved into a pan-African provider of banking and related financial services, to more than 11 million customers, through over 1000 business offices and diverse channels globally.
Oil Falls Slightly as China Steps in to Curb Rising Coal Prices
Global oil prices moderated slightly on Wednesday following the Chinese government’s decision to curb high coal prices and ensure coal mines function at maximum capacity.
Brent crude, against which Nigerian oil is priced, dropped to $83.98 per barrel at 11:00 am Nigerian time. While the U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude fell by 80 cents or 1 percent to $81.20 a barrel.
“China is planning to take steps to combat the steep rises in the domestic coal market … which could put considerable pressure on the coal price there and reverse the fuel switch to oil,” Commerzbank said.
Prices for Chinese coal and other commodities slumped in early trade, which in turn pulled oil down from an uptick earlier in the day.
China’s National Development and Reform Commission said on Tuesday it would bring coal prices back to a reasonable range and crack down on any irregularities that disturb market order or malicious speculation on thermal coal futures. read more
Oil markets in general remain supported on the back of a global coal and gas crunch, which has driven a switch to diesel and fuel oil for power generation.
But the market on Wednesday was also pressured by data from the American Petroleum Institute industry group which showed U.S. crude stocks rose by 3.3 million barrels for the week ended Oct. 15, according to market sources.
That was well above nine analysts’ forecasts for a rise of 1.9 million barrels in crude stocks, in a Reuters poll.
However, U.S. gasoline and distillate inventories, which include diesel, heating oil and jet fuel, fell much more than analysts had expected, pointing to strong demand.
Data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration is due later on Wednesday.
Oil Prices Hit Multi-year Highs on Monday
Oil prices hit multi-year highs on Monday buoyed by recovering demand and high natural gas and coal prices encouraging users to switch to fuel oil and diesel for power generation.
Brent crude oil futures were up 59 cents, or 0.7%, to $85.45 a barrel by 0900 GMT, after hitting $86.04, their highest level since October 2018.
U.S. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures climbed 90 cents, or 1.1%, to $83.18 a barrel, after hitting a $83.73, their highest since October 2014.
Both contracts rose by at least 3% last week.
“Easing restrictions around the world are likely to help the recovery in fuel consumption,” analysts at ANZ bank said in a note, adding that gas-to-oil switching for power generation alone could boost demand by as much as 450,000 barrels per day in the fourth quarter.
Cold temperatures in the northern hemisphere are also expected to worsen an oil supply deficit, said Edward Moya, senior analyst at OANDA.
“The oil market deficit seems poised to get worse as the energy crunch will intensify as the weather in the north has already started to get colder,” he said.
“As coal, electricity, and natural gas shortages lead to additional demand for crude, it appears that won’t be accompanied by significantly extra barrels from OPEC+ or the U.S.,” he said.
Prime Minister Fumio Kishida said on Monday that Japan would urge oil producers to increase output and take steps to cushion the impact of surging energy costs on industry.
Chinese data showed third-quarter economic growth fell to its lowest level in a year hurt by power shortages, supply bottlenecks and sporadic COVID-19 outbreaks.
China’s daily crude processing rate in September also fell its lowest level since May 2020 as a feedstock shortage and environmental inspections crippled operations at refineries, while independent refiners faced tightening crude import quotas.
Oil and Gas Companies in Nigeria
Nigeria is an oil reach nation with several oil and gas companies operating in Africa’s largest economy. However, only ten oil and gas companies are listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX).
Before we discuss in detail each of the listed oil and gas companies in Nigeria. A short background on Africa’s largest economy will help throw more light on the significance of the oil and gas companies or the entire oil sector to the Nigerian economy.
Nigeria is a petrol-dollar economy, which means Africa’s most populous nation, sells crude oil and use its proceed to service the economy. In fact, the Nigerian Naira is backed by crude oil like Canadian Dollar and other commodity-dependent economies.
But because the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) pegged the Naira against its global counterparts, the local currency does not reflect succinctly the fluctuation in global oil prices like other crude oil-dependent currencies.
Since global oil prices rebounded with the gradual reopening of economies, the oil and gas companies in Nigeria have also rebounded from the 2020 record low of $15 per barrel. The oil and gas sector has gained 62.76 percent from the year to date, according to the NGX Oil and Gas Index.
The index gauge price movements in 10 listed oil and gas companies in Nigeria. However, there are several oil and gas companies in Nigeria not listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited.
Oil and Gas Companies Listed on the Nigerian Exchange Limited (NGX)
|Company||Ticker||Sector||Date Listed||Date Incorporated|
|ARDOVA PLC [CG+]||ARDOVA||OIL AND GAS||–||November 12, 1964|
|CAPITAL OIL PLC [MRF]||CAPOIL||OIL AND GAS||–||August 29, 1985|
|CONOIL PLC||CONOIL||OIL AND GAS||–||June 30, 1970|
|ETERNA PLC.||ETERNA||OIL AND GAS||–||January 13, 1989|
|JAPAUL GOLD & VENTURES PLC||JAPAULGOLD||OIL AND GAS||August 10, 2005||June 29, 1994|
|MRS OIL NIGERIA PLC.||MRS||OIL AND GAS||–||August 12, 1969|
|OANDO PLC [MRF]||OANDO||OIL AND GAS||February 24, 1992||August 25, 1969|
|RAK UNITY PET. COMP. PLC. [MRF]||RAKUNITY||OIL AND GAS||–||December 20, 1982|
|SEPLAT ENERGY PLC [CG+]||SEPLAT||OIL AND GAS||–||June 17, 2009|
|TOTALENERGIES MARKETING NIGERIA PLC||TOTAL||OIL AND GAS||–||January 6, 1956|
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